Voice of the unheard & home to the homeless
Front Page  عربى
المنبر العام
 Latest News
 Articles and Analysies
 Press Releases
 Photo Gallery
 About Sudan
  Sudanese Music
  Sudanese Links
  Discussion Board
  2006 News Archives
  2006 Articles Archives
  2006 Press R.Archives
  2005 News Archives
  2005 Articles Archives
  2005 Press R.Archives
  PC&Internet Forum
  Poll System
  Tell A Friend
  Upload Your Picture
  Contact Us


Articles and Analysies الصفحة العربية Last Updated: Feb 13, 2011 - 7:24:29 AM

Naming the New Country that Separated from Sudan By Dr. James Okuk

Email this article
 Printer friendly page
Follow sudanesewebtalk on Twitter

Naming the New Country that Separated from  Sudan

By Dr. James Okuk


When I was scrolling in the www.sudantribun.com  I came across an article written by former  Sudan Ambassador to  Japan, H.E. Steven Wöndu, on January 15, 2011 and titled “Lend Me Your Ears.” I thought it was a good article but to my disappointment it wasn’t.  I will tell you why after reading the content of the article:

I wish to add a point to the debate on what present  Southern Sudan should be called after independence. We must avoid the word ‘ Sudan’ altogether. I am more interested in the present and the future than in antiquity. The word ‘Sudan’ in the current world is associated with terrorism, genocide, rape, bigotry, violence, sanctions and all the undesirable traits of the modern world.

This morning I was denied access to an anti virus software because my lap-top is in  Sudan, a country under sanctions. Two months ago, a bank in  New York froze funds I had remitted to my daughter because it originated in  Sudan. When I was  Sudan’s ambassador in  Japan, I had to use my local employees to send money to relatives because the banks would not transact money transfers with the Sudanese ambassador. Even my Sudanese-American wife was not allowed to wire funds because she had been ‘contaminated’. I have used my personal family experience to sharpen the focus on the matter. In the broader picture, the word ‘ Sudan’ will block or at least slow the flow of trade between us and those countries that fear the word ‘ Sudan’. Those ‘Junubin’ who are nostalgic with the word ‘ Sudan’ can argue that South Sudan will not be the same as ‘ Sudan’. That is true in theory and international law. But to the bank clerk in  TokyoNew YorkAmsterdamBeijing, London and  Paris, that distinction is elementary geography.

The second hazard comes when you need to travel abroad. It is near impossible for a Sudanese to obtain a visa even to our neighbours in the region. If one does succeed, the treatment by immigration officers is humiliating. The word ‘ Sudan’ on the passport sends you to a special room for stripping. Please tolerate my use of personal experience again. While in  Japan I applied for a visa to  Britain. Normally ambassadors treat each other with utmost diplomatic respect. They issue each other multiple entry visas ‘gratis’ without having to appear before a consular official. Poor me, I had to go to the British embassy in person, appear before a junior Attaché, and had my fingers printed. In Heathrow airport, I was searched in a manner no ambassador should be. Call our country  South Sudan and the immigration officers and their computers will identify us as a Sudanese.

On a positive note, I wish to associate myself with Professor Ali Mazrui’s lament. Why is the name of the great  Nile not adopted by a state? Those of Uncle Gordon Mortat did use the name ‘ Nile  Republic’ in their time but luck was not on their side. Our generation has been honoured and blessed by history to be the founders of the youngest nation in the  Nile  Basin. By the stroke of good luck and divine design, the name of the mighty river is available. If we pick it quickly, we shall be the envy of our neighbours. Having picked my choice, I need not entertain other antiques like Kush or  Cush or whatever.

If the Republic is the  Nile, what then do we call its citizens? Nilots or Nilotics could have been nice except for their exclusive association with some ethnicities. My spouse has suggested a more inclusive version; let us call ourselves Nilons.”

A good South Sudan Samarian who nicknames himself Maroof quenched my disappointment as I read his reply saying: “I beg to disagree with you, Mr. Steve.  Sudan is called  Sudan because of us (Southerners). Naming our new country " South Sudan" is fine and will not affect anything. You know very well there are two  Koreas, South and North, and the  U.S. and the reset of the world have good relations with the South and  North Korea is saddled with sanctions. Hence, I do not see any reason as to why South Sudan will not be like  South Korea. I understand your frustation, however, our issue has never been the name " Sudan": Late Dr. John was working for "New Sudan" and I never heard you talking against the idea. Thanks.”


