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Articles and Analysies Last Updated: Oct 27, 2009 - 9:33:43 PM

A Collective Responsibility towards Peace in Sudan by Dr. Ahmed Hamoda Hamid Fadlalla

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The Up-Coming Elections

A Collective Responsibility towards Peace in Sudan


Dr. Ahmed Hamoda Hamid Fadlalla. [email protected]

(PhD. Political Economy, Leeds University 1996; MA English, Lancaster University 1988)





            This paper presents an alternative solution to the chronic Sudanese crises. It argues that the up-coming elections in Sudan, scheduled to take place next year, offers a rare opportunity to get the country back on track to democracy, peaceful transfer of power, an end to the on-going civil wars to avert a looming disintegration of the country. For a bid to make this a reality, collective concerted action is needed on four levels: national, regional, international and the UN. Such concerted action is necessary to ensure observance of free and fair elections under international and UN supervision.


Part 1: Justifications & Rationale


Present-Day Sudan: A Bleak Picture


The image of Sudan today is one of internal agony and international apathy. Internally, the policies pursued by the present Sudanese government have rendered the entire Sudanese population to agonizing hardships of pervasive poverty, mass killings, torture, mass displacement and relentless wars against the people. The on-going wars launched by the government against its own people, the mass killings, the large-scale human rights violations, war crimes, abuses and crimes against humanity perpetrated by the Sudanese government call for concerted action from the international community to be coordinated through the UN. The efforts made by the international community have so far failed to stem the abuses committed by the Sudanese government. This situation has created a feeling of apathy in the UN corridors and a lack of direction among actors in the international community. The Sudanese government defiantly continues its abuses in an affront in the face of the UN and the will of the international community.

Indeed, the situation inside Sudan today is far more bleak than has been portrayed in the media. A little probe deeper into the inside situation will reveal horrifying frightening details that will scar the collective human conscience if left unchecked; reminiscent of the Rwandan tragic genocide nearly two decades earlier. Here are a few examples from the extensive catalogue of abuses committed by the Sudanese government to give a picture of the abyss into which the Sudan has descended.


The Orchestration of Deadly Wars:


The government has unscrupulously orchestrated deadly wars in the South, in DarFur, in the East, and a continuous but silent war against the entire population in every corner of the country. These wars are motivated by a deviant religious and morbid racial ideology, sinister than the Apartheid segregation in South Africa last century. The aim of these draft wars is to exterminate entire sections and racial groups of the Sudanese people who do not identify with the thinking and racial belonging of those in power. Not exclusion, but virtual extermination is the ultimate aim.


Systematic Impoverishment of the Sudanese People:


The economic policies of the present government have systematically aimed to create wide-spread poverty among the Sudanese. This statement can be easily verified by explaining the paradoxical situation of wide-spread poverty amidst wealth and plenty in Sudan. Sudan is the largest country in Africa, has over 200 million hectares of fertile arable lands, with the worlds longest River Nile and its 11 tributaries criss-crossing the country, hundreds of millions of heads of animals, in addition to oil ( now Sudan exports over 500000 barrels of oil daily); together with other minerals like gold, iron and uranium. Potentially, Sudan should be one of the few richest countries in the world. Indeed, the UN, its FAO and WFP agencies have named Sudan number ONE country envisaged to be the worlds breadbasket, along with Australia and Canada. Simply stated, Sudan is a very rich country. Ironically, however, the Sudanese people are among the very poorest in the world. How can we explain the paradox of pervasive mass poverty amidst the huge wealth in Sudan? According to official estimates, over 95% of the Sudanese people live below the poverty line.

            This intriguing paradox of mass poverty amidst wealth and plenty in Sudan can be explained in simple political terms. Since its first days in power, the government has unashamedly declared that it will cause people to come crawling on their bellies rallying for support. This is a nickname for political economic starvation. The government deliberately devised economic policies intended to starve people for political ends: i.e. to force them into political submission to the will of the new system. The message was clear: people have either to vow total submission or face starvation. To this end, the government, through its economic intelligence agents, have pursued an official policy known by the name (tajfeef manabi al rizq = drying up of sources of livelihoods). This policy has targeted every honorable Sudanese man and woman considered as opposing the regime. As a result, the overwhelming majority of the Sudanese suffered from the pangs of the economic war waged against them, finally and over the years crushing them into an absolute poverty that is structurally designed by their own government. The sole aim of this evil structured poverty is political: to starve people into total submission to the tyrannical rule of the National Islamic Front (NIF).

