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PEACE HAS BECOME A CONCRETE REALITY

سودانيزاونلاين.كوم
sudaneseonline.com
3/22/2006 5:06pm

Peace and national accord represent the greatest achievement of the Sudan, the National Salvation Revolution, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and all sectors of the Sudanese people.
The government has managed through a series of serious and constructive dialogues to satisfy aspirations of the Sudanese people by bringing about unprecedented achievements unlike previous governments.
The government has peace efforts in Addis Ababa, Frankfort, Nairobi, Abuja, and Entebbe as well as the Ugandan mediation and the IGAD sponsored initiative, which laid down a good ground for talks that continued for more than two years and crowned with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in Nairobi on January 9th, 2005.
Internally, the government has made many initiatives: The National Dialogue on Peace in 1989 and Juba Peace Forum in 1994.
Khartoum Peace Agreement:
Khartoum Peace Agreement was signed in 1997 between the government and four main factions. These factions are:
South Sudan Independence Movement led by Dr Riek Machar, Sudan People's Liberation Movement (Bahrel Ghazal group) led by Karbino Kuanin, Equatoria Defense Force, led by T. Ochang, the Independent Faction led by Kuwai Makwai.
The six-chapter agreement has tackled:
 Constitutional and legal issues, rights, freedoms and power sharing between the centre and the states.
 Wealth sharing
According to the agreement the Coordinating Council of Southern States was established to supervise national plans, peace programme and coordinate legislative efforts in the southern states.

Peace Makers


Nuba Mountains Peace Agreement:
The Government and the Central Committee of Sudan People's Liberation Movement ( the Nuba Mountains United) signed Declaration of Principles on July 31, 1996 and Khartoum Peace Agreement on April 21, 1997.

Fashoda Peace Agreement
The government and South Sudan Independence Movement led by Dr Lam Akol signed an agreement in 1997 in which former Vice President martyr Al Zubair Mohamed Salih and the Shulk Reth have played great role. According to the agreement, Dr. Akol has joined the government and assumed officials posts.
South Blue Nile Peace Agreement
This agreement was concluded in response to peace appeal to stop blood shedding and to develop the region. The signatories agreed to implement the agreement, democratize the rule throughout the country, preserve the national integration, distribute wealth equally and develop less developed areas and achieve coexistence.
Peaceful Coexistence Conference:
On November 25- 26 , 2000, the government organized a Conference in Malakal to encourage Upper Nile tribes live in peace, tolerance and coexistence. The gathering was attended by First Vice President, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, along with federal ministers and senior officials.
Nuba Mountains Cease-fire Agreement:
The government and SPLM (Nuba Mountains Sector) signed a cease-fire agreement on January 19, 2002 in Switzerland effective for six months renewable. The agreement was renewed a number of times. The agreement was signed following negotiations between the two parties, mediated by US.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Machakos Framework Protocol
The government and SPLM reached peace protocol in July, 2002 in Kenyan suburb of Machakos. According to the protocol, the two parties shall share power and wealth and respect human rights.

The Truce
The government and SPLM agreed to cease hostilities during the talks in all fronts and to establish a mechanism to monitor it. The monitoring mechanism, reached on July 6th, 2003 in the Kenyan suburb of Karen, draws the parties, regional organizations ( African Union, IGAD and civilian protection mechanism) as well as British, US, Norwegian and Italian representatives.
Security Arrangements Agreement
The two parties agreed on September 25th, 2003, on the security arrangements during the interim period.
Wealth Sharing Protocol
Sudan government and SPLM signed agreement on wealth sharing which stipulated just sharing of resources.
Power Sharing Protocol

It contains structure of government on the national and south Sudan levels and stipulated just distribution of power.
The government and SPLM have signed a protocol settling dispute over Abyei area by giving the area special status during the interim period to remain a bridge between the south and the north.
The Parties have also concluded a protocol settling conflict over South Korofan (Nuba Mountains) and the Blue Nile.

Security Council Session In Nairobi

The UN Security Council pledged in its session held in Nairobi on November 19, 2004 to help the Sudanese people to overcome the effects of the civil war.
The Security Council issued the resolution following the signing of a memo of understanding between the government and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).
Declaration on the Conclusion
Of IGAD Negotiations on
Peace in the Sudan
On November 21, 2004, the government and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) signed on the sidelines of the UN Security Council's session in Nairobi, Kenya, the "DECLARATION ON THE CONCLUSION OF IGAD NEGOTIATIONS ON PEACE IN THE SUDAN.”
The two parties affirmed in the declaration that the six protocols referred to in the Nairobi Declaration of 5th June, 2004, constituted and form the core Peace Agreement.

Historic Celebration held in
Naivasha on the Signing
Of Final Peace Agreement
A final peace agreement was signed initially on December 31, 2004 in Naivasha, Kenya, between the government and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).
The signing represented a unique and historic event for Sudan, Africa and the whole world.
The historic signing ceremony coincided with the 49th anniversary of Sudan's Independence.

The ceremony was attended by the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, the representative of the Kenyan President, the President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, the Vice - President, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, the then Chairman of Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), Dr. John Garang, members of the government and SPLM delegations, representatives of the IGAD, IGAD Partners, the United Nations, the African Union and the Arab League.
The ceremony began by recitation of verses from Quran and the Bible, which affirmed the necessity of peace and accord for the peoples.
The IGAD's chief mediator, General Lazaras Sumbeiywo, addressed the ceremony, expressing his pleasure over completion of the peace process. Sumbeiywo hailed the efforts exerted by Taha and Dr. Garang in their wise leadership for the peace talks.
Then, the IGAD Secretariat presented to the parties the two supplements for signature, where the supplement on the cease-fire was signed on behalf of the government by Maj. Gen. Mohammed Al-Hassan Al-Fadil, while Cdr. Taban Deng signed for the SPLM.
This was followed by the signing of the supplement on the implementation modalities of the protocols on the sharing of power and wealth, where member of the government delegation Sayed Al-Khateeb signed for the government, while Samson Kwaji signed for the SPLM.
The President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, addressed the celebrations, expressing thanks to all those who contributed to the peace process, top of them the Kenyan President, Mwai Kebaki, and former Kenyan president Daniel arap Moi and General Sumbeiywo.
President Al-Bashir pointed out that Sudan's Independence is completed now after the end of the war in the south.
President Al-Bashir congratulated all the Sudanese people and all friends of Sudan on the occasion.
He pledged to solve all problems of Sudan, pointing out that the joy will not be complete till after realization of peace in Darfur.
The World Witnesses The Important Occasion
Taha, Garang Sign Final
Peace Agreement on Behalf
Of Government and SPLM
Vice President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha and the then Chairman of Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), Dr. John Garang signed in Nairobi on January 9, 2005 the final and comprehensive peace agreement ending a 20-year-old civil war in south Sudan.

The agreement was also signed as witnesses by the Kenyan President, Mwai Kebaki, the sponsor of the peace talks, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, former US Secretary of State Colin Powell, UN Secretary General's Representative in Sudan Jan Pronk, ex-Norwegian International Cooperation Minister Helda Johnston, Arab League Secretary General Amru Musa, representative of the British government, Italian deputy Foreign Minister, representative of the African Union and the Netherlands International Cooperation Minister.
The peace agreement, whose signing ceremony lasted for full hour and attended by President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al Bashir.

