عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية

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مكتبة د.سعاد تاج السر علي الشيخ(Souad Taj-Elsir)
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17-04-2010, 12:29 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
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عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية

    Sudan vote 'failed' to meet global standards
    By Jailan Zayan (AFP) – 3 hours ago

    KHARTOUM, Sudan — Elections just held in Sudan did not meet "international standards", EU monitors and former US president Jimmy Carter said on Saturday.

    The country's first competitive elections in more than two decades "struggled to meet international standards" but did not entirely succeed, EU vote monitoring chief Veronique de Keyser said in Khartoum.

    Carter also said the elections "fall short" of meeting international standards.

    "Turnout is very high, 60 percent, but with significant deficiencies ... Theses elections did not reach international standards, not yet," De Kuyser told a news conference.

    "They have not reached them all but some of them," she said.

    But De Kuyser said the fact that there were domestic poll watchers proves the keenness for "democratic transformation."

    The election was a "major step that opens up democratic space in Sudan."

    Africa's largest country held its first multi-party elections in two decades, but with the polls' legitimacy brought into question by the withdrawal of the two main opponents to the re-election of President Omar al-Beshir.

    Three days of voting, which began on Sunday, were extended until Thursday because of a series of delays and logistical problems.

    Around 16 million registered Sudanese voters had been asked to choose their presidential, legislative and local representatives. Southerners also voted for the leader of the autonomous government of south Sudan.

    On Thursday, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon hailed the election and urged all sides to conclude the electoral process without violence.

    But as the counting continued, one top UN official in the south of the country warned on Friday that the impoverished region faced a major food crisis that could effect millions of people.

    "We have a very general problem of food insecurity across all of southern Sudan," Lisa Grande, the UN Deputy Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Juba, south Sudan, told AFP.

    "We are looking at a situation where 4.3 million people require some forms of food assistance during the year," she said.

    Failed harvests, people displaced for security reasons and rising food prices have all combined to create a "humanitarian perfect storm," Grande said.

    Seven out of the 10 southern states were in trouble, she added.

    "What we are avoiding is a free fall, when people are dying in mass. We are in a situation of struggle. We are at the break," Grande warned.

    Voting proceeded calmly in most places, but the results could ignite tensions in more contested areas, particularly in south Sudan.

    De Kuyser said there were "more irregularities in the south than the north".

    The election was seen as a bid to restore Beshir's stature after he was indicted by the International Criminal Court in March 2009 for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity in the western region of Darfur.

    An aide to Beshir, Nafie Ali Nafie, said on Thursday that Beshir's re-election would prove allegations against him are "false."

    Copyright © 2010 AFP. All rights reserved. More »
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17-04-2010, 12:34 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    [B]Elections just held in Sudan did not meet "international standards", EU monitors and former US president Jimmy Carter said on Saturday.

    The country's first competitive elections in more than two decades "struggled to meet international standards" but did not entirely succeed, EU vote monitoring chief Veronique de Keyser said in Khartoum.
    Carter also said the elections "fall short" of meeting international standards
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17-04-2010, 12:44 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    Turnout is very high, 60 percent, but with significant deficiencies ... Theses elections did not reach international standards, not yet," De Kuyser told a news conference.
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17-04-2010, 12:47 PM

khaleel
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    ثم ماذا بعد هذا

    يا كارتر

    دي اكتشفت متين يا عشا البايتات
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17-04-2010, 12:51 PM

Elbagir Osman
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)
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17-04-2010, 12:51 PM

Elbagir Osman
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    من ينكر التزوير والإرهاب السافرين

    يعرض مصداقيته للشك


    شكرا للصحفيين والمراقبين السودانيين

    الذين كشفوا ووثقوا التزوير

    والتحية للأحزاب التي رفضت المهزلة


    الباقر موسى
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17-04-2010, 12:49 PM

محمد المختار الزيادى
<aمحمد المختار الزيادى
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    Quote: but did not entirely succeed
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17-04-2010, 12:51 PM

الشامي الحبر عبدالوهاب
<aالشامي الحبر عبدالوهاب
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: محمد المختار الزيادى)

    الخرطوم (رويترز) - قال مراقبون من مركز كارتر الامريكي يوم السبت ان أول انتخابات تعددية يشهدها السودان منذ 24 عاما لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية مكررا انتقاد مماثل وجهه في وقت سابق الاتحاد الاوروبي للانتخابات السودانية.
    ومن المقرر اعلان النتائج النهائية للانتخابات الرئاسية والتشريعية في السودان يوم الثلاثاء ويتوقع على نطاق واسع فوز الرئيس عمر حسن البشير بعدما قاطع معظم منافسيه الانتخابات متهمين الحزب الحاكم بالتلاعب.

    وقالت نسخة من تقرير أولي اطلعت عليه رويترز "من الواضح أن الانتخابات لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية والتزامات السودان بشأن اجراء انتخابات حقيقية في العديد من النواحي."

    وأضاف "سيعتمد نجاح الانتخابات في النهاية على ما اذا كان القادة السودانيون سيتخذون خطوات لتعزيز تحول ديمقراطي يدوم
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17-04-2010, 12:55 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: محمد المختار الزيادى)

    الشكر والتقدير المرور الكريم الأفاضل محمد المختار وخليل،

    إنهارت إنتخابات المهزلة.
    جاء كارتر متأخّراً جداً في تقريره النهائي اليوم،
    ولكنه أتى واكّد كل ما وثقه السودانيون بأنفسهم
    في صمودٍ ومقدرة فائقة منذا اليوم الأول للتزييف،
    وكان معهد كارتر سيفقد مصداقيته إلى الأبد
    إن لم يؤكِّد كل التزوير والتزييف
    الذي فاضل به الكيل.

    عشاش نضال الشعب السوداني ضد الشمولية والدكتاتورية.

    تحياتي.
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17-04-2010, 12:58 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    الفاضل الباقر موسى،
    شكري وتقديري على المرور الكريم.
    نعم أخي الفاضل:

    Quote: من ينكر التزوير والإرهاب السافرين

    يعرض مصداقيته للشك

    شكرا للصحفيين والمراقبين السودانيين

    الذين كشفوا ووثقوا التزوير


    الباقر موسى
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17-04-2010, 01:01 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    الشكر والتقدير الفاضل الشامي.
    إنهارت إنتخابات التزوي والتزييف.

    الخرطوم (رويترز) - قال مراقبون من مركز كارتر الامريكي يوم السبت ان أول انتخابات تعددية يشهدها السودان منذ 24 عاما لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية مكررا انتقاد مماثل وجهه في وقت سابق الاتحاد الاوروبي للانتخابات السودانية.
    ومن المقرر اعلان النتائج النهائية للانتخابات الرئاسية والتشريعية في السودان يوم الثلاثاء ويتوقع على نطاق واسع فوز الرئيس عمر حسن البشير بعدما قاطع معظم منافسيه الانتخابات متهمين الحزب الحاكم بالتلاعب.

    وقالت نسخة من تقرير أولي اطلعت عليه رويترز "من الواضح أن الانتخابات لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية والتزامات السودان بشأن اجراء انتخابات حقيقية في العديد من النواحي."
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17-04-2010, 01:10 PM

حليمة محمد عبد الرحمن
<aحليمة محمد عبد الرحمن
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    سعاد كيفنك؟
    اخشى ان هذا الكلام تحته كلام
    read behind lines carefully
    كل نفي يقابله اثبات..
    لم تقابل المعايير الدولية، مقابلها بعضها قابل..
    وغيره..
    اخشى ان هذا الكلام للاستهلاك العالمي، وان الجماعة ديل
    مباركنها..
    مثل هذه التصريحات تقع للحكومة فوق جرح.. على الاقل
    امتصاص غضب قواعد الاحزاب المشاركة والتي جاءت
    نتائجها هزيلة لدرجة مضحكة.
    في هذه الاثناء تقدم بعض الترضيات من اعادة
    للانتخابات في بعض الدوائر والاعتراف بالتقصير
    وبعض الهنات هنا وهناك كما يحدث الان..
    تجي ست الاسم -الما دايرة اجيب اسمها- تبارك الانتخابات
    وتوتة توتة تخلص الحدوتة
    ---------
    موقف مركز كارتر والمراقبين الاوروبيين لا يطمئن كثيرا..
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17-04-2010, 01:17 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: حليمة محمد عبد الرحمن)

    شكراً حليمة.
    إنتهى الأمر يا حليمة
    لقد قالوا كلمتهم مطابقة لكل تزوير وثّقه السودانيون أنفسهم.
    لا يمكن لهم أن يعرضوا مصداقيتهم للخطر مهما حاولوا وفعلوا !!
    جاء كارتر متأخّراً جداً في تقريره النهائي اليوم،
    ولكنه أتى واكّد كل ما وثقه السودانيون بأنفسهم
    في صمودٍ ومقدرة فائقة منذا اليوم الأول للتزييف،
    وكان معهد كارتر سيفقد مصداقيته إلى الأبد
    إن لم يؤكِّد كل التزوير والتزييف
    الذي فاضل به الكيل.

    إنهارت إنتخابات المهزلة يا حليمة،
    بغض النظر عن كارتر وأي مراقب آخر،
    هؤلاء دعتهم السلطة الحاكمة،
    وجاء تقريرهم على غير هواها !!

    صادق المودة.
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17-04-2010, 01:21 PM

صديق عبد الجبار
<aصديق عبد الجبار
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: حليمة محمد عبد الرحمن)

    أؤيد الأخت حليمة عندما تقول :
    Quote: موقف مركز كارتر والمراقبين الاوروبيين لا يطمئن كثيرا..


    خاصة حينما نقرأ في النص :

    Quote: But De Kuyser said the fact that there were domestic poll watchers proves the keenness for "democratic transformation."

    The election was a "major step that opens up democratic space in Sudan."


    وترجمته :
    Quote: ولكن ؛ دوكويسر قال: واقع أو (حقيقة) أنه كان هنالك مراقبين مدنيين للعملية الإنتخابية تثبت أن هنالك حرص على عملية التحول الديمقراطي.

    الإنتخابات كانت خطوة كبيرة تجاه فتح فضاءات الديمقراطية.


    ونحن نتساءل ؛ من هي الجهة الحريصة على إكتمال عملية التحول الديمقراطي وفتح فضاءات الديمقراطية ، والتي يقصدها التقرير ، هل هم الناخبون أم أن التقرير يقصد حكومة المؤتمر الوطني ؟؟؟

    علينا أن لا نتسرع في الحكم على الأشياء
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17-04-2010, 01:36 PM

تبارك شيخ الدين جبريل
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: حليمة محمد عبد الرحمن)

    بعدين الصياغة بتحاول تحمّل "كارتر" راى مراقبة الإتحاد الأوروبى "دى كايسة" (نضم) ...

    أخطر ما فى التصريح هو:

    Quote: De Kuyser said there were "more irregularities in the south than the north


    عموماً ... اتفق تماماً مع الأستاذة حليمة فى أن اللغة المعوّمة مصممة أساساً للإستهلاك المحلى لمساعدة المعارضة على ابتلاع الهزيمة ...

    وهى ضمنياً لغة مباركة للإنتخابات للقارئ العالمى ...

    يعنى يالعربى كدا ....

    تعيشوا وتاخدوا غيرها ....










    ... المهم ....
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17-04-2010, 01:40 PM

AnwarKing
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    مراقبون أمريكيون: انتخابات السودان لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية
    Sat Apr 17, 2010 10:57am GMTاطبع هذا الموضوع
  • نص [+]

    الخرطوم (رويترز) - قال مراقبون من مركز كارتر الامريكي يوم السبت ان أول انتخابات تعددية يشهدها السودان منذ 24 عاما لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية مكررا انتقاد مماثل وجهه في وقت سابق الاتحاد الاوروبي للانتخابات السودانية.

    ومن المقرر اعلان النتائج النهائية للانتخابات الرئاسية والتشريعية في السودان يوم الثلاثاء ويتوقع على نطاق واسع فوز الرئيس عمر حسن البشير بعدما قاطع معظم منافسيه الانتخابات متهمين الحزب الحاكم بالتلاعب.

    وقالت نسخة من تقرير أولي اطلعت عليه رويترز "من الواضح أن الانتخابات لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية والتزامات السودان بشأن اجراء انتخابات حقيقية في العديد من النواحي."