            The huge wealth of the country, understandably, has been structurally directed to enrich NIF supporters in an official policy known to all by (Al Tamkean = Policy of Empowerment) which lavished the countrys wealth in the hands of government officials and supporters and for buying more support. Corruption, bribes and abuse of power are rampant. Sudan government has been classified as the third most corrupt government in the world. The huge national wealth that is the inalienable right of the Sudanese people, supposedly to be expended on public welfare services, is being wasted in buying political support, spent on military and intelligence forces to repress political discontent, and ultimately to ensure the day-to-day political survival of the regime. Because the government has waged an unrelenting economic war against its own citizens: wholesale sacking from government posts; hundreds of thousands of civil servants were sacked, engineers, doctors, university professors, and a whole trail of professionals have wholesomely been forced out of their jobs and out of the country, dispersed in all corners of the globe looking for a decent means of livelihoods.


7 Million Sudanese in the Diaspora:


Now Sudan has an estimated number of between 6 and 7 million Sudanese in the Diaspora, dispersed in all corners of the world. Thanks to the generosity of those host countries in which the Sudanese find refuge. This is nearly a quarter (25%) of the entire population being forced by their own government to leave their homeland. If the Palestinians and Iraqis have been forced out of their homelands because of wars from outside, the Sudanese dispersion is because of wars from inside. Almost all of the Sudanese in the Diaspora are among the very highly qualified professionals and skilled labour (engineers, doctors, university professors, managers, lawyers, etc). This has also been a deliberate consistent policy aimed to force out the most effective and dynamic forces in society.

This forced mass outside migration has been a deliberate two-pronged policy: to deprive the society of real and potential opposition leadership, on the one hand, and to vacate key posts of employment to be filled out by NIF personnel, on the other. This is an official policy of replacement of civil service personnel by NIF cadres of supporters. Alongside this policy is another strategy aimed at destroying existing state institutions and the creation of parallel institutions in the NIFs own image. Examples of such parallel institutions include the creation of the Peoples Defence Foreces (PDF) to be in place of the weakened military; the state security and intelligence forces to replace the weakened police; the proliferation of Islamic universities, military university (e.g. Karare University) and police university (e.g. Rabat University) to replace the weakened national University of Khartoum. All in all, state institutions have been virtually dismantled, purposely to enable the government to have a free hand of action in all walks of life, unhindered by institutional regulatory laws, to shape the Sudanese society and economy in its own image.


The Oil Wealth:


The poor Sudanese people have paid dearly during the nearly twenty years of the NIF rule. The economy has been a war economy during all those years. People have suffered greatly for the lack of basic amenities. Funds have been channeled away from public welfare services to fuel the wars; first in the South, and now in DarFur. With the exploitation of oil, the Sudanese people were hopeful that at last they could be relieved of the many hardships and declining living standards. However, with the country now as an oil exporter, there are no signs that the oil wealth has done any thing to improve the general situation of the Sudanese. On the contrary, while oil flows out of the country, inflation is soaring, the living conditions further declining, poverty is claiming new territories and the price of bread doubling. Over 95% of the Sudanese are living below the poverty line. Instead of directing the oil revenue to improve the living conditions of the people, the government is spending the countrys new oil wealth on arms sales to perpetuate the wars, on the huge army of security agents and informers to entrench itself in power and further consolidate its wealth and authority.

In one of the most bitter ironies in the development debate, the Sudanese government gives the unique example of a state that invests the enormous national wealth in the development of destruction instead of development of exponential growth. The gap between rich and poor has widened dramatically. Today in Sudan there are two classes: the fabulously wealthy, and the have-nots. There is no middle stratum in Sudan. The Blue Collars: civil servants, lawyers, university professors, doctors, teachers, journalists have been crushed into poverty to join the mass of the poor. In a 2004 UN report, Sudan has been tagged as the worst example in the world for unequal distribution of the national wealth. This huge social divide between the very rich and the very poor is fuel for social and political unrest. Instead of being a blessing, the new oil wealth has thus turned into a curse, further adding to the deep fissures in society. The government also uses the oil wealth to extend its ideology regionally and internationally. Part of this strategy concerns the training and funding of Islamist militants ready to be posted to fuel wars in Chad, Somalia, Uganda and Iraq. The Sudanese oil wealth is thus used to finance such operations, contributing further to the process of regional and international destabilization.


