Voice of the unheard & home to the homeless
Front Page  عربى
المنبر العام
 Latest News
 Articles and Analysies
 Press Releases
 Photo Gallery
 About Sudan
  Sudanese Music
  Sudanese Links
  Discussion Board
  2006 News Archives
  2006 Articles Archives
  2006 Press R.Archives
  2005 News Archives
  2005 Articles Archives
  2005 Press R.Archives
  PC&Internet Forum
  Poll System
  Tell A Friend
  Upload Your Picture
  Contact Us


Articles and Analysies الصفحة العربية Last Updated: Feb 13, 2011 - 7:24:29 AM

AMIS Is more effective than UNAMID By Tadjadine Bechir Niam

Email this article
 Printer friendly page
Follow sudanesewebtalk on Twitter

                                             AMIS Is more effective than UNAMID

It is important to begin by noting that since the conflict between the Government of Sudan, backed by  armed Militia, and the Darfur Movements, in early 2003 erupted, the African Union (AU) as a newly born and sole continental body, assumed and took the leading role in all its form (there is less global interference since the end of the Cold war between the two superpowers in 1990s.) This was impossible in Organization of African Unity (OAU) for its charter stated full respect of the member countries and no intervention was allowed. But as part of the universal respect of the human rights, the new AU accepted interference in certain situations (intervention in a member State was permitted pursuant to a decision of the assembly in respect to grave circumstances, namely war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.)  The AU was driven by its slogan of “African solutions to African problems.” this because of the world shrinking  in sending troops to other continents and supporting the regional organs to shoulder and play the crucial role in any conflict.

Following the signing of N’djamena Humanitarian Ceasefire on 8th of April 2004, and the Addis-Ababa Agreement on the Deployment of African troops in Darfur on 28th April 2004, and in implementation of these agreements, the AU courageously took the lead and dispatched its 300 soldiers into Darfur.  This deployment was known as the African Mission In Sudan (AMIS).  In June 2004, the AU upgraded its military to a full-scale military force of about 3,320 men, with  the mandate to protect the humanitarian operation and deter the Government and  armed groups from attacking the civilians.

AMIS reasonably carried out its mission in Darfur, despite many shortages, which made some people deny its tremendous success.  This success included a decrease in the death toll, the creation of the Ceasefire Commission (CFC) for monitoring, verifying, investigating and reporting regularly to the Joint Commission (JC) on monthly basis, establishing effective communication with the rebel movements in the field, timely reporting of the violations including the human rights violations, etc.  One example  of the successful communication, cooperation, and coordination of AMIS and the movements was the events of July 2005.  When some unidentified groups hijacked 10 AMIS vehicles and took 39 hostages. AMIS Commander Gen. Okonkow called then-JEM Vice-Chairman and Secretary for Darfur, Mr. Bahar Idriss Abu Garda, and asked for the intervention of JEM (this was before JEM divided into two movements on 4th October 2007; JEM-CL & JEM-K.)  JEM forces led by Commander in Chief (CNC) Gen. Abdalla Banda carried out a successful operation; managed to free the 39 hostages unharmed and 8 AU vehicles (out of 10) were given back to the AU.  A couple of lives lost including the Head of JEM vice-Chairman and Secretary for Darfur Mr. Abu Garda’s protection unit, Colonel Hamid Nimer.

Like any human activity AMIS performance was far from perfection, putting in mind its small number and experience, lack of essential combat equipments, shortage of logistical and financial support, collaboration and dependency on GOS ….etc.  All these and other  reasons made AMIS lose the confidence of the parties and the war-affected communities.

To cope with the gap, the international community, with the consent of the AU,  looked for alternatives.  Specifically, after the partial Agreement was signed on 5th May 2006 by SLA MM, the AU and UN stepped up diplomatic and political efforts to bring the non-signatures into peace process. In some cases threatening to impose sanctions on the rebel leaders if they did not participate in the Abjua agreement.

On 16 November, 2006, following intensive consultations between the AU and UN in Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia, attended by former UN Secretary General Mr. Kofi Annan, the five Permanent Members of the UN Security Council, representatives from GOS, and other prominent States and some active organizations, the parties accepted the idea of deploying a joint UN/AU force (known as United Nations/African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), as alternative to the AMIS. This was a compromise to GOS’ continuous rejection of any meaningful international troops. Such a hybrid force was the first of its kind in the history of UN –sponsored peacekeeping operations.

     After open and closed doors talks, the new UN Secretary General Ban Ki –moon  declared GOS’ acceptance of the force.  The UNAMID was  formally established by Security Council Resolution on 31 July, 2007 (Res. 1769.) under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, for a period of 12 months (subject to extension).  UNAMID’s mandate includes, inter alia, protection of civilians, securing the humanitarian operations, monitoring and verifying the implementation of ceasefire agreements, and assisting in an inclusive political process. Promotion of human rights and rule of law, reporting along the border between Chad and Sudan, supporting the Mediation efforts for peace in Darfur and monitoring and preventing the disruption of the implementation of the DPA and subsequent peace process, were also part of its mandate.