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement between The Government of The Republic of The Sudan and The Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army:
Whereas the Government of the Republic of the Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/A) (referred to as the "Parties"), having met in continuous negotiations between May 2002 and December 2004, in Karen, Machakos, Nairobi, Nakuru, Nanyuki and Naivasha, Kenya, under the auspices of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Peace Process, and, in respect of the issues related to the Conflict Areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States and Abyei Area, under the auspices of the Government of the Republic of Kenya;
Conscious that the conflict in the Sudan is the longest running conflict in Africa; that it has caused tragic loss of life, destroyed the infrastructure of the country, eroded its economic resources and caused suffering to the people of the Sudan;
Mindful of the urgent need to bring peace and security to the people of the Sudan who have endured this conflict for far too long;
aware of the fact that peace, stability and development are aspirations shared by all people of the Sudan;
In pursuance of the commitment of the Parties to a negotiated settlement on the basis of a democratic system of governance which, on the one hand, recognizes the right of the people of Southern Sudan to self-determination and seeks to make unity attractive during the Interim Period, while at the same time is founded on the values of justice, democracy, good governance, respect for fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, mutual understanding and tolerance of diversity within the realities of the Sudan;
Recording and reconfirming that in pursuance of this commitment the Parties duly reached agreement on the following texts: the Machakos Protocol, dated 20th July, 2002 which is set out in Chapter I of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA); the Agreement on Security Arrangements, dated 25th September, 2003 which is set out in Chapter VI of the CPA; the Agreement on Wealth Sharing, dated 7th January, 2004 which is set out in Chapter III of the CPA; the Protocol on Power Sharing, dated 26th May, 2004 which is set out in Chapter II of the CPA; the Protocol on the Resolution of the Conflict In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States, dated 26th May, 2004 which is set out in Chapter V of the CPA; and the Protocol on the Resolution of the Conflict in Abyei Area, dated 26th May, 2004 which is set out in Chapter IV of the CPA; and that the Security Council of the United Nations in its Resolution 1574 of 19th November, 2004, took note of these aforementioned Protocols and Agreements;
Recognizing that the Parties have concluded an Agreement on a Permanent Ceasefire and Security, Arrangements Implementation Modalities During the Pre-Interim and Interim Periods dated 31st December, 2004 which is set out in Annexure I of the CPA, within the Framework of the Agreement on Security Arrangements of 25th September, 2003;
Further recognizing that the Parties have also concluded the Agreement on the Implementation Modalities of the Protocols and Agreements dated 31st December, 2004 which is set out in Annexure Il of the CPA;
Now herein the parties jointly acknowledge that the CPA offers not only hope but also a concrete model for solving problems and other conflicts in the country;
The parties further acknowledge that the successful implementation of the CPA shall provide a model for good governance in the Sudan that will help create a solid basis to preserve peace and make unity attractive and therefore undertake to fully adhere to the letter and spirit of the CPA so as to guarantee lasting peace, security for all, justice and equality in the Sudan;
Now therefore, the parties agree, upon signing this Agreement, on the following:
1) The Pre-Interim Period shall commence, and all the obligations and commitments specified in the CPA shall be binding in accordance with the provisions thereof;
2) The CPA shall be comprised of the texts of the Protocols and Agreements already signed, together with this Chapeau, the Agreement on Permanent Ceasefire and Security Arrangements Implementation Modalities and Appendices as Annexure I and the Agreement on the Implementation Modalities and the Global Implementation Matrix and Appendices as Annexure II;
3) The agreed Arabic and English texts of the CPA shall both be official and authentic. However, in the event of a dispute regarding the meaning of any provision of the text, and only if there is a difference in meaning between the Arabic and English texts; the English text shall be authoritative as English was the language of the peace negotiations.
4) Upon compilation of the official and authentic Arabic and English texts of the CPA, the initialled copies of both texts shall be given to both Parties, and copies shall also be lodged with the United Nations, the African Union, IGAD Secretariat in Djibouti, the League of Arab States and the Republic of Kenya.
5) All persons performing governmental functions shall continue to do so at the place at which they render such services or perform such functions unless or until redeployed or alternative instructions are received in accordance with the arrangements agreed to by the Parties.
6) To establish such priority joint task teams, particularly the Joint National Transitional Team (JNTT), the Abyei Boundaries Commission (ABC), the Constitutional Task Team and the Joint Technical Team on "New National Currency" as required to facilitate and prepare for the operationalization of the Agreement once it is put into force;
7) To take the necessary steps to ensure the effective implementation of the Permanent Ceasefire;
8) To take such steps as are necessary to ensure that resources and funds are available for the establishment of the structures, bodies and institutions contemplated by the CPA especially the establishment of the Government of Southern Sudan;
The parties express their gratitude for the persistent efforts of the Facilitators, the IGAD Member States, and the International Community in assisting the people of the Sudan to return to peace and stability, and in particular, to the African Union, IGAD Partners Forum, the United Nations, and the Governments of Italy, Norway, United Kingdom and the United States of America for their support for the IGAD Peace Initiative and their unwavering interest and consistent endeavours in support of the Peace Process;
The parties jointly appeal to the Regional and International Community and call on Organizations and States which have been requested to witness the signing of this Agreement to provide and affirm their unwavering support to the implementation of the CPA, and further appeal to them to avail resources for the necessary and urgent programmes and activities of the transition to peace as contemplated and agreed herein;
The parties recognize the enormity of the tasks that lie ahead in successfully implementing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and in signing below and before the witnesses here present, they reconfirm their commitment to implement the Comprehensive Peace Agreement fully and jointly.
President Al-Bashir Addressed Signing
Ceremony of Peace Agreement
President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir stressed in his address to the signing ceremony of the peace agreement that the government is keen to implement the peace agreement and to expand freedoms, democracy and sharing of the country's resources.
President Al-Bashir renewed the government commitment to cease hostilities in Darfur and to speed up the negotiation process regarding Darfur toward reaching a decisive solution to the problem that would meet the people's aspirations.
He vowed to work with the other partners of peace - SPLM - to make the peace agreement comprehensive and involves all the political parties and forces.
The President explained that the peace agreement has paved the way for solving the issue of war and displacement in Darfur, saying that the return of peace will be more development and rehabilitation.