Hideous Record of Torture:


The Sudanese government has subjected the Sudanese people to systematic torture, especially those opposing the regime. The government, through its infamous security and intelligence forces, have invented methods of torture that indeed exceed in brutality and hideousness even the most vicious ways adopted by evil dictators. The criminal genius of the government and its security forces has invented methods of torture that are unprecedented and quite unique to the Sudanese security forces. Fortunately, these evil methods of torture have been amply documented in a publication entitled Al Taazeab fi al Sudan = Torture in Sudan , published by Al Nadeem Inc. in Cairo. The book is edited in Egypt by a group of psychiatric doctors treating many of the Sudanese victims of torture who managed to escape from the hell of the infamous Ghost Houses. The victims recount their miserable experiences of torture on the hands of the Sudanese security agents. Luckily, they managed to escape death only narrowly. However, the psychological trauma has scarred their poor souls. They will be forever haunted by the nightmare of their torture. The ultimate goal of these hideous methods is to utterly crush the victim, physically, mentally and psychologically. The nauseatingly sad personal accounts of the victims, which form the matter of this important document (the book is censored in Sudan), amply testifies to the morbid criminal nature of the Sudanese regime.


A Threat to International Peace and Regional Security:


The present Sudanese government is a major threat to regional security and international peace. The present instability in the Great Lakes Region of Central Africa, in the Chad Basin and in the Horn of Africa is clear evidence of the Sudanese destabilization strategy in the region. Since it came to power in 1989, the Sudanese regime has adopted a hard-line Islamist extremist ideology that it vowed to export to neighbouring countries. This line of thinking has never changed. And despite claims of co-operation with the international community frequently mouthed by Sudanese officials, they are intent on bringing the entire geo-political map firmly under their grip.

            The consequent unstoppable warfare in the region, the mass killings, the wide-spread displacement, atrocities, abuse and crimes against humanity which we see rampant in the region, is but a whole mess created by the Sudanese hands, and left for the UN and international community to clean up. The international community, represented in the UN, has a responsibility   towards the maintenance of peace and security world-wide. Obviously, the Sudanese regime poses a threat to this collective human endeavour. The establishment of international peace and security is a noble human will, collectively enshrined in the basic tenets of the UN Charter. Failure to maintain peace and security in Central Africa, especially in DarFur and the Chad Basin would be an unforgivable   mistake on the part of the UN (not to repeat the Rwandan mistake). The Sudanese regime, the instrumental agent in this regard, should not be allowed a free hand to undermine UN credibility and frustrate the will of the international community.


What to Do?:


What should be done in Sudan?

This question needs to be addressed with due urgency. There is ample evidence and a general agreement now that the government in Khartoum is altogether bad. Though, the challenging question remains: what should be done about the bad Sudanese government?

            Many observers concerned about the situation in Sudan, have contributed many useful ideas and insights about possible solutions to end the Sudan crises. All agree that the government in Khartoum MUST GO. But How? Suggested possible solutions varied from diplomatic economic sanctions, to trials before the (ICC) International Criminal Court, condemnation of Chinas role in Sudan, arms trade embargo, no-fly zones, to threats of direct military intervention. However, almost all of these strategies have so far proven ineffective to carry the Sudanese officials change their minds. The UN finds itself in an unenviable position, torn between its responsibility towards maintaining peace and security enshrined in its charter, on the one hand, and its indecision and inertia about what to do in Sudan, on the other. In the last resort, a veritable military action could be the only language that the government in Khartoum understands. However, a military action sanctioned by the UN Security Council could be self-defeating to the UN basic principles. How could the UN, committed to the maintenance of peace, resolve international security problems by means of military action? Obviously this is a contradiction in terms.

