Voice of the unheard & home to the homeless
Front Page  
 
 Latest News
 
 Articles and Analysies
 
 Press Releases
 
 Photo Gallery
 
 About Sudan
 
 Cards
 
  Sudanese Music
  Sudanese Links
  Discussion Board
 
  2006 News Archives
 
  2006 Articles Archives
  2006 Press R.Archives
 
  2005 News Archives
 
  2005 Articles Archives
  2005 Press R.Archives
  PC&Internet Forum
  Poll System
  Tell A Friend
  Upload Your Picture
  Contact Us


Search

Latest News Last Updated: Jan 8, 2010 - 6:19:35 AM

ANALYSIS-Independent south Sudan must manage high expectations
Sudaneseonline.com

Email this article
 Printer friendly page
 

Print | Close this window

ANALYSIS-Independent south Sudan must manage high expectations

Fri Jan 8, 2010 11:32am GMT
* Analysts fear tribal violence if south Sudan secedes

* Inexperienced government shown some repressive tendencies

* Many dissatisfied with corruption and poor services



By Skye Wheeler

JUBA, Sudan, Jan 8 (Reuters) - After decades of war fought for freedom from repression, south Sudan will vote in one year on independence, but analysts fear a choice to separate will bring long-simmering problems in the south to the boil.

Tribal divisions, lack of security outside towns, inexperienced government, corruption and signs that the semi-autonomous authority in the south has showing signs of repression have raised fears that an independent south Sudan may not end the problems faced by its people.

"The post-independence period -- when the common denominator of self-determination is gone -- could be marked by significant infighting and increased conflict on tribal lines," Zachary Vertin from the International Crisis Group think-tank said.

Sudan watchers fear that without the unifying goal of an independent south to fight for, discontent may grow over the government's poor provision of basic services, corruption and bad behaviour by the south's ill-trained army.

Delayed and reluctant implementation of the 2005 peace deal between north and south, which promised democratic transformation, power and wealth sharing, elections and the prized referendum, has led many southerners to say they will vote to separate on Jan. 9, 2011.

The former rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), which fought the Islamic northern government over ideology, religion, ethnicity and oil and which dominates the south's government, was kept busy ensuring the deal was implemented, leaving unresolved tensions under south Sudan's surface.

Ethnic disunity was highlighted in 2009 when 2,500 lives were lost in inter-tribal violence. Many of the dead were women and children killed in ruthless, apparently highly organized attacks on large villages.

Southerners have accused Khartoum of arming rival tribal groups -- as they did during the war -- but have been unable to provide conclusive proof. Some believe rivalries among southern politicians and a security vacuum outside urban centres are to blame.

"Political jockeying is likely to intensify as elections and the referendum approach," Vertin told Reuters. "A high degree of cooperation is necessary if they are to forge a new and viable state."

It has been a bloody process to disarm a people bristling with weapons after decades of civil war which has claimed 2 million lives and driven 4 million from their homes.

"Many communities have doubts about the (army's) capacity to protect disarmed communities," a report by the independent U.S. Institute of Peace said. "Disarmament efforts have often been perceived as biased ... and asymmetrical."

The massive army, whose salaries the south has struggled to pay, has seen infighting and is accused of human rights abuses.

"In general (it) is not a united army, but rather a collection of former militias and ethnic groups, and a constant balancing act is needed to keep them together," a report by the non-governmental Dutch organization IKV Pax Christi said.

Foreigners, especially tens of thousands of east Africans who form a vital part of the nascent economy, complain of rough treatment with five Kenyans shot last month. Most northern Sudanese have left the south after attacks on their businesses since 2005.

Some political parties have complained of harassment. A splinter group led by former SPLM Foreign Minister Lam Akol are petitioning the constitutional court after saying the south Sudan government has arrested their leaders and shut them down.

And journalists have sometimes faced harassment they say contravenes press freedoms enshrined in the constitution. Many worry about a proposed media law's tough licensing requirements.

"Certainly, licensing would be used to control or refuse renewal to independent media outlets that are seen to be either critical of government or posing threats to vested interests," said Hakim Moi of the Association of Media in South Sudan. (Editing by Opheera McDoom)


© Copyright by SudaneseOnline.com


Please feel free to send us your Articles , Analysies news and press releases to [email protected]

