Voice of the unheard & home to the homeless
Front Page  عربى
المنبر العام
 Latest News
 Articles and Analysies
 Press Releases
 Photo Gallery
 About Sudan
  Sudanese Music
  Sudanese Links
  Discussion Board
  2006 News Archives
  2006 Articles Archives
  2006 Press R.Archives
  2005 News Archives
  2005 Articles Archives
  2005 Press R.Archives
  PC&Internet Forum
  Poll System
  Tell A Friend
  Upload Your Picture
  Contact Us


Articles and Analysies الصفحة العربية Last Updated: Feb 13, 2011 - 7:24:29 AM

Yes to Confederation, but will it do any Good to Southern People? by Nhial K. Wicleek

Email this article
 Printer friendly page
Follow sudanesewebtalk on Twitter

Yes to Confederation, but will it do any Good to Southern People?

Confederation as termed in the last couple suggestions pioneered some rhetorical questions that imply fundamental test to our peripheral impulses.   Given this idea of confederation, everyone’s nerve fibres have accessibly been whining relentlessly due to the fact that the idea of confederation has pros and cons that would modify or hamper the existence of south Sudan independence, simply because the idea is more irrelevant.  As defined in the dictionary and other reliable sources, “A confederation in modern political terms is a permanent union of sovereign states for common action in relation to other states.[1] Usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution, confederations tend to be established for dealing with critical issues such as defense, foreign affairs or a common currency, with the central government being required to provide support for all members.”

Given this broad definition in the above, it would be to everyone’s impulse to decent between the fact and fiction about why this unheard of in the history of Sudan would come about or be accepted for based on the defined clear objective why it should be considered.  The question goes back to when and how long have south and the north been separate entities and if that was so, why hasn’t the idea of confederation been advocated ever since?

The answer may remain in limbo for it challenged my ego.  But one thing important that crack joke in my mind is that our northern brothers including the food lovers that stood firm in support to those species have missed the point by urging southern brothers to stay united.  All they need is what so called irrelevant confederation that has nothing to do with the session of the south but to simply keep the interest of the northern brothers in the south.  If it were not because south Sudan has gained a great momentum that brings it to world standard, this simple idea would have not come to live because not even a single person has ever thought of it.  Unless it is permissible, otherwise, the-to-be confederate system in the Sudan is meaningless for its primary base was already assassinated long before coming to coin.

It is true that our northern brothers with the government in the left acted in favor of their own kinds.  Their kinds are the deeds that favor their existence, and their existence is an act of dehumanizing the southern brothers for their own goods.  Goods that are the values, riches, qualities, and other forms that are in all significant others for the welfare of that devil dynamite that threaten the human existence.  We questioned for so long the injustice committed in the north against the marginalized groups, but there was no appropriate answer.  We asked for so long for the system to be reformed, yet the reformation case was viewed left over as one cannot go over and take it for personal use.  Only the one that has no ability and mental capacity can do so for his/her simplistic form.  They (the northern brothers) consider our being as nothing but the existence of simple objects that have no role in anything when it comes to societal level. 

My fellow southerners, the test is right here placed on the table for us to take.  Confederation, like that of referendum case is subjective challenge one could ever think of.  If lack of joy means nothingness in mind, these two important matters need to be dealt with, and clearly define our existence, the benefits we would obtain if necessary and the way forward to change we have been preaching all day long since the first gunshot until the post modern level that aimed for the post referendum conduct need our cognitive action for the greater good of ourselves and the generation to come.

As I can see, some of us have great desire for confederation.  To you all, who ever think of this idea is the one that underestimate our will and superiority.  He or she is engaged by inferiority complex and that becomes a challenge to his/her cognitive function.  He or she could be considered as a person that lack independency by virtue of being a slave of other and deemed him or herself unjustified object that has no capability of independency.  The weeks never offer the best task for their focus is placed on who is running after what I have and so shall I find someone to protect me for unimaginable thing to occur.  Chances are likely that their survival remain in question for the reason they base created, accepted and embraced without a sense of why they are doing it for. 

Another important example of why confederation should be objected for is that “A confederation is an association of sovereign member states, that by treaty have delegated certain of their competences to common institutions, in order to coordinate their policies in a number of areas, without constituting a new state on top of the member states. Under international law a confederation respects the sovereignty of its members and its constituting treaty can only be changed by unanimous agreement.” If that is the case, why is the idea of demarcation important to consider?

Yes to confederation, but I don’t think our northern brothers felt the need for this partial confederation, let alone that they are ready for it, for if they were ready they should have done something in favor of confederation.  They should have allowed political transparency, oil transparency, implementation of the agreed protocols, border demarcation, and the post referenda conduct for the Abyei people, the Blue Nile and the southern people.  They should work toward strengthening the smooth political affiliation whereby all voices should be heard in expend of good governance.  They should promote post developmental goal and enhance the wealth sharing thereof to facilitate cohesive team work for the greater good of the general Sudan.  This has not happened likewise, and how can the marginalized groups incorporate into their own thinking the invisible fact?