    وأضاف "سيعتمد نجاح الانتخابات في النهاية على ما اذا كان القادة السودانيون سيتخذون خطوات لتعزيز تحول ديمقراطي يدوم."


    http://ara.reuters.com/article/topNews/idARACAE63G0AN20100417
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17-04-2010, 01:20 PM

azhary taha
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: محمد المختار الزيادى)

    الاتحاد الاوروبي سبق مركز كارتر بحوالي الساعة في الاعلان عن عدم ايفاء الانتخابات للمعايير الدولية المطلوبة وقد تم تقسيم الانتهاكات الي انتهاكات لوجستية تشمل كل ما ذكرته المعارضة من تاخير الي تغيير في الرموز الانتخابية لبعض المرشحين.........الخ كما ذكر ان اعضاء المؤتمر الوطني كانوا يتواجدون خارج مراكز الاقتراع يسجلون اسماء من لم يدل بصوته للبشير......كما ان بعضهم كان يوجه الناخبين لاعطاء البشير اصواتهم وقد ذكروا ان كارتر شخصيا رصد مثل هذا الانتهاك....المهم ان كل ما ذكرته المعارضة كان صادقا وصحيح.....من تلا عب فى السجلات وما تبعه من توزيع مشبوه وخاطئ للدوائر الجغرافية....
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17-04-2010, 01:36 PM

Elbagir Osman
<aElbagir Osman
تاريخ التسجيل: 22-07-2003
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: azhary taha)

    الكلمة الأخيرة حول الإنتخابات

    لنا

    نحن الشعب السوداني

    رغم أننا لا نملك أجهزة الإعلام

    ولا أجهزة القمع

    ولا الأموال


    لكننا

    أسياد الحق

    وكلمتنا هي البتمشي في الآخر

    وأسألوا نميري وعبود


    الباقر موسى
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17-04-2010, 01:40 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Elbagir Osman)

    Quote: الكلمة الأخيرة حول الإنتخابات
    لنا
    نحن الشعب السوداني
    رغم أننا لا نملك أجهزة الإعلام
    ولا أجهزة القمع
    ولا الأموال
    لكننا
    أسياد الحق
    وكلمتنا هي البتمشي في الآخر
    وأسألوا نميري وعبود
    الباقر موسى
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17-04-2010, 01:37 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: azhary taha)

    الأفاضل أبوفواز وأزهري طه،

    ألف وشكر وتحية على المرور الكريم والمساهمة المقدّرة.

    هناك رابط آخر في نفس الموضوع ومزيد من التعليقات.
    لكما ولكل المتداخلين كامل التقدير.


    كارتر سواها
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17-04-2010, 02:14 PM

abubakr
<aabubakr
تاريخ التسجيل: 22-04-2002
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    يا عزيزتي سعاد .....
    العالم يشاهد هذا الهرج الذي اصابنا بالغيظ والحسرة علي حال بلدنا ونحن نري كيف تزور ارادة شعوبه تحت رعاية دولية؟؟؟؟؟ ما معني ان "الانتخابات دون المعايير الدولية لكننا سنقبلها" والتي صرحت بها السيدة كيسير المراقبة الاوربية ومركز كارتر ؟.؟؟؟؟ قبول المال المسروق وهم يعرفون انه مسروقا هو سرقة ؟؟؟؟؟
    ماذا يعني وجودهم وهذا الهدر للجهد والمال ؟؟؟؟؟؟ انهم اتو ليبصمون باختامهم علي الباطل علي انه "مقبول" ؟؟؟؟؟
    الامل في اجيال قادمات تكون قد انفكت من قبضة احزاب وقادة لاحزاب وطوائف اهانو هذا الشعب واجبروه ان يركع للطاغية

    (عدل بواسطة abubakr on 17-04-2010, 04:12 PM)

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17-04-2010, 02:23 PM

Tragie Mustafa
<aTragie Mustafa
تاريخ التسجيل: 29-03-2005
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: abubakr)

    شكرا د.سعاد

    واتفق مع حليمه وابو فواز
    هذا كلام مايع منهم
    ونرجع لمربط الفرس في كلام الباقر موسى:
    Quote: \
    الكلمة الأخيرة حول الإنتخابات

    لنا

    نحن الشعب السوداني


    رغم أننا لا نملك أجهزة الإعلام

    ولا أجهزة القمع

    ولا الأموال


    لكننا

    أسياد الحق

    وكلمتنا هي البتمشي في الآخر

    وأسألوا نميري وعبود


    الباقر موسى
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17-04-2010, 02:27 PM

Amani Al Ajab
<aAmani Al Ajab
تاريخ التسجيل: 18-12-2009
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Tragie Mustafa)

    الأخت الفاضلة الدكتورة سعاد لك خالص التحايا ...
    لقد تمسك شعب السودان بحقوقة ورابط نساؤه ورجاله وشبابه واحزابه
    ومنظماته المدنية في قرى وبوادي ومدن السودان وفي مدن الشتات في
    كل ارجاء الدنيا وكشف مكر الإنقاذ واصدر شهادة الحق لوفاة إنتخابات الزور ..
    التحية والإجلال و الإنحناءة لك أنت ياشعب السودان الابئ الحر المعلم
    البطل أولاً ودائماً ...
    التحية والتهنئة للمنظمات الدولية لوقفها مع الحق وتمسكها بالمصداقية..
    (ولا يحيق المكر السء إلا باهله )..
    دمتي بالف خير ..

    (عدل بواسطة Amani Al Ajab on 17-04-2010, 02:41 PM)

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17-04-2010, 02:32 PM

dardiri satti

تاريخ التسجيل: 14-01-2008
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: abubakr)

    Quote: الكلمة الأخيرة حول الإنتخابات

    لنا

    نحن الشعب السوداني

    رغم أننا لا نملك أجهزة الإعلام

    ولا أجهزة القمع

    ولا الأموال


    لكننا

    أسياد الحق

    وكلمتنا هي البتمشي في الآخر

    وأسألوا نميري وعبود


    الباقر موسى




    ودا الكلام النجيض،
    كلام الإتحاد الأوروبي ومركز كارتر
    مسك للعصاية من نصها،
    ""لم ترق للمعايير الولية"":
    معناها تفتقر إلى الشفافية والنزاهة
    ودا الكلام المفروض يتقال.
    تذكروا ما جرى لعبود ونميري،
    رغم دعم الأمريكان والمصريين والدول الإستعمارية
    رغم ديل كلهم شعبنا اقتلعهم
    وشعبك يابلادي أقوى واكبر.
    تحياتي
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17-04-2010, 02:53 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: dardiri satti)

    الإخوة والأخوات الأفاضل،

    لكم التحية والشكر والتقدير على كل مساهماتكم الهامة المقدّرة.
    (ما حك جلدك مثل ظفرك)
    هذا المثل يعبّر حقيقة عن واقع أن أهل السودان هم الفيصل
    وهم أصحاب الكلمة الأخيرة مهما كان لهذه التقارير من أجندة
    ظاهرة أو خفية. في سياقهم العام أقروا بكل ما قام نشطاء
    السودان بتوثيقه، فلم يأتوا بأي جديد. ولكن هذا في حد ذاته
    زلزل الحكومة اللاشرعية التي كانت تتوقع غير ذلك.
    فكما ذكرت في مداخلتي لحليمة،
    بغض النظر عن كارتر أو أي مراقبة دولية
    لقد إنهارت هذه الإنتخابات لكل التزوير والتزييف.
    تبقى المسئولية مسئولية أهل السودان كما فعلوها
    من قبل في أكتوبر 1964 وفي أبريل 1985
    ولم نكن في أيٍ منهما بحاجة إلى أي رقابة دولية،
    ولكن فاقد الشرعية هو الذي سعى لدعوة هذه الرقابة
    الآن وقد كانت قاصمة لظهورهم رغم ضعف التقارير كما تفضلمتم.
    لتهض القوى السياسية وتصحح من أخطاء الماضي،
    ولينهض أهل السودان من داخل أو خارج هذه القوى
    في مشاركة رائعة لبناء سودان حر ديمقراطي.
    سيكون الطريق وعراً، ولكن مشوار الميل دائماً يبدأ بخطوة!

    فائق التقدير.
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17-04-2010, 03:48 PM

JAD
<aJAD
تاريخ التسجيل: 05-02-2002
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)
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17-04-2010, 04:00 PM

Mohamad Shamseldin
<aMohamad Shamseldin
تاريخ التسجيل: 17-02-2006
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: JAD)

    سعاد

    شريكا نيفاشا............ مشتركين في أي حاجة...... نفس الملامح و الشبه
    التدخل في الانتخابات و التأثير علي الناخبيين و ترويعهم كان الاكثر في الجنوب.....

    Quote: The center's report said "subtle or forceful" intimidation was reported in many states, and security agents in uniforms or plain clothes have reportedly interfered in the election process, particularly in the south
    .


    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/9035762
    Quote: Additionally, the center said elections in the south of the country "experienced a high incidence of intimidation and the threat or use of force.
    "There were numerous instances of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) intimidating voters and being stationed too close to polling stations. State interference in the campaigns of opposition candidates was widespread in the south."

    http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Carter-Sudan-polls-fall-short-20100417

    Quote: Irregularities and delays were more marked in the south of the country, the EU monitors said.

    In the south, "there was poor organisation," including delays, mix-up of ballots, Ana Gomes, who headed a delegation of European parliamentarians said.
    AFP
    http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5hDW7zpc7qd3euzem7ZL6BGzhUHVA
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17-04-2010, 03:54 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    إنهارت إنتخابات المهزلة في تزييف إرادة الشعب السوداني.

    Quote: الخرطوم (رويترز) - قال مراقبون من مركز كارتر الامريكي يوم السبت ان أول انتخابات تعددية يشهدها السودان منذ 24 عاما لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية مكررا انتقاد مماثل وجهه في وقت سابق الاتحاد الاوروبي للانتخابات السودانية.
    ومن المقرر اعلان النتائج النهائية للانتخابات الرئاسية والتشريعية في السودان يوم الثلاثاء ويتوقع على نطاق واسع فوز الرئيس عمر حسن البشير بعدما قاطع معظم منافسيه الانتخابات متهمين الحزب الحاكم بالتلاعب.

    وقالت نسخة من تقرير أولي اطلعت عليه رويترز "من الواضح أن الانتخابات لن ترقى الى المعايير الدولية والتزامات السودان بشأن اجراء انتخابات حقيقية في العديد من النواحي."

    وأضاف "سيعتمد نجاح الانتخابات في النهاية على ما اذا كان القادة السودانيون سيتخذون خطوات لتعزيز تحول ديمقراطي يدوم
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17-04-2010, 04:02 PM

كمبورة
<aكمبورة
تاريخ التسجيل: 14-01-2008
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    Quote: تجاوزات في عمل اللجنة العليا للانتخابات في اليوم الاول للاقتراع





    بوافر التحية والتقدير نتقدم لسيادتكم باعتراضاتنا وملاحظاتنا وطعوننا في سير العملية الانتخابية في يومها الاول بولاية جنوب كردفان ونوجزها في الاتي :-

    1- بما ان المادة 5 من قانون الانتخابات لسنة 2008 قد خولت للمفوضية ممارسة سلطاتها باستقلال وحيادية وشفافية في ضبط سير العملية الانتخابية بغية الوصول لانتخابات حرة ونزيهة وشفافة وان المادة 10 من قانون الانتخابات لسنة 2008 اوكلت للمفوضية سلطات تامين وضمان تمتع المواطنيين كافة دون تمييز بمباشرة حقوقهم السياسية في الترشيح وابداء الراي الحر في اقتراع سري .

    وبما ان الفقرة 2 \ج من المادة 10 اعطت المفوضية الحق في اعداد السجل الانتخابي ومراجعته واعتماده وحفظه .

    وبما ان الفقرة 3 خولتها وضع الضوابط العامة للانتخابات واتخاذ التدابير اللازمة لها و تحديد التدابير والنظم والجداول الزمنية ومراكز التسجيل والاقتراع وتحديد نظم الانضباط والعدالة والسرية في اجراء التسجيل والاقتراع والرقابة الضامنة لذلك .

    والفقرة ج \ اعطتها الحق في احصاء وفرز وعد بطاقات الاقتراع .

    وان المادة 23 \ب الزمت المفوضية بمراجعة السجل بالاضافة او الحذف او التعديل مرة واحدة في العام ومراجعته قبل ثلاثة اشهر من موعد الانتخابات او الاستفتاء .

    والفقرة أ في المادة 23 الزمتها باتاحة السجل للجميع لمراجعة تفاصيل الناخبين والاعتراض علي السجل , وبما ان المادة 25 نصت علي ان تقوم المفوضية بعد المراجعات النهائية وبعد الحصول علي نتائج الاعتراضات باعداد واجازة السجل النهائي للناخبين واعلانه قبل ثلاثة اشهر من تاريخ بداية موعد الاقتراع ولا يجوز النظر في اي اعتراضات بعد نشر المفوضية للكشف النهائي .

