Why did the Sudanese opposition forces refuse to sign the Roadmap Agreement proposed by the AUHIP؟

Why did the Sudanese opposition forces refuse to sign the Roadmap Agreement proposed by the AUHIP؟


04-12-2016, 09:58 PM


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Title: Why did the Sudanese opposition forces refuse to sign the Roadmap Agreement proposed by the AUHIP؟
Author: Sudan Democracy First Group
Date: 04-12-2016, 09:58 PM

09:58 PM April, 12 2016

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During the period 18 - 21 March 2016, a strategic consultation meeting called for by the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel ( AUHIP) took place in Addis Ababa. The meeting was held after a short visit of the head of the panel, President Thabo Mbeki, to Khartoum in which he met with the Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. The AUHIP selectively invited some representatives of the Sudanese opposition to the Addis consultation meeting, in addition to the ruling party.
The consultation meeting ended with a unilateral governmental signing of the Roadmap Agreement proposed by the AUHIP in addition to the signature of Mbeki as a witness to this.
In contrast, all opposition parties participating in the meeting rejected the proposed Roadmap Agreement. This rejection gained wide support among other opposition forces and Sudanese public opinion. Following this, several international actors started exerting pressure on opposition parties to accept the Roadmap Agreement without considering the substantive reservations to the draft and the AUHIP’s approach that led to it. Briefly, the reasons of rejecting this document are as follows:
The AUHIP had breached its mandate that was set by the African Union Peace and Security Council communiques (456) and (539). This mandate stated that the AUHIP should invite all parties of the Sudanese crisis to a preparatory meeting outside Sudan in order to agree on the agenda and procedures for the National Dialogue and the necessary prerequisites to ensure the impartiality of the process. The AUHIP replaced that preparatory meeting set forth in the communiques with this consultation meeting, to which it invited certain parties and overlooked others – notably the National Consensus Forces and the Civil Society Initiative who are two founders of the Sudan Call alliance and have engaged previously in many occasions with the AUHIP. Thus it did not have all of the necessary parties around the table.
The AUHIP proposed Roadmap Agreement adopted the Khartoum-based National Dialogue, which is approaching its final stages under the control of the ruling party. Furthermore, it attempted to force the opposition to join this National Dialogue without obliging the regime to consider and respond to all of the reservations around this process that Sudanese opposition forces have expressed many times to the AUHIP. Again, this runs contrary to the AUHIP’s mandate for a preparatory meeting to agree on the agenda, procedures and prerequisites for the National Dialogue.
Despite the attempt of the Roadmap Agreement to combine the cessation of hostilities and the definitive ceasefire negotiations with the National Dialogue, it ignored the substantive and contexts of the political and security paths that need to be carefully considered and discussed before hasting into enforcing partial agreements. The roots of the security aspect of the conflict is not only related to the popular political demands in the conflict zones, but also to the refusal of the Sudanese regime of fully implementing the security arrangements of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005. This approach adopted by the AUHIP reveals a main defect in the understanding of, and response to, the crises of Sudan that would hinder accessing a just, comprehensive and lasting peace.
While the Roadmap Agreement called for an immediate cessation of hostilities followed by negotiating a definitive ceasefire agreement, it turned a blind eye on the heavy military escalation and the increasing waves of violence carried out by the Sudanese Government in Darfur and Southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile.
The AUHIP ignored all amendments and proposals submitted by the opposition forces participating in the consultation meeting to the text of the proposed Roadmap Agreement. The AUHIP insisted on unilateral signing with the Government of Sudan delegation without discussing the opposition remarks in a manner that bucks all traditions and foundations of mediation.
The insistence of the AUHIP to unilaterally sign the Roadmap Agreement with the Sudanese regime dealt a damming blow to regional mediation to bring a just and lasting peace to Sudan. The AUHIP’s alignment to the deeply flawed Khartoum-led National Dialogue that is managed and controlled by the ruling party demonstrates its lack of impartiality by adopting the stands of the ruling National Congress Party. Furthermore, the alteration of past African Union communiques, including by excluding the voices of the war victims, the internally displaced and refugees and ignoring their demands in its proposals, has made the AUHIP to become more part of the crisis than an impartial mediator to resolve it.