            Neither is non-action a good option. If left to itself, the present situation inside Sudan is more likely to explode into even bloodier wars that eventually lead to the disintegration of the country. This could be the worst scenario ever. If Sudan disintegrates, it will lead to a catastrophic uncontrollable situation in its extensive geo-political space, affecting its nine neighbours and other states further afield that are liked to Sudan either ideologically or strategically. If Sudan disintegrates into smaller states, the new states will not be viable, will suffer from internal tribal wars (e.g. the warring factions in DarFur), which will also spread outwards endangering the entire African continental stability. In the event, it will send masses of refugees to neighbouring states. Sudan will be more likely to become a fertile breeding soil for extremists, other dangerous groups and for organized crime. Sudan oil production will be halted at best, if not stopped completely, therefore ending supplies to Sudans oil customers such as China. This in turn will have negative repercussions on the soaring oil prices driving prices even higher. A united Sudan is now regarded, with a few other states, as one big hope for people on our planet earth to salvage the serious international food problem. Also, according to some oil experts, Sudan probably has the biggest oil reserves in the world so far undiscovered. For these two major strategic potentials, it is in the best interests of the international community to work towards preserving unity in Sudan, specifically for the sake of global security in both food and energy.

            Unfortunately, however, for exactly the very same reasons, the Sudan has become a wrestling arena for mighty international powers (e.g. China & USA), and powerful multinational interests (e.g. oil, agribusiness, waters). The mighty powers battling for control over Sudans potentials have vested interests in supporting the warring factions inside Sudan, thus making it difficult to establish permanent peace in the country. Peace and stability is what Sudan needs in order to contribute significantly to international trade, welfare and prosperity. This could be achieved by a collective effort to bring to power in Sudan a democratically elected government that can steer the country safely to peace and stability. Sudan has the potentials in mineral and agricultural resources that can meet- if properly exploited- the demand of the international powers that are now fighting to control it by subversion. The opposite is needed: to help the Sudanese get rid of the present bad regime, and bring to power a democratically elected government.


Part 2: A Glimpse of Hope: An Alternative Solution:


There is a glimpse of hope that we should all work together in a collective bid to make it a reality. This hope presents itself in the rare opportunity afforded by the up-coming elections scheduled to take place next year as stipulated in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) legal framework.

The evidence so far presented about the bleak internal situation suffered by the Sudanese people, and the serious threats to regional and international peace posed by the Sudanese regime, call for concerted collective action to salvage the Sudanese malaise. We ask all those well-meaning individuals, organizations, institutions and states to extend a helping hand to the Sudanese people in their present predicament to enable them regain their freedom and dignity. We ask that collective action is required to make the up-coming elections a reality. Such collective action could be coordinated on three levels: the national, regional, and international level (involving the UN). The first step towards this noble end is to press the Sudanese government into accepting a peaceful transfer of power through the pallet box. We ask that this noble mission be taken as a collective responsibility towards the establishment of permanent peace and democracy in Sudan, to be shouldered collectively by national forces inside Sudan, by regional forces, and by international actors and the UN. The focus of the noble mission of such collective action is to ensure the necessary guarantees and safeguards for free, fair and transparent elections in Sudan next year. For this noble end, the following actions could be taken:


1-                            To press the Sudanese government to formulate electoral laws and regulations that ensure fairness and transparency, and that will be accepted by all political parties.

2-                            Fair electoral campaign, to ensure equal access to the media channels by all contestant parties.

3-                            Close surveillance and monitoring at all stages of the electoral operation to report violations, misuse of government financial and media power, bribes and other means of unlawful practices such as buying of votes.

4-                            Transparency at all levels of the election process, the census, constituencies, candidacy, etc

5-                            The formation of neutral committees composed of membership from national and international observers to oversee the health of the electoral operation as a whole, and to report any violations from any party.

6-                            The final results of the elections can be declared safe and binding only by official endorsement from the joint committee of observers, or otherwise be annulled thereby if it considers serious unlawful practices and violations have been committed.

7-                            This is to guard against possible renegation in case the results are not in favour of the government. The government, in the absence of sufficient safeguards, is more likely to repeat the tragic Kenyan experience when the government lost earlier this year.


This path we consider to be the safe way out from the Sudanese stalemate leading to a peaceful transfer of power through the ballet box. It is an honorable and noble quest for which we should all join hands to lay the foundations for lasting peace in Sudan.


Dr. Ahmed Hamoda Hamid Fadlalla

Royal Commission University in Jubail

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Wednesday, August   7th 2008. Jumadah-1, 2nd 1429H.