    وبما ان الفقرة 2\3 الزمت المفوضية بمنح صورة واحدة من السجل النهائي للانتخابات للاحزاب السياسية مجانا متي ما طلبت ذلك وبما ان المادة 71 الزمت كبير ضباط الانتخابات وفي موعد اقصاه 48 ساعة قبل يوم الاقتراع بمد اللجنة الولائية بجميع مواد الانتخابات .

    وبما ان المادة 73\2 نصت علي ان تبداء عملية الاقتراع في كافة مراكز الاقتراع في الزمن وفي الوقت الذي تحدده المفوضية دون انقطاع حتي انتهاء الوقت المحدد لذلك .

    نفيد سيادتكم ان جميع الاجراءات المذكورة اعلاه والتي نص عليها قانون الانتخابات لم تنفذ بواسطة اللجنة العليا للانتخابات بل قامت بمخالفتها مخالفة صريحة ومن شأنها ان تقود لانتخابات مخالفة لما نص عليها القانون ,مما يستوجب معه الغاء هذه الانتخابات لافتقارها لاي سند قانوني وتمثلت هذه االمخالفات في الاتي :-

    1- مخالفات تتعلق بالسجل الانتخابي :-

    أ‌- صدر في هذه الولاية وبواسطة اللجنة العليا للانتخابات عدد 2 سجل انتخابي , السجل الانتخابي الورقي الاول هو السجل القانوني النهائي لدي اللجنة العليا للانتخابات بالولاية لعملية الانتخابات وجاء فيه ترتيب الناخبين حسب ميقات ومكان تسجيلهم دون مراعاة الحروف الابجدية ولم يتم تسليم اي حزب سياسي بالولاية صورة من هذا السجل حتي الان مخالفة بذلك نص المادة 25\2 وان اشرطة الاقراص المرنة (CD) لا تعتبر سجلا انتخابيا.

    ب‌- السجل الانتخابي الورقي الثاني هو الذي تم اعداده وترتيبه حسب الحروف الابجدية لكل ناخب بالولاية وهو السجل المعمول به الان بمراكز الاقتراع ولم يتم تسليم اي حزب صورة منه وهذا السجل يتضارب مع السجل الاول من حيث عدد الناخبين فيه ومراكز تسجيلهم وصحة اسمائهم وساهم هذا السجل في اسقاط اسماء عدد كبير من الناخبين وتكرار اعداد كثيرة في الاسماء في جميع مراكز الولاية وتسجيل اسماء لاشخاص متوفيين وهذا تزوير واضح في السجل يستوجب ابطال العمل به وابطال اي عمل تم بموجبه.

    ت‌- زيادة عدد الناخبين في السجل في بعض المراكز مثل المجلد السجل النهائي 118000 والسجل الثاني 166284 .

    ث‌- تخفيض عدد الناخبين المسجلين في بعض المراكز مثل الدليباية من2011 الي 77 ناخب.

    ج‌- تكرار الاسماء في الكشوفات مثلا الناخبة عائشة زكريا علي في مركز الدبيبات أ ورد اسمها 194 مرة بارقام متسلسلة مختلفة و الناخب جبريل محمد ابوتيلة بمركز ام برمبيطة 15 مرة .

    ح‌- تسجيل اسماء لاشخاص متوفين قبل فتح السجل بزمن طويل مثل 9 اشخاص بقرية رضينة ريفي ام برمبيطة وهم :-

    1- الزبير عيسي صالح.

    2- جبريل جمعة جلاب.

    3- ابراهيم كوة.

    4- بكر سليمان كربوس .

    5- علي فرج ايدام.

    6- بحر سكران.

    7- ابراهيم كوة اقروف.

    8- امين مطر تجار.

    9- ادرون كوة اقروف.



    خ‌- ظهور بعض اسماء ناخبين بعيدة عن مراكزهم الاصلية مثل: مركز قعر الحجر بمدينة كادقلي ظهرت اسماء بعض ناخبيه بمحلية لقاوة, مركز ابو كرشولا ظهرت اسماء بعض ناخبي مدينة سنكات شرق السودان بالاضافة الي كشوفات ناخبي تاندك التي ظهرت في ابو كرشولا .

    د‌- تم ضبط كشوفات مزورة يود ادخالها لبعض المراكز مثل كشف مضبوط بحوزة المواطن عثمان محمد عثمان منتسب لحزب الموتمر الوطني بمركز خور الدليب يحوي عدد 785 شخص صادر بتاريخ 25\03\2010 من مركز المعلومات بالموتمر الوطني.

    ذ‌- تخفيض عدد الناخبين مركز ام دورين من 28000 الواردة في الكشف النهائي للسجل الانتخابي الي 25094 قصدا.

    ر‌- اسقاط جزء من اسماء المسجلين في المراكز التالية :-

    1- مركز تيسي عبد السلام المسجلين 1144 نقص الي 990 ناخب الاسماء الساقطة 154 ناخب.

    2- مركز االلقوري المسجلين 986 وردت في الكشف الثاني 614 الاسماء الساقطة 372.



    و- الزيادة في عدد الناخبين في السجل في مركز العفين , المسجلين في الكشف النهائي 1136 و المسجلين في في الكشف الثاني 1235 والزيادة 99.



    3- مخالفات تتعلق بقصور اللجنة العليا للانتخابات بالولاية في توفير مواد العملية الانتخابية في مواعيدها حسب ما حدده القانون وتتمثل ذلك في الاتي :-

    أ – عدم وصول صناديق الاقتراع لبعض المراكز في الميعاد المحدد قانونا.

    مثال: تأخر وصول صناديق الاقتراه لعدد 45 مركز بمحلية هيبان علي النحو الاتي :-

    1- مراكز الازرق – كبنق – حجر تية – انبل – سرف نيلة – كدرو – كجر – كمراي – كجامة شرق وغرب الخ ... لم تصلها صناديق الاقتراع والبطاقات والكشوفات حتي الساعة السادسة من اليوم الاول للاقتراع .

    2- مراكز بداء العمل فيها بعد الساعة التاسعة صباحا وذلك لتاخر وصول المعدات وهي: الدو – دبي – ايري – شاوري.

    3- مراكز تم التصويت فيها بعد الساعة 10 صباحا في اليوم الاول نسبة لوصول معدات الاقتراع في وقت متاخر وهي : هيبان – حجر باكو – الجميزاية – ارض كنعان – كوارلي .

    4- مراكز بداء فيها العمل بعد الساعة الثانية عشر ظهرا وذلك لوصول المعدات متاخرة وهي : كودي ا – كودي ب – مدرسة سموكينج – كاودة2 – شاروبير.

    5- مراكز تم ايصال معدات الاقتراع اليها بعد الثانية والنصف ظهرا وهي : كرنقو أ وب وشرورو.

    6- مراكز لم تصلها المعدات اللاذمة للاقتراع طوال اليوم الاول وهي : دربان – تنقلي.

    7- وصول صناديق الاقتراع بعد الثانية ظهرا لجميع مراكز محلية دلامي, 17 مركز في محلية امدورين وهي : سرف الجاموس – ابو ليلة – كركر – الجغبية – كرجي – ام سردبة – العتمور الخ ... .

    8- بقيت بعض صناديق الاقتراع بمنزل المعلم شريف حماد احد منتسبي الموتمر الوطني بمحلية ام دورين ولم يتم توزيعها لمراكزها حتي نهاية اليوم الاول .

    9- لم يتم الاقتراع في مركز الدبكاية لغياب التامين بواسطة الشرطة.

    10- لم يتم التصويت والاقتراع بمركز كافينا لعدم المام الناخبين بعملية الاقتراع .

    11- لم يتم التصويت والاقتراع في المراكز دلوكة والاحيمر وام زراف لسقوط كافة اسماء الناخبين من كشف المركز .

    12- 7 مراكز تم ايقاف عملية الاقتراع بهما بسبب تجاوزات مختلفة منها قعر الحجروالمثلث ومدرسة بدر الكبري ومركز مرتا جنوب الخ .

    13- تحوبل بعض المراكز الي مواقع اخري دون عام الناخب مثل : مركز نادي العمال كادقلي الي مدرسو الزيتون كادقلي مثلا تحويل مركز حي الملكية من نادي العمال الي المدرسة قعر الحجر من الجامع الي المدرسة من كلولو الي التراوينج .

    14- فشل اللجنة العليا للانتخابات بالولاية في توفير العدد المقرر من بطاقات الاقتراع لمراكز التصويت مثال مركز كوفة رقم 7 في الدائرة 5 حيث تم توفير 200 بطاقة اقتراع للدوائر الجغرافية بدلا مقابل 1353ناخب مسجل في المركز مما ادي الي توقف عملية الاقتراع متذ الساعة الواحدة والنصف ظهرا.

    15- عدم توفير بطاقات القائمة النسوية بعدة مراكز مثل البجعاية – الريكة – البرام .

    16- البطء المتعمد لمنع الناخبين بالادلاء بالاصوات من قبل موظفي اللجنة العليا للانتخابات بالولاية بالمراكز مثال: مركز كرنقو, حيث بداء العمل في المركز من الساعة التاسعة صباحا وحتي الثانية عشر , كان جملة الناخبين الذين تمكنوا من الادلوا باصواتهم 18 ناخب فقط من جملة 200 ناخب تقربيا.

    17- تم السماح للاطفال دون الثامن عشر من اعمارهم بممارسة عملية الاقتراع في بعض المركز مثل مركز تراوينج شات المدرسة.

    18- غياب ضباط الاقتراع والشرطة لبعض المراكز مما تسبب بتعطيل عملية الاقتراع طوال اليوم الاول مثال مراكز كيقا الخيل و لويري .

    19- غياب ضباط المراكز من مواقعهم تهربا من استلام الشكاوي مثال مركز الدلنج .

    20- عدم وجود دفاتر شكاوي في بعض المراكز مثال مراكز كركراية خور الدليب .

    21- عدم صلاحية مواد الاقتراع في بعض الدوائر مثل عدم صلاحية الحبر في الدائرة 8 لقاوة مدرسة البنات الغربية وكدام ومركز الرديف الدلنج الدائرة 6 الذي ثبت زواله خلال اقل من ساعة .



    4- المخالفات الغير قانونية الاخري (المتعلقة باستغلال السلطة)



    أ‌- قيام قوة من جهاز الامن والمخابرات بالتصويت بمركز في الفولة عبر شباك خص دون تحبير اصابعهم وطرد وكلاء الاحزاب من المركز وتهديدهم.

    ب‌- ارهاب وتخويف مواطنيين بواسطة القوات المسلحة ومنعهم من التصويت بمركز تكو – كادقلي .



    السيد رئيس اللجنة العليا للانتخابات بالولاية المحترم :-



    ان تلك الوقائع التي سقناها – علي سبيل المثال لا الحصر – تؤكد مخالفة صريحة لنصوص قانون الانتخابات السودانية سيما المواد 5-10 – 22-23-25-71-73-89 والقواعد المكملة له وبهذه المخالفات تكون اللجنة العليا للانتخابات بالولاية تسببت في تشويه العملية الانتخابية وفقدان حيدتها ونزاهتا وشفافيتها وطمس حقوق و حريات انسان جنوب كردفان في اختيار من يمثلهم في كافة المستويات عبر التحول الديمغراطي بالالية الانتخابية كاساس للمحافظة علي السلام والامن في الولاية و وهذا ما ظلت تنادي به الحركة الشعبية لتحرير السودان وتعمل من اجله, وان جميع هذه المخالفات تتعارض مع جوهر المنافسة الديموقراطية النزيهة والحرة كاحدي استحقاقات اتفاقية السلام الشامل والتي تتوجب علينا جميعا اتاحة الفرصة لشعب الولاية لممارستها كحقوق مشروعة دون افراغ او تزييف لارادته الحرة , وان المفوضية هي الاولي باعمال ذلك .

    ومن جانب اخر ان هذا الممارسات حتما ستقود الي نتائج وخيمة لا يحمد عقباها ولا نريد كشعب استنساخ تجارب غيرنا في هذه العملية.

    فذلك نؤكد حرصنا علي السلام والامن الدئميين مع عدم قبولنا بهذه الاجراءات والممارسات التي تمت خلال العملية الانتخابية في يومها الاول ونؤكد ر فضنا التام لاي نتائج تترتب عليها جراء هذا التشويه المتعمد .

    فكل ما تقدم من وقائع واسباب نضع امامكم هذه الشكوي نطلب تدخلكم العاجل لاتخاذ ما يلزم من اجراءات مثال:

    1- الغاء السجل المعمول به الان بجميع مراكز الاقتراع بالولاية للخلل الوارد فيه وابداله بالسجل النهائي.

    2- الغاء عملية الاقتراع التي تمت بموجب السجل المختل المذكور اعلاه وايقافها .