As a rejoinder to this reply I think Ambassador Steven Wöndu should not mix his own tiny family and Embassy problem/troubles they had with US and  UKimmigration departments or banks with the right name of biggest  South Sudan. Even Nigerians, Iranians, Syrians, South Koreans, Somalis etc., including their Ambassadors and Ministers face the same immigration problems in visa offices and airports of US,  UK and other countries. This has nothing to do with the nomenclature of their countries, but the manner these countries govern themselves either in accordance with the civilized standards of respect for the dignity of human persons or in oppressive terroristic manner.


Likewise, the so-called Nile Republic of Ambassador Wöndu supported by his dear wife could also face the same problems/troubles if its leaders mess up with human rights civilization and invite sanctions upon themselves and their citizens in future. Ambassador Wöndu could still be prevented to wire money to US or  UK or get a gratis visa when sitting in his office in his Nile Republic Embassy any where. This is a fact for a fiction.


What I would like kindly remind His Excellency Steven Wöndu is that the name  South Sudan is historical. It did not begin with the NIF/NCP regime who invited the USUK and others’ sanctioned and alerts on the citizens of the  Sudan. South Sudan was there even before the  Sudan was still a sweetheart to US,  UK and other countries. South Sudan was already there during the European scramble for Africa in  BerlinSouth Sudan was also there during the British Colonialists “Closed District Ordinance.”  South Sudan was there in the historical 1947 Juba Conference.  South Sudan was there in the historical 1955 Torit mutiny and rebellion.  South Sudan was there during 1965 Round-table Conference.  South Sudan was there during the initial historical 1982 - 1983 rebellions even when the vague “New Sudan” ideaology was imposed later on our liberation strugglers by late Dr. John Garang de Mabior and his friends. South Sudan was there during 1991 SPLM/A split into Torit and Nasir factions with the resultant tactic of peace from within with  Khartoum. South Sudan was there during 1992 Frankford Agreement on Self-determination for the people of  Southern Sudan.   South Sudan was there during the 1994 Chukudum SPLM/A First Convention.  South Sudan was there during the 1994 IGADD Declaration of Principles. South Sudan was there during 1994 Asmara Declaration on Self-determination for the people of  Southern Sudan.  South Sudan was there during 1997  Khartoum and Pachoda Peace agreements, which constitutionalized for the first time in the history of the independent  Sudan the right of self-determination for the people of  Southern Sudan.  South Sudan was there in the 2005 CPA and its implementation (including wealth and power sharing that gave way for Steven to become a  Sudan Ambassador in  Japan), which has landed the people of  Southern Sudan into the land of long-awaited independence.


All along the history of the struggle for the freedom and independence of South Sudan there was nothing called  Nile  Republic. Let any body who wants to temper with the historical name of  South Sudan keep any wrongly suggested name to himself before the blood of its unforgettable martyrs pour out from the graves to curse him/her forever.


I have no doubt that the secession and independence of South Sudan could be a blessing to the lifting of sanctions in the  Sudan and for a better relation with it as a good unavoidable neighbour. We should even work hard for these sanctions to be lifted quickly because of some interests we have with the  Sudan regarding the agreement on four freedoms for our citizens there and vise versa:  the right to work, reside, own and move freely between the two countries. Other rights could be agreed and granted too, who knows.


The hatred attitude Ambassador Steven Wöndu wants to implant between the South Sudan and the  Sudan after the secession is officially declared and recognized worldwide, is undesirable and unacceptable by all measures. The name of the separated Southern Sudan from  Northern Sudan should be the Republic of South Sudan for history sake and for the honour of the 4 million lives and blood spilled to achieve its independence and dignity.


Viva the  Republic of  South Sudan


Dr. James Okuk is reachable at [email protected]

© Copyright by SudaneseOnline.com

Please feel free to send us your Articles , Analysies news and press releases to [email protected]