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  • The Up-Coming Elections A Collective Responsibility towards Peace in Sudan by Dr. Ahmed Hamoda Hamid Fadlalla.
  • Updated JEM Proposal for Change by Dr. Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • Re to a Professor: Anne Bartlett Darfur is True By- Taha Zein
  • A Witness from among themselves by John Gordon
  • A Collective Responsibility towards Peace in Sudan by Dr. Ahmed Hamoda Hamid Fadlalla
  • Public Opinion No Longer Concerned About the Sudanese-American Relations by Yassir Madani
  • An Opportunity for National Reconciliation by Omar khalid
  • Towards Responsibility and a Harmonious Relationship by Omar Al Bushra
  • ICC Prosecutor Dealt another Blow by John Gordon
  • Unity of darfur by Babiker Gardia
  • Darfur: Truth or Fiction? By Anne Bartlett
  • Beyond the Last Computer by Philip Emeagwali
  • The Chevron way the US in open talks with Al-Qaida of Sudan by Hatim El-Madani*
  • Abu Dhabi looks to Sudan for food supply by Dr. S. A. Suliman
  • The world has to save Sudanfrom the brutality of the Khartoum regime by Bahar Arabie
  • Fragile Sudan: Search for Unity that will Never Be *By James Okuk
  • Government Suggests Joint Administration for Abyei Area
  • The Question of African Identity, Arabism and Islam phobia in the Sudan By: Justin D. Wannis
  • Salva Kiir: Shedding the tears of failure/John Sabit Atar, Nairobi, Kenya;
  • Expert De Waal Continues Misleading the World on Darfur by By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • Darfur and Prof Anne Bartlett By Mohammed M. Haiba
  • Bravo Toyota 4X4 you reached Trap Khartoum by Hatim El-Madani*
  • Stop the Witch-hunt in Khartoum by Anne Bartlett
  • Battle of Omdurman responsible for Battle of Omdurman. by By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • It's Historical! by Mack Awer
  • Another Rwanda Genocide going on in the capital of Sudan, Khartoum and in Omdurman. by Mohamad Ahmad Moaz.
  • Why didn't Kiir cry so much for Garang? Tungawan Chol, Syndey, Australia
  • Expected Results from SPLMs 2nd Convention *By James Okuk
  • Statement on DPA Second Anniversary by Abdel Gabar M. Dosa
  • Airplanes Nightmare for South Sudanese By Steve Paterno
  • Stepping Out of Naivasha Paradise By: Abd Al Mahmoud Al Koronkai
  • The Politics of Panic in Southern Sudan By: Prof. Wani Tombe
  • Salva Kiir provokes a dangerous situation in the South By :Tut Gatwech
  • Towards a Sudan without a Government Army By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • Who is Behind Masseriya Tribe? by Mack Awer, former Red Army
  • The London-led Western crusade against Zimbabwe lacks rationalization. by Peter Lokarlo Marsu
  • The United Nations honors a female Sudanese researcher as part of the UNEP champions of the Earth: By Taha Yusuf Hassan
  • Britain to Darfur in daresay France it out by Hatim El Madani*
  • Darfur: Why Insecurity by Proxy has to Stop by Anne Bartlett
  • Corruption in the GOSS is a threat to peace in south Sudan. by Thomas Mawein Bior, Gogrial, Sudan
  • Disability is not Inability: Eliminating Teachers with Disabilities in Education by Ustaz Atem Dut Kuek
  • Postponing Sudan Census: Unjustified GoSSs rush hour By James Okuk
  • Sheikh Salva Keir Birneeeta by Hatim El Madani
  • Justice must be alive in Sudan if peace is genuine? By Mawien D Kuol
  • Sudans Bor county leaders disagree on town ownership by Philip Thon Aleu
  • Sudan and the popular uprising By Arman Muhammad Ahmad
  • Why politics must now also become personal on Darfur and China by Anne Bartlett
  • The Joke of the Poorly Ambitious Sudanese by Ali Bashir
  • The World Bank and NGOs in Southern Sudan: Keeping Poverty For Expatriate Benefit *By James Okuk
  • Kiir: Saying and doing differently by Malual Maker, South Sudan
  • Besides tribalism political favouritism a grave concern in New Sudan By Koang Tut Jing
  • South Sudan Democratic Forum in Canada informs the Goss to be mindful and permits the equality to any one (from South Sudan).By Ker Biel Ruey
  • English, the Crazy Language by Ali Al-Bashir- Jeddah.
  • El-Tom and Mr Nur Israel Taboo Loose lips sinck ships by Hatim El Madani
  • Our Parliament in Juba paid for doing nothing! by David Char Akau, South Sudan
  • Sudan's Economic Development Increases Despite Sanctions By Sabina Castelfranco
  • THE SOUTH IS EMPTY by Tharwat Gassim
  • Sudans Defence Minster: How Racist Can He Be? By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • False Accusation against Dr.Riek Machar, A true Nationalist Leader in South Sudan By: PeterT.Nguanok