    3- توفير نسخ من السجل النهائي كافة مراكز الاقتراع بالولاية وتسليم صور منه لممثلي الاحزاب السياسية بجميع المراكز قبل الساعة الثانية عشر ظهر اليوم 12-04-2010.

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17-04-2010, 04:41 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
مجموع المشاركات: 3100

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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: كمبورة)

    تعظيم وتقدير فائق لكم كمبورة ولرفاقكم الشرفاء
    فقد دوّنتم ووثّقتم هذه الخروقات قبل أن تأتي تقارير
    الرقابة الدولية. وهذا التدوين والتوثيق الدامغ
    هو الإنهيار الفعلي لانتخابات المهزلة
    ومحاولات النظام الدكتاتوري الفاشلة البائسة اليائسة
    في تزوير إرادة الشعب السوداني الأبي، ولكن هيهات.

    فائق التحية والتقدير والإحترام.

    (عدل بواسطة Souad Taj-Elsir on 17-04-2010, 04:48 PM)

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17-04-2010, 04:58 PM

تبارك شيخ الدين جبريل
<aتبارك شيخ الدين جبريل
تاريخ التسجيل: 04-12-2006
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    الأستاذة سعاد ....

    Quote: جاء كارتر متأخّراً جداً في تقريره النهائي اليوم،


    لم ينشر مركز كارتر تقريراً نهائياً اليوم ... كان ذلك تصريحاً صحفياً مقتضباً ...

    مركز كارتر عادةً ما ينشر تقريراً نهائياً بعد انتهاء مرحلة الفرز وإعلان النتائج وانتهاء العملية الإنتخابية ...

    فى الحقيقة ... آخر تقرير نشره مركز كارتر حول الإنتخابات السودانية يعود تاريخه إلى 18/3/2010 ...

    وتقارير "رويترز" الصحفية ... تبقى تقارير "رويترز" الصحفية ... حيث أن "رويترز" ليست مراقبة الإنتخابات ...











    ... المهم ...
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17-04-2010, 05:18 PM

الصادق اسماعيل
<aالصادق اسماعيل
تاريخ التسجيل: 14-01-2005
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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: تبارك شيخ الدين جبريل)

    ياهوندا التقرير


    Quote: ELECTION OBSERVATION MISSION

    SUDAN, PRESIDENTIAL, GUBERNATORIAL AND LEGISLATIVE, APRIL 2010



    PRELIMINARY STATEMENT





    April 17, 2010



    Deborah Hakes, Khartoum until April 20: +249 909 010 573,
    then Atlanta: +1 404 420-5124


    Graham Elson, Khartoum, + 249 907 978 505





    Executive Summary



    The Carter Center commends the Sudanese people for the generally peaceful polling process to
    date and urges that the remaining stages of counting, tabulation, and posting of results be carried
    out transparently and accurately. In addition, the limited political opening around the elections
    should be expanded to ensure respect for Sudan.s constitutional human rights and fundamental
    freedoms, and leaders from all parties should engage in genuine dialogue to address the key
    challenges facing Sudan.



    While it is too early to offer a final overall assessment, it is apparent that the elections will fall
    short of meeting international standards and Sudan.s obligations for genuine elections in many
    respects. Nonetheless, the elections are important as a key benchmark in the Comprehensive
    Peace Agreement (CPA) and because of the increased political and civic participation that has
    occurred over the last several months. Ultimately, the success of the elections will depend on
    whether Sudanese leaders take action to promote lasting democratic transformation.



    Despite their observed weaknesses, the elections are a CPA benchmark and their conduct allows
    the remaining provisions of the agreement to be implemented.



    At the invitation of Sudanese authorities, The Carter Center began assessing the electoral process
    in 2008 and deployed 12 long-term observers in late 2009. During the voter registration period in
    November and December 2009, the Center deployed an additional 20 observers, and for April
    2010 polling, the Center organized an observation team with more than 70 observers who
    monitored the process in all 25 states in Sudan.




    The electoral process is ongoing with counting and tabulation likely to last for several more days,
    followed by the posting of results. The Center.s observers will continue to monitor these
    processes to their conclusion.



    The main findings of the Center.s mission to date are as follows:



    . The April 2010 elections in Sudan were mandated by the 2005 Comprehensive Peace
    Agreement (CPA) and were envisioned as a critical part of a broader democratic
    transformation.




    . Unfortunately, many political rights and freedoms were circumscribed for most of this
    period, fostering distrust among the major political parties.




    . In the campaign period and run-up to the 2010 elections, however, there was a limited but
    important political opening that provided opportunities for opposition parties and civil
    society to engage in the political process. After a long period of dormancy, Sudanese
    parties and civic groups across the country began to mobilize.




    . Most of the opposition parties joined together to demand the reform of laws and the
    lifting of restrictions of political freedoms and several major parties ultimately withdrew
    from the election shortly before election day. Although all candidates remained on the
    ballots, there was little competition in the race for the presidency and reduced
    competition in other races.




    . The polling process on April 11-15 was largely peaceful and orderly. Despite confusion
    and significant logistical challenges, polling staff and voters in most areas displayed
    remarkable commitment, patience, and tolerance. Voters turned out in good numbers to
    cast their ballots, but with varying levels of participation across the country. The
    Sudanese people are to be commended for their civic spirit, pride, and hospitality.




    . Notwithstanding these generally positive features, Carter Center observers noted
    important flaws and found that the process fell short of Sudan.s obligations and related
    international standards in a number of respects.




    . Sudan.s legal framework is contradictory and does not ensure adequate respect for
    essential political rights and freedoms prescribed in Sudan.s constitution, including
    freedoms of expression, assembly, and association.




    . Although the voter registration process resulted in broad but uneven participation across
    the country, it was undermined by a series of critical shortcomings. Preliminary lists were
    not consistently posted for adequate public review, especially in the South, and the status
    of the final voter registry and list of polling stations remained uncertain. The Carter
    Center has recently received an electronic copy of the complete list and will attempt to
    ascertain if any of these changes were designed to assist particular political parties.





    . On election days, voters faced a range of operational and logistical problems: late
    delivery of and/or inadequate materials, incomplete or inaccurate voters lists, incorrect or
    insufficient ballots, ballots with inappropriate languages, and a lack of consistency in
    procedures. These problems were partially alleviated by the extension of voting time by
    two days.




    . Further, the electoral process lacked sufficient safeguards and transparency necessary to
    verify key steps and build confidence and trust in the process. Our observers reported
    problems with ink, ballot box seals, and the process of identifying voters, including the
    process of verifying voters. identity when registration certificates were issued by popular
    committees at the polling stations, as well as reports of underage voters casting ballots.




    . There were large numbers of illiterate voters, and some evidence of election officials
    deliberately misrepresenting the desires of some voters.




    . The elections in the South experienced a high incidence of intimidation and the threat or
    use of force. There were numerous instances of the Sudan Peoples. Liberation Army
    (SPLA) intimidating voters and being stationed too close to polling stations. State
    interference in the campaigns of opposition candidates was widespread in the South.




    . The continuing state of emergency, repression of civil liberties, and ongoing conflict in
    Darfur did not permit an environment conducive to acceptable elections. Given the
    limited participation of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Darfur in the census and
    voter registration, much of the population was left out of the process. Carter Center
    observers were unable to access wide areas of the region due to the security situation.
    While the areas they monitored were largely peaceful, they reported serious technical and
    procedural violations during the polling.




    . In the months ahead, Sudanese political and civil society leaders from across the political
    spectrum should reaffirm their commitment to core democratic values. Sudan.s
    government must ensure that the democratic opening is expanded and deepened. Full
    respect for human rights, democratic principles, and transparency will help to heal the
    mistrust that has detracted from the electoral process.




    . It is important for Sudan to draw lessons from this election to ensure that the upcoming
    referenda and popular consultations do not have the same flaws, both technically and
    politically. Our Center and other international observers will have recommendations to
    assist in reaching this goal.




    Background

    In June 1989, the National Islamic Front (NIF) and forerunner of the present ruling National
    Congress Party (NCP) overthrew the democratically elected government headed by Prime
    Minister Sadig Al-Mahdi and for a period banned all political parties and political activities. In
    the following 16 years, fundamental civil and political freedoms were curtailed and civil society


    was restricted, while the civil war being fought between North-South hampered both the political
    and economic development of Southern Sudan. On Jan. 9, 2005, the National Congress Party-led
    Government of Sudan signed the CPA with the SPLM, thus ending a 22-year conflict. The CPA
    stipulated the holding of national elections in Sudan to cement the country.s democratic
    transformation and to put in place accountable governments in northern and Southern Sudan to
    oversee the January 2011 referendum on self-determination for the people of Southern Sudan.
    While there have been tentative steps at political liberalization, the CPA.s promise of democratic
    transformation has not been fulfilled. The conflict in Darfur and an ongoing failure to address
    marginalization in South Kordofan, eastern Sudan, and other regions have also weakened the
    dividends of peace promised by the CPA.



    The Carter Center election observation mission has been in Sudan since February 2008 following
    an invitation from the leaders of the Government of National Unity and the Government of
    Southern Sudan. Twelve long-term observers were deployed throughout Sudan in advance of the
    election to assess election preparations. The Center deployed an additional 20 medium-term
    observers in November and early December 2009 to assess voter registration. In early April
    2010, the Center augmented its long-term observer presence with the deployment of more than
    70 short-term observers to observe the balloting, counting, and tabulation processes for April.s
    national elections. The Carter Center observation mission was led by former U.S. President
    Jimmy Carter; former Algerian Foreign Minister and member of the Elders Lakhdar Brahimi;
    Justice Joseph Sinde Warioba, former prime minister of Tanzania, former judge for the
    International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, and former judge on the East African Court of
    Justice; and Carter Center President and CEO Dr. John Hardman.



    Carter Center observers continue to assess the conclusion of counting and vote tabulation and
    will remain in Sudan to observe the post-election environment. These elections were assessed
    against Sudan.s Interim National Constitution, the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the
    National Elections Act, the Political Parties Act, as well as Sudan.s international treaty
    obligations. The Center.s observation mission was conducted in accordance with the
    Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation and Code of Conduct that was
    adopted at the United Nations in 2005 and has been endorsed by 35 election observation groups.



    This statement is preliminary; further statements may be released after the conclusion of
    the counting and results reporting period. A final report will be published after the end of
    the electoral process.






    Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions




    POLITICAL BACKGROUND

    Sudan held its first competitive multiparty elections 21 years after the National Islamic Front (NIF), the
    predecessor of the National Congress Party (NCP) overthrew the elected government of Sadiq Al-Mahdi
    and for a period banned all political parties and activity. Elections in 1996 and 2000 failed to meet basic
    international standards for a genuine electoral process, and several parties boycotted the process. The
    signing of the January 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the NCP and the Sudan
    Peoples. Liberation Movement (SPLM) ended the 22 year-long North-South civil war. The CPA
    established a six-year interim period during which a Government of National Unity (GNU) composed of
    the NCP (holding 52 percent of National Assembly seats), SPLM (28 percent), and other parties (20
    percent) governed.1 The interim period concludes with a referendum on self-determination for Southern
    Sudan.
    The CPA included separate protocols for Abyei, which will hold a referendum simultaneously with
    Southern Sudan on whether to remain linked with the north or become part of a new Southern state. In
    addition, the agreement provided for popular consultations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile to be
    conducted by newly elected state assemblies regarding their status in either Northern or Southern Sudan.
    Prior to the holding of referenda in Southern Sudan and Abyei, the CPA also called for national elections
    at six different levels of government to ensure that the ballots for independence were presided over by
    democratically elected officials.
    To prepare for the elections, Sudan conducted a census in April 2008, for which results were released in
    May 2009. Following objections to the accuracy of the census, an agreement was reached in early March
    2010 between the NCP and the SPLM to provide Southern Sudan with 40 additional seats in the National
    Assembly, Abyei with two, and South Kordofan with four. In the case of South Kordofan, the parties
    agreed to review the census and voter registration results in preparation for the state assembly and
    gubernatorial elections that should be held before June 11, 2010. This deal between the SPLM and NCP
    on National Assembly seats and the South Kordofan State Legislative Assembly was subsequently
    endorsed by the National Elections Commission (NEC), but has yet to be considered by the National
    Assembly. Concerns related to the census elsewhere in Sudan, particularly in Darfur and the east, were
    not resolved.
    LEGAL FRAMEWORK
    The Carter Center has based its observations and preliminary findings on Sudan's domestic legislation and
    political commitments relating to the electoral process, as well as its international human rights
    obligations. This preliminary statement details the degree to which Sudan has upheld its commitments
    and provides initial recommendations for future electoral processes.


    1 In the newly-established Government of Southern Sudan, the SPLM was allotted 70 percent of the seats in the
    Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly, the NCP 15 percent and other political parties were allocated 15 percent.