President Al-Bashir explained that Sudan is looking forward for the international community to play more positive and effective role in establishing peace and stability and warding off the effects of war as well as in rehabilitation and investment.
He said that Sudan is looking forward to translate the positive American and European promises to support the Sudan, adding that those who are present at the celebration today give good omens that the promises will never vanish by the signing of the agreement.
President Al-Bashir described the agreement as a new contract between the people of Sudan to equally share resources and consult with each other over political issues and bolster their national unity.
The President explained that the agreement in itself is a comprehensive settlement that would solve up all the disputes in east and west Sudan, saying that the marathon and patient negotiations were fruitful in Machakos and Naivasha.
The President affirmed that the neighbouring countries, which had suffered from the effects of war, would enjoy the fruits of peace in Sudan, calling for work within the framework of the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the Partners of IGAD and the African Union to facilitate and make success the implementation of the peace agreement.
He said that peace in Sudan would motivate other African countries, which are still suffering from the bitterness of war to achieve peace.
President Al-Bashir explained that in the peace era Sudan would be a model for peaceful co-existence and tolerance in Africa. The President stated that Sudan is proud of its relations with the Arab, African and Asian countries, stressing the keenness of Sudan to strengthen its international relations in the peace stage.
He commended the role played by the countries of IGAD, led by the sister Republic of Kenya, the IGAD Partners, the United States, Britain, Norway, Italy, China, France, Egypt, Libya, African Union, European Union and the Arab League.
President Al-Bashir also praised the patience and sacrifices of the delegations of the two parties, led by Vice President Ali Osman Mohammed Taha, and the then Chairman of the SPLM, Dr. John Garang, the Secretariat of IGAD and its peace mediator Gen. Lazaros Sumbyou.
He described the day, which witnessed the signing of the peace agreement as a glorious day in the history of Sudan and the African continent.
Late Dr. Garang Addressed Signing
Ceremony of the Peace Agreement
Late Dr. John Garang addressed the signing ceremony of the peace agreement pointing out that the signing of the comprehensive peace agreement means an end to the longest war in Africa.
Dr. Garang congratulated all the Sudanese people from Neimuli in the south to Halfa in the north and from Genaina in the west to Hemoshkoraib in the east.
He said the SPLM and the National Congress today realized a comprehensive and just peace agreement.
Dr. Garang said he supported what was said by President Al-Bashir that the independence of Sudan in January 1956 had not been complete due to the war in the south.
He called on all the Sudanese people to build consensus on the agreement.
Dr. Garang announced release of all prisoners of war held by SPLM.
He called for donors support to Sudan.
On the sharing of power in the south, Dr. Garang pointed out that there will be ample opportunities for all southerners.
Taha Addressed Signing Ceremony
Of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Vice President, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha urged in his address the Sudanese people to back up the peace agreement toward the achievement of comprehensive peace, democracy and stability in the Sudan.
Taha hailed the African efforts, which were exerted toward the signing of the agreement.

Taha expressed Sudan's gratitude to Kenya and its former and current leaderships for their support to the peace process in Sudan, and to the Secretariat of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the IGAD's peace mediator Gen. L. Sumbyou, and his team who spared no efforts to make the agreement possible. Taha hailed the role played by the international community, the Security Council, former American envoy for peace in Sudan Senator John Dan forth, who encouraged the two sides to reach the agreement.
Taha hailed the role played by the international community, the Security Council, former American envoy for peace in Sudan Senator John Dan forth, who encouraged the two sides to reach the agreement.
He hailed the martyrs who sacrificed their souls for the sake of peace of dignity, and described them as the real heroes of peace.
Taha said that the long sessions of peace negotiations have resulted in support to the mutual understanding and agreement.
Kenyan President and African
and World Leaders pledge
Boost to Peace in Sudan
The Kenyan President, Mwai Kebaki, declared the keenness of Kenya to support Sudan during the era of peace and rehabilitation. Addressing the ceremony marking the signing of Sudan's peace agreement, President Kebaki said that the agreement will pose a strong boost to the realization of security and stability in Darfur.
He appreciated the commitment shown by President Al-Bashir, the negotiating parties and their leaderships and other parties toward overcoming obstacles and to sign a final peace agreement toward ending the longest war in Africa.

President Kebaki described the signing of the peace agreement as a historic event for peace and development in Sudan and Africa.
The ceremony was also addressed by the Ugandan President and chairman of the session of IGAD, Yoweri Museveni, who said that the final peace agreement has solved the root causes of the conflict in south Sudan.
The festival was also addressed by representative of the Chairman of the African Union who called on the international community to support Sudan in implementing the peace agreement and realizing development and rehabilitation.
He said that the peace agreement would boost the ongoing efforts to solve Darfur problem.
Representative of the European Union and Dutch Minister of International Development has affirmed the European Union's support to the implementation of Sudan peace agreement.
Powell Pledges US Backing to
Implementation of Peace Agreement
Former US Secretary of State Colin Powell said in his Address to the signing ceremony US would back implementation of the comprehensive peace agreement and support rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts.
Powell hoped that the agreement would boost the efforts of the National Congress and SPLM to resolve conflict in Darfur to end suffering in the area.
US will work on establishing friendly and good ties with Sudan for the sake of peace, unity and stability desired by the Sudanese people, Powell pointed out.

Powell has also appreciated the IGAD, Kenyan President, Kenyan envoy on Sudan and the IGAD partners over their efforts for reaching the peace agreement. Moreover, he hailed President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al Bashir, Vice President, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, and the then SPLM Chairman Dr John Garang for their unceasing efforts to settle south Sudan issue and to bring peace about.
Taha Addresses UN Security Council
Following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, Vice President Taha and late Dr. Garang, SPLM Chairman, traveled to New York to address the Security Council.
Taha affirmed that the comprehensive peace agreement signed in Nairobi covered all issues of the Sudan.
Taha stressed that the Comprehensive Peace Agreement which contained just principles for the sharing of power and wealth has laid the basis for political and developmental solution for the war in Darfur and comprehensive peace all over the Sudan.
Taha stressed the importance of reaching a political solution that stop the war and end the suffering of Darfur citizens.
He told the Security Council that the Sudanese government is determined to make 2005 the year of comprehensive peace in Sudan.
He reiterated the government's commitment to boost the Abuja negotiations to reach a political settlement in Darfur as soon as possible.
Taha explained that the peace agreement stipulated a political system that adopted citizenship as a basis for rights and duties and the international charters on human rights and recognized diversity as a source of strength and basis for unity.
He went on to say that the agreement also stipulates democratic rule based on justice, rule of law and good governance to rule the Sudan on decentralized basis.
It also distributed the resources of the country on just basis.

