Voice of the unheard & home to the homeless
Front Page  ŕ—»ž
«Š„š»— «Šŕ«„
 
 Latest News
 
 Articles and Analysies
 
 Press Releases
 
 Photo Gallery
 
 About Sudan
 
 Cards
 
  Sudanese Music
  Sudanese Links
  Discussion Board
 
  2006 News Archives
 
  2006 Articles Archives
  2006 Press R.Archives
 
  2005 News Archives
 
  2005 Articles Archives
  2005 Press R.Archives
  PC&Internet Forum
  Poll System
  Tell A Friend
  Upload Your Picture
  Contact Us


Search

Articles and Analysies «Š’›Õ… «Šŕ—»Ū… Last Updated: Jan 9, 2010 - 11:59:48 AM

Viewing the dreadful saga right in the eye! By: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
Sudaneseonline.com

Email this article
 Printer friendly page

Viewing the dreadful saga right in the eye!  

 

By: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.

 

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that brought an end to the two decades of civil war between the northern and the southern Sudanese is coming to its end just one year from now. Is that good news or a bad one? You can answer that for yourselves.

 

It can no longer be denied that the fear of the unknown    has   for all practical reasons   shadowed   the 5th anniversary of an agreement once considered by the signatories as a comprehensive and with high hopes that it could be    used   to solve the other regional crisis in both the Western and the Eastern parts of the country.

 

The SPLM and the NCP signed the agreement with serious intensions of bringing about peace to south Sudan as well as maintaining the unity of the country per the CPA. At this juncture    they should be ready to face the fact that    their work is about to be put to test through the referendum for self-determination scheduled for 9th January 2011, barely one year from now.

 

However let us be serious to accept the fact that both sides havenít been good enough at    implementing the agreement.

 

This blame also goes to those members of the international community who helped in brokering the CPA as they left the entire implementation to the Sudanese who wouldnít have signed any peace deal to start with had it not been for the intensive foreign mediations.

 

But as to    how     the    deal (CPA), has failed to provide the expected peace in southern Sudan will form the theme of this paper.   To address this crucial preposition, we ill need to be strict with our words and a spade should rightly be called a spade.

 

The government of south Sudan (GoSS) that intentionally or not, started with the wrong people in the wrong positions, decided to give responsibilities of running a region the size or Texas or France, and just coming out of a protracted civil war, to much ill trained and inexperienced people, remains largely in the heart of the mess that came to follow.

 

Those high expectations that attached to the CPA were themselves the      creation of the inexperienced leaders and they in turn failed to realize the tough times ahead. And as a result, all that we have now are frustrations over unfulfilled dreams, as it turned out that our neo-liberators had over estimated their real abilities.

 

Appointments to offices were largely based on    ethnic backgrounds and especially bent to appease former comrades in arms many of whom have been out of contact with any technical, administrative or planning roles for quite a long period.

 

Let us face it, now that our public service has to go through a lot of trial and error. This same thing applied to the other vital government departments, and as a result we not only started the GoSS with in experienced people but also with people who are non existent (ghost names in their thousands).

 

Our present day army remains to suffer from the lack of fair    representation of the whole southern community. However our people deserve to be commended for accepting it all this time as a symbol of our national unity, while looking forwards for a reform.

 

We shouldnít wrongly assume that the same people who fought the war would be rightly the best to occupy    the sensitive positions while we have other better qualified citizens who can make a better disciplined conventional army.

 

Much reform is needed to recruit the best from the other sections of our society who with the right training can add the missing element of inclusion to our national institutions, thus removing the tribal tags currently attached across our ministries, missions, embassies etc.

 

By expertsí judgement, the GoSS needs besides embarking on the peacefully disarmament of the civilians, it should also do more to improve its public service, the army and law enforcement agents (police, prisons, customs, wildlife etc).

 

The much needed reform  can be cost effectively done only by recruiting young people from across our diverse communities who are educated enough to respond well to   the high standards of training deemed to  qualify them in order  to salvage our communities from the incumbent  inter-tribal disharmonies and other governance irregularities.

Our government must be warned against any over spending on the training of the current ill disciplined, mostly alcoholics, corrupt , tribalistic and uneducated persons who at the present  overcrowd our  national institutions ( the army, police, customs, wildlife and other security organs).