    2 Sudan has acceded to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (March 18, 1986), the International

    The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005 establishes the overarching legal framework for
    Sudan. Additional domestic legal instruments governing these elections include the Interim National
    Constitution, the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, state constitutions, all envisaged by the CPA,
    and the National Elections Act 2008. In addition, through accession to, and ratification of, international
    treaties2 and incorporation of internationally recognized obligations into its Constitutional Bill of Rights,


    Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (March 21, 1977), International Covenant on Economic,
    Social and Cultural Rights (18 March 1986), and ratified the Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities
    (April 24, 2009), the African Charter on Human and Peoples. Rights (February 18, 1986) and the Arab Charter
    on Human Rights (May 22, 2004). In addition, Sudan is signatory to the United Nations Convention against
    Corruption (January 14, 2005), the African Charter on Preventing and Combating Corruption (June 30, 2008),
    and Protocol 1 of the African charter on Human and Peoples. Rights on the Rights of Women (June 30, 2008).
    3 The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Article 25, requires in part that “Every citizen
    shall have the right and the opportunity…(a) To take part in the conduct of public affairs, directly or through
    freely chosen representatives; (b) To vote and to be elected at genuine periodic elections which shall be by
    universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret ballot, guaranteeing the free expression of the will of the
    electors.” Further, the United Nations Human Rights Committee, General Comment 25, paragraph 12 has
    established that, “Freedom of expression, assembly and association are essential conditions for the effective
    exercise of the right to vote and must be fully protected.”
    4 These laws provides for detention without arrest and without timely judicial recourse. The latter also provides for
    limitations to freedom of assembly.
    5 It requires NGOs to register and report on their activities, limiting their freedom of association.
    6 The National Intelligence and Security Services are provided with broad and imprecise monitoring and
    surveillance powers and ability to detain individuals without timely judicial recourse.
    7 The law provides that the Press Council has the power to suspend a newspaper for up to three days and will also
    license press companies and prescribe conditions for the registration of journalists, distributors and printers.

    the Government of Sudan has committed itself to the protection of a variety of political and human rights
    essential to the conduct of democratic elections, including freedom of expression, assembly and
    association.3


    The National Elections Act establishes a progressive and comprehensive electoral framework for Sudan.s
    elections, and lays a foundation for credible elections that is bolstered by the broad protections for human
    rights established in the Constitutional Bill of Rights. However, several key domestic laws which are still
    in force, such as the 1991 Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Act,4 which have been enacted since the
    CPA, such as the Organization of Humanitarian and Voluntary Work Act 2006,5 the National Security
    Act 20096 and the Press and Publications Act7 are overly restrictive and do not comply with Sudan.s
    stated commitments.
    In addition, state institutions including the National Intelligence and Security Service and the
    Humanitarian Affairs Commission have at times acted in disregard for these protections and limited the
    success of their application. These restrictive laws and the failure of State authorities, both in the North
    and South to comply with their human rights obligations, contrary to the express provisions of the CPA,
    negatively impacted on the electoral environment, in particular the campaign process, freedom of the
    media, and civil society participation.
    Elections System

    The electoral system, as established within the National Elections Act, is highly complex and has led to
    confusion among the public and significant problems in its implementation. The electoral system calls for
    executive elections (president of the Republic of Sudan, president of Southern Sudan and governors) and
    three levels of legislative elections (the National Assembly, the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly,
    and the state legislative assemblies). The elections to the presidency of Sudan and Southern Sudan both
    require an absolute majority (50% + 1 vote) of votes cast. Gubernatorial elections are simple majoritarian
    contests. Elections to all assemblies use a combination of majoritarian and proportional representation
    systems. Sixty percent of seats were designated for single member geographical constituencies and 40
    percent were elected from closed party lists of which 25 percent were reserved for women and 15 percent
    for political parties. For the seats chosen by both the women.s list and the party list, the d.Hondt system


    of proportional representation was used with a requirement that parties obtain at least four percent of
    votes cast in order to be allocated seats. However, given that the seats will be allocated on the basis of
    state wide constituencies, true proportionality is unlikely to be obtained.
    Election Management Body

    An independent and impartial electoral authority that functions transparently and professionally is
    internationally recognized as an effective means of ensuring that citizens are able to participate in a
    genuine democratic election, and that other international obligations related to the electoral process can be
    met.8
    The election management body, the National Elections Commission (NEC), was established to administer
    elections impartially, transparently and independently, but it did not always meet these objectives. The
    commission has nine commissioners who were appointed by the president with the consent of First Vice-
    President Salva Kiir, who could reject proposed candidates, but could not propose alternatives and with
    endorsement by two thirds of the National Assembly. A chairperson and deputy were then appointed from
    the commission by the president, again with the consent of the first vice president.


    8 UNHRC , General Comment No. 25 para. 20
    9 ICCPR, Article 25, HRC General Comment No. 25, par 20.

    10 ICCPR, Article 25, HRC General Comment No. 25, par 21 requires that “all the drawing of electoral boundaries
    and the method of allocating votes should not distort the distribution of voters or discriminate against any group

    Although this appointment procedure does not guarantee an independent election management body as
    required by international best practice,9 the NEC commission was selected by consensus among the
    political parties. Both government and opposition parties nominated several candidates. The president and
    first vice president then negotiated a slate of commissioners, whose names were considered en masse and
    passed by unanimous consent in the National Assembly.
    The commission established a number of subsidiary bodies including 25 state high elections committees
    (SHCs) and a high elections committee for Southern Sudan (SSHEC) whose authority was not well
    delineated in the founding regulations. The SSHEC was nominally responsible for the supervision of the
    election of the President of the Government of Southern Sudan, the election of the Southern Sudan
    Legislative Assembly, and the coordination between the SHCs in Southern Sudan and the NEC. However,
    most Southern SHCs reported directly to the NEC during the electoral process.
    The NEC has broad ranging powers, duties and responsibilities for all aspects of the election process,
    including the power to take executive measures. The Ministry of Interior and National Intelligence and
    Security Services (NISS) control over security services, however, restricted the NEC.s mandate, for
    example, decreasing the number of security personnel made available to guard polling stations, resulting
    in the reduction of polling sites.
    Boundary Delimitation Process

    Upon the announcement of the disputed census results in May 2009, the NEC created all of the
    geographical constituencies within 30 days as required by law. This was not enough time to carry out
    such a complex and politically sensitive exercise. The NEC delegated the drawing of the constituencies to
    the SHCs. However, clear instructions were not provided as to how the exercise should be undertaken,
    resulting in wide variations across the 25 states. The boundaries of the constituencies are vague,
    unmapped and difficult for observers and election officials to comprehend. Some areas, such as in North
    Darfur, were not included in any constituency, and therefore their inhabitants may not be represented in
    the National Assembly, contrary to international commitments.10 Concerns regarding the boundary


    and should not exclude or restrict unreasonably the right of citizens to choose their representatives freely.”
    11 This is defined in the National Elections Act 2008 Article 38 (b) as the result of the division of the total population
    of Sudan by the number of seats designated to the National Assembly to represent the geographical constituencies.
    12 Variance between constituencies should be kept to a minimum to respect the equality of the vote.
    13 ICCPR, Article 25, HRC General Comment No. 25, par 21.
    14 Observers were from Cameroon, Canada, DR Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Kenya,
    Mozambique, the Netherlands, Norway, Palestine, Serbia, Spain, Uganda, the United Kingdom, the United
    States, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
    15 TCC Statement on Sudan's Voter Registration, December 17, 2009
    16 The Interim National Constitution of the Republic of Sudan 2005, Article 32 (1), Article 41 (1); UN ICCPR,
    Article 3; AU, Protocol to the AfCHPR, Article 2.

    delimitations resulted in numerous complaints to the NEC.


    The law provides that the total population in each district should not deviate from the national dividend11
    by “plus or minus” 15 percent.12 However, in practice this variance was frequently exceeded and in
    Jonglei the variance was as great as 32 percent under the national dividend and 52 percent over it. This
    violates the principle of equality of the vote required by international standards.13
    VOTER REGISTRATION

    In advance of the general elections, Sudan conducted a voter registration exercise in November and
    December 2009. The Carter Center deployed 32 medium and long-term observers to assess voter
    registration and the broader political and electoral environment across Sudan. The Carter Center mission
    observed voter registration activities in more than 650 fixed and mobile registration centers in all 25 states
    across the country. The delegation was drawn from 21 countries.14


    According to the NEC, approximately 79 percent of eligible Sudanese were registered inside the country,
    or 16.4 million people of the estimated electorate of 20.7 million. Twelve of Sudan's 25 states fell short of
    the NEC's registration targets. Participation in some states in Southern Sudan exceeded 100 percent of the
    total eligible voting population as estimated by the 2008 national census, casting doubts on the accuracy
    of one or other set of figures. Only 71 percent of the eligible population of Northern Sudan registered.
    The Carter Center found that voter registration successfully reached citizens in most areas of the country,
    despite significant logistical and security challenges, and serious shortfalls in civic education.15
    Registration officials diligently worked to overcome logistical challenges and administrative
    shortcomings.


    According to the NEC, women's participation in voter registration exceeded 50 percent, a substantive step
    towards improving the inclusiveness of the electoral process and meeting Sudan.s national and
    international obligations to ensure universal suffrage and protection from discrimination.16
    The registration figure as a percentage of the census figures varied considerably, from 64 percent in
    Northern State to 190 percent in Unity state. Low registration figures in North, South and West Darfur of
    65, 67 and 69 percent of census figures, respectively, are also worrying, particularly as a large number of
    IDPs were not included in the 2008 census.


    In an effort to enfranchise Sudan.s diaspora, voter registration was also conducted in a number of
    countries abroad. Unfortunately, due to the burdensome requirements for identification, large
    concentrations of Sudanese refugees were excluded from the electoral process. Voter registration rates
    were low in overseas locations with just over 100,000 Sudanese citizens participating. The Carter Center
    commends encourages Sudan to strengthen mechanisms for registration and voting of citizens abroad in


    advance of future elections.


    The NEC failed to provide clear and specific guidance to protect the civil and political rights of the
    displaced and ensure they could exercise their right to register to vote, as required by international
    norms.17 Of the large numbers of IDPs in Darfur, a limited percentage reportedly registered. Registration
    levels in the camps were low in part due to concern that registering in the camps would prevent the
    displaced from returning to the land from which they had fled and the presence of armed groups that
    oppose the elections. Several IDP camps were not visited at all by registration teams including Kass and
    Kalma camps.
    During the registration process, The Carter Center observed a number of activities that undermined public
    confidence in the process. For example, representatives of the SPLM and NCP directly participating in
    registration activities including NCP members collecting the slips of newly registered voters. Although
    this collection of slips is technically not a violation, the activity continued until the eve of the election and
    created confusion among the voters. Registration receipts were also observed to be traded and sold in
    some areas. Registration officials frequently failed to inform registrants about the need to securely keep
    their registration receipts. The election management authorities at the national and state levels could have
    taken steps to prevent political parties from engaging in these practices and provided the voters with
    access to information about the function of voter registration slips.


    17 Article 25 ICCPR, Article 23 ACHR, Article 13 AfCHPR, Article 24 ArCHR, as reflected in Principle 22 1 (d)
    of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, developed by Representative of the Secretary-General
    on Internally Displaced Persons, Mr. Francis M. Deng.
    18 ICCPR, Articles 2 (3) and 25, HRC General Comment No. 25, par 11, African Union, Protocol to the African
    Charter for Human and Peoples. Rights (AfCHPR) on the Rights of Women, Article 25.
    19 United Nations Human Rights Committee, General Comment 25, paragraph 11

    The NEC should have emphasized the importance of public review of the voter registry after the
    publication of the provisional voter list, as obliged by Sudan.s international commitments, and to improve
    the accuracy of the roll.18 Moreover, there were insufficient checks on the data entry of registrant records,
    raising questions about the overall accurateness and comprehensiveness of the voter register. At the end
    of the registration period, the NEC failed to build confidence in the voters. register by not finalizing the
    full voters. list nation-wide and not making it widely available to political parties and national and
    international observers for thorough examination and audit.
    The challenges and delays in finalizing the voters list led to widespread problems on voting days that
    threatened to undermine the integrity of the entire process. Further, it appears that the list now in use
    varies substantially from the list originally circulated to political parties and other actors.
    VOTER EDUCATION

    Voter education efforts are necessary to ensure an informed electorate which is able to effectively
    exercise their right to vote.19 Given the complexity of the polling process, the absence of a recent
    democratic tradition and the high level of illiteracy in Sudan the need for voter education was particularly
    relevant to this election. However, The Carter Center noted with concern that in practice these efforts
    were significantly limited, hampered by an electoral Commission which failed in its responsibility to
    provide education and an environment where controls are such that they make organizing and holding
    voter education events difficult.