To the base of my knowledge, if it is permissible, yes the two Sudans come twenty eleven would form a confederate nation with the definitions in the above.  However, if it is a choice, and so 2011 of the coming January would tremendously determine the reality of what it means to be the outcome of the people that ambitiously fight for their right.  The meaning of reality is the realistic claim for political balance of power and peaceful procession of justified governance that recognize the right of the humanity.  It is an ultimate decision to be taken collectively by southern people to liberate themselves from the enemy.

To the southern leaders, confederation has nothing as viewed by ordinary southern Sudanese living inside and outside the Sudan. First, southern Sudan has never witnessed development since its creation, even after when the Englo-Egyptian rule came to existence, the idea of extending the development failed for simple reason we now defined as marginalization for the Arabization of none Arab pagan animists and Christian southerners.  The condominium was based on political propaganda to brainwash those acted against its existence for the interest of Islamization.  Checks and balances have never culminated the today’s desired objective for the likeable political struggle if one could look to it.   This means that southern Sudanese have seen the important of not having the development for the neglect created by the northerners.   Second, if southern Sudan could join with the north during after secession that means wealth sharing question would come to play.  It indicates that our resources would still be used for the two separate entities such as south and the north.  Than to live on 90% of our resources, the 90% would be split into half which would make up 50% like we still have in the current provisional government.  Why would partial confederation be accepted? Third, constitutionally, a confederate state involves universal constitution, universal unified government that acts on behalf of the member states that have signed the agreement to form a confederate state with its selected delegates from those separate entities to run the governmental affairs.  Is this what southern Sudanese need to see after six months? I guess not! As we can see suggested by former South African President Mr. Mbeki by presenting three of his options to southern leaders that:

“The NCP & SPLM on the form of the Sudanese state after January 2011 with the first being ‘two independent countries with no durable links’ and where citizens needing visas to cross the border,” (Sudantribune). This option could be impartial because it represents what would likely happen right after 2011.  Given what the administration consider being its policy, it should be noted that the citizens of the two independent states would travel using visas.  However, let take a look at another option for its magnitude. The second option as suggested is that "two independent countries existing within a broad and negotiated framework of cooperation making for soft borders that permit freedom of movement for both people and goods,"(Sudantribune). What I think is wrong with this option is that, the smooth flow of goods come once peaceful co-existence comes to play.  Without peace between the two independent states mean no exchange of valuable goods and so the movement of citizens is endangered.  This option indeed would be weighed only after the referendum is conducted.  If it really goes well means the second option would definitely work well or it would be an option to consider.  The third option suggests that "two independent countries which negotiate a framework of cooperation, which extends to the establishment of shared governance institutions in a confederal arrangement"(Sudantribune), marked what it means to be the topic of discussion as the title of this article represents. 

As a matter of fact, confederate system, function only when the two countries that desire confederation have long established a solid governmental framework where both countries had equal representation.  But this has never happened in Sudan.  The central government of the Sudan, the Khartoum government acted ignorantly against the other marginalized states in favor of the northern states.  That shifted the idea of equalizing the development since until these days.  This third option to Mr.Mbeki can be good only if the system at large meet realistic reform with government institutions meeting new regulations so that it works for the best interest of all the people in the country. 

For that matter, I am urging southern leaders to decent between the right and wrong and work toward establishing an independent state than to beat around the bush so that southern Sudanese interest is represented fully.  To all other southern Sudanese, we are in critical junction where we can arise for the greater good of ourselves.  Let us bear in mind that getting this option done is the ultimate goal of our legitimate struggle, and for that reason it should be noted that we remain vigilant so that our right is not represented unfairly.  We don’t need this confederation period, and so whoever promotes this idea is against our interest.  We can join hands in fight against the enemy of the south by letting the world know that NO TO CONFEDERATION, yes to separation comes 2011.