    After a careful examination of the UNAMID mandate, little has been achieved if anything.  At the outset, UNAMID faced a series of operational, logistical and administrative difficulties posed by GOS to test the competence of the new organ. UNMIAD failed to take swift and firm decision; on the contrary it spent months seeking the approval of GOS. The international community reluctantly again accepted the GOS rejection of deployment of troops from Western Europe and Latin America, in Darfur, which led to some counties not providing UNAMID with necessary technical expertise and equipment, which included helicopters that are crucial for effective military operations. So far, most of the troops are contributed by countries that are either friends, or selected by the approval, of Sudan.

    Reviewing its achievements and failures, there is no comparison; for in the field of humanitarian all forms of intimidation, abduction, hostage-taking, arbitrary expulsion of relief workers, paying of ransom for freeing abductees, and the hijacking vehicles, continued. In the protection of civilians and IDPs (a core element of its mandate), again UNAMID totally failed; for killing increased even some months were far worse than when the conflict at its peak in 2004-2005.  Likewise, with regard to the implementation of ceasefire Agreements UNAMID is completely crippled by un-seen powers. For although the Liberation and Justice Movement/Army (LJM/A) signed Framework & Ceasefire Agreements on 18th March 2010, and Implementation Mechanisms in June 2010, as of now, UNAMID has failed to establish the CFC commission which supposed to monitor, verify, investigate, and report on the progress of the ceasefire, to the JC. The parties (LJM/A and GOS) both blame UNAMID for not establishing these mechanisms. LJM/A originally thought GOS was putting obstacles in the path of establishing the ceasefire, but in a joint meeting attended by the Joint Mediation (UN/AU and Qatari), LJM/A and GOS, the GOS protested  what Dr. Amin H. Omer described as “UNAMID’s failure to bring the parties together and form the CFC although we provided the names of our representatives 2 months ago to the UNAMID.”  Dr. Omer further said “within 3 days we want UNAMID to establish the CFC and any logistical difficulty GOS is ready to facilitate.” UNAMID therefore cannot claim that GOS is hindering the efforts of putting the CFC in action.  If the GOS is hindering any such efforts, UNAMID has not said anything to the parties yet.

In addition, until now  LJM/A field commanders are waiting  here in Qatar for more than 4 months for UNAMID to transport them to the field in Darfur, but until now it did not carry that job. UNAMID is expected to contribute to the ongoing peace process in Doha by facilitating the transport of some consultative delegates to the field for purposes of providing them with latest in Doha before the resumption of the peace talks between LJM/A and GOS, which are due to take place  on the 6th of December, 2010.  So far UNAMID has not accomplished that duty yet.  After almost three years of establishment, UNAMID has no periodic contacts with field commanders.

UNAMID, without reservations  involved in supporting the recent GOS strategy of domestication, which many look at as undermining the Doha process.

It is clear that UNAMID has failed to rise to the challenges that face it.  It has failed to meet the expectations of the people of Darfur and the world.  This is despite the significant number of troops, facilities logistical and financial support it has received. 

I appeal to the UN and AU, the EU, the USA, and other stakeholders and contributing countries, to reassess the mission and mandate of the UNAMID with the goal of objectively evaluating its function.  If the result of this assessment is that UNAMID has failed, I urge these stakeholders to dismantle the UNAMID for failing to achieve its objectives and failing to benefit the people of Darfur.

By Tadjadine Bechir Niam

Researcher in International Affairs and Diplomacy/ Chief Negotiator for LJM/A

Doha, Qatar, 4th December 2010

The opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the opinions of the organization to which he belongs, or his affiliates.  The author can be reached at [email protected].



© Copyright by SudaneseOnline.com

Please feel free to send us your Articles , Analysies news and press releases to [email protected]