 

As a staggering economy, south Sudan should understand the value of its limited resources. To embark on any ambitious programme which involves    money on training incompetent individuals will definitely not constitute proper investment.  

 

Our selection criteria must be reviewed otherwise our efforts will be a waste because the present setting is already     compromised by the massive tribal settlements that took place between the previous warlords and ethnical loyalists.

 

It    must be honestly understood that the future of south Sudan will only be glamorous in the existence of institutions that can pride themselves of wider ethnical and political inclusiveness.

 

Today our SPLA soldiers    wherever they go to carry out their duties in the different parts of south Sudan, they have sadly all through been received as a tribal army and were treated as such, thus negatively impacting on their missions.

 

The recent events that followed the failed attempt at disarming of civilians at the Payam of Akot, in the Lakes State, are some examples of situations where SPLA soldiers were viewed at from their tribal backgrounds and not as equal nationals.

 

The Akot incidence which is sad in all its totality is but a    repetition of similar events that occurred before in other places like Jonglei and Upper Nile in 2009. These things can still happen again any time and without any reforms, our army and law enforcement agents will remain to be perceived by our citizens as agents that promote narrow tribal interests.

 

This whole issue may sound very distasteful to some of us who always prefer to bury their heads in the sand when sensitive issues of national interest and magnitude are aired.

 

It is a recognised and a well known fact that we south Sudanese seem only to    unite in our   resistance to the north and our quest for secession.

 

However our hatred to the policies of the north which we all know that we are doing for a right reason, is not enough because  our destiny requests of us, and  most importantly at this particular time in our struggle,  that we treat  each other as south Sudanese and not as Latukas, Dinkas, Nuers Azandes Ö.etc..

 

Our current state of affairs is not what one can be proud of. We seem to relentlessly    more bend towards tribal affiliations far more than we respect our southern Sudanese nationalism.

 

 

Would the outside world be wrong should they think of us as a bunch of poor people, who are only driven by their natural instincts for survival into staging tribal and inter-clan fights that are now engulfing our communities?

 

So how many of you out there are willing to buy the above acclamation? Are the inter-tribal fights in south Sudan taking place between poor southerners as such or is it between people who own herds of cattle but are culturally bent to practise cattle raiding in the absence of effective law enforcement in our societies?

 

Cattle raiding by definition are an act of theft or robbery, not any decent culture to condone with. Child abduction is even worse.

 

We must come to terms that when we hear of cattle raid, it simply means that theft has taken place and law enforcement is needed to reclaim what were stolen.

 

The associated killings of human beings also remain a terrible crime deserving capital punishment. So basically what we are being made to live with as if it is some kind of a tribal tradition is in fact theft and murder, as simple as that. Whatever it all comes to, the GoSS has a responsibility to put things right.

 

The killing of 140 and wounding 90 in clashes between the Dinka Luac communities of Tonj East County of Warrap and armed groups from Unity State constitutes the latest of the dreadful sagas.

 

The Vice President of the Government of Southern Sudan, Riek Machar, said that development and civilian disarmament could put an end to all these tribal conflicts, while the GoSS Minister of Presidential Affairs, Luka Biong, said that that violence is mainly triggered by conflict on resources.

 

And both expressed that the government is exerting all efforts to end the tribal conflicts in the region.

 

Considering the two above statements, we can see that our government has in fact issued rather vague statements which looks at the long term settlements and that is the eradication of inter Ėtribal fights through development (avail resources) and effective disarmament of the civilian communities.

 

The former will obviously take time (possibly decades), while the latter can not be delayed, yet tricky to achieve even if Ďpeacefullyí done.

 

So how practical is the SPLM led GoSS really  in position to bring an end to the called inter-tribal fighting given its realistic records or are our two politicians just saying what they have to say in order to   buy time in office?

 

GoSS may not necessarily accomplish all the above within the remaining 12 months of the CPA, deeming the recognition that H.E Salva Kiir, his deputy Riek Machar and Luka Biong Kuol all have failed to secure the south.

 

But obviously the ďto be democratically electedĒ, government to come in April 2010, must make sure that it has in its priority the security of the south and the inter-tribal fights to deal with.