Commencement Of Establishment
Of Peace Institutions

The National Commission for
Revision of the Constitution:-
It has been established according to the provisions of the Peace Agreement, signed by the Sudan Government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) on April 9, 2005 in Nairobi.
Bodies of the Commission:-
1. The commission is formed of a co-chairmanship of Judge Abel Alier and Judge Abdalla Iddris.
2. The commission has two Deputy Chairmen, representing the National Congress and the SPLM- Iddris Mohamed Abdul-Gader and Niyal Deng.
3. The commission has two Official Spokesmen- Ambassador Al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed and Yassir Arman.
Membership:-
The membership of the commission includes (162) members representing the different political parties and political organizations.
Committees of the commission:-
The commission is formed of many committees as follow:-
a) The General Committee: brings together all members of the commission, and it is entrusted with endorsing the constitution.
b) The sub-committees: represented in the First, Second, Third and Fourth Committees.
Meetings of the commission and performance:-
The general committee:-
• The National Commission for the Revision of the Constitution has held (16) meetings (14) of them in Khartoum (the Friendship Hall) and two in Rumbeik town.
• The total hours the commission had been in session amounted to (102) hours (98) of them in Khartoum and (4) in Rumbeik.
Performance of the four sub committees:-
The meetings of the four sub committees of the commission amounted to (27) meetings, while the work hours amounted to (195), with an average of (7.30) hours per meeting.
The First Committee:-
It is the biggest of the four committees of the commission in terms of members as its members amount to (52). It has held (12) meetings, with (72) work hours.
The Second Committee:-
o It is formed of (34) members and it held (7) meetings, with (53) work hours.
o The Third Committee:-
o It is formed of (24) members and it held (4) meetings, with (30) work hours.
o The Fourth Committee:-
o It is formed of (14) members and it held (4) meetings, with (40) work hours.
There are two committees- the technical and formulation committees. The technical committee is formed of the leadership commission and rapporteurs of the committees.
How the commission works
1. The articles and provisions are endorsed unanimously or by vote. However, voting has never been used, whereas the constitution has been unanimously endorsed.
Documents upon which the commission depended:-
In carrying out its work, which the Peace Agreement has set for six weeks, the commission depended on the Peace Agreement and Sudan Constitution for1998. The Peace Agreement has been included in the constitution, with omission of some items contradicting the agreement in the 1998 constitution.
A committee, from the National Congress and the SPLM, titled (7X7), has been formed that prepared the manuscript of the draft interim constitution.
The commission commenced its work on the manuscript, item by item, and made many amendments during its discussions and deliberations. It has even considered some matters neglected by the 1998 constitution and were not mentioned in the Peace Agreement.
Dr. Garang Arrives In Khartoum
Chairman of Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) Dr. John Garang arrived on 8th of July 2005 in Khartoum amid big official reception.
Dr. Garang and the accompanying delegation were received upon arrival at Khartoum Airport by Vice President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha and leaders of the political parties and associations, trade unions, ministers and national figures besides leaders of the SPLM who arrived in Khartoum earlier.
Dr. Garang then went to the headquarters of the National Congress Party in Khartoum where he was received by President of the Republic and Chairman of the National Congress Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir.
Great number of people gathered at the premises of the National Congress chanting slogans welcoming Dr. Garang.

President Al-Bashir Receives
Dr. Garang at the Headquarters
Of The National Congress
President of the Republic and Chairman of the National Congress, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir described in his address to the reception ceremony organized by the National Congress party in honour of the delegation of the SPLM in the presence of the leaderships of the various political parties Dr. Garang's arrival in Khartoum as a start of a new era in Sudan after the end of a war which lasted for more than 50 years.
President Al-Bashir said that Sudan would shortly celebrate peace in Darfur and east Sudan so that peace would prevail all parts of Sudan.
President Al-Bashir affirmed that the National Congress and the SPLM would give a unique model of good governance in the country.
He said that the government in the coming stage will work in full cooperation and unity and do its best to compensate the Sudanese people what they had lost in the past 50 years.

President Al-Bashir hailed Dr. Garang and his companions who signed the peace agreement with the government, stressing the government commitment to implement in full the peace agreement.
Meanwhile, Dr. John Garang, also gave an address at the headquarters of the National Congress, stressing that peace will soon prevail all over Sudan.
President Al-Bashir Signs
Interim Constitution
On the 9th of July 2005, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir signed the Interim Constitution to mark the beginning of the interim period, which will last for six years.
President Al-Bashir has handed the signed copy of the Constitution to the Chief Justice and the Chairman of the Constitutional Court.

Late Dr. Garang sworn in as First
Vice-President of the Republic
On the 9th of July 2005, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued decree No. (13), 2005 in accordance with the provisions of the Interim Constitution, appointing late Dr. John Garang De Mabior as First Vice-President of the Republic and President of the Government of South Sudan.
Then, the late SPLM Chairman Dr. Garang took oath of office before the Chief Justice.
President Al-Bashir Issued Decree Appointing
Ali Osman Mohamed Taha As Vice President
On the 9th of July 2005, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued the Republican Decree No. (14), 2005 in accordance with the provisions of the Interim Constitution and in consultation with the First Vice-President of the Republic appointing Ali Osman Mohmaed Taha as Vice-President of the Republic.
Then, Ustaz Ali Osman Mohamed Taha took the oath of office as Vice-President of the Republic before the Chief Justice.

Great Number Of Heads Of State And
Government and Organizations' Leaders
Attend Sudan Historic Celebration Of Signing
Of Interim Constitution And
Inauguration Of The Presidency
Amid a big regional and international presence, Sudan celebrated on the 9th of July 2005 at the Republican Palace in Khartoum the signing of the Constitution for the interim period and the oath taking for the presidential institution, which marked the beginning of the interim period and implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed by the Government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) in Nairobi, on the 9th of last January.
In an atmospheres of festivities and historical carnivals the Republican Palace has ever witnessed after the Independence of Sudan, the President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir signed the document of the Constitution and took oath as the President of the Republic for the interim period, while late Dr. John Garang, Chairman of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), took oath of office as the First Vice-President of the Republic and Ali Osman Mohamed Taha took oath as Vice-President of the Republic.

Then the President of the Republic and his two deputies addressed the celebration, affirming their keenness to maintain the unity of Sudan and to bolster the endeavours for stability and development.
The UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, addressing the celebration, emphasized the keenness of the international organization and its support to the peace process in Sudan.
The IGAD mediator General, Lazaras Symbiuyo, expressed his delight over the start of implementing the Peace Agreement, praising all the organizations and countries which contributed to this historical accomplishment.
The celebration, which witnessed patriotic songs and folkloric dances, was attended by the UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the Arab League Secretary General, Amro Mussa, the President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki, the Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, the President of the Central African Republic, Francio Buzizi, President of Djibouti, Ismail Omer Gaili, President of Senegal, Abdalla Wad, the Kenyan President, Muwai Kibaki, the Vice-President of Rwanda, Vice-President of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Ethiopian Prime Minister, Meles Zenawi, the Egyptian Prime Minister, Ahmed Al-Nadeif, the Chadian Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister of Gabon, the Minister of International Cooperation of Norway, Helda Johnston, the Saudi Minister of Interior and Representative of the Custodian of the Two Holly Mosques, Prince Nayef bin Abdul-Aziz, the Speaker of the Algerian Parliament, Representative of the Libyan President, Suleiman Al-Shihoumi, the Secretary General of the Sahel and Sahara Grouping (SEN SAD) Dr. Mohamed Al-Amin Al-Azhari, Assistant Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) Dr. Izat Al-Mufti, the US Deputy Secretary of State, Robert Zoellic, Canada Representative, Mobina Gafar, Representatives of the African Union (AU), the Inter- Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the Common Market for East and South Africa (COMESA), the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Japan, France, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Malaysia, India and Chairman of the External Relations Committee at the Italian Parliament.
Addressing the occasion, President Al-Bashir called on all the Sudanese political forces to engage in free, wise and responsible political practice.
He also called on all the political forces to surpass the bitterness of the past, abandon political intrigues and adopt constructive political programmes.
He called on the political forces to join the broad-based national unity government.
President Al-Bashir hailed all those who contributed to making peace in Sudan a reality.
President Al-Bashir also praised the role of IGAD presidents, governments and peoples, and especially the efforts of the IGAD chief mediator, General Symbiuo and the IGAD partners, top of them is the United States for its big positive role toward realization of peace in Sudan.
He expressed his thanks to the Kenyan President, Muwai Kibaki, and the Kenyan government and people for their hosting and support to the peace negotiations.
He also thanked the sister and friendly countries which have staged initiatives to boost the peace march in Sudan, especially Nigeria, Ethiopia, Libya, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and other countries.
Meanwhile, President Al-Bashir expressed thanks to all the countries, organizations and institutions which donated funds in support of peace in Sudan, including the United States, Norway, Italy, Britain, Belgium, the Netherlands, China, the United Nations and its Secretary General Kofi Annan, the European Union, the African Union and the Arab League.
President Al-Bashir said that the government promises all the citizens that it will stage a socio-economic and sustainable development in all the states.
Peace Has Become A Concrete Reality
Late Dr. Garang, on is part; said peace became a concrete reality after the signing of the Interim Constitution and the inauguration of the Presidency.
He pointed out that Sudan would be state of unity via respect of human rights, justice and freedom, stressing the importance of safeguarding the constitution.
Dr. Garang underlined the importance of collective work and coordination for the rehabilitation of the war-affected areas.
He greeted all the Sudanese people, calling on them to unite for working for the building of Sudan.
The late SPLM Chairman Dr. Garang called for surpassing the past and working for the future, calling for translating the Peace Agreement into reality in the fields of reconstruction and development and solving all problems in Sudan.
He pointed out that the Sudan People's Liberation Movement would work with the National Congress for building the national unity.