    Internationally recognized good practice clearly indicates that impartial and consistent voter education is
    the primary responsibility of state organs, chiefly the election management body, and not that of political


    parties.20 Throughout the period of observation The Carter Center noted instances in which voter
    education activities were disrupted by state authorities, particularly in Darfur, because the NEC failed to
    communicate in a timely fashion with the relevant authorities and ensure that restrictions on their freedom
    of movement were lifted. Such limitations on the function of these bodies impeded voter education efforts
    by non-state actors and potentially further limited the information available to Sudanese voters
    concerning the electoral process.
    While some civil society organizations conducted voter and civic education activities, their lack of
    experience in democratic exercises resulted in a limited impact of these activities. In addition, the
    institutional weakness of political parties hindered their ability to provide sufficient voter education to
    party members.


    20 See, for example, United Nations Human Rights and Elections, paragraph 87, and the Southern African
    Development Community Parliamentary Forum, Norms and Standards for Elections in the SADC Region, para.
    3.2, The African Charter on Democracy, Elections, and Governance (Signed June 30, 2008) Article 12(4) also
    requires signatories to “implement programmes and carry out activities designed to promote democratic principles
    and practices and consolidate a culture of democracy…integrate civic education in their education curricular and
    develop appropriate programmes and activities.”
    21 United Nations Human Rights Committee, General Comment 25, paragraph 12
    22 ICCPR, Art. 25(a); ICERD, Art. 5(c); CEDAW, Art. 7(b), UNHRC General Comment 25, para. 26

    23 The Juba Alliance, later referred to as the National Consensus Forces, consisted of the SPLM-North, the Umma

    It is widely recognized that voter education may employ symbols or photographs in an effort to increase
    the breadth of its impact and make such educational measures accessible to illiterate voters.21 However,
    the good intent of these measures appear to have been undercut in Sudan, where the NEC conducted voter
    education initiatives which used the same slogan as the incumbent President and published education
    materials featuring a tree, the symbol of the incumbent NCP party. The use of this slogan and symbol
    created a high potential for confusion or conflation between educational efforts and campaigning.
    CANDIDATES, PARTIES AND THE CAMPAIGN ENVIRONMENT

    The right of individuals to participate in public affairs, including through the establishment of and free
    association with political parties and participation in campaign activities, is protected by international
    principles and fundamental electoral rights.22
    Northern opposition parties, which had been excluded from the government for several years, initially
    welcomed the national elections because it gave them an opportunity to re-connect with their political
    bases. Some 72 political parties nominated candidates in the elections, although only two parties, the NCP
    and SPLM, had sufficient financial and human resources to contest the elections in many constituencies.
    In spite of some instances of intimidation and detention, the nominations process was generally free and
    characterized by the emergence of a large number of independent candidates, mostly originating from the
    SPLM and to a lesser extent, the NCP.
    However, there were significant obstacles to running a competitive campaign. Opposition parties in
    northern Sudan have experienced many| years of government repression and are hampered in their ability
    to compete with the ruling NCP. At the same time, they have failed to develop their bases. In the five
    years since the signing of the CPA, the Government of National Unity failed to advance democratic
    conditions inside the country or to guarantee important political freedoms, such as freedom of assembly
    and freedom of the media.


    Opposition parties, some of them acting within the loosely organized Juba Alliance,23 demanded the


    Party, Sudan Communist Party, Umma Reform and a number of smaller parties.

    reform or freeze of various security laws. This demand was not accepted by the government, but it did
    promise to not apply them during the campaign. In addition, the northern opposition parties in a
    memorandum of March 6, 2010 questioned the lack of transparency, impartiality, and independence of
    the NEC. The Juba Alliance members withdrew from the NEC-established media council after
    complaining of bias, although in the final days of the campaign the NEC agreed to increase the number of
    non-government members. They further complained about the failure of the NEC to place limits on
    campaign expenditures and thus to remove the vast discrepancies in funds utilized by the NCP compared
    to the other parties (with the exception of the SPLM). This too was agreed to by the NEC, but with only
    five days left before voting the gesture was rendered meaningless. The northern opposition parties also
    complained about voter registration violations, the use of government property for campaigning purposes
    of the NCP, and demanded that the state of emergency in Darfur be lifted and that the government reach a
    peace agreement that permitted armed groups in Darfur to participate in the election.



    Four of the six largest Juba Alliance parties – the SPLM, Umma National Party, Sudan Communist Party
    (SCP), and the Umma Reform and Renewal Party – announced that conditions did not favor a free and
    fair election. Although the legal deadline for withdrawal from the elections had passed, parties withdrew
    their candidacies from the elections in all of northern Sudan, including the presidential race, in the final
    days of the campaign. Remaining in the race were the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and the Popular
    Congress Party (PCP). This seriously undermined the competitive nature of the election. Names of all
    candidates remained on the printed ballots.



    Although the campaign period was largely peaceful, isolated acts of violence against candidates occurred.
    A SPLM incumbent candidate for a SSLA seat in Unity was killed in Southern Sudan, an Umma Party
    candidate for State Assembly in South Darfur was shot while travelling in a convoy with the Secretary-
    General of the Umma Party, and a NCP candidate in Khartoum North was killed. No evidence was
    forthcoming to prove that these crimes were politically motivated.



    During the campaign period, in February 2010, the NEC and Sudan.s Ministry of Interior issued a circular
    on campaigning activities that required at least 72 hours notice to authorize any political campaign events
    held in public venues. The circular was more conservative than the directives issued by the Ministry of
    the Interior in its September 2009 decision regarding the practice of electoral activities, as the new
    circular required parties to submit notification of campaigning events held on their own premises. Several
    political parties appealed to the NEC to permit them to hold election-related activities in public places
    after notifying the relevant security committees instead of applying for approval and to forego notification
    for activities on their own premises, but these requests were not accepted. Political parties reported that
    these regulations were applied inconsistently across the states and that, in practice, parties often had to
    report to several security agencies rather than a single authority.



    The Center observed examples of the Government of Southern Sudan and Sudan.s Peoples. Liberation
    Army (SPLA) hindering the campaign of the SPLM-Democratic Change (SPLM-DC), the United
    Democratic Front (UDF), Southern Sudan Democratic Forum (SSDF) and other opposition parties. In
    some cases SPLA soldiers were witnessed tearing down the posters of non-SPLM candidates. State
    authorities in Western Equatoria, Unity State, and Northern Bahr El Ghazal interfered with the holding of
    rallies by opposition candidates. Security conditions in Darfur and in areas of Eastern Sudan restricted
    campaigning.



    Governors have the power to control public meetings under the Criminal Procedure Act 1991 Both the
    Criminal Procedure Act of 1991 and National Security Forces Act of 2009 provide for arrest and


    detention without timely judicial recourse.
    Efforts were made by former South African President Thabo Mbeki to gain the political parties'
    acceptance of a party code of conduct. Although parties did not agree on a similar code in the north, it
    was accepted by the opposition parties in the south and the Government of Southern Sudan. However,
    given the subsequent abuses by state authorities of SPLM-DC and other parties, which were signatories of
    the code, its implementation was less than universal.
    Limitations on the freedom of speech were observed. Umma Party leader Sadiq al-Mahdi was accused of
    inciting hatred in a pre-recorded speech that was refused to be broadcast on state radio, a decision
    endorsed by a sub-committee of the NEC, although the Center found no evidence to sustain the charge.
    The NEC required parties and candidates to pre-record their campaign programs for its approval before
    being aired.
    The Elections Act permits the governments to provide state funding for political parties. The national
    government did not do so. Conversely, in early March, the Government of Southern Sudan provided 5
    million SDG to 13 political parties in the South who had raised the issue at an African Union summit on
    the code of conduct. GoSS mandated the distribution of this funding, to two political parties, however,
    rather than by government authorities, resulting in some parties never receiving public financing.


    The Elections Act prohibits the use of state resources by candidates, without paying for their use. Yet the
    Center observed multiple instances of the use of State vehicles by incumbents. The law also provides for
    the imposition of a campaign spending ceiling by the NEC for all elections. On April 3, the NEC
    announced that the maximum expenditure for a candidate for the presidency would be 17 million
    Sudanese pounds, the Southern Sudan government presidency, 7 million Sudanese pounds and other
    offices lower amounts.24 In announcing the spending limit so late in the campaign and setting the limit at
    such a high multiple of the average income per person per year in Sudan, the NEC failed to give effect to
    the purpose of a campaign spending ceiling.25
    Media Environment

    24 The ceiling for gubernatorial races was set for 800,000 Sudanese pounds, individual parliamentary seats, 700,000
    Sudanese pounds and party list and women's list expenditure, 50,000 Sudanese pounds.
    25 ICCPR, Articles 2 (3) and 25, HRC General Comment No. 25, par 19, provides that reasonable limitations on
    campaign expenditure may be justified where this is necessary to ensure that the free choice of voters is not
    undermined or the democratic process distorted by the disproportionate expenditure on behalf of any candidate
    or party.
    26 ICCPR, Art. 19

    International obligations related to the media and elections include freedom of expression and opinion and
    the right to seek, receive and impart information through a range of media.26 Although The Carter Center
    did not conduct comprehensive media monitoring for the 2010 elections in Sudan, the following
    observations are offered.
    Sudan.s National Election Act of 2008 Articles 65, 66 and 98 provide for equal distribution of time for
    candidates and political parties in accordance with the rules and regulations of the media channels and
    press during the electoral campaign period. The Elections Act states that every candidate or political party
    shall enjoy unrestricted freedom of expression, presentation of its campaign program and access to
    information in the exercise of campaigning rights.


    Although pre-press censorship has officially ended, certain subjects could not be freely discussed in the


    media and the media did not tackle issues considered sensitive that might provoke the government.
    Numerous newspapers and individual journalists faced court cases and condemnation by the National
    Press Council, the state press regulator appointed by the Presidency. Another inhibiting factor is that
    much of the media is directly or indirectly controlled by the government and the NCP or its allies.
    Candidates were given equitable access to state radio and television during periods set aside for party
    broadcasts, but other programming gave disproportionate coverage of time to NCP candidates who also
    held senior government positions. Two radio stations in Juba were briefly closed down by security agents
    because of objections to their political broadcasts.
    ELECTION ADMINISTRATION
    By giving precedence to security over transparency, the NEC has not always shared relevant information
    with nor given necessary access to the parties or observer groups. This problem was particularly evident
    in the production of ballot papers when the printing was started without notice being given to the parties
    or observers who were only permitted limited and pre-scheduled access. Upon the arrival of sensitive
    materials, the NEC warehouses were only open to observers once at a public event, after which they were
    sealed, thus giving rise to understandable suspicions by the public at large. This lack of transparency
    risked undermining a crucial element in the election process.
    The Carter Center observed that elections administration was carried out inconsistently throughout the
    country. The NEC failed to anticipate and provide for logistical challenges in many parts of the country,
    particularly in the south. Darfur experienced particular problems because the election was held under state
    of emergency laws, prevailing insecurity, and with a large number of internally displaced persons (IDPs)
    living in camps. An additional problem was the varying capacity and resourcing, both financial and
    technical, of the state high elections committees (SHCs). Several SHCs, particularly in Southern Sudan,
    reported delayed receipt of funding from the NEC to support electoral activities and training, as well as
    the delayed receipt of essential electoral materials.
    Delivery and Distribution of Materials
    The delivery of electoral materials was hampered by inadequate, inconsistent and late planning by the
    NEC. Delays and changes in the decision of the number of polling centers and stations negatively
    impacted the procurement, delivery, and distribution of sensitive materials critical to the conduct of the
    polls. A late start in the more than 1000 ballots also led to challenges in their printing and delivery to
    polling stations. Faced with major logistical problems, international technical assistance providers
    assumed a critical role in the delivery of essential materials.
    VOTING

    The voting process is the essential foundation of the obligation to provide the free expression of the will
    of the people through genuine, periodic elections. Certain participatory rights must be fulfilled in order
    for the voting process to accurately reflect the will of the people. Foremost among these are the right to
    vote, to participate in public affairs, and to enjoy security of the person.27 The state must take all
    necessary steps to ensure such rights are fully protected and awarded to all citizens in an equal and non-
    discriminatory manner.28


    27 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Arts. 2, 25(a) and 9
    28 The State must take necessary measures to give effect to rights enshrined in the treaty to which they are party.
    Such rights include the right for all citizens to be treated in an equal and non-discriminatory manner. ICCPR;
    Art. 2(2); International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination, Art. 1.