 

How many of you seriously think that the CPA will be derailed as a result the chronic poverty, inter-tribal tensions, lack of services and overall underdevelopment in south Sudan?

 

Can all the insecurities in the south ever result in the return to the north south war? Or can it in any way interfere with the crucial benchmarks like the general elections and the referendum?

 

Khartoum and Juba have already slammed the conclusions of the reports piled by the 10 NGOs that are currently working in south Sudan. And both reiterated their positions, that there is no going back to war.

 

So can those inter- tribal fights that make headlines in the foreign media, be rightly understood in the context of a breakdown in the social structures in many of the south Sudanese communities making them to loose control over their youth?

 

 Is it still possible for Khartoum and Juba to continue working together in tackling the remaining CPA provisions before the referendum in January 2011, thus preserve the hard won peace?

 

Or how are they going to justify that the NGOs, the Western Media are indeed over-reacting to the situations on the ground?

 

 It is understandable that those tribes who find themselves in the middle of the current mess and chaotic revelations would want to brand everything as mere struggles over scare resources, in a conscious attempt to avoid any tribal connotations.

 

However in the presence of the hard      facts where    women, children and the old are often targeted, clearly points towards an    ethnic cleansing agenda though still at its minimum, and shouldnít be over looked, lest it grow into a full blown Rwanda.

 

The international community must be very clear about what it can do to improve the situation in south Sudan. The various tribes have history of conflicts that dates back to the war days.

 

No proper fact-finding, justice and reconciliation was considered by the ruling SPLM/A in a bit to bury its bad records of gross violations of humans rights in areas that was under its control.

 

It all went also to allow the other notorious militia groups currently incorporated into the SPLA amalgam to escape thorough weeding and the end result is an army stuffed with all kinds of criminal elements, only fit to operate as guerrillas.

 

We can however now see that insisting on depriving the south Sudanese population from an essential healing and forgiveness process, simply because we lack the courage to    confront our dirty pasts; we are    now collectively being forced to reap the fruits of hiding behind the CPA.

 

In conclusion, to tackle the inter-tribal fights first of all we need to have a robust police force that can respond promptly to any state of lawlessness.

 

Secondly the south Sudaneseís need to visit their past and see into their history as to how the tribes used to interact with each other with special respect to territorial rights with the intention of avoiding fights.

 

But above all, it is essential as a first to accept the psychological roots of the problem that springs from the tribal loyalties that have overtaken any sense of our southern nationalism when it comes to south - south issues.

 

Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba, M.B, B.Ch, D.R.H, MD. The Secretary General of the United South Sudan Party (USSP). The party that stands for the independence of South Sudan. Can be reached at either [email protected] or [email protected]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


© Copyright by SudaneseOnline.com


Please feel free to send us your Articles , Analysies news and press releases to [email protected]

