Articles and Analysies
Eastern front unknown in the outside world
By [unknown placeholder $article.art_field1$]
May 3, 2006 - 6:31:00 AM



I am a British writer and currently Africa correspondent for the British Medical Journal. I am researching an article about prospects for peace and current conditions in Eastern Sudan. I read on Sudan Tribune that eastern Sudan activists are planning a media campaign and conference in Europe this month.


I hope you can provide me with more details as I am concerned that the situation on the Eastern front is virtually unknown in the outside world and none of the current negotiations on Darfur mention the east, despite the fact that the SPLA is currently pulling its forces out of the area in line with the CPA. It seems surprising that the CPA otherwise makes no provisions for the East at all.


Peter Moszynski

551b Finchley Rd London NW3 7BJ UK

020 7433 1918

[email protected]


BMJ  2006;332:993 (29 April)

Bird flu adds to Sudan’s woes as UN warns of risk to aid operations

London Peter Moszynski

As the Darfur crisis spilled over into Chad this month, a United Nations’ official warned that relief operations could collapse within weeks or months because of violence and intimidation, restrictions on aid staff, and lack of funding. Sudanese militias have reportedly been attacking a refugee camp, and Khartoum is accused of backing a rebel attack on Ndjamena, the capital of Chad. Meanwhile, news that bird flu had arrived in a country in such chaos prompted further concern.

Guido Sabatinelli, the World Health Organization’s representative in Sudan, told the BMJ, “As a result of the current humanitarian crisis in Darfur and the effect of over 20 years of civil war, the health situation in Sudan is facing many challenges. The confirmation of avian influenza in poultry in Sudan is an added concern to public health. The health sector has been chronically under-resourced for many years resulting in weak surveillance and fragile health systems.”

He also warned, “The constant movement of internally displaced people and returnees throughout the country further amplifies the risk of communicable disease and limits the effectiveness of outbreaks response.”

Jan Egeland, the UN’s head of humanitarian affairs, cautioned the Sudanese government that donors were unlikely to continue funding an operation that consumed a third of the UN’s humanitarian budget unless there was better cooperation. Earlier this month he had to cancel a scheduled trip to Khartoum, Darfur, and Chad, when his aeroplane was refused entry into Sudanese airspace.

He told the Security Council, which is currently debating a resolution on sanctions, that Darfur was currently “falling further into an abyss” and that government restrictions “threaten humanitarian operations in Darfur and elsewhere in Sudan.”

According to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Sudan currently hosts a quarter of the world’s internally displaced people. The UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs says that 3.5 million people currently need help in Darfur. More than 14000 relief workers are helping them, working for 84 non-governmental organisations and the Red Cross and Red Crescent societies as well as 13 UN agencies.

According to the office, this massive relief operation resulted in a “dramatic reduction of morbidity and mortality . . . since 2004, and has effectively prevented large outbreaks of disease.”

But it added, “In addition to major funding shortfalls and a significant reduction in access due to rising insecurity, the humanitarian community has been facing an increasing level of government restrictions.” Several international and local agencies have recently been suspended.

Urging that the “illegal closure and suspension of humanitarian organisations” must be halted, Amnesty International warned that certain provisions in the newly promulgated Organisation of Humanitarian and Voluntary Work Act 2006 “contravene international standards on freedom of association and the Sudanese Interim National Constitution.” It called on Khartoum to “abide by its repeated commitments to cease the obstruction of humanitarian aid.”


© Copyright by