Top of Page

This report does not necessarily reflect the views of Sudanese Online.com

اخر الاخبار
  • الاتحاديون.. فرقة لا تبشّر بوحدة
  • مركز دراسات الهجرة بجهاز المغتربين ينظم منتداه الشهري الثالث عن الحراك السكاني
  • وزير الدفاع:لا أستبعد ضربات اسرائيلية أخرى.
  • ديبي يعلن إنطلاق الإنتخابات الرئاسية في تشاد .. والمعارضة تتوعده بمصير القذافي وبن علي
  • والي الجزيرة يقر ببعض الفساد ويكشف عن تدابير في فضيحة دريم لاند
  • الجنوب كسب براءته العقوبات الأمريكية...الشمال مسلسل فشل رفعها مستمر
  • العدل والمساواة تؤكد سيطرتها على منطقة وادي هور وتنفي تواجد قوات الحكومة بها
  • رئيس حركة العدل والمساواة "القيادة الثورية ":السلام خيارنا الاستراتيجي وعلى أتم الاستعداد للجلوس للتفاوض متى تلقينا الدعوة من الوساطة
  • اعتصام اللاجئين السودانيين أمام مفوضية اللاجئين بالقاهرة
  • مأساة 450 دارفوري عالقين في السلوم خوفا من بطش الأمن السوداني .
  • بروفسور حامد تيجاني:النظام السوداني يسعى بكل قوته لتفكيك الدولة للحصول على شرعية دوليه تمكنه من الاستمرار في القمع والبطش
  • أحمد هارون يشرع في تنفيذ تخصصه : احراق سبعة أطفال وثلاث نساء مسنات داخل بيوتهم
  • ممثل حكومة الجنوب في واشنطن يلتقي الرئيس الكيني
  • الرابطة العالمية بأمريكا تشجب وتدين الهجوم الغادر الذى نفذته مليشيات حزب المؤتمر الوطنى فى قرى بجبال النوبة
  • محلل اقتصادي: تعاون جنوب السودان في مكافحة الإرهاب وراء إعفائه من العقوبات الأمريكية
  • العدل والمساواة ترفض الدعوة الإفريقية لحسم منبر الدوحة نهاية الشهر
  • المحــبوب عبد الســـلام: الأمثل للسودان أن نوحد البرامج ونقربها
  • النائب العام المصري يقرر حبس مبارك ونجليه في اتهامات بالفساد المالي وقتل الثوار
  • جاتكوث يشن هجوما عنيفا على هارون.. ويصفه بالمجرم الهارب من وجه العدالة
  • المحبوب عبد السلام: السودان في خطر والحزب الحاكم فوضوي
  • الحكومة الأميركية تعلن عن أن دولة السودان الجنوبي لن تخضع للعقوبات الإقتصادية الأميركية بعد التاسع من يوليو القادم
  • وصال المهدي: استجوبوه مرة واحدة، سألوه عن اسمه، فقال لهم نسيته!!
  • د.جبريل: رأس النظام إنفصالي من الدرجة الأولى و لن نكتفي بالتنديد حيال إستفتاء دارفور.
  • أكثر من 150 طالب جنوبي يعتصمون أمام مكتب حكومة جوبا بالقاهرة للمطالبة بمستحقات مالية متأخرة
  • تباين في الآراء حول صحة الإبقاء على قوات مشتركة مدمجة في أبيي ومناطق البترول
  • ممثل حكومة الجنوب في واشنطن يلتقي وزير الخدمات الطبية والأمين العام للحزب الحاكم في كينيا
  • السفارة السودانية في واشنطن: تقرير الخارجية الأميركية عن السودان غير مهني.. ولا يحتوي على قدر من المصداقية
  • السفير عبدالرحمن سرالختم فى لقاء تنويرى مع الصحفيين السودانيين بالقاهرة
  • وزير الاتصالات وتقانة المعلومات : مشروع الصحة الالكترونية ستتم تبعيته بالكامل لوزارة الصحة الاتحادية
  • تغطية ندوة منتدى التوثيق الشامل للمؤرخ الكبير ضرار صالح ضرار
  • مؤتمر أبناء دينكا تويج ميارديت العالمى الاول ـ ملبورن ـ أستراليا
  • الناطق الرسمي للعدل والمساواة :الحركة ملتزمة بعدم الحركة خارج مناطق سيطرتها.
  • حاكما ولايتي البحيرات وغرب الاستوائية يتوصلان لاتفاق سلام بشأن مايورديت
  • البرنامج الانتخابى للحزب الشيوعى السودانى منظقة جنوب كردفان
  • نيويورك:ندوة عن مستقبل السودان علي خلفية انفصال الجنوب - مطالب الجماهير ونداءات التغيير
  • تنبية هام إلي اللاجئين السودانيين بالقاهرة.
  • زيارة خاصة جداً لأسرة اللواء المعتقل تلفون كوكو
  • استكمالاً للانفصال القوات المسلحة تحزم حقائبها في رحلة العودة شمالاً
  • تقرير الخارجية الأميركية عن أوضاع حقوق الإنسان في العالم يكشف عن إنتهاكات خطيرة للحكومة السودانية
  • وفد من إئتلاف ثورة 25 يناير المصرية يصل الخرطوم اليوم
  • تقرير حول اللقاء الثاني لرابطة أبناء دار فور و المحكمة الجنائية الدولية بباريس
  • د. جبريل: ماذا سيفعل النظام إن عجز الغرب عن إزاحة القذاقي؟ و للنظام أصابع تنخر في عظام الجبهة الوطنية العريضة
  • نشرة جهاز المغتربين (1) لشهر ابريل 2011م
  • نائب رئيس حكومة جنوب السودان يغادر الى اديس ابابا غدا الاحد
  • لقاء للوطني مع الاقتصاديين يتحول إلى نقد عارم للسياسات الاقتصادية للحكومة
  • صحيفتي (اجراس الحرية) و (الميدان) تعلقان صدورهما احتجاجاً علي المصادرة
  • لضبط الحدود الحزام الأمني...تقليل تكلفة المراقبة بحفظ المنافع
  • محمد ابراهيم نقد:السودان (عضمه قوي) ولن (يتفرتق) إذا قامت ثورة شعبية
  • في عقد قران السيد المحجوب الميرغني : كتب صلاح الباشا من داخل مسجد السيد علي ببحري
  • تعيين اتحاد مؤقت لإدارة شئون كرة القدم في جنوب السودان
  • Articles and Analysies