Nhial K. Wicleek lives in Canada and can be reached at [email protected]




© Copyright by SudaneseOnline.com

Please feel free to send us your Articles , Analysies news and press releases to [email protected]

Top of Page

This report does not necessarily reflect the views of Sudanese Online.com

اخر الاخبار
  • الاتحاديون.. فرقة لا تبشّر بوحدة
  • مركز دراسات الهجرة بجهاز المغتربين ينظم منتداه الشهري الثالث عن الحراك السكاني
  • وزير الدفاع:لا أستبعد ضربات اسرائيلية أخرى.
  • ديبي يعلن إنطلاق الإنتخابات الرئاسية في تشاد .. والمعارضة تتوعده بمصير القذافي وبن علي
  • والي الجزيرة يقر ببعض الفساد ويكشف عن تدابير في فضيحة دريم لاند
  • الجنوب كسب براءته العقوبات الأمريكية...الشمال مسلسل فشل رفعها مستمر
  • العدل والمساواة تؤكد سيطرتها على منطقة وادي هور وتنفي تواجد قوات الحكومة بها
  • رئيس حركة العدل والمساواة "القيادة الثورية ":السلام خيارنا الاستراتيجي وعلى أتم الاستعداد للجلوس للتفاوض متى تلقينا الدعوة من الوساطة
  • اعتصام اللاجئين السودانيين أمام مفوضية اللاجئين بالقاهرة
  • مأساة 450 دارفوري عالقين في السلوم خوفا من بطش الأمن السوداني .
  • بروفسور حامد تيجاني:النظام السوداني يسعى بكل قوته لتفكيك الدولة للحصول على شرعية دوليه تمكنه من الاستمرار في القمع والبطش
  • أحمد هارون يشرع في تنفيذ تخصصه : احراق سبعة أطفال وثلاث نساء مسنات داخل بيوتهم
  • ممثل حكومة الجنوب في واشنطن يلتقي الرئيس الكيني
  • الرابطة العالمية بأمريكا تشجب وتدين الهجوم الغادر الذى نفذته مليشيات حزب المؤتمر الوطنى فى قرى بجبال النوبة
  • محلل اقتصادي: تعاون جنوب السودان في مكافحة الإرهاب وراء إعفائه من العقوبات الأمريكية
  • العدل والمساواة ترفض الدعوة الإفريقية لحسم منبر الدوحة نهاية الشهر
  • المحــبوب عبد الســـلام: الأمثل للسودان أن نوحد البرامج ونقربها
  • النائب العام المصري يقرر حبس مبارك ونجليه في اتهامات بالفساد المالي وقتل الثوار
  • جاتكوث يشن هجوما عنيفا على هارون.. ويصفه بالمجرم الهارب من وجه العدالة
  • المحبوب عبد السلام: السودان في خطر والحزب الحاكم فوضوي
  • الحكومة الأميركية تعلن عن أن دولة السودان الجنوبي لن تخضع للعقوبات الإقتصادية الأميركية بعد التاسع من يوليو القادم
  • وصال المهدي: استجوبوه مرة واحدة، سألوه عن اسمه، فقال لهم نسيته!!
  • د.جبريل: رأس النظام إنفصالي من الدرجة الأولى و لن نكتفي بالتنديد حيال إستفتاء دارفور.
  • أكثر من 150 طالب جنوبي يعتصمون أمام مكتب حكومة جوبا بالقاهرة للمطالبة بمستحقات مالية متأخرة
  • تباين في الآراء حول صحة الإبقاء على قوات مشتركة مدمجة في أبيي ومناطق البترول
  • ممثل حكومة الجنوب في واشنطن يلتقي وزير الخدمات الطبية والأمين العام للحزب الحاكم في كينيا
  • السفارة السودانية في واشنطن: تقرير الخارجية الأميركية عن السودان غير مهني.. ولا يحتوي على قدر من المصداقية
  • السفير عبدالرحمن سرالختم فى لقاء تنويرى مع الصحفيين السودانيين بالقاهرة
  • وزير الاتصالات وتقانة المعلومات : مشروع الصحة الالكترونية ستتم تبعيته بالكامل لوزارة الصحة الاتحادية
  • تغطية ندوة منتدى التوثيق الشامل للمؤرخ الكبير ضرار صالح ضرار
  • مؤتمر أبناء دينكا تويج ميارديت العالمى الاول ـ ملبورن ـ أستراليا
  • الناطق الرسمي للعدل والمساواة :الحركة ملتزمة بعدم الحركة خارج مناطق سيطرتها.
  • حاكما ولايتي البحيرات وغرب الاستوائية يتوصلان لاتفاق سلام بشأن مايورديت
  • البرنامج الانتخابى للحزب الشيوعى السودانى منظقة جنوب كردفان
  • نيويورك:ندوة عن مستقبل السودان علي خلفية انفصال الجنوب - مطالب الجماهير ونداءات التغيير
  • تنبية هام إلي اللاجئين السودانيين بالقاهرة.
  • زيارة خاصة جداً لأسرة اللواء المعتقل تلفون كوكو
  • استكمالاً للانفصال القوات المسلحة تحزم حقائبها في رحلة العودة شمالاً
  • تقرير الخارجية الأميركية عن أوضاع حقوق الإنسان في العالم يكشف عن إنتهاكات خطيرة للحكومة السودانية
  • وفد من إئتلاف ثورة 25 يناير المصرية يصل الخرطوم اليوم
  • تقرير حول اللقاء الثاني لرابطة أبناء دار فور و المحكمة الجنائية الدولية بباريس
  • د. جبريل: ماذا سيفعل النظام إن عجز الغرب عن إزاحة القذاقي؟ و للنظام أصابع تنخر في عظام الجبهة الوطنية العريضة
  • نشرة جهاز المغتربين (1) لشهر ابريل 2011م
  • نائب رئيس حكومة جنوب السودان يغادر الى اديس ابابا غدا الاحد
  • لقاء للوطني مع الاقتصاديين يتحول إلى نقد عارم للسياسات الاقتصادية للحكومة
  • صحيفتي (اجراس الحرية) و (الميدان) تعلقان صدورهما احتجاجاً علي المصادرة
  • لضبط الحدود الحزام الأمني...تقليل تكلفة المراقبة بحفظ المنافع
  • محمد ابراهيم نقد:السودان (عضمه قوي) ولن (يتفرتق) إذا قامت ثورة شعبية
  • في عقد قران السيد المحجوب الميرغني : كتب صلاح الباشا من داخل مسجد السيد علي ببحري
  • تعيين اتحاد مؤقت لإدارة شئون كرة القدم في جنوب السودان