Top of Page

This report does not necessarily reflect the views of Sudanese Online.com

اخر الاخبار
  • الاتحاديون.. فرقة لا تبشّر بوحدة
  • مركز دراسات الهجرة بجهاز المغتربين ينظم منتداه الشهري الثالث عن الحراك السكاني
  • وزير الدفاع:لا أستبعد ضربات اسرائيلية أخرى.
  • ديبي يعلن إنطلاق الإنتخابات الرئاسية في تشاد .. والمعارضة تتوعده بمصير القذافي وبن علي
  • والي الجزيرة يقر ببعض الفساد ويكشف عن تدابير في فضيحة دريم لاند
  • الجنوب كسب براءته العقوبات الأمريكية...الشمال مسلسل فشل رفعها مستمر
  • العدل والمساواة تؤكد سيطرتها على منطقة وادي هور وتنفي تواجد قوات الحكومة بها
  • رئيس حركة العدل والمساواة "القيادة الثورية ":السلام خيارنا الاستراتيجي وعلى أتم الاستعداد للجلوس للتفاوض متى تلقينا الدعوة من الوساطة
  • اعتصام اللاجئين السودانيين أمام مفوضية اللاجئين بالقاهرة
  • مأساة 450 دارفوري عالقين في السلوم خوفا من بطش الأمن السوداني .
  • بروفسور حامد تيجاني:النظام السوداني يسعى بكل قوته لتفكيك الدولة للحصول على شرعية دوليه تمكنه من الاستمرار في القمع والبطش
  • أحمد هارون يشرع في تنفيذ تخصصه : احراق سبعة أطفال وثلاث نساء مسنات داخل بيوتهم
  • ممثل حكومة الجنوب في واشنطن يلتقي الرئيس الكيني
  • الرابطة العالمية بأمريكا تشجب وتدين الهجوم الغادر الذى نفذته مليشيات حزب المؤتمر الوطنى فى قرى بجبال النوبة
  • محلل اقتصادي: تعاون جنوب السودان في مكافحة الإرهاب وراء إعفائه من العقوبات الأمريكية
  • العدل والمساواة ترفض الدعوة الإفريقية لحسم منبر الدوحة نهاية الشهر
  • المحــبوب عبد الســـلام: الأمثل للسودان أن نوحد البرامج ونقربها
  • النائب العام المصري يقرر حبس مبارك ونجليه في اتهامات بالفساد المالي وقتل الثوار
  • جاتكوث يشن هجوما عنيفا على هارون.. ويصفه بالمجرم الهارب من وجه العدالة
  • المحبوب عبد السلام: السودان في خطر والحزب الحاكم فوضوي
  • الحكومة الأميركية تعلن عن أن دولة السودان الجنوبي لن تخضع للعقوبات الإقتصادية الأميركية بعد التاسع من يوليو القادم
  • وصال المهدي: استجوبوه مرة واحدة، سألوه عن اسمه، فقال لهم نسيته!!
  • د.جبريل: رأس النظام إنفصالي من الدرجة الأولى و لن نكتفي بالتنديد حيال إستفتاء دارفور.
  • أكثر من 150 طالب جنوبي يعتصمون أمام مكتب حكومة جوبا بالقاهرة للمطالبة بمستحقات مالية متأخرة
  • تباين في الآراء حول صحة الإبقاء على قوات مشتركة مدمجة في أبيي ومناطق البترول
  • ممثل حكومة الجنوب في واشنطن يلتقي وزير الخدمات الطبية والأمين العام للحزب الحاكم في كينيا
  • السفارة السودانية في واشنطن: تقرير الخارجية الأميركية عن السودان غير مهني.. ولا يحتوي على قدر من المصداقية
  • السفير عبدالرحمن سرالختم فى لقاء تنويرى مع الصحفيين السودانيين بالقاهرة
  • وزير الاتصالات وتقانة المعلومات : مشروع الصحة الالكترونية ستتم تبعيته بالكامل لوزارة الصحة الاتحادية
  • تغطية ندوة منتدى التوثيق الشامل للمؤرخ الكبير ضرار صالح ضرار
  • مؤتمر أبناء دينكا تويج ميارديت العالمى الاول ـ ملبورن ـ أستراليا
  • الناطق الرسمي للعدل والمساواة :الحركة ملتزمة بعدم الحركة خارج مناطق سيطرتها.
  • حاكما ولايتي البحيرات وغرب الاستوائية يتوصلان لاتفاق سلام بشأن مايورديت
  • البرنامج الانتخابى للحزب الشيوعى السودانى منظقة جنوب كردفان
  • نيويورك:ندوة عن مستقبل السودان علي خلفية انفصال الجنوب - مطالب الجماهير ونداءات التغيير
  • تنبية هام إلي اللاجئين السودانيين بالقاهرة.
  • زيارة خاصة جداً لأسرة اللواء المعتقل تلفون كوكو
  • استكمالاً للانفصال القوات المسلحة تحزم حقائبها في رحلة العودة شمالاً
  • تقرير الخارجية الأميركية عن أوضاع حقوق الإنسان في العالم يكشف عن إنتهاكات خطيرة للحكومة السودانية
  • وفد من إئتلاف ثورة 25 يناير المصرية يصل الخرطوم اليوم
  • تقرير حول اللقاء الثاني لرابطة أبناء دار فور و المحكمة الجنائية الدولية بباريس
  • د. جبريل: ماذا سيفعل النظام إن عجز الغرب عن إزاحة القذاقي؟ و للنظام أصابع تنخر في عظام الجبهة الوطنية العريضة
  • نشرة جهاز المغتربين (1) لشهر ابريل 2011م
  • نائب رئيس حكومة جنوب السودان يغادر الى اديس ابابا غدا الاحد
  • لقاء للوطني مع الاقتصاديين يتحول إلى نقد عارم للسياسات الاقتصادية للحكومة
  • صحيفتي (اجراس الحرية) و (الميدان) تعلقان صدورهما احتجاجاً علي المصادرة
  • لضبط الحدود الحزام الأمني...تقليل تكلفة المراقبة بحفظ المنافع
  • محمد ابراهيم نقد:السودان (عضمه قوي) ولن (يتفرتق) إذا قامت ثورة شعبية
  • في عقد قران السيد المحجوب الميرغني : كتب صلاح الباشا من داخل مسجد السيد علي ببحري
  • تعيين اتحاد مؤقت لإدارة شئون كرة القدم في جنوب السودان
  • Articles and Analysies
  • The fallacy of "the New South of the North" by Amir Idris
