The Failures of SPLM and Expectation to Rule South Sudan If Secede As
By Col. John Muorwel Majak Wol
. SPLM-GoSS Five year-Salva Administration
he Sudan People Liberation Movement/Army SPLM and the ruling National Congress Party NCP as the principal signatories to the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement CPA/2005 signed on Jan 9,2009 in Nairobi,
Kenya, right thereafter departed with ownership of the key protocols on power and wealth sharing to mention a few as per this analysis. However, the agreement no matter how complexity it was made but the CPA/2005 stipulated that the first Vice President of the Republic of the
Sudan shall be the President of the six years Interim Government of Southern Sudan.
Therefore, this mark the second coming into force after two decades without system of governance in Southern Sudan the test of administration by Southern Sudanese themselves under the leadership of the Sudan People Liberation Movement/Army
with the lion share of 70% in the both Executive and Legislative organs in the two concurrent Governments in the Sudan as per CPA/2005 Article 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52 read together with Article 5.6 on allocation of 50% net oil revenue purposely meant to meet the development cost and provisions of basic social services at all levels of government and in particular with an appeal to the international and donor community to help the Government of Southern Sudan by providing the post-conflict reconstruction assistance.
But the worrying question is where have all these resources gone when they are not seen on tangible public utilities and the strategic
projects or developmental activities to achieve the said reconstruction strategy? And the available answer from the ordinary citizen is that the resources have been diverted by the senior government officials to cover their private financial burden and buy luxurious houses in
America, Europe, and
Australia and East African countries. The Government of Southern Sudan structurally has toothless Anti-Corruption Commission which never accused any government official, investigate even a single case file amongst the rampant corruptions at all levels leave alone to recommend the legal proceedings against any accused to the prosecuting Attorneys and the Judiciary of Southern Sudan. The ruling party SPLM/A keeps deaf year and blind eye on those officials in its capacity to call upon individual corrupt officials to quit public offices since there is continuous out cry of corruption and none of the wrong element ever voluntarily resign to pave the way for investigation.
Nevertheless, there has never been single development in
South Sudan through public sector in competitive and standardized bidding procedures other than witnessed huge allocation of public money to private businessmen and women who in return developed and divides the coin. Instead, no basic social services such as water, education, accessible roads, health and most primarily physical security. The death toll in ten Southern Sudan States remains on headline without notice of difference between time of war and peace. Thus, the second legitimate question is how long does it take for a post-war country which immediately gets 50 % net oil share and other reconstruction funds to make institutional transformation including control of social security order and can it be possible when the SPLM-GoSS administration failed to follow the public services regulations and contrary adopt culture of tribalism, nepotism and corruption as norm of the SPLM-GoSS Interim Administration.
South Sudan Interim Legislative Assembly
To focus more on security situational analysis, the security fail due to lack of competent Legislative organ in South Sudan which has now resulted to slow progress if not collapse of the whole law enforcement units to maintain law and order. This is gross failure of the Southern Sudan Interim Legislative Assembly whose leadership from top to bottom lack parliamentary procedures and ethics being the two third majority of the Assembly members can not read and write and for the first time to join the August House. The SSLA since its compositions has been doing nothing then highly paid and no expectation of what a legislator can do.. I am confident that the security failures are not attributable to personalities in charges of the institutions concern since the Police, Prison services and many more Bills are not sign into laws to enable the line ministries and judicial organ fully implement the legal instruments. In the Wednesday Parliamentary sitting that lack quorum when the majority Members of Parliament are just loitering in and outside juba while the few successful MPs are following up the implementation of the Constituencies development fund projects.
I am fully aware of the distinctive job done by the Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development in the legislative drafting and Bills are just either hanging at the cluster level or kept before the Honorable August House without deliberation. How do you expect the law to come in force when it is not passed by the Assembly? For example, how did SPLM-GoSS administration settle the Yambio incident that cause lives of three police officers and countless death both directly and in cold blood in
South Sudan are taking place? Neither the perpetrators are caught and if found then no immediate pre- trial proceedings conducted nor brought to justice, notwithstanding the third question is what is expectation of South Sudan if it
‚Äôs going to secede in the helpless hand of the SPLM-GoSS administration, and again we want to know whether the will of democratic change and setting of proper system of governance is going to happen that overnight if referendum confirm secession in 2011 A.D? the author and perhaps public need a clear explanation on this matter.