Top of Page



This report does not necessarily reflect the views of Sudanese Online.com

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Articles and Analysies
  • Political Divorce a lesson for both the Sudan and the rest of Africa.By: Justin Ambago Ramba
  • China has been silent about the war in Darfur in order to reap the benefits from Sudanese oil and the sale of Chinese weapons to the Sudanese government by Jaafar Mirmar
  • Sleeping with the Devil:When the US goes the wrong way in Sudan by Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim -Washington, DC
  • South Sudan is never too young for an independent state By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Making Justice is a Political pinyana in south Sudan. By: Daniel Abushery Daniel
  • A letter to UN Secretary General by Dr. Mohamed Ali Mustafa
  • Kiir Promises Clean Water while the Food continues to come from Uganda. By: Justin Ambago Ramba
  • Why Egypt Threatens the Africans over their own Water By Izzadine Abdul Rasoul
  • Let the Debate Boil Down to the ReferendumÖ Not a Dead Unity!! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • No Negotiation with Al-Bashir Government even if the venue is in white House By: Abdellatif Abdelrahman
  • NCP: End this Ignoble Episode By Usman Ibn Foda-CRID, Abuja
  • Idriss Deby, The Ultimate Hater of South Sudanese! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • To Salva Kiir: Donít Fuel Athorís Rebellion By Dr. James Okuk
  • Why NCP blackmails the AU, UN Forces in Darfur?By : Abdellatif Abdelrahman.
  • A Tougher Obama is needed to secure a Peaceful Divorce in Sudan. By: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Lam Akolís Flunkies Are His Worst Enemies!! By Luk Kuth Dak:
  • Dr. Josephine Laguís case exposes the nasty face of tribal politics in south Sudan. By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Should Padang-Dinka community continue silent over Jongeli incident? By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Why Dr. Lam Akol Shouldnít Be The Minister Of Foreign Affairs!! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • The Not Inevitable War in Sudan: Goss vs. NPC By: Dr. Mohamed N Bushara
  • Agarís snub on south Sudanís independence must cease. By: Justin Ambago Ramba.
  • Scandalous Pipes Market Disaster or the Ponzi scheme in El-Fasher By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Is American policy over Sudan invidious? By Izzadine Abdul Rasoul
  • An Independent South Sudan Is Vital to USA!! By Luk Kuth Dak
  • Letís SPLM Political Bureau be answerable to all current messes in the South By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • How bitter the injustice suffered, south Sudan must still come first. By: Justin Ambago Ramba.
  • Panaruu-Dinka historical, political naivety and leniency towards the SPLM by Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Western Equatoria: The will to resist and succeed. By: Justin Ambago Ramba.
  • Sudan Elections 2010: Defective beyond repair! By Arman Muhammad Ahmad
  • A Unified Sudanese Currency II by Abdel - Halim Anwar Mohamed Ahmed Mahgoub
  • voting in election is hallmark of demcracy by Siddik, Nadir Hashim
  • The Rigged Elections Boxes Should Be Disqualified By Dr. James Okuk
  • General election of Sudan By Aru Mayan:
  • Nasir Declaration was a well calculated move to destroy the Nuer tribe by Simon R. Gatluak,
  • the manifesto of the Sudanese Emancipation United Movement (SEUM) by Aguer Rual
  • When confusion steps in, then only a genuine change can help. By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Letís your vote not throttle the CPA By Atok Dan
  • Watch out; is your transport fee to your voting centre available? By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Delaying the Election is not a Good Option by Nhial K. Wicleek lives in Canada.
  • Are Independent candidates still SPLM members? I doubt BY: Isaiah Abraham, JUBA
  • The SPLM Party Is The Answer: By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • Dose general Scott Gration Understand get lost? by Hatim Elmedani*
  • SPLM Tactics of Scaring Away Voters in Southern Sudan By Dr. James Okuk
  • Civil liberty must precede the civil divorce. By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Seeking Justices for the Rape Victims of Terekeka.By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Will the National Election in Sudan takes place? By Federico Vuni
  • Southerners have better reasons to vote for H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit By: Gieth A. Dauson
  • Dr. Lam Akol SPLM-DC candidate reveals early defeat in Sudan April elections By Magdelina John
  • National Interest first By Kenjok D, Bentiu
  • Kiir declares the Central Equatoria State votes as insignificant! By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Go to Hague! by Hatim El-Medani
  • Vote for Salva, Vote for Change, is it a Joke? Nhial K. Wicleek lives in Canada
  • President Kiir and VP Machar campaign rally in Bor, Jonglei is historic BY: Mawut Guarak , NEW YORK , USA
  • Watch out SPLA/M by Dr. Mawien Akot is a family physician in Wynyard, Canada.
  • Rushing or NOT, the CPA ends in 2011, IGAD reiterates! By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Medical Registrars threatening to go on strike over pay increase by By Federico Vuni
  • Your vote may land us into trouble! By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • The Future Of South Sudan Will Be Brighter Than Others Think! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • Opinion Poll on nominees for South Sudan Government by Shean Ashang
  • GOSS Corruption: Minister Awut Deng stops recruitment of diplomats BY: David Joseph Lomoro, JUBAs
  • Lam Akol set to meet his Waterloo By Majok Nikodemo Arou
  • Stop the Humanitarian Blockade of Jebel Marra, Darfur BY Dr. Anne Bartlett
  • Who is best leader for South Sudan after April? By DJames Okuk
  • Southerners have Perfected Political Hypocrisy and are becoming vendors.By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • (JEM) has not intended to keep the Fellow Combatants out of the Darfur Peace Process By Mahmoud A. Suleiman