  • Tabans acquittal an example of double standard treatment of SPLM members Atem Mabior
  • Sudanese Responses To: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • American Responses: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • Community Land: A Critical Socio-Economic Factor To Temper With In Southern Sudan By James Okuk
  • Breaking a Taboo: Mr Nur and his SLM Office in Israel By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • China refutes accusation on arms sales to Sudan
  • SPLM 2nd Convention: A Hard Test in Democratic Transformation *By James Okuk
  • The 60 Currents by Hamza M Babbikr
  • The unauthorized profile of the Eastern-Sudan Fronts Chairman 2-3 By Mohamed Ibrahim
  • The Justice & Equality Movement (JEM)/ Religion and the State By: Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • "USA TDOAY": Obama And My Son: Mohammad Ali Salih: Washington, DC, USA
  • CPA Adjustment and Quest for Southern Sudan Development *By James Okuk
  • Dear Cde Pagan Amoum Okiech by Aleu Ayieny Aleu
  • April 2008 General Population Census: Will I be Counted a Southerner? *By James Okuk
  • NUBA ASSOCIATION IN FRANCE:Condolence on death of Bishop Philip Abbass by Dr Ahmed Osman Tyia Kaffi
  • The Trembling Tip of the Nose!/Faisal Ali Suliman Addabi/lawyer/Doha/Qatar
  • An open letter to Hassan Abdullah Turabi By: Brian Adeba,
  • The big lie by Ismail Abdallah M.
  • JEMs Vision for a New Sudan by Dr El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • Reframing the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett
  • Confederation for Southern Sudan a Betrayal to Self-determination By James Okuk
  • President Kiir should admit his failure and resign gracefully by Jor Deng
  • Kiir must be indicted for war crimes BY Atem Mabior
  • Kiir shows his real colours By Atem Mabior
  • Will UN Envoy Eliason Do His Homework on Darfur? By Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • Critical Analysis on the paper presented by Presidential Advisor, Mr Bona Malwal under the title The Future of the CPA under the Current Political Crises`.
  • Sudan needs reality check By Hassan Ibrahim
  • The Hypocrisy of NCP Supporters on Darfur By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Polemics of Politics of Transitions in Sudan By John G Nyuot Yoh*
  • SPLM: A Party that Deserves Building not Ruining By James Okuk
  • The Paradox of Political Transformation by SPLM Standards. By; Baraj Ayuen
  • Fanatic Islamic Iran & Exploitive Transnational Capitalism are the Most harmful Sources of insecurity in the World
  • Movement erosion Bneha .... Conflict adults ousts Emin Tela t by Shol Goba
  • Northern Sudanese and Bashirs Call for Jihad Time for Southerners to Think Aloud Lily A. Akol
  • Sudanese & American Friends March for Peace and Reconciliation By Jimmy Mulla
  • The Dilemma of The SPLM: Is it justified? By: Ngino Nikako
  • The 4th General Congress of the Justice & Equality Movement (JEM) By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • If Sudan Want Peace it has to Prepare for War? * By James Okuk
  • Yet Another Africans Challenge: Liability No. 21 the IQ By Dr. Mohamed N. Bushara*
  • When will Darfur mediators learn (2) By Suliman A Giddo*
  • Bravo to Mr. Salva Kiir for Rejecting the US Proposal By James Okuk Solomon
  • Female Circumcision Negligence and Abuse By Dr. Amal Ahmed Elbasheir.
  • U.S Should Upgrade the SPLA if it is willing to Help Southern Sudan *By James Okuk Solomon
  • Where Sudan Is Booming By Alexis Okeowo
  • When Will Darfur Mediators Learn? By Suliman A. Giddo*
  • Mob Emotions Is Anti-Democratic Transformation By James Okuk Solomon
  • Check with Improper Balance: SPLM Risky Politics of Partnership By James Okuk Solomon
  • Another way to break Abie deadlock by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • The SPLM & Protecting the CPA: Guarding Against the Cynical Obstructionism of NCP Parek Maduot
  • Do Ministers belong to the Party or to the Government? *By James Okuk
  • Habib Bank v Central Bank of Sudan Ismat Abdel Gadir - LL.B
  • Shilluk Communities vs Shilluk International Congress (SIC) By: Kimo Ajing Aba
  • It is Darfur Again and the Misery Goes On By E. Ablorh-Odjidja
  • SLM request to delay Libya talks by Tag Elkhazin,
  • Will the united Sudan remain attractive for all under the NCP regime?! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Value of Peace in Sudan: From Ki-Moon to International Wisemen By James Okuk Solomon