  • U.S. Financed Groups Had Supporting Role in Arab Uprisings by Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter
  • Shy U.S. Intellectual Created Playbook Used in a Revolution Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter
  • Gene Sharp and the Theory of Soft and Undercover Coups d’États By: Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter; Khartoum
  • English: Washington Post: Pregressive Faith: Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington
  • Sharing Lessons Learned From Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • AU Peace and Security Council Communiqué on Sudan is a Disgrace By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Is African Union Peace and Security Council(PSC) is Peace spoiler in Darfur By Tadjadine Bechir Niam
  • A Solar Energy Market Strategy for South Sudan by Amogpai Ater
  • Jonglei Governor, Kuol Manyang Juuk, should immediately resign from his office!!! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel
  • Darfur patiently licking wounds by Abdelgabar Dosa
  • Missyria Horses Saddled to Defend Abyai by Gibreel Musa Ahmed
  • The Nuba Mountains of Central Sudan has the Right to Self-Determination By Yassir A. Kori, Oklahoma City, Ok – USA
  • The significance of UN Security Council Resolution No. 1973 on Libya and its likely impact on the dire situation of the Darfur Conflict Eight Years on By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Kenya's Equity Bank says bullish about 2011
  • What South Sudan Politicians should consider when discussing boarder issue of South Sudan in the advent of South Sudan independence..By Paul Izaru Bilal.
  • Three-State Solution and a New Sudan: Suggestions for a New Constitution By Jimmy Mulla
  • EXCUSE ME! MAY I OPEN FIRE ON MY OWN PARTY?! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel (USA)
  • Who can convince SPLA/M that development achieves their goals in Abyei better than war by Dr Abdulkarim Gibril Elgoni
  • Higher Democracy Monitoring & Mentoring Organization By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter; Khartoum,
  • Proposed Universal Code of Conduct for Political Parties By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter; Khartoum/ Sudan; Tel.: 00249911636990
  • The Arab League of Shopkeepers! By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter
  • DR LAM’S pre-NEW YORK STORY! By Peter Aban Mujkwan
  • No To Hamas-style Democracy By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter, Khartoum
  • The fighting in Thothim area of the Chollo Kingdom by Peter Karlo
  • The Bogus Humanity of International Community By Izzadine Abdul Rasoul
  • Ghazi Salahaddin the Stealth Spoiler of peace Sabotages the Darfur Peace Talks in Doha By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • “I had a dream” about Abyei (1) by Dr Abdul-karim Elgoni
  • Watch out for Khalifa Al Thani Islamic Global Caliphate By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter
  • The challenges of the new Republic of South Sudan!! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • Corruption of Some members of Dinka tribe shouldn't be related to Political Tribalism in South Sudan by Garang Akur
  • Hypocrisy of Sudan’s NCP and double Standards of the Arab Media By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • No to a Pseudo-Islamic REPUBLIC by Badreldin Yousif Dafallah Elsimat
  • All Things Have Fallen Apart by Namaa AL- Mahdi
  • “The new york times” “My Country Divided” by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • GOSS Cairo office: Corruption of Parmena Mangar and Robert Marial has reached out to Southern Sudanese communities in Cairo. by Lojuan Abdallah
  • An Article On What is Expected from Constitution of South Sudan By Dr. James Okuk
  • International community Deserts Darfur and passes it over to the NCP mercy! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The snake doesn't strike twice from the same hole!! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel (USA)
  • Why House Of Nationalities Is Necessary in Souyth Sudan By R. Mou Run