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  • Sudan's Interior Minister meets with the Speaker of Ethiopian Parliament
  • National Congress Party official killed in eastern Sudan
  • Sudan suggests many investment projects for UAE businessmen
  • National Liberation and Justice Party launched in Sudan’s capital
  • The fighting in Darfur displaced more than 41,000 since late December: UN
  • Two Russia abducted in Darfur’s Sudan are alive: Moscow
  • Tribal reconciliation talks begin in Sudan
  • Sudan’s president calls on Russian and American investors to invest in the country
  • Dozens injured as Sudanese students clash
  • Sudan resumes talks with the rebel SPLM-N in two weeks
  • Cattle theft, malnutrition in East Jebel Marra
  • We agreed with Washington to continue the dialogue: Sudan says
  • The dialogue conference kicks off this week: Sudan’s Government
  • South Sudan’s rebel’s fighters bombard government positions
  • Leave! campaign to be intensified: Umma Party official
  • Sudanese top official in Washington today
  • LJM ex-rebels continue integration process into Sudan’s army
  • Sudan’s president scoffed at the campaign launched by the opposition to boycott the elections
  • Karti visit to Washington has nothing to do with Merriam Ibrahim issue: Sudan says
  • Students clash in Omdurman, several seriously wounded
  • Sudan’s government discloses that Mbeki has not submitted written proposals to resume negotiations
  • AU mediation puts forward a new approach to negotiations in Sudanese conflict
  • EU expresses its concern at the difficulties facing Sudan’s national dialogue
  • The Evacuation of the World Foof Programme Team Through an Initaitive by New Sudan Women League In
  • Sudan’s president provides guarantees to the rebels to participate in the internal dialogue
  • AU mediator made no progress in the dialogue: Sudan’s opposition
  • Khartoum tells Mbeki that Juba continues to support the armed movements
  • GM asks Mbeki meet armed movements in Addis
  • No justification for delay of trial of Abu Eisa, Madani: Sudan lawyer
  • Mbeki visits Khartoum next week to follow up many pending issues
  • International Committee to monitor Doha Document meets on January 12: Sudan’s Government says
  • Troika supports negotiations between Sudan’s government and the rebel SPLM-N
  • Displaced urge UN Security Council to act on Darfur case
  • Security Council Press Statement on Sudan, South Sudan
  • UN urges Sudan and the rebel (SPLM-N) to refrain from violence against civilians
  • Suspending of the negotiations between Sudan’s government and the rebel (SPLM-N)
  • African Union presents a compromise paper to Sudan’s government and the rebel SPLM-N
  • I will return to Sudan when the proper environment prevails: Al-Mahdi
  • Sudan’s opposition require clear objectives to participate in the national dialogue
  • African mediation suspends Khartoum-Darfur negotiations until Thursday
  • Sudan accuses the rebel SPLM-N of wasting time over negotiations
  • Sudan’s Council Parties rejects involvement of Israeli organizations in the country’ affairs
  • Sudan’s national dialogue delegation travels to Addis to meet armed movements
  • Sudan’s government pledges to provide guarantees for Darfur rebels to participate in the dialogue
  • Negotiations between Sudan’s Government and the Darfur armed movements kick off in Addis Ababa
  • Sudan objects to an African plan for border demarcation with South Sudan
  • African Union adjourns talks between Sudan’s government and the rebel (SPLM-N)
  • Postponement of Addis Ababa meetings between Sudan’s government and rebel SPLM-N
  • Sudan’s government and the rebel SPLM-N make a breakthrough in their talks in Addis
  • Sudan’s government and the rebels accuse each other of irresponsibility and lack of seriousness
  • THE POSITION OF THE SPLM-N ON THE DRAFT AGENDA FOR THE TALKS BETWEEN THE SUDAN GOVERNMENT AND THE
  • ​ The SPLM-N Statement at the Opening Session of the Addis Ababa Negotiation on November 12, 2014
  • Selection of (50) Sudanese national personalities for the national dialogue
  • Al-Turabi reiterates its party’s commitment to continue the national dialogue
  • Sudan’s government engages in negotiations with Darfur rebels in Addis Ababa on Nov. 22
  • Sudan’s (7+7) committee participates in Addis Ababa dialogue on November 12: official
  • Sudan stresses it willing to negotiate with SPLM-N
  • Chad brings together Darfur armed movements for peace
  • AU mediation calls Darfur rebel SLM-MM to negotiate Khartoum’s government in Addis Ababa
  • Resuming of negotiations on the Two Areas in November 12: SPLM-N reveals
  • Mbeki discusses with Al-Bashir the national dialogue and negotiations on Darfur and the Two Areas
  • Al Bashir’s promises not be trusted: Darfur scholar
  • Germany to facilitate peace efforts with Sudan rebels, parties
  • Al Bashir’s speech setback for National Dialogue: Sudan opposition
  • El Mahdi will return to Sudan on request of Umma Party or AU mediators
  • Sudan's opposition unimpressed by Al Bashir speech
  • Merge Sudan's negotiation platforms: rebel SRF
  • Pan African Advocacy Group: Presidential Directive pertaining to the release of Ibrahim al Shiekh
  • European Union Ambassador call on Sudan to thrust with an inclusive National Dialogue
  • Sudanese Congress Party head to be released: Mbeki
  • The African Union welcomes the Agreement reached by Sudanese Parties on their participation in the
  • Sudan committee, opposition agree on National Dialogue
  • Sudan's rebels to consult AU in Addis this Sunday
  • Paris Declaration signatories to meet with AUHIP chairman: Sudan’s Umma Party
  • A New Approach to the National Dialogue in Sudan that will Stop the Wars, Address the Humanitarian
  • Paris Communique To unite the forces of change in order to end the war and establish a democratic s
  • Darfur 2014: Time to Reframe the Narrative
  • What Lies Ahead for President Mbeki’s Visit to War Affected Areas in Sudan؟
  • The African Union appeals to the Sudanese parties to desist from any action that could undermine th
  • ‘No room for Sudan Revolutionary Front in peace talks’: Ghandour
  • Rebel SRF road map towards National Dialogue Sudan
  • Yasir Arman:Political and legal basis needed for Sudan dialogue
  • The PSC of the AU, at its 423rd meeting held on 10 March 2014, adopted a decision on the situation
  • What is the problem of Sudan-BRIEFING FROM THE SPLM/N :ON THE PEACE TALKS
  • Press Release from Sudan People Liberation Movement Italy
  • The SPLM-N Statement at the Opening Session of the Addis Ababa Negotiations on
  • The Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Agency (SRRA) Press Statement
  • The Technical Issues for the Polio Campaign Remain Unresolved and the
  • The Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) Welcomes the Polio Campaign in the
  • The SPLM-N is Ready to Sit with the Sudan Government for the Polio Ca
  • Mbeki asks South Sudan to help Sudan in its campaign for debt relief
  • Mbeki calls South Sudan to continue talks with Sudan to solve the pend
  • Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement-North discusses with Swiss Governme
  • The SPLM-N Delegation Met with the Swiss Government, Discussed a Child