Annan Affirms UN Support
To Political Transformation In Sudan
Addressing the occasion, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has affirmed UN support to the political transformations in Sudan and contribution to development and reconstruction operations in Sudan.

Addressing a ceremony on occasion of signing the interim constitution and inauguration of the presidency at the Republican Palace in Khartoum on the 9th of July 2005, Annan described the signing of Sudan's interim constitution as the day of great hope, calling upon all Sudanese people to be united and to work together for prevalence of peace allover the country.
He said the participation of UN, heads of state and government and representatives of the various countries in the inauguration celebration came as part of efforts supporting peace agreement, stability and peace in Sudan.
Taha: Signing Of Constitution
Marks New Chapter In Sudan History
The Vice - President, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, stressed that the signing of the Constitution for the interim period and the oath taking of the Presidency represents a day of peace and the opening of a new chapter in Sudan history. This came in his address at a ceremony marking the signing of the Constitution and the oath taking by the Presidency on the 9th of July 2005 at the Republican Palace.
He hailed the regional and international efforts, which boosted the realization of peace in the country.
He also lauded the people of Sudan who followed up all the stages of the negotiations till the signing of the peace agreement.
Taha described the tremendous mass rally at the Green Square as a clear reflection of the Sudanese people's will and support to the peace process.

General Symbiuo: Historical Event
In Sudan And Africa As A Whole
IGAD mediator, General Lazaras Symbiuo, on his part, described, the Peace agreement, the interim constitution and the presidential oath-taking as historical event in Sudan and Africa as a whole.

General Symbiuo said Peace Agreement is a prelude for resolving all issues of Sudan.
He urged Sudan's friends and international community to speed up reconstruction of war-affected areas and establishment of developmental projects.
Congratulating the Sudanese people on peace, Symbiuo has appreciated the Sudanese peacemakers, head of states and regional and international organizations for supporting and sponsoring the negotiations.

Another Step In Implementation
Of The Comprehensive
Peace Agreement
On the 18th of July 2005 Chairman of Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and Commander in Chief of Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) Dr. John Garang De Mabior issued a decree dissolving the leadership council of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, the legislative council of the SPLM, the national executive council of the SPLM and regional and district administrations.
The decree stipulated that the Chairman of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement shall form in consultation with the Deputy Chairman of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement interim organs to administer the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and adopt the necessary measures for convening the second national conference of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement.
Late Dr. John Garang De Mabior, issued on the same day a decree appointing Cdr. Salva Kiir Mayardit as Vice-President of the Government of Southern Sudan.
He also issued a decree dissolving all governments of the 10 states of Southern Sudan and relieving all their governors, ministers, advisors and commissioners.
Another decree established an interim administration for Southern Sudan.
Decrees of Dr. Garang, Chairman of SPLM
President of the Government of Southern Sudan, Dr. John Garang De Mabior, issued a decree appointing caretaker administrative supervisors for the states and senior advisors for the President of the Government of Southern Sudan. According to the decree the administrative supervisors for the states shall be as follows:-
Riek Machar for Western Equatoria, James Wani for Upper Nile, Daniel Awit Akot for Eastern Equatoria, Kol Manyang Gok for North Bahr Al-Ghazal, Bagan Amom for Buhairat, Deng Alor Kol for Jonglei, John Kong for Warap, Dr. Lam Akol for Western Bahr Al-Ghazal, Dr. Theopholis Ochang for Unity and Clement Wani for Bahr Al-Jabal.
The decree appointed Lual Deng Wol, Samuel Abu John and Nhial Deng Nhial as senior advisors for the President of the Government of Southern Sudan.
Dr. Garang Passed Away
Presidency of the Republic Announces
Death of Dr. Garang in Plane Crash
On August 1, 2005, the Presidency of the Republic announced the death of First Vice President Dr. John Garang De Mabior in a plane crash.
The Presidency of the Republic said in a statement it issued that the death of Dr. John Garang was a great loss, affirming that the peace march will continue to its goals.
The President of the Republic extended his deep condolences to the wife, sons and daughters of Dr. John Garang and his colleagues in the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).
The Presidency of the Republic pointed out that contacts were continuing with SPLM leaderships who were convening at New Site area in South Sudan on the issue of the funeral ceremony.


Salva Kiir Announces Death of Dr. Garang,
Affirms SPLM Will Remain Strive To
Implement Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a press statement in Nairobi announcing the death of Dr. John Garang, saying that Sudan had lost its beloved son, Dr. John Garang.
He said "we also want to assure everyone that the Leadership and all Cadres of the SPLM/SPLA will remain united and strive to faithfully implement the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)."
He said “I take this opportunity to assure the Southern Sudanese in particular and the Sudanese people in general that we in the SPLM/A Leadership will continue the vision and the objectives of the movement that Dr. John Garang De Mabior has articulated and hoped to implement.”
SPLM Leadership Council Selects
Salva Kiir For Posts Of First
Vice-President, President of
Government of Southern
Sudan And General Commander Of SPLA
On August 1, 2005, the Leadership Council of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) decided, in its meeting at New Site, South Sudan, to select Cdr Salva Kiir Mayardit for the posts of the First Vice-President, President of Government of Southern Sudan and the General Commander of SPLA, as a successor to the late Dr. John Garang De Mabior.

Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit Sworn in as First Vice President of the Republic and President of the Government of Southern Sudan
On Thursday, August 11, 2005, Chairman of Sudan People's Liberation Movement Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit was sworn in as First Vice President of the Republic and President of the Government of Southern Sudan at the Republican Palace before President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, in the presence of Chief Justice.

The oath-taking ceremony was attended by Vice President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha and the constitutional, political, executive and military leaderships as well as the leaderships of the National Congress Party and Sudan People's Liberation Movement and representatives of the political parties and associations, organizations of the civil society and the various sectors of the people.
DR. GARANG FUNERAL
The funeral of Dr. John Garang was held in Juba town on August 6, 2005, with the participation of thousands of people, where President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir vowed to work hand in hand with the successor of Dr. Garang, First Vice President of the Republic and President of the Government of Southern Sudan Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, for full implementation of the peace agreement.
Clutching hands with Salva Kiir, President Al-Bashir affirmed that the peace march was heading towards its aspired goals so that the Sudanese people would enjoy security, stability and peace.
President Al-Bashir described Dr. John Garang De Mabior as hero of peace, expressing condolences to his family, the Sudanese people and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement.
Lt. Gen. Mayardit, addressing the funeral ceremony, affirmed commitment to implement the plans of late Dr. Garang for consolidating democracy and developing the national resource for combating poverty and provision of the basic services.
The First Vice President called on all components of the Sudanese society to work for consolidation of unity, peace and stability Dr. Garang had been calling for.
Courageous Stance Of Rebecca Garang
In the funeral ceremony Mrs. Rebecca Garang called on the Sudanese people to adhere to unity Dr. Garang had struggled for.

Mrs. Rebecca Garang called on the international community to support the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, stressing the importance of utilizing of resources for combating poverty.


PEACE MARCH CONTINUES
On August 27, 2005, the First Vice President of the Republic and President of the Government of Southern Sudan, Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, issued a decree forming a committee to prepare draft for the constitution of southern Sudan.
The committee was under the chairmanship of Dr. Akol Da Mayan and membership of 28 from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and 6 from the National Congress and a member for each of the Democratic Forum for South Sudan, SANU, USAP 1, USAP 2, United Democratic Front and Democratic Salvation Front.
The decree stipulated that a secretariat shall be formed for the committee comprising three members from the SPLM, a member for the National Congress and a member for the southern political forces and that the committee shall commence its works immediately in Rumbeik town and shall finalize its task in a period not exceeding three weeks.
The Interim Government of Southern Sudan:
First Vice President and President of Southern Sudan Government Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a decree appointing southern Sudan government, including 20 ministers, which took oath in Juba.
Following the formation of the government of Southern Sudan:-
Housing, Land and Public Utility: Rick Machar
Cabinet Affairs: Justin Yaac Arop
Police and Security: Daniel Awet Akot
Finance and Economic Planning: Arthur Akuien Chol
Regional cooperation: Nhial Deng Nhial
Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development: Justice Michael Makuel Lueth
Education, Science and technology: Michael Milli Hussein
Health: Theophilus Ochang Lotti
Industry and Mining: Albino Akol Akol
Commerce, Trade and Supply: Anthony Lino Makana
Information, Radio and Television: Samson Kwaje
Telecommunications and Postal Services: Fier Cuang Luong
Transport and Roads: Rebeccah N. De Mabior
Environment and Wildlife Conservation: James Loro Siricio
Agriculture and Forestry: Martin Elia Lomuro
Animal Resources and Fisheries: Festo Kumbo
Labor, Public Services and Human Resources Development: David Deng Athorbei
Culture, Youth and Sports: John Luk Jok
Gender, Social Welfare and Religious Affairs: Mary Kiden
Water Resources and Irrigation: Joseph Dair Joakok

Another big step in the Peace Process

The National Legislative Commission:


On August 31, 2005, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued a republican decree allocating the seats of the National Assembly in the National Legislative Commission.
The National Assembly comprises 450 members.
In another decree, President Al-Bashir appointed representatives of the states in the Council of States in the National Legislative Commission.


Council Of States Elects Its Speaker
And His Deputy
The Council of States unanimously elected in its procedural session at the beginning of its works Hon. Ali Yahya as its speaker and Mr. Remo Oler as his deputy.
Speaker of the Council of States Ali Yahya, addressing the session following his election, expressed thanks for the members of the council for their confidence in him, wishing success for the council during this important stage.
President Al-Bashir Addresses Inaugural Session of Parliament
On August 31, 2005, President Al-Bashir addressed joint session of the National Assembly and Council of States at the beginning of the National Legislative Commission's works.
President Al-Bashir said that the National Unity Government would present its programme before the parliament, which would focus on boosting the economic growth and building confidence between the citizens.
The President expressed hope that formation of the government would meet the requirements of the current stage through effective participation or rational opposition that would carry out its national role in boosting the peace process and the principle of peaceful transformation of power and consolidating the values of freedom and democracy.
President Al-Bashir called on the organizations of the civil society to live up to their role in the public work in boosting the peace agreement and enhancing the bonds of fraternity between the citizens.

National Unity Government

Republican Decree Issued Forming
National Unity Government
On September 20, 2005, President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir a Republican Decree forming the national unity government as follows:- -
Maj. Gen. Bakri Hassan Salih as Minister of Presidency of the Republic.
- Deng Alor Kol as Minister for Cabinet Affairs.
- Abdul-Basit Salih Sabdarat as Minister of Federal Government.
- Maj. Gen. Abdul-Rahim Mohamed Hussein as Minister of Defence.
- Dr. Lam Akol as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
- Prof. Al-Zubair Bashir Taha as Minister of Interior.
- Mohamed Ali Al-Mardi as Minister of Justice.
- Al-Zahawi Ibrahim Malik as Minister of Information and Communications.
- Jeseph Okelo as Minister of Parliamentary Affairs.
- Al-Zubair Ahmed Hassan as Minister of Finance and National Economy. - Dr. Al-Tigani Salih Fedail as Minister of International Cooperation.
- Dr. Awad Ahmed Mohamed Al-Jaz as Minister of Energy and Mining.
- Engineer Kamal Ali Mohamed as Minister of Irrigation and Water Resources.
- Mohamed Al-Amin Eissa Kabashi as Minister of Agriculture and Forestry.
- Dr. Jalal Yousif Al-Degair as Minister of Industry.
- George Boreng Niyami as Minister of Foreign Trade.
- Malik Aggar Ayar as Minister of Investment. -
Brig. (Rtd.) Galwak Deng as Minister of Animal Resources.
- Joseph Malwal as Minister of Tourism and Wildlife.
- Kuwal Maniang Jok as Minister of Transport, Roads and Bridges.
- Dr. Thabita Sokaya as Minister of Health.
- Kosti Manibi as Minister of Humanitarian Affairs.
- Maj. Gen. Alison Manani Magaya as Minister of Labour, Public Service and Manpower Development.
- Dr. Ahmed Babiker Nahar as Minister of Environment and Physical Development.
- Dr. Peter Niyot Kok as Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
- Mohamed Yousif Abdalla as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports.
- Ustaza Samiya Ahmed Mohamed as Minister of Social Welfare and Women and Children Affairs.
- Dr. Azhari Al-Tigani Awadal-Sid as Minister of Guidance and Endowments.

