When Genocide regime claim National Sovereignty
By Abdellatif Abdelrahman.
It’s apparent that National Congress Party revealed its cruel motivations to launch a new episode of genocide in Darfur by systematic denial of humanitarian access to the IDPs as well as to abort the referendum of South Sudan by blocking the formation of referendum commission. I believe that the International Community is committing grave mistake by closing eyes on the precarious conditions prevailing in Sudan.
The eerie silence of the International community further encourages the genocide regime to fire humanitarian Aid workers and appeases the UNAMID forces working in Darfur by tightening the circle around them to restrict their moves in order to hamper their duties to protect themselves and the vulnerable civilians as well. Its unimaginable that UNAMID today is digging trenches to immune themselves from regime’s kidnapping, while the government acts like a landlord while all who work in Darfur that includes the international bodies as employees; not dealing with international organizations or forces that entered Sudan according to international laws and agreements that the regime has an obligation to respect.
However, I am forced to shade light on the word sovereignty which the genocide regime uses it on daily basis to deter resolutions taken by the International body against Khartoum. The total silence and failure of the International Community to take vigorous steps to force the regime to respect its obligations, and stop the documented Genocide in Darfur might refer to illusive word sovereignty that was invented by the UN without having clear definition. The International Community does’t realizes that the Islamist regime is also a threat not only to peace agreements aimed to stabilize the Country, but also to the regional peace and stability as well. Today voices in Sudan are mounting high, calling for an immediate intervention from UN and other international influential bodies, to protect the vulnerable civilians in Darfur as will as to break the deadlock over the formation of the disputed referendum Commission.
What struck me most is regime threats to UN, AU and the aid workers with these two words; “the National sovereignty” which I am sure that the regime in Khartoum doesn’t know the meaning of these words.
Some definitions of the word sovereignty that I excerpt from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia reads:
It’s a set of principles based on the idea that sovereignty is not a privilege, but a responsibility to protect. R to P focuses on preventing and halting four crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing. The responsibility to protect can be thought of as having three parts.
- A State has a responsibility to protect its population from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing (mass atrocities).
- If the State is unable to protect its population on its own, the international community has a responsibility to assist the state by building its capacity. This can mean building early-warning capabilities, mediating conflicts between political parties, strengthening the security sector, mobilizing standby forces, and many other actions.
- If a State is manifestly failing to protect its citizens from mass atrocities and peaceful measures are not working, the international community has the responsibility to intervene at first diplomatically, then more coercively, and as a last resort, with military force.
In the international community R to P is a norm, not a law. R to P provides a framework for using tools that already exist (like mediation, early warning mechanisms, economic sanctioning, and chapter VI powers) to prevent mass atrocities. Civil society organizations, States, regional organizations, and international institutions all have a role to play in the operationalization of R to P. The authority to employ the last resort and intervene militarily rests solely with United Nations Security Council and the General Assembly.
In order to implement R to P, States and regional organizations need to have the necessary resources to prevent and halt mass atrocities, i.e. early warning mechanisms, stand-by forces in problem areas, mediation mechanisms, etc. These resources and the necessary capacity building must come from the international community, which has a historic pattern of remaining uninvolved.
So I am wondering where the African head of States and other International public figures who supports Al- Bashir regime in Khartoum stands from the above definition of the word sovereignty? Or they are just applying the Chinese proverb that say that for the sake of your personal interest you should be deaf, blind and dump.
UNAMID spokesman in Darfur, Christopher Cycmanick, during the tension at the IDPs camp in Kalma, told radio Miraya FM that, the mission finds itself in a very difficult position in handling the situation of the six people. We want to make sure that everything is fine if they are released to the government. But technically it’s a very fine line that we are walking, because they have gone to ask for assistance or help and again we are working in sovereign Country, we will at some point have to honour their request”; he concluded. The statement of Christopher a man who work for the international body and the above definition of the word sovereignty are incompatible.
However; its good that the UNAMID saved the situation and didn’t act according to the statements of its spokesperson to the media, thus I decline to indulge into the matter extensively so as not be derailed from the real topic.
On the other hand I still vividly remembered the speech of Malawian President Bingu Wa mutharika the current head of the Pan-African Organization at the opening session in AU summit which was held in Kampala where he said; “The warrant of arrest against the African head of state is undermining solidarity and African peace and security that we fought for so many years, therefore it’s better to look for ways of resolving the conflict in Sudan without the need to arrest Al-Bashir”.
I strongly believe that the Nazist state of Al-Bashir should not given a chance or a loose rein to humiliate or disdain or thumb up its nose to the International Community under the pretext of sovereign state which does not exist. The
Sovereign state exists to, chart a common path and create enabling environment for its citizens to fulfil themselves in life and not a state which cleanse its citizens, sending the rest to a concentrated camps and starving them to death by cutting human basic need such as water, food and sanitation.
Imagine what type of an arrogant state we had in Sudan? Can such regime ever be trusted to feed Darfurian people or take care of them? Never!!! Because Iam sure if the genocide Survivors of Darfur were left alone for Al-Bashir’s regime to feed them; surely he will feed them poison to kill them all.
It’s worth mentioning here that poisoning of water tanks in IDP camps and distributing toxic food and medicine by regime’s local NGOs was widely reported by many International NGOs working on the ground in Darfur Such as the case of Hisahisa IDP camp of Zalingei in 2008 to mention just a few. So morally speaking its better regime’s food goes to Pakistan than kills our people at home.
A sovereign state is not a state which has an attitudinal problem towards its citizens because of their language, religion and colour. As a government is broadly defined by “who is doing what to whom and how”.
Thus, the International Community especially UNSC is committing historical mistake by maintaining lenient approach and not acting to save millions of live in Darfur as well as to rescue the political situation in the country at the brink of inevitable collapse.
As the regime is adamant to Somalize the Country by turning its back against the referendum of South Sudan and continue the genocide in Darfur, so, the current pariah criminal state of Al-Bashir, should not be seen through the lenses of responsible and sovereign state any more.
Finally I call upon the UN Security Council to address the dire humanitarian situation in Darfur by taking up the necessary measures that will guarantee the safety of the war-affected civilians. The council must engage forcibly to, ensure that Khartoum respects its agreements with the International humanitarian Community and the UNAMID in order to let them have unhindered access to the people on the ground in Darfur and also to ensure conducting of the referendum of South Sudan in timely and peaceful manner.
Please act now!!!
The writer is based in Kampala, Uganda and can be reached at [email protected]