  • The fallacy of "the New South of the North" by Amir Idris
  • U.S. Financed Groups Had Supporting Role in Arab Uprisings by Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter
  • Shy U.S. Intellectual Created Playbook Used in a Revolution Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter
  • Gene Sharp and the Theory of Soft and Undercover Coups d’États By: Tarig Mohamed Mohamed-kheir Anter; Khartoum
  • English: Washington Post: Pregressive Faith: Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington
  • Sharing Lessons Learned From Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • AU Peace and Security Council Communiqué on Sudan is a Disgrace By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Is African Union Peace and Security Council(PSC) is Peace spoiler in Darfur By Tadjadine Bechir Niam
  • A Solar Energy Market Strategy for South Sudan by Amogpai Ater
  • Jonglei Governor, Kuol Manyang Juuk, should immediately resign from his office!!! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel
  • Darfur patiently licking wounds by Abdelgabar Dosa
  • Missyria Horses Saddled to Defend Abyai by Gibreel Musa Ahmed
  • The Nuba Mountains of Central Sudan has the Right to Self-Determination By Yassir A. Kori, Oklahoma City, Ok – USA
  • The significance of UN Security Council Resolution No. 1973 on Libya and its likely impact on the dire situation of the Darfur Conflict Eight Years on By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Kenya's Equity Bank says bullish about 2011
  • What South Sudan Politicians should consider when discussing boarder issue of South Sudan in the advent of South Sudan independence..By Paul Izaru Bilal.
  • Three-State Solution and a New Sudan: Suggestions for a New Constitution By Jimmy Mulla
  • EXCUSE ME! MAY I OPEN FIRE ON MY OWN PARTY?! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel (USA)
  • Who can convince SPLA/M that development achieves their goals in Abyei better than war by Dr Abdulkarim Gibril Elgoni
  • Higher Democracy Monitoring & Mentoring Organization By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter; Khartoum,
  • Proposed Universal Code of Conduct for Political Parties By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter; Khartoum/ Sudan; Tel.: 00249911636990
  • The Arab League of Shopkeepers! By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter
  • DR LAM’S pre-NEW YORK STORY! By Peter Aban Mujkwan
  • No To Hamas-style Democracy By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter, Khartoum
  • The fighting in Thothim area of the Chollo Kingdom by Peter Karlo
  • The Bogus Humanity of International Community By Izzadine Abdul Rasoul
  • Ghazi Salahaddin the Stealth Spoiler of peace Sabotages the Darfur Peace Talks in Doha By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • “I had a dream” about Abyei (1) by Dr Abdul-karim Elgoni
  • Watch out for Khalifa Al Thani Islamic Global Caliphate By: Tarig Mohamed Kheir Anter
  • The challenges of the new Republic of South Sudan!! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • Corruption of Some members of Dinka tribe shouldn't be related to Political Tribalism in South Sudan by Garang Akur
  • Hypocrisy of Sudan’s NCP and double Standards of the Arab Media By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • No to a Pseudo-Islamic REPUBLIC by Badreldin Yousif Dafallah Elsimat
  • All Things Have Fallen Apart by Namaa AL- Mahdi
  • “The new york times” “My Country Divided” by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • GOSS Cairo office: Corruption of Parmena Mangar and Robert Marial has reached out to Southern Sudanese communities in Cairo. by Lojuan Abdallah
  • An Article On What is Expected from Constitution of South Sudan By Dr. James Okuk
  • International community Deserts Darfur and passes it over to the NCP mercy! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The snake doesn't strike twice from the same hole!! By: Daniel Abushery Daniel (USA)
  • Why House Of Nationalities Is Necessary in Souyth Sudan By R. Mou Run