  • Articles and Analysies
  • The fallacy of "the New South of the North" by Amir Idris
  • U.S. Financed Groups Had Supporting Role in Arab Uprisings by Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter
  • Shy U.S. Intellectual Created Playbook Used in a Revolution Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter
  • Gene Sharp and the Theory of Soft and Undercover Coups d’États By: Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter; Khartoum
  • English: Washington Post: Pregressive Faith: Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington
  • Sharing Lessons Learned From Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • AU Peace and Security Council Communiqué on Sudan is a Disgrace By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Is African Union Peace and Security Council(PSC) is Peace spoiler in Darfur By Tadjadine Bechir Niam
  • A Solar Energy Market Strategy for South Sudan by Amogpai Ater
  • Jonglei Governor, Kuol Manyang Juuk, should immediately resign from his office!!! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel
  • Darfur patiently licking wounds by Abdelgabar Dosa
  • Missyria Horses Saddled to Defend Abyai by Gibreel Musa Ahmed
  • The Nuba Mountains of Central Sudan has the Right to Self-Determination By Yassir A. Kori, Oklahoma City, Ok – USA
  • The significance of UN Security Council Resolution No. 1973 on Libya and its likely impact on the dire situation of the Darfur Conflict Eight Years on By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Kenya's Equity Bank says bullish about 2011
  • What South Sudan Politicians should consider when discussing boarder issue of South Sudan in the advent of South Sudan independence..By Paul Izaru Bilal.
  • Three-State Solution and a New Sudan: Suggestions for a New Constitution By Jimmy Mulla
  • EXCUSE ME! MAY I OPEN FIRE ON MY OWN PARTY?! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel (USA)
  • Who can convince SPLA/M that development achieves their goals in Abyei better than war by Dr Abdulkarim Gibril Elgoni
  • Higher Democracy Monitoring & Mentoring Organization By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter; Khartoum,
  • Proposed Universal Code of Conduct for Political Parties By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter; Khartoum/ Sudan; Tel.: 00249911636990
  • The Arab League of Shopkeepers! By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter
  • DR LAM’S pre-NEW YORK STORY! By Peter Aban Mujkwan
  • No To Hamas-style Democracy By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter, Khartoum
  • The fighting in Thothim area of the Chollo Kingdom by Peter Karlo
  • The Bogus Humanity of International Community By Izzadine Abdul Rasoul
  • Ghazi Salahaddin the Stealth Spoiler of peace Sabotages the Darfur Peace Talks in Doha By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • “I had a dream” about Abyei (1) by Dr Abdul-karim Elgoni
  • Watch out for Khalifa Al Thani Islamic Global Caliphate By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter
  • The challenges of the new Republic of South Sudan!! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • Corruption of Some members of Dinka tribe shouldn't be related to Political Tribalism in South Sudan by Garang Akur
  • Hypocrisy of Sudan’s NCP and double Standards of the Arab Media By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • No to a Pseudo-Islamic REPUBLIC by Badreldin Yousif Dafallah Elsimat
  • All Things Have Fallen Apart by Namaa AL- Mahdi
  • “The new york times” “My Country Divided” by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • GOSS Cairo office: Corruption of Parmena Mangar and Robert Marial has reached out to Southern Sudanese communities in Cairo. by Lojuan Abdallah
  • An Article On What is Expected from Constitution of South Sudan By Dr. James Okuk
  • International community Deserts Darfur and passes it over to the NCP mercy! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The snake doesn't strike twice from the same hole!! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel (USA)
  • Why House Of Nationalities Is Necessary in Souyth Sudan By R. Mou Run