Republican Decree issued on Appointment of Dr.
Nafie as Assistant of President of the Republic
President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, also issued another Republican Decree on appointment of Dr. Nafie Ali Nafie as Assistant of the President of the Republic.

Republican Decree Issued Appointing Advisors
Of The President Of The Republic
President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, also issued a Republican Decree appointing the following as Advisors of the President of the Republic:-
- Dr. Riek Gai Kok.
- Dr. Ahmed Ali Al-Imam.
- Dr. Mustafa Osman Ismail.
- Dr. Magzoub l-Khalifa Ahmed.
- Dr. Ghazi Salahuddin Al-Attabani.
- Bona Malawal.
- Farida Ibrahim Ahmed Hussein.
- Dr. Mansour Khalid.
- Dr. Haroun Ron Lual.
- Ali Tamim Fartak.
- Dr. Ahmed Bilal Osman.
- Abdalla Ali Masar.

Republican Decree Issued Appointing
State Ministers
In another decree President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, appointed the following as State Ministers:-
- Idris Mohamed Abdul-Gadir as State Minister at the Presidency of the Republic.
- Telar Reng Deng as State Minister at the Presidency of the Republic.
- Kamal Abdul-Latif Abdul-Rahim as State Minister at the Ministry of the Council of Ministers.
- John Angol as State Minister at the Federal Government Chamber.
- Ali Ahmed Karti as State Minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
- Al-Samani Al-Wasila Al-Sheikh Al-Samani as State Minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
- Alio Abini Alio as State Minster at the Ministry of Interior.
- William Ajack Deng as State Minister at the Ministry of Justice.
- Farah Ibrahim Al-Agar as State Minister at the Ministry of Information and Communications.
REPUBLICAN DECREE APPOINTING ABDEL-RAHMAN SAEED AS MINISTER OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND DR. HAMID MOHAMED IBRAHIM AS MINISTER OF GENERAL EDUCATION
On November 27, 2005, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued a republican decree appointing Lt. Gen. (Rtd.) Abdel-Rahman Saeed Abdel-Rahman as Minister of Science and Technology and Dr. Hamid Mohamed Ibrahim as Minister of General Education.
The President also issued another decree appointing Abdel-Rahim Ali Hamad as State Minister at the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Council Of Ministers Reviews
Report On Implementation Of
The Peace Agreement
On October 16, 2005 the Council of Ministers, chaired by President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, reviewed a report presented by the Vice - President, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, on implementation of the peace agreement and the accomplishments of the government and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) in this regard.
The Council of Ministers has expressed its satisfaction over the implementation of the peace agreement.
Taha pointed out that the coming stage will witness formation of specialized commissions, in compliance with the peace agreement, as well as formation of the Constitutional Court.
The Vice - President said that the implementation of the peace agreement included formulation and ratification of the Constitution for the Interim Period, the oath-taking by the President of the Republic and his two deputies, establishment of the new National Assembly, the Council of States and the Council of Southern Sudan, approval of the Laws of the Judicial Service, the Bank of Sudan and the Constitutional Court, formation of the national unity government, appointment of Walis (governors) of the states, the appointment of the Deputy Governor of the Bank of Sudan for the South and establishment of the political committee for the cease-fire and formulation of the draft Act of the Joint Defence Council.

The Commissions
President Al-Bashir Issues Decree
Establishing Petroleum And
Evaluation Commissions
On October 30, 2005 and in the context of implementation of the provisions of the Peace Agreement and completion of the building of the constitutional organs, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued a decree establishing the Petroleum and Evaluation Commissions.
President Al-Bashir Appoints Members
At Political Commission For Cease-Fire
On November 1, 2005, President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, issued Republican Decrees appointing members at the Political Commission for the Cease-fire, the Commission for Petroleum and the Evaluation commission.
Republican Decree Issued On
Formation Of Higher Committee
And Sub-Committees For Darfur States
On November 1, 2005, President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, issued a Republican Decree on formation of a higher committee and sub-committees for Darfur States.
The higher committee includes the President Al-Bashir and his two deputies and other 36 members.

The sub-committees are for legal affairs, communication and coordination with the UN and the African Union (AU), political negotiation, humanitarian affairs, re-settlement and rehabilitation, security affairs and a committee for defining passages.

DONORS
Donors pledged in the international donors conference for supporting implementation of the Peace Agreement in Sudan, held in Oslo in mid April 2005, to extend a sum of 4.5 billion dollars to Sudan for rehabilitation and development projects.
The donors of some 60 countries and many organizations and institutions decided allocation of two billion dollars of the amount for developmental support in response to the reports made by the Joint Assessment Mission, which comprise the government, Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), UN and the World Bank.
The conference praised in its final communiqué the financial support pledged by the donors, a matter that showed the international community's concern with Sudan and the implementation of the peace agreement.
President Al-Bashir Issues Republican
Decree On Formation Of The Political
Commission For Cease-Fire
On November 22, 2005, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir has issued a republican decree on formation of the Political Commission for Cease-fire and its tasks.
According to the decree the commission comprises special representative for the UN Secretary General or his deputy, representatives for IGAD, IGAD Partners Forum, the parties to the peace agreement, the Armed Forces, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), national security, and legal advisers from the National Congress and Sudan People's Liberation Movement.
The commission is assigned to supervise means of implementation of the cease-fire and the security arrangements.
National Assembly Approves Bill On Law
Of The National Commission For Judicial
Service
The National Assembly, chaired by its Speaker Ahmed Ibrahim Al-Tahir, approved a report of the first ad hoc committee for studying laws and decrees, on bill on the Law of the National Commission for the Judicial Service for the year 2005, at the final reading stage.