  • South Sudan Egyptians relations / John Lawrence Morbe Joseph
  • Will the Failed Abuja Diplomacy Be Repeated in Libya? By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Why a reality check is needed on Darfur by Anne Bartlett
  • United, Cairo's poor and poorer get heard
  • A Message from Ajik (Ajang) Union in North American To: Commander and Comrade Daniel Kodi by Fadul H.Haimad
  • What Happened To Gen. Kiir First Vice Presidency Position? / by Isaiah Abraham
  • Eritrea in the Sudan's president's office, By: Mohamed Osman Ibrahim
  • UN Ban Ki-Moon and his Drought Thesis of Darfur Conflict By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • UN Secretary General: Mission Impossible By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Old Habits Die Hard: The National Congress Party is Back to Its Outmoded TacticsBy: Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Greatest Marginalization of All Time/Isam Siddig
  • Darfur: A Little Less Talk, A Little More Action by Anne Bartlett
  • Muslims eye America by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • General Elections in Sudan by the Year 2009: A Fact or a Fiction?/By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Alsalkeen Charitable Organization General Secretary. /By Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Cons and Cues About The Sudanese Forthcoming General Election/Isaiah Abraham
  • Animals rights are also rights/Isaiah Abraham
  • SPLM Official Counters the Recent Remarks of the NCP Official over Abyie and Darfour Translated by MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • The Arab Congregation and the Ideology of Genocide in Darfur, Sudan By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • Catholics Led to Hell/Written by Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • Keep away from Darfour, Mustafa Osman Ismail, warns the SPLM Translated by Majok Nikodemo Arou
  • Abyei Protocol. by Mayen. D. Ater
  • Darfur Actors and the absence of Road Maps By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Judiciary Reshuffle Ineptly Calculated by Daniel Deng Monyde
  • Stop the Genocide and give the security then peace will come/Hamed Mohamedain Omer
  • THE AMERICANS AND ME (2): ISLAM Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, Asharq Alawsat
  • Unwanted in Israel By Sherine Tadros at the Egyptian-Israeli border
  • ISSUES that Rose From the Sudanese Ambassador Press Conference By Jwothab Amum Ajak
  • Al Bashir Slams on Campaigners against Sudan, Reviews Political Developments By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Was Dr. John Garang Assassinated?/Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • What had happened in Darfur?/Mahmoud E. Yousif
  • Abie conflict The Inferno of Nivasha or the Paradise of Peace by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • TEXT- Conclusions of AU-UN, Sudan on the Hybrid Operations
  • Alfashir is nearer than Kampala: JEM/NRF Commends New SPLM Stance on Darfur/By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • Sudan: The Politics of Naming - Genocide, Civil War, Insurgency/Prof. Mahmood Mamdani
  • US to Sanction Dr. Khalil Ibrahim! A Statement/Gammali Hasan Galal Eldin
  • Can Darfur Survive the CPA?/Abdullahi El-Tom and Mahmoud Abbaker Suleiman
  • GOD OR AMERICA: WHO IS FIRST? 8 DIFFERENT OPINIONS/Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, Asharq Alawsat
  • It would be Unwise to think that a United Sudan Properly Functions within the Main Frameworks of the Phenomenon of Eastern African Development./Urban T. Kir
  • Darfur Crisis: Mediation Failure (2)/Ahmed M. Mohamedain
  • Government of Sudan and Darfur crisis/Musa Yakub Daoud
  • President Bush "Hurts" for Darfur Darfur Is Safer than US Urban Cities/Ali Baghdadi
  • Our Vision on the prospect of peace to end the Darfur tragedy/By Dr. M.A.Suleiman
  • Lies, Damned Lies and the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett is a Director of the Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development
  • International Media Ignore Sudanese Voices /AfricaFocus (Washington, DC)
  • Sudanese cyber rally forces website to remove controversial ad by Wasil Ali
  • why war in abyaii by bakhit mohd humaidan
  • Al Salikeen Earmarks 1.2 Billion Pounds for Service Schemes by Al Sammani Awadallah
  • A CALL TO ALL THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN/By James Ogilo Agor Agokwech-Rochester, MN USA