Top of Page



This report does not necessarily reflect the views of Sudanese Online.com

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Latest News
  • Taha Leads Sudan Delegation Participating in France-African Summit
  • Sudan Envoy to UN says movements of the so-called ICC exposed attempts to disturb current historic developments in Sudan
  • Taha to Lead Sudan Delegation for African - French Summit in Nice City
  • President Al-Bashir Receives Message from President Kibaki
  • SPLM Wary of President Bashirs Referendum Pledge
  • Dr. Sabir Al-Hassan Leads Sudan Delegation to ADB Meetings in Cote d'Ivoire
  • Southern Sudan HIV/AIDS infections on the rise
  • Journalists held for boycotting Sudan inauguration
  • Dr. Ismail meets Obasanjo, Discuss Sudanese-Nigerian Relations
  • President of Malawi, Prime Minister of Ethiopia expected to arrive in Khartoum Thursday morning
  • Sudan's Bashir Sworn In to Another 5-Year Term
  • President Mohamed Ould Abdel Azizof Mauritania arrives in Khartoum
  • Kenyan Vice President Musyoka Arrives in Khartoum to Take Part in inaguartion of President Al-Bashir
  • Kingsport helps Sudanese town design land use plan
  • Dialogue, co-op vital to end Nile row
  • Intn'l court reports Sudan to UN
  • Qatari Prime Minister and Dr. Salahuddin Review Developments in Peace Process in Darfur
  • President Al-Bashir Congratulates Premier Zenawi on Winning of his Party in the Ethiopian Elections
  • Minister of Interior Meets Wali of North Kordofan State
  • Sudan slams Human Rights Watch
  • Sudan charges opposition journalist with terrorism
  • Dr. Ismail: UN, AU, Arab League and OIC will Participate in Al-Bashir's Inauguration
  • Dr. Nafie: New Government will be One of United Programme and Vision
  • SDU (UK & I) Ireland Chapter meeting
  • Washington DC Marchers Protest Darfur Genocide
  • Egypt's Citadel starts power project for Sudan cement plant
  • Rwanda: Dialogue Will Resolve the Nile Water Dispute
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Al-Tahir Nominated as Speaker of National Assembly
  • Al-Zahawi Ibrahim Malik: Unity shall be the Best Choice for Southern Citizens
  • Dr. Al-Jaz Launches Electricity Project for Northern Rural Area of Khartoum North
  • Dr. Nafie: Sudanese Workers' Trade Union Federation Plays the Greatest Role in Facing Tyranny
  • Sudanese authorities shut newspaper in crackdown
  • Salva Kiir receives message from Secretary General of the Arab League
  • UN Names Countries, Groups Using Child Soldiers
  • Salva Kiir Inaugurated As President of South Sudan
  • Kiir Pledges to Work for Making Unity the Attractive Option
  • Salva Kiir Sworn in as President of the Government of South Sudan
  • Second Sudanese opposition leader arrested: family
  • Darfur rebels say 200 killed in clashes with army
  • Egyptian Irrigation Minister Declares Joint Sudanese - Egyptian Vision that Includes their Rights on Use of Nile Water
  • Arab - Chinese Cooperation Forum Lauds Sudan Elections
  • Sudan and Egypt Agree to Continue Efforts to Unite Nile Basin Countries
  • Darfur rebel leader's 19-hour standoff ends
  • SUDAN: Key post-referendum issues
  • Debts of Sudan Amount to 37.7 Billion US dollars, IMF Agree to Negotiate with Sudan
  • Slva Kiir Receives Written Message from Eritrean President
  • Dr. Fedail Conveys Message from President Al-Bashir to Ethiopian Prime Minister
  • American woman among 3 aid workers kidnapped in Darfur
  • Darfur Jem leader Khalil Ibrahim stopped in Chad
  • Analysis: Ten years of talks - and still no resolution to Nile controversy
  • Chad Rejects Entry of Khalil Ibrahim to its Territories, Declared him Persona non-Grata Deby to Visit Sudan next Week
  • Dean of Bar Association: Israel Aims to spliting South Sudan
  • Taha Affirms State Commitment to Expand Security and Stability all over the Country
  • SUDAN: Bol Manyiel, "I can still buy more guns with my remaining cattle"
  • Salva Kiir, USAID Official Discuss Food Security Situation
  • U.S. Starts $55 Million Agriculture Program in Southern Sudan
  • Sudan: Govt Arrests Top Bashir Critic
  • Secretary General of the Assembly calls on the Elected Deputies to Attend Procedural Sitting
  • SUDAN: Disarmament doubts in Lakes State
  • Egypt police kill Sudanese migrant near Israel border
  • Sudanese army seizes Jebel Moun JEM base
  • Sudan Arrests Islamist Opposition Leader Turabi
  • Agricultural Bank finalizes preparations to inaugurate 12 branches in Gezira State to focus on micro finance
  • In Phone Call with Al-Qaddafi: President Al-Bashir Affirms Progress of Sudanese - Chadian Relations
  • Fishing festival promotes Sudans fish resources