3. SPLA Forces and Malpractice Administration
The Sudan People Liberation Army is a courageous guerilla army compared to former Anyanya movements one and two who sacrifices their blood for the common cause of the marginalized people and acts of successive
Khartoum administration against secularists in
South Sudan. But after the war of liberation struggle is over with hope of growth and recovery from war to peace building initiative for two decades without payment and lost of lives, the SPLA top leadership turned down their needs and selectively enrich themselves with public money. The President of the Government of Southern Sudan who is the same time Commander-in-Chief of the SPLA and the Army senior management body fail to organize the army to dates from guerrilla movement to modern and professional national army.
Their monthly Salaries are delayed and not all of them are getting paid for the rest are disorganized without ID Cards and there are those who gets pay without ID Cards. There is no administration of social services support to either much affected unorganized soldiers and or the disarmed groups not to mention the current one time support of food stuff and tool kit material which is also being corrupted by the relevant SSDDRC authorities
4. The Dilemma Surrounding Election and Referendum in
The CPA/2005, the Interim National Constitution INC/2005 and the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan ICSS/2005 respectively stipulated that the two subsequent items namely election and referendum must take place and missing of one item is a complete abrogation of the CPA/2005. In details, these prerequisite are both complicated and there is no way to escape them whatsoever provided that failure to conduct free and fair election at any level of Government shall be separately accountable. Consequently, the said failures surrounding upcoming general election and referendum are now showing up colors in
South Sudan when there is disturbing insecurity all over. How can Southern Sudanese unit themselves at one point to peacefully discuss such national issues of destiny when the SPLM-GoSS administration in the first place fail to unit the civil population including a reasonable proposal of peace and reconciliation amongst Southern Sudanese themselves.
The right of self determination for the people of
Southern Sudan should not be tamper with and is the primary purpose of the CPA/2005 as required to conduct an internationally monitored referendum exercise in 2011 A.D to choose either unity or separation. Nevertheless, it
‚Äôs a collective decision of the Southerners to go for one but not a single political decision of individuals who have negative perception of becoming everything then view of society in equilibrium. I wonder and perhaps many of you that who are now architect of separation in
South Sudan contrary to the provisions of the CPA/2005 that the right of self determination shall be directly decided by the people in the referendum exercise.
5. The National Election Commission: Annexation of Sultan Madut Ring to Abyei Area
The alarming situation is now happening in Twic County as the National Election Commission headed by Muolana Abel Alier unconstitutionally decided to annex part of Twic County partly Sultan Madut Ring geographical location which does not either bear a protocol in the former Addis Ababa Peace Agreement or the current CPA/2005 to Abyei protocol, though repeatedly failed from day one of its special administrative status. Now the final question is that if some larger geographical constituencies and majority sultanate like Sultan Madut Ring in Twic County are taken to Abyei, then what do you expect of other smallest and minority group like Samuel Amum Okiec and the shilluk geographical location, and that they can be easily taken any where in the South if that is the case. Muolana Abel knows beyond reasonable doubt that Abyei area is the only part annex to
Southern Kordofan as formerly granted by the Addis Ababa Agreement when he was the President of the Higher Executive Council. To date, the smallest Ngoks Dinka are at all levels of government in
Khartoum, Juba, Southern Kordofan, Warrap, Unity and Abyei itself and yet the National Election Commission furthermore annex some location to Abyei when they are almost every where in the
Sudan. I appeal to the National Election Commission leadership to immediately cancel the annexation of
County to Abyei and return Twic part to its original jurisdiction and apologize to the Twic community forthwith.
In conclusion, the only remedy for the Government of Southern Sudan and the people to cross the road is only unity of the people of
Southern Sudan and introduce culture of peaceful dialogue and collective participation in the nation building and democratic transformation. Last but not least the right of self determination shall be popular declaration in the referendum exercise and not individual making limited to President General Salva Kiir Mayardit and SPLM Secretary General Pag
‚Äôan Samuel Amuom as relatively seen the architect of separation in
South Sudan when they are unable to run the state of affairs in the co-chaired Government. Finally, I appeal to the law enforcement agencies to search all the culprits and perpetrators behind the Yambio killing of three police officers and cold blood death of Mary Baringi and brought them to Justice, insert much attention to insecurity headline in Jonglei State intertribal conflict and other States to allow culture of peace and way to run the election and referendum in a peaceful environment.
This is personal statement and does not represent any level of Government in the
Sudan. The author is a concern South Sudanese living in
Khartoum. For more information do not hesitate to reply me through [email protected]
Col. John Muorwel Majok Wol