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Letter of humanitarian assistance is Sudan

12-08-2015, 04:58 AM

مبارك عبدالرحمن احمد
<aمبارك عبدالرحمن احمد
تاريخ التسجيل: 08-17-2012
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Letter of humanitarian assistance is Sudan

    04:58 AM Dec, 08 2015

    سودانيز اون لاين
    مبارك عبدالرحمن احمد-كاودة
    مكتبتى
    رابط مختصر

    December 7, 2015
    H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-Moon
    Secretary General of the United Nations
    New York, NY 10017
    President Barack Obama
    The White House
    1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
    Washington, DC 20500
    RE: Unhindered Assistance from Multiple Locations for the Two Areas and throughout Sudan
    Your Excellency and Mr. President,
    In light of the impasse at the 10th round of peace talks in Addis Ababa between the government
    of Sudan and the SPLM-N, we believe it is critical to recognize that it is a violation of
    international law to block humanitarian aid to innocent civilians living in conflict zones.
    Therefore, no party to the conflict should prevent the international community from providing
    humanitarian aid to the people affected by conflict in the Nuba Mountains/South Kordofan and
    the Blue Nile states, commonly referred to as the Two Areas, of Sudan, or any other area within
    Sudan. According to multiple UN General Assembly Resolutions, UNOCHA, and the ICRC,
    humanitarian actions are founded on four guiding principles: humanity, neutrality,
    impartiality and independence. These principles provide the foundation to establishing and
    maintaining access to affected people in a complex emergency such as armed conflict. If
    humanitarian assistance relief actions do not follow these principles then the entire operation puts
    the victims of conflict at risk and humanitarian assistance can become a weapon in furtherance of
    armed conflict.
    Since June 2011, the Government of Sudan has persisted in an aerial campaign to bomb the
    people and villages of the Two Areas, with attacks consistently having no military objective.
    Recent reports indicate the government is preparing for renewed fighting in the Two Areas with
    the delivery of new military equipment and reinforcements and the announcement by the Defense
    Minister to Parliament that the Two Areas “will be liberated through a massive military
    operation.” Aerial bombardment has terrorized the civilian population, killed, maimed and
    injured thousands, displaced over a million people, and intentionally destroyed crops, the primary
    food source for the civilian population. At the same time, the Government of Sudan has
    effectively refused to allow humanitarian assistance into the Two Areas, often putting forward
    conditions that make providing humanitarian assistance impossible.
    Article 7 of the Rome Statute, the founding legal statute of the International Criminal Court
    (ICC), sets forth crimes against humanity as including inhumane acts of intentionally causing
    great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health. Further, other
    international criminal tribunals have rendered convictions based on similar principles. In its
    judgment in Kristic, the International Criminal Tribunal of the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) found
    that the blocking of aid convoys was part of the “creation of a humanitarian crisis,” which,
    combined with crimes of terror and forcible transfers, incurred individual responsibility for
    inhumane acts and persecution as crimes against humanity. The International Committee of the
    1

    Red Cross has also interpreted the Geneva Conventions and their protocols to prohibit states from
    unwarranted refusal of humanitarian access and assistance in conflict zones.
    Specific to Sudan, UN Security Council Resolution 2046 strongly urges the parties to comply
    with international humanitarian law and the guiding principles of emergency humanitarian
    assistance for safe, unhindered and immediate access of the United Nations and other
    humanitarian personnel to deliver equipment and supplies and to assist conflict-affected civilian
    populations. The African Union Peace and Security Council has repeatedly urged the parties to
    respect human rights and International Humanitarian Law and to allow humanitarian assistance to
    reach those in need.
    During the peace talks in Addis Ababa, the government of Sudan indicated that it would allow
    cross line humanitarian assistance to be provided from government-controlled areas, meaning that
    the government would be involved or would be perceived to be involved in the delivery of
    humanitarian assistance to the same people it is violently targeting, a clear violation of the
    principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence the people of the Two Areas
    have a right to enjoy. For obvious reasons, the people of the Two Areas do not trust the
    government of Sudan, and many parts of the population may well refuse to accept
    assistance that emanates from government-controlled areas. This will make assistance
    coming solely from government controlled areas ineffective and will undermine the very
    result that the international community is hoping to create.
    We urge the United States, the United Nations, and other interested parties to stop the ongoing
    crimes against humanity in the Two Areas and throughout Sudan by upholding international
    humanitarian law that ensures the unhindered delivery of assistance from multiple locations by
    the international community so that the people of Sudan can receive the life giving assistance that
    they so sorely need.
    Sincerely,
    Blue Nile Association for Peace and Development USA
    Commission for Protection of Civilians and Human Rights - Blue Nile, Sudan
    Funj Youth Development Association ( FYDA) - Blue Nile, Sudan
    Sudan’s Peace and Development Centre - Blue Nile, Sudan
    National Human Rights Monitors Organization - South Kordofan/ Nuba Mountains, Sudan
    Nuba Christian Family Mission
    Nuba Mountains Advocacy Group USA
    Nuba Mountains Center for Strategic Planning and Dialogue - London
    Nuba Mountains Civil Society Organization Alliance - Sudan
    Nuba Mountains Civil Society Organization Union - USA and UK
    Nuba Mountains International Association - Australia
    Nuba Mountains International Association - Canada
    Nuba Mountains International Association - Egypt
    Nuba Mountains International Association - USA
    Nuba Mountains People's Foundation - UK
    Nuba Mountains People's Media Abroad
    Nuba Mountains Solidarity Abroad (NMSA) - UK and Ireland
    2