  • Will the Quartet Summit Contradict with the UN, AU Role in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Sudan Vision Carries Out a Survey on Pros and Cons of Humanitarian Aid in Sudan By: Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Al Khatim Adlans legacy of wisdom and vision/ahmed elzobier
  • WHEN THEY BEG FOR UNITY by Mack Awer Riak
  • The Genocide Glitterati by Anne Bartlett
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue Will Not be Held Hostage by Hostile Armed Factions", Says Dr. Omar Adam
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains/by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum/Nour Tawir
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba_Mountains Democratic Forum by Samie A Djudo
  • How Dr. Garang wanted Abyei to be? (1) /By Akol Miyen Kuol
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum
  • The Doomsday Cult/Ahmed Sam, human rights activist.
  • China must emulate AU wisdom in Sudan by Simon Roughneen for ISN
  • An article introducing our country Sudan by Maha esmeal ahmed esmeal
  • It is a time for all Peace forces to take action By : Matur Aciek
  • Kiir stood to his pledge of no reverse gear/ BY MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • Unwitting Party to Genocide By Stephen Rademaker
  • January 9th- a Day of Peace and Full Independence/By Dr. Mawien Akot
  • Muslim cadet clear on identity/YVETTE CABRERA
  • 2008 General Elections: What Are The Scenarios Awaiting Us?/Maker Costa-Syracuse New York
  • s NCP is planning to rig elections at census level/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Criticism to the Global War Against International Terrorism, (G-WAIT) by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Swindles of Modern Liberal Democracy by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • Peaceful Conflict Resolution & the War on Terror The cases of Sudan and Iraq by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Jinjaweed Leader By : kuku kadia
  • UA-GSC Sudan Resolution Passes/By Marie Y. Thibault
  • All About Darfur: Is Sudan in a culture of war? By Virginie Wembey
  • AU Recommends Six Month Extension for its Mission By: Al Sammani Awadallah / IOL
  • No South/North border and ABC: CPA is dead.By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Darfur destruction is Sudans al-Bashirs Shame/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Relationship Between Economic Mismanagement & Social Instability by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter
  • Fake Modern Religions Are Fighting Faith by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Ideological Structure of The Conservative Professional Nationalist Party & System by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter,
  • 'Lost Boys of Sudan' By: Kristin Boyd , Staff Writer
  • Sudan's al-Bashir and Palace are imperfect Match By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Frank Wolf: Divest from Sudan By U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf (R-10)
  • Sudanese Native Relates Horrors of His Childhood/By Konstantin Shishkin
  • General Congress of JEM Asserts Creation of a political Party/Professor Mahmoud Abakar Sulaiman
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue and the Litany of AU Deceit in Darfur/Dr. Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • ѡ () " "
  • Reign of Corruption and political stagnation By Andrew Bak
  • Current American Planning Strategies vs. Planning Strategies of the 50s/By: Adil Bala (PhD)*
  • Free Will, JEM Peace Wing Sign Political and Military Protocol By Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Only Favourable Humanitarian and Security Conditions are Needed in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadalla
  • A call to Abolish Sharia Law in South Sudan: GOSS must take a Lead
  • Race and colour consciousness art or is it ... Religions? Hatim Elmadani
  • Who are Landless People in Sudan? Mack Awer -Cairo
  • Darfur: Diplomacy and its Discontents by Anne Bartlett
  • Why Egypt won't press Sudan: the Nile By Dan Murphy | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
  • Pathological Delusions by Ahmed Elzobier
  • NIF is determined to kill CPA By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Darfur - Solution Must Come From Africans By Mohammed Eisa Ismail
  • The responsibility to protect Darfur By William G. O'Neill
  • Sudanese go tech savvy By Cheryl Lecesse
  • Sorrow in Sudan By Vivian Ho