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Amnesty International:Peace Agreement must be inclusive and ensure justice

12-17-2003, 08:26 PM

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Amnesty International:Peace Agreement must be inclusive and ensure justice

    AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
    PRESS RELEASE


    Sudan: Peace Agreement must be inclusive and ensure justice for
    all


    As peace talks between the Sudan government and the Sudan People’s
    Liberation Movement (SPLM) enter a crucial phase in Naivasha, Kenya,
    Amnesty International has stressed that a lasting peace must be
    inclusive
    and bring justice to all.

    Both sides in the 20-year civil war have stated that some
    form
    of agreement would come by year’s end. The peace talks offer hope to
    the
    people of Sudan. For the last 10 months of the ceasefire nearly all
    civilians in the south and border regions have been able to live in
    peace,
    however fragile. "But the negotiators in Kenya must not ignore the
    fighting
    elsewhere in Sudan," Amnesty International said.

    Darfur, in western Sudan, is not included in the peace
    negotiations to end the civil war mostly fought in southern Sudan and
    areas
    between north and south. On 16 December talks in N’djamena, Chad,
    between
    the government of Sudan and the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A),
    one
    of the armed groups opposing the government in Darfur broke down.

    "While the prospects for peace have been fêted in Khartoum and
    the
    south, in Darfur the life and safety of civilians are again being held
    hostage by government forces, militias and armed opposition groups,"
    said
    Amnesty International.

    Villages in Darfur have been bombed by government planes while,
    over
    the past 10 months, government-aligned militias have been devastating
    rural
    areas with total impunity. Hundreds of civilians have been killed.

    "At least four million people have fled from the conflict between
    the
    government, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and the
    militias of
    all sides since 1983. Most still suffer in refugee camps or as
    displaced
    people in the north. Now more than 600,000 people have fled the
    countryside
    in Darfur since April to safety in towns. Tens of thousands have taken
    refuge in Chad. They live in dire humanitarian conditions, with little
    or
    no access to food or water, shelter or healthcare.

    "A major cause of the conflicts which have shattered the
    lives
    of so many Sudanese has been injustice and marginalization. Unless
    these
    basic human rights concerns are seriously addressed it will be
    difficult to
    have a lasting peace," the organization said.

    "Human rights, encompassing justice and an end
    to
    discrimination, have to be at the core of any agreement. But human
    rights
    will not arrive simply through hope and rhetorical declarations, they
    need
    to be guaranteed and safeguarded."

    Any ceasefire monitoring force must include a human
    rights
    component and be able to report abuses publicly. Monitors from all
    sides
    must be supported by international monitors.

    "Because there was no human rights component in the
    Nuba
    Mountains ceasefire in place since March 2002, ceasefire monitors
    have
    helped to keep the peace but failed to preserve physical security
    and
    freedom of expression for the people," Amnesty International said.

    A truth and reconciliation commission should be set
    up to
    ensure that the lessons of the past are learnt.

    Justice and accountability in the future should be ensured by
    the
    formation of a national human rights commission, with members of
    the
    highest integrity, impartiality and independence from all parts of
    Sudan
    with power to investigate abuses, question government officials and
    members
    of the security services and protect complainants and witnesses.

    Serious human rights violations which should be monitored
    in
    all areas of Sudan include:

    deliberate or indiscriminate attacks against civilians and
    extra-judicial executions;

    forced and arbitrary displacement of civilians and non-assistance to
    displaced people;

    maiming of civilians during conflict and torture of suspected
    opponents
    in detention centres;

    abductions and arbitrary arrests, prolonged incommunicado detention,
    and
    unfair trials;

    restrictions on freedoms of expression, association and assembly;

    discrimination on grounds of ethnicity or religion; and

    violence and discrimination against women.

    "Monitoring such abuses will help to end the culture of
    impunity in Sudan. The people of Sudan need to know that a peace deal
    will
    guarantee their basic rights," Amnesty International added.




    Public Document
    ****************************************
    For more information please call Amnesty International's press office
    in
    London, UK, on +44 20 7413 5566
    Amnesty International, 1 Easton St., London WC1X 0DW.
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