    The Carter Center deployed a delegation of over 70 short-term observers from 23 countries to Sudan to


    observe the April 2010 national elections, building upon the Center.s long-term monitoring presence in
    the country that began in February 2008.29 Carter Center observers were present in all 25 of Sudan.s
    states, as well as the district of Abyei, and monitored the pre-count, balloting, and counting phases of the
    electoral process, with plans to remain in Sudan to observe the tabulation of votes, announcement of
    results, and post-electoral processes.
    By the evening of April 15, observers from the Carter Center visited more than 1050 polling stations
    across all areas of the country or approximately 6 percent of all polling stations (according to the latest
    NEC figures). Approximately 51 percent of the polling stations monitored by Carter Center observers
    were in rural areas while 49 percent of the polling stations were located in urban areas.
    In many ways, the Sudanese people are to be commended for their widely peaceful participation in
    Sudan.s first national elections since 1986. Moreover, the NEC deserves credit for administering an
    extremely complex election, requiring the transport of thousands of tons of materials and the participation
    of approximately 16,000 candidates on multiple ballots for multiple races in Africa.s largest country.
    Nevertheless, reports from Carter Center observers provided evidence that a series of technical and
    political problems compromised the integrity of the ballot for many Sudanese voters across the country.
    An illustrative sample of some of these logistical issues includes the delay in the arrival of key materials,
    problems with the indelible ink, misprints and errors in ballot papers, and poor communication between
    the National Elections Commission and State High Committees, as well as between State High
    Committees and Polling Centers. Moreover, serious problems with the quality of the voter registry, the
    uneven use of identification across Sudan, and widespread intimidation severely undercut the
    inclusiveness and credibility of the national polls, and all three areas will need substantial correction in
    any future electoral exercise.
    Technical difficulties have had a major impact on the acceptability of the polling process leading to the
    erosion of many of the standard checks and balances which secure the integrity of an election. In many
    locations the safeguards to prevent multiple voting or fraud were not correctly utilized, reducing voter
    confidence in the electoral process. A list of issues encountered during the Center.s observation mission
    are summarized in greater detail below:
    Ballot Papers
    The NEC Final Distribution list of March 23 determined that polling would take place in 9,650 polling
    centers containing 16,502 total polling stations. Polling stations were required to be open between the
    hours of 8am to 6pm over three days, April 11-13. The election ti####ble indicated that all materials
    necessary for polling would be delivered to polling centers by April 9.


    29 The following countries were represented on the TCC EOM: Algeria, Austria, Canada, Democratic Republic of
    Congo, Egypt, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Lebanon, Liberia, Netherlands, Palestine, South Africa,
    Somaliland, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America,
    Zimbabwe.

    The start of polling was marred by challenges in the production and distribution of the correct ballot
    papers and accurate voter lists, presenting the NEC with its biggest logistical and operational challenge.
    On the first day of polling, April 11, Carter Center observers reported that a substantial number of polling
    centers were either opening late or not opening at all due to partial delivery or non-delivery of essential
    materials, particularly ballot papers. In White Nile, observers reported that no polling took place before
    12.00 noon due to the fact that two sets of ballot papers were reprinted on the evening of April 10 and had
    yet to arrive. In Kauda, South Kordofan, the Center.s team observed a widespread problem with the late


    delivery of voting materials to polling centers, which resulted in 48 out of 51 polling centers not opening
    on time in the area.


    In a significant number of polling centers, particularly in South Sudan, ballot papers for some of the races
    were either missing or delivered to the wrong location. Observers stated that this was the case in Central
    Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Abyei, Warrap, Unity, Gezira, Kassala, South Kordofan and West
    Darfur. Despite this problem some polling centers decided to commence polling without these ballot
    papers, processing large numbers of voters before suspending voting to await delivery of the correct
    ballots. In a number of instances, ballot papers were incorrectly printed with either candidate having been
    omitted or the wrong party symbol next to the candidate.s name. There were also numerous reports of the
    delivery of an insufficient number of ballots for the number of registered voters at a given site. Although
    many of the problems related to ballot papers were resolved by the second day of polling, this problem
    contributed to a loss in voter confidence in the electoral management bodies and also likely resulted in the
    disenfranchisement of numerous voters who were unable to cast ballots for all of the levels of
    government.



    Voters List

    Observers also reported the election management bodies. incomplete and in some cases incorrect delivery
    of voter lists. Although problems with the voters lists were not uniform across the states of Sudan, the
    flaws in the voter registry were clearly observed to be a nationwide problem and were likely the single
    biggest reason that voters were disenfranchised. Observers reported large numbers of voters who were
    unable to find their names on the voter lists, due to language problems, incorrect or misleading
    alphabetized names, or simply because of general confusion about how names on the voter registry were
    allocated to given polling stations. In many cases, voters who were told that their voter registration center
    would also be their polling station during the registration process in November were misinformed by
    election officials.



    Carter Center observers witnessed voters being turned away who had registration slips but could not find
    their name on the voters list in every state of Southern Sudan as well as North Kordofan, South Kordofan,
    Gezira, Blue Nile, and West Darfur. In most cases when voters were being turned away, there was little
    evidence of them being advised or instructed as to which polling center was the correct one. At some
    stations the electronic voter lists were abandoned in exchange for the original paper lists, or simply, as in
    Warrap, lists were given up on altogether.



    In a number of polling centers where voters presented their registration slips and the identifying officer
    could not find their name on the voter registry, the identifying officer noted their name and number and
    allowed them to vote. This was observed in Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, and Warrap state.
    While this likely meant that voters who would otherwise have been excluded from the voting process
    were able to participate, this also opened the door for multiple voting should the voter abuse the use of
    their registration slip at several polling stations in a given constituency.



    Problems with the voters lists represented the most significant setback to the electoral process and likely
    led to the disenfranchisement of substantial portions of the eligible electorate and could affect the
    representativeness of the outcome of the local polls. The NEC.s delay in finalizing the electronic voter
    registry was a major contributing factor to the problems experienced during polling. Further analysis is
    needed to see the extent of the problems with the voter registry on a state-by-state basis.



    Identification Problems

    According to the NEC regulations, voters were allowed to cast a ballot as long as their names appeared on
    the voter registry and they were able to document their identity. However, many observers reported


    instances in which voters provided no identification document and other checks from an identifier were
    not requested. In other cases, certificates of confirmation of identity, presumed to be from a local Popular
    Committee, were accepted without clear verification. At many sites visited, party agents participated in
    identifying voters with registration slips or voters whose identity appeared questionable.
    The team observed many instances of people who did not have IDs of any kind attempting to vote. The
    problem was further exacerbated by the observation of Popular Committee's issuing ID certifications on a
    partisan basis. In some cases, notably North Darfur, observers noted that certifications given by popular
    committees were scribbled on torn sheets of paper without any other form of ID.
    In Kassala, Red Sea, White Nile, Nile State, and Darfur observers noted numerous examples of under-age
    voters who were allowed to vote at times in a seemingly organized fashion. In several cases, observers
    were able to directly confirm with the underage voter that they did not possess a valid identification and
    registration card. In several other cases, in particular Unity State and Western Bahr al Ghazal, observers
    reported that presumed underage voters ran from the polling station before they could be confirmed as
    being ineligible.
    Participation of Illiterate Voters
    Sudan's many illiterate and partially literate voters encountered difficulties during polling which increased
    the processing time and made it difficult for them to find the station in which they were assigned to vote
    in the voter lists. Little effort was directed to ensuring that the country's illiterate population was fully
    informed about the election.
    While the use of symbols is an international best practice, particularly in countries with high rates of
    illiteracy, in the case of these elections, they exacerbated the complexity of the balloting due to the system
    of multiple ballots and long candidate lists. In addition, many candidates and parties did not understand
    the value of these symbols. Similarly, the weak system of voter education failed to communicate the
    meaning of the symbols for each type of election.


    The Carter Center welcomes the NEC.s directive to allow those voters who needed assistance in marking
    their ballot to select someone to help mark their ballots. These steps to offer impartial assistance are in
    line with international standards.30 However, there were many allegations that helpers abused their trust
    and marked ballots contrary to the wishes of the voter.
    Assisted voting
    Procedures for assisted voting are an important tool for the elections commission to help ensure universal
    suffrage. At the same time, if procedures are followed improperly, assisted voting can undermine both the
    secrecy of the ballot and infringe on the voter.s choice. Both of these issues have been witnessed by
    Carter Center observers in polling stations across Sudan.
    In South Darfur, Unity, Central Equatoria, and Upper Nile State, the secrecy of the ballot was
    compromised for voters who required assistance, although observers predominantly felt that the loss of
    secrecy was not done with any intention of fraud or wrongdoing. In Lakes State and Northern Bahr al
    Ghazal, however, observers were present at polling stations where polling staff were trying to unduly
    influence voter choice or even fill out the ballot of illiterate voters without asking them for their choice.
    Many voters needed help understanding and filling out the ballot which slowed the process considerably.


    30 UNHRC General Comment 25 para. 20


    Integrity of Ballots

    Serialized seals are standard election materials to prevent the tampering of the content of a ballot box.
    However the use of seals has been uneven across Sudan with observers noting their absence in a number
    of locations, particularly in Southern Sudan within the states of Lakes, Western Bahr al Ghazal and Unity.
    In several cases, observers reported incorrect usage of the non-serialized seals upon ballot boxes,
    including two cases in Lakes State whereby a ballot box of unused ballots was improperly secured and
    may have been subject to fraudulent ballot box stuffing.



    Observers in Northern Sudan have also taken note that green, un-serialized seals, intended to tie bags,
    were used to secure the voting hatch of the ballot box in several states, exposing them to potential
    tampering. This usage was observed in South Kordafan, Gedaref and most widely in Darfur. Polling
    station staff were in some cases unaware of they were improperly sealing the ballot boxes By failing to
    properly secure the tops of ballot boxes while the materials where stored overnight, the polling hurt
    perceptions of the credibility of the vote in those areas.



    Indelible Ink

    There have been many verified reports of the indelible ink being easily removed from voters. fingers after
    a day or two. In some instances, this may have been caused by a failure of the polling staff to shake the
    bottles to prepare the ink or the inadvertent addition of the packing silicate which caused the ink to dry
    out. The use of indelible ink is an important safeguard to ensure that multiple voting does not occur, and
    coupled with problems with the voter registration list, the failure of the ink weakened the checks on
    multiple voting.



    Political Party Agents

    Carter Center observers reported numerous irregularities and problems with intimidation, harassment, and
    a lack of access for political party agents to the voting process. It should be stressed that this occurred
    with particular frequency in Southern Sudan. In one polling station in Lakes State, political party agents
    were asked to be 100 meters away from the polling station, although SPLM agents were subsequently
    invited back into the polling station to monitor the vote. Polling station staff turned away DUP political
    party agents in Hameshkoreb in Kassala State, barring them from monitoring any part of the voting
    process. Carter Center observers reported seeing restrictions placed on political party agents in Sennar
    state whereby only one agent was allowed inside the polling station at a time, in contradiction to the
    electoral regulations. Observers learned of the arrest of political party agents in the states of Central
    Equatoria, Unity State and Northern Bahr El Ghazhal.



    Intimidation

    The extent of subtle or forceful intimidation observed was deeply problematic. Highly inflammatory
    comments made by President Bashir while campaigning in Red Sea and Al Gezira, in which international
    observers were threatened were contrary to the Elections Act, as well as the Memorandum of
    Understanding between the Center and the Government of Sudan, and called into question the
    commitment contained in the CPA to have international observation.



    Intimidation was reported in many states observed and was carried out by security agents in both plain
    clothes and uniform, army, party agents, party members or county commissioners. Voters, candidates,
    polling staff, party agents and observers were the targets of such intimidations. Most actions seemed to be
    locally motivated, rather than centrally controlled, but the overall effect on free elections is worrying.