POLITICAL COMMISSION FOR
CEASE-FIRE FORMED
On November 22, 2005, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued a republican decree forming the Political Commission for Cease-fire and its tasks.
According to the decree the commission comprises special representative for the UN Secretary General or his deputy, representatives for IGAD, IGAD Partners Forum, the parties to the peace agreement, the Armed Forces, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), national security, and legal advisers from the National Congress and Sudan People's Liberation Movement.
Press Secretary of the President of the Republic Mahjoub Fadul Badri said that the commission is assigned to supervise means of implementation of the cease-fire and the security arrangements.
COMMISSION FOR PETROLEUM HOLDS
ITS FIRST COORDINATIVE MEETING
On November 26, 2005, the Commission for Petroleum, chaired by the President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, and in the presence of the First Vice - President Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir, held its first coordinative meeting and reviewed the organizational measures and the work system of the commission for the coming stage.
In a statement to SUNA after the meeting, the Minister of Finance, Al-Zubair Ahmed Al-Hassan, said that the meeting has discussed the tasks of the Commission for Petroleum regarding formulation of policies, conducting a supervisory role and other jurisdictions in compliance with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
He said that the issues pertinent to the sites of oil production and revenues and fixation of prices would be discussed by the joint committees of the government and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).
The minister said that the Commission for Petroleum is scheduled to hold its next meeting in the coming three days.
He indicated that the joint committees will discuss expectations on petroleum for next year as well as reviewing the current situation of division of oil revenues between the north and south Sudan and reviewing contracts which were earlier concluded.
AL-BASHIR AND MAYARDIT FORM
JOINT POLITICAL COORDINATION
COMMITTEE BETWEEN NATIONAL
CONGRESS AND SPLM
As part of the political partnership between the National Congress (NC) and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), NC Chairman Omer Hassan Ahmed Al-Bashir and SPLM Chairman Salva Kiir Mayardit On November 30, 2005 decided formation of a joint committee for political coordination between the National Congress and SPLM.
A press statement issued by the National Congress and SPLM said the committee is assigned to unify the political visions between the NC and SPLM in all fields to face current challenges in a view to unifying the national rank.
The committee also works to unify the political and information address by the NC and SPLM in promotion of the partnership between the two sides.
The committee comprises from the side of the NC Idris Mohamed Abdelgadir, Dr. Abdel-Karim Abdalla, Ali Ahmed Hamid and Dr. Mohamed Al-Mukhtar Hassan Hussein, while the SPLM is represented by Tilar Ring Deng, Dr. Bernaba Maryal Benjamin, Timothy Tot Chul and Ms. Jima Fastis.
JOINT DEFENCE COUNCIL FORMED
On December 29, 2005, the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir has issued a republican decree forming Joint Defence Council in accordance with the Interim Constitution, after the National Assembly had earlier approved the Joint Units Act.
According to the Act the Council will have a technical committee that will assist it in carrying out its tasks, which are represented in coordination between the Armed Forces and Sudan People's Liberation Army, command and training of the joint/integrated units and working out comprehensive framework for confidence building between the Armed Forces and Sudan People's Liberation Army.
The decree stipulated that the council shall be under the co-chairmanship of Gen. Abbas Arabi Abdalla and Gen. Oyabi Deng Ajak.
PERFORMANCE OF COMMISSION FOR
ALLOCATION AND MONITORING OF REVENUES
On February 11, 2006, the Vice - President, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, has got acquainted with the performance of the Commission for Allocation and Monitoring of the Federal Revenues and its programmes for the coming stage. This came when he received at his office in the Republican Palace the Chairman of the commission, Ibrahim Moniem Mansour.
The commission, which was set up in accordance with a Republican Decree, includes members of the National Congress and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), besides the Ministers of Finance in the northern and southern states.
PRESIDENT AL-BASHIR AND HIS TWO
DEPUTIES REVIEW PREPARATIONS
FOR DONORS CONFERENCE IN PARIS


President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, First Vice President Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and Vice President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha were briefed On February 11, 2006, on the preparations of the joint national team for the meeting of the international donors, scheduled for March 9-10 in Parais.
Co-Chairman of the joint national team Yahya Hussein said in a statement to SUNA following the meeting that the donors meeting would review progress in implementation of the Peace Agreement and the rehabilitation projects besides donors fulfillment to their pledges made in Oslo conference last year.
Member of the team Kosta Manibi, on his part, explained to SUNA that the donors hold regular meetings every six months, pointing out that the joint national team has prepared the necessary reports in this connection.
NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR DISARMAMENT,
DEMOBILIZATION AND REINTEGRATION
COORDINATION SET UP
On February 18, 2006, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued a republican decree forming the National Council for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Coordination to be chaired by Minister of Presidency Maj. Gen. Bakri Hassan Salih.
The Council comprises Ministers of Federal Government Chamber, National Defense, Finance and National Economy, Humanitarian Affairs, Labor and Public Service, and Social Welfare and Women and Children Affairs as well as the State Ministers for Interior and International Cooperation, Minister of Finance at the Government of Southern Sudan, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, Chief Staff of Sudan People's Liberation Army, General Commissioner for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration for the Northern states, General Commissioner for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration for the Southern States and other dignitaries to be appointed by the Presidency.
The republican decree specified the tasks of the Council including approving the disarmament and demobilization policies, formulating reintegration policies and supervising their implementation in collaboration with other concerned organs, reviewing and evaluating progress achieved by the commissions and submitting regular reports to the Presidency.
PRESIDENT AL-BASHIR VISITS JUBA,
AFFIRMS KEENNESS TO MAKE UNITY AS
THE ATTRACTIVE CHOICE
President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, pointed out that the first stage for implementing the peace project has ended by the signing of the peace agreement for south Sudan, adding that the remaining stage of peace necessitates stoppage of the war in other parts of the country and removal of the war impacts.
Addressing a mass rally in Juba, the capital of Bahral-Jabal State, on February 14, 2006, President Al-Bashir pointed out that the implementation of the peace project requires the unity and mobilization of efforts as well as joint work of the national unity, and South Sudan Governments and the states' governments for the removal of the negative impacts of the war and paving the way for the voluntary return of the refugees and displaced people to their home areas.
President Al-Bashir said that the government would begin establishment of development and services in south Sudan through the available capabilities and funds extended by donors, who will be asked to fulfill the commitments, which they have declared at Oslo Donors' Conference.
He reiterated the commitment of the National Congress to work together with its partner Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) to make the national unity as the attractive choice.
He stressed that the option of national unity will not be imposed by force, but should be voluntary.
Meanwhile, President Al-Bashir directed South Sudan Government to live up to its responsibility to keep security and to drive the Ugandan rebel Lord Resistance Army (LRA) out of south Sudan during a period of one month.
He said that all the capabilities of Sudan will be put at the disposal of South Sudan Government to implement this directive.
He said that the national Armed Forces an the forces of the SPLM are required to coordinate their efforts to clean up south Sudan from any troops of the LRA, so that the citizens of south Sudan can enjoy peace, security and stability.
President Al-Bashir said that the government will fill any food gap in Bahral-Jabal State.
The First Vice - President and President of South Sudan Government, Salva Kiir, has welcomed the visit of President Al-Bashir and described him as a peace- maker.
PRESIDENT AL-BASHIR ISSUES DECREE
APPOINTING MEMBERS IN CENSUS COUNCIL
On February 15, 2006, President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir issued a republican decree appointing Dr. Mohamed Awad Jalal-Eddin, Azaya Chull Arowi, Dr. Siddig Nasir and Afri Teesa as members in the Population Census Council.
The President of Republic had issued a decree on the eighth of last January establishing the Population Census Council under the chairmanship of the Minister of Presidency and membership of the Ministers of Cabinet Affairs, Federal Government Chamber, Finance and National Economy, Minister of Finance at the Government of South Sudan, representatives of each of the National Assembly and Council of States, the Director of the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) as a member and rapporteur and the Director of Statistics and Assessment of Southern Sudan as a member and deputy rapporteur besides four members of expertise and competence appointed by the President of the Republic.
The republican decree determined the jurisdictions of the council in setting up plans for the census, determination of rules and standards for CBS, following up of executive arrangements and supervision of actual statistical process.


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