    Nuba Mountains Union of Associations and Organizations - Africa
    Nuba Moutains International Association - Lebanon
    Nuba Now - UK
    Nuba Vision Coalition, Inc.
    Civil Society Initiative - Signatory to Sudan Call Alliance
    Sudanese Solidarity Committee - Khartoum
    ACAVIE (Asociación) - Spain
    Arab Organizations Coalition for Sudan ( ACS) - Cairo, Egypt
    Association du RIF pour développement - France
    Collectif Urgence Darfour – Paris, France
    Darfur Association in Uganda
    Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre - Geneva
    Darfur Solidarity Group - South Africa
    Darfur Union in the UK and N. Ireland
    East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project - Uganda
    Human Rights Organization and Development (HUDO) - Uganda
    International Refugee Rights Initiative - Uganda
    Jerusalem Center for Genocide Prevention
    PAX for Peace – The Netherlands
    People4Sudan - Geneva
    Society for Threatened Peoples - Germany
    Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG) - Uganda
    Waging Peace - London
    Act for Sudan
    Humanity United
    United to End Genocide
    African Freedom Coalition
    African Soul, American Heart
    American Friends of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan and Sudan (AFRECS)
    Beja Organization for Human Rights and Development
    Brooklyn Coalition for Darfur and Marginalized Sudan
    Carl Wilkens Fellowship
    Catalyst Schools Projects
    Christian Solidarity International - USA
    Colorado Coalition for Genocide Awareness and Action
    Colorado Episcopal Foundation
    Darfur Action Group of South Carolina
    Darfur and Beyond
    Darfur Interfaith Network
    Darfur Peoples' Association of New York
    Darfur Women Action Group
    3

    Dear Sudan Love Marin
    Genocide No More - Save Darfur
    Genocide Watch
    Georgia Coalition to Prevent Genocide
    Human Rights and Advocacy Network for Democracy (HAND)
    Idaho Darfur Coalition
    International Justice Project
    Investors Against Genocide
    Jews Against Genocide
    Joining Our Voices
    Long Island Darfur Action Group
    Massachusetts Coalition to Save Darfur
    Mercy Beyond Borders
    Never Again Coalition
    New York Coalition for Sudan
    Northwest Bronx for Change
    Nubia Project
    Operation Broken Silence
    Our Humanity in the Balance
    Pittsburgh Darfur Emergency Coalition
    Project Expedite Justice
    San Francisco Bay Area Darfur Coalition
    Society for Threatened Peoples
    Stop Genocide Now
    Sudan Advocacy Action Forum
    Sudan Human Rights Network
    Sudan Unlimited
    Sudanese Marginalized Forum-USA
    The African Services Coalition of South Carolina
    The Elsa-Gopa Trust
    The Institute on Religion and Democracy
    Unite for Darfur Org.
    United Sudanese and South Sudanese Communities Association
    Use Your Voice to Stop Genocide RI
    Voices for Sudan
    Abderhaman Mohamed Gasim
    External Relations Secretary
    Darfur Bar Association, Sudan
    Ahmed H. Adam, A Visiting Fellow
    Institute for African Development (IAD), Cornell University
    4

    Albaqir A Mukhtar (PhD), Director
    Al Khatim Adlan Center for Enlightenment and Human Development (KACE)
    Khartoum, Sudan
    Andrew Natsios, Executive Professor
    Former U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan
    George H.W. Bush School of Government and Public Service
    Texas AandM University
    Baroness (Caroline) Cox
    House of Lords and CEO, HART
    Dr. Amin Mekki Medani
    Human Rights Lawyer
    Former Special Representative for the United Nations for Gaza, Bosnia and Lebanon
    Dr. Gregory Stanton
    Founding President, Genocide Watch
    Research Professor in Genocide Studies and Prevention, George Mason University
    Dr. Pascale Hatcher, Associate Professor
    Faculty of International Relations
    Ritsumeikan University, Japan
    Dr. Samuel Totten, Professor Emeritus
    University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
    Ellen J. Kennedy, Ph.D., Executive Director
    World Without Genocide, William Mitchell College of Law
    Eric Reeves
    Sudan Researcher
    Gill Lusk
    Journalist specializing in the Sudans
    London, UK
    Hamid E. Ali, PhD
    Associate Professor of Public Policy
    The American University in Cairo
    Helen Fein, Board Chair
    Institute for the Study of Genocide
    5

    Henry C. Theriault, Professor and Chair of Philosophy
    Worchester State University
    Co-Editor, Genocide Studies International
    John Weiss, Associate Professor of History
    Cornell University
    Caceres-Neuffer Genocide Action Group
    Khalid Kodi, Adjunct Professor
    Boston College and Brown University
    Lord Alton of Liverpool
    Member of the All Party British Parliamentary Group on Sudan
    Professor of Citzenship, Liverpool John Moores University
    Mukesh Kapila CBE
    Former Head of the UN in Sudan
    Professor of Global Health and Humanitarian Affairs
    University of Manchester
    The Reverend Ronald D. Culmer
    St. Clare's Episcopal Church
    Victoria Sanford, PhD
    Professor and Chair, Department of Anthropology, Lehman College
    Director, Center for Human Rights and Peace Studies
    Doctoral Faculty, The Graduate Center, City University of New York
    Wendy James
    Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology
    Oxford University
    6
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