    Particularly problematic was the presence of plain-clothes men who identified themselves as „public
    security., „county intelligence. or just „security. and took an active part in the voting process. The SPLA
    showed force in some areas, replacing polling station security or marking ballots. The SPLM made its


    presence felt in some polling stations and in one case, intimidated domestic observers. Polling staff was
    arrested, threatened or beaten up in a number of states, as were party agents and candidates.
    The Southern Peoples. Liberation Army (SPLA) had a visible presence at polling stations in White Nile
    and Lakes State; in Northern Bahr el-Ghazal soldiers marked ballot papers and forcefully replaced police
    and party agents at polling stations. Polling staff was marking ballots on behalf of one party in Northern
    Bahr el-Ghazal and Warrap State. Party agents took an active interest in how voters voted in Lakes States
    and Upper Nile.
    In Unity State, domestic observers reported being intimidated by SPLM. In at least one case, a Carter
    Center observer and staff member were harassed. County commissioners harassed polling staff and
    voters in Unity and Lakes States; polling staff was arrested in Kassala. Candidates or party agents were
    arrested, intimidated or beaten in Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Northern Bahr el-Ghazal, El
    Gezira, Unity and Port Sudan.
    Commitment of Electoral Staff and Extension
    On April 12, the NEC announced that due to the problems associated with the first day.s polling, voting
    would be extended nationwide by two days to Thursday April 15. This was a positive step made by the
    National Elections Commission that allowed additional voters in Sudan to exercise their right to vote.
    Despite the many logistical problems and the real political issues faced by many polling staff, Carter
    Center observers reported many cases of the staff at polling stations demonstrating exemplary
    commitment to their work and an impressive fortitude to continue their work during the two-day
    extension of polling and in many cases under circumstances of delayed compensation and minimal food
    and drink provided. In addition, Sudanese electoral officials in some cases were subject to intimidation
    and threats, and their work to continue the process of administering Sudan.s national elections should be
    congratulated.
    COUNTING AND TABULATION

    The legal provision requiring the immediate publication of results at polling stations is welcome.
    However, the lack of a requirement to publish final results broken down by polling station is contrary to
    international best practice.31 The Carter Center urges the NEC to publish final results broken down by
    polling station in order to enhance confidence in the results.
    It is hoped that the HECs and NEC will complete the counting and aggregation of results as speedily as
    possible and respect the time periods provided in the National Elections Act. Transparency is essential at
    this stage of the process. TCC observers will remain in country throughout the counting and results
    aggregation, announcement of results and beyond, and will also observe the complaints and appeals
    process.


    31 The best practice of posting detailed election results disaggregated to the polling station level can be extrapolated
    from paragraph 112 of UN Human Rights and Elections which requires that “The process for counting votes,
    verification, and reporting of results and retention of official materials must be secure and fare.” ICCPR, Articles
    2 (3) and 25, HRC General Comment No. 25, par 20 provides that there should be independent scrutiny of the
    voting and counting process and access to judicial review or other #####alent process so that electors have
    confidence in the security of the ballot and the counting of the votes. Publication of final results broken down by
    polling station is prerequisite for this scrutiny.


    Of ongoing concern was the fact that at the start of counting three state committees in Southern Sudan
    still did not have equipped results centers with the proper software installed on their computers.
    Moreover, nine state committees had not yet recruited nor trained results' center staff.
    Without these operators, the state elections committees will have no way to speedily provide compiled
    results, and the burden of work may easily overwhelm already fatigued electoral staff. Election results
    that are severely delayed are a potential flashpoint for the serious escalation of electoral disputes amid
    perceived or real cases of electoral fraud.
    DARFUR
    Given the political context in Sudan, the electoral process cannot be judged solely on technical grounds.
    This is particularly pertinent to Darfur, where conflict, displacement, and insecurity still dominate the
    lives of millions who live in the region. Although Darfur's overall security situation has somewhat
    improved, the reach of the Center's observation in Darfur was restricted due to security considerations. In
    North Darfur, a number of IDP camp leaders were arrested. However, it is evident that the government's
    ongoing state of emergency, the continued displacement of an estimated 2.7 million persons from their
    areas of origin, and intermittent armed conflict in Jebel Marra, were factors that severely compromised
    the electoral environment. Lingering concerns over the equity of the 2008 census process and the uneven
    voter registration process that saw low participation across all three states of Darfur also contributed to a
    weaker process. The boycott of almost all political opposition cannot be ignored. The confidence of many
    parties and citizens in the legitimacy of a process occurring in a region still in constant turmoil was
    absent.
    Despite these factors, significant technical effort was made to prepare for elections in Darfur, and in
    South Darfur, the Center's observers have judged that from a technical perspective the election was
    reasonably successful. However, throughout Darfur, a failure to educate voters was apparent.
    Irregularities in ballot distribution and problems with the voters' lists were observed, disenfranchising
    many. With respect to Darfur, the Center cannot endorse elections in the region as meeting national or
    international standards.
    ELECTORAL DISPUTE RESOLUTION

    Efficient electoral dispute mechanisms, including, as necessary, the provision of a fair and public hearing
    before a tribunal, are essential to ensure that effective remedies are available for the redress of violations
    of fundamental rights related to the electoral process.32 In failing to provide for an effective remedy
    regarding possible violations in key areas of the electoral process, Sudan.s electoral dispute process falls
    short of international standards.


    32 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Art. 2(3), UNHRC General Comment No. 32, para. 18
    33 ICCPR, Article 2 (3).

    Under the Elections Act any registered voter in a geographical constituency could correct or challenge the
    details of the voter list within seven days from the publication of the electoral register. However, lack of
    awareness on the right to inspect and challenge the lists led to a low number of challenges submitted.
    Because most of the printed voter lists in Southern Sudan were not finalised until well after the deadline
    on 16 January, the SHCs used the manually written registration books to display the names on the
    electoral register. As a result, 8,933 challenges were made on the basis of the handwritten lists but this
    could not be compared to the final electronic lists. Therefore, there was no way to verify the effectiveness
    of the remedy. No mechanism for complaint about incorrect exclusion from the voter register is provided
    in the legal framework. This a clear breach of the right to an effective remedy.33



    According to the NEC, 885 complaints were filed regarding constituency delineation, of which 400 were
    accepted in the published Final Report of Boundaries. The 2008 Act provides for appeals to the Supreme
    Court against final determinations by the NEC regarding constituency delineation. Fifty-eight appeals
    were lodged of which five were allowed. Allegations have been made that those complaints that were
    accepted, were not implemented on the ground. As no clear details of the constituency delineation were
    ever published, there was no way to verify the effectiveness of the remedy.
    Appeals to the Supreme Court are also provided for against refusal to register candidates and eight such
    appeals were made regarding candidacy for the presidency, two of candidacy for the presidency of
    Southern Sudan and sixteen for candidacy for governors.
    On polling days a voter, party or candidate could lodge complaints to the head of polling stations. A
    special form was provided for this purpose (Form 7). The Head of Polling was required to try to resolve
    the complaint immediately. Requests for a recount could only be made at the polling centers before the
    declaration of results. There are no provisions provided for an order of a re-aggregation of results, an
    important omission and a denial of an effective remedy for potential violations in the aggregation process.
    After the declaration of provisional results only a candidate or party can appeal the result to the Supreme
    Court and must do so within seven days. The Court must decide the appeal within fourteen days.
    While interlocutors have expressed concern regarding the independence and transparency of the judiciary,
    to date it has carried out its functions in a timely manner in accordance with the law. The Carter Center
    will continue to observe the complaints and appeals process until the declaration of final results.
    CIVIL SOCIETY AND DOMESTIC OBSERVATION

    An international commitment that every citizen has the right to participate in the public affairs of their
    country establishes the right of all citizens to freely participate within civil society and domestic
    observation organizations.34
    The Carter Center supported the work of civil society groups in both Northern and Southern Sudan to
    observe the polls. Election monitoring by non-partisan civil society organizations is an important way for
    citizens to take part in democratic processes, serves to safeguard the process, and provides important
    information regarding the integrity of the process as well as recommendations for improving the process.
    Northern Sudan had one of the most developed civil societies in Africa and the Middle East. Southern
    Sudan, meanwhile, was weak and dominated by tribal chiefs and churches. The Organization of
    Humanitarian and Voluntary Work Act of 2006 has been particularly detrimental to the development of
    civil society in Northern Sudan. According to the act, non-governmental organizations must obtain the
    approval of the General Registrar of Organizations, who is appointed by the president. In order to be
    accredited as a domestic observer organization, NGOs had to have previously registered.


    34 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Art. 25(1)

    The election gave rise to the creation of several domestic observation networks in both northern and
    southern Sudan, The most active were TAMAM, al-Khatim Adlan Center for Enlightenment and Human
    Development, the National Civic Forum, and the Sudanese Group for Democratic Elections (SuGDE) in
    the North and the Sudan Domestic Election Monitoring and Observation Program (SuDEMOP) and the
    Sudanese Network for Democratic Elections (SuNDE) in the South. Together these organizations
    deployed approximately 8,000 observers across Sudan. According to the NEC, 10,286 Sudanese
    observers received accreditation to observe the elections. The Carter Center welcomes the efforts on the


    part of the electoral authorities to open the process to Sudanese observers, who were present during the
    polling, in 82 percent of the centers visited by TCC international observers.



    Despite this opening, civil society organizations experienced significant challenges in the accreditation
    process as a result of delays within the NEC, a lack of clarity in the accreditation requirements,
    inconsistency in the way in which requirements were applied, and the late release of accreditation badges
    to organizations. Furthermore, some national observers experienced obstacles in access to the polling
    process, although these obstructions appear to be localized and not systematic.


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17-04-2010, 05:25 PM

ABDALLAH ABDALLAH
<aABDALLAH ABDALLAH
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-08-2007
مجموع المشاركات: 6310

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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: كمبورة)

    الأخت العزيزه د.سعاد تاج السر
    شكرا لك لمتابعتك لهذا الحدث الذى يهم الوطن

    رغم أن تقرير مركز كارتر لم يكن بالقوه المطلوبه, لكن إجمالا أتى
    بما لا تشتهى سفن الإنقاذيين ,حيث كانوا ينتظرون الإشاده بمسرحيتهم الهزيله.

    نحن فى إنتظار ما يقوله قريشن ورغم مواقفه المخيبه للآمال, لكنى أتوقع أن
    يأتى بمثل ما أتى به كارتر.

    فى النهايه القرار فى يد الشعب السودانى والذى نثق فى عزيمته ومقدرته وإقدامه.
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17-04-2010, 05:49 PM

صديق عبد الجبار
<aصديق عبد الجبار
تاريخ التسجيل: 07-03-2008
مجموع المشاركات: 9347

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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: ABDALLAH ABDALLAH)

    Quote:
    While it is too early to offer a final overall assessment[/red, it is apparent that the elections will fall
    short of meeting international standards and Sudan.s obligations for genuine elections in many
    respects. Nonetheless, the elections are important as a key benchmark in the Comprehensive
    Peace Agreement (CPA) and because of the increased political and civic participation that has
    occurred over the last several months. Ultimately, the success of the elections will depend on
    whether Sudanese leaders take action to promote lasting democratic transformation.


    هذه الفقرة تبين أن التقرير الي قيد النفاش ليس تقريراً نهائياً .. ولكن ... فإن الرئيس السايق كارتر قال بالفم المليان لأجهزة الإعلام :

    إن الإنتخابات السودانية لم ترقى للمعايير الدولية ولكن هنالك إرادة قوية للمواصلة في عملية التحول الديمقراطي وإن المجتمع الدولي سيعترف بنتائجها ...!!! (كذا!)

    عليه فمن الأفضل لنا كما قال معظم الزملاء والزميلات علينا أن لا نعول على المجتمع الدولي كثيراً ، فالمجتمع الدولي قد باع القضية الكلية لشعوب السودان يوم أن أعطى نظام الإنقاذ شرعية دولية أسموها إتفاقية السلام الشاملة CPA ، لذلك فالشعب السوداني وحده في هذه المعركة ، وعلينا أن نشمر لها .... ولا نامت أعين الجبناء !!!

    أبوفواز
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17-04-2010, 06:57 PM

تبارك شيخ الدين جبريل
<aتبارك شيخ الدين جبريل
تاريخ التسجيل: 04-12-2006
مجموع المشاركات: 13931

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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: صديق عبد الجبار)

    شكراً الأخ الصادق اسماعيل ...

    مركز كارتر ينشر تقاريره بالتسلسل التاريخى فى موقعه .... وليس فيه إشارة للتقرير الذى أتيت به انت هنا ....

    يبدو أنه - وكما تقول "رويترز" فى المداخلة من كوريا الشقيقة - القرير الأولى آنف الذكر ...

    Quote: وقالت نسخة من تقرير أولي اطلعت عليه رويترز


    ولكنه لا يختلف كثيراً عن محتوى الخبر ... مع تحفطاتى على الصياغة الخبرية لـ "رويترز" ....

    عموماً ... هذا التقرير نفسه ... يعد بتقرير نهائى ....








    ... المهم ...
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17-04-2010, 10:59 PM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
مجموع المشاركات: 3100

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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: تبارك شيخ الدين جبريل)

    شكراً وتقديراً لكم جميعاً على المرور الكريم.

    شكري وتقديري الفاضل الصادق اسماعيل على إيراد تقرير كارتر

    الذي يحتوي على كثير من التفاصيل الدامغة أيضاً.

    وافر التحايا لكم جميعاً.
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18-04-2010, 08:08 AM

Souad Taj-Elsir
<aSouad Taj-Elsir
تاريخ التسجيل: 30-05-2007
مجموع المشاركات: 3100

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Re: عاجل - كارتر الآن في الخرطوم: إنتخابات السودان فشلت في الرقي للمعايير الدولية (Re: Souad Taj-Elsir)

    UP
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