Voice of the unheard & home to the homeless
Front Page  ŕ—»ž
«Š„š»— «Šŕ«„
 
 Latest News
 
 Articles and Analysies
 
 Press Releases
 
 Photo Gallery
 
 About Sudan
 
 Cards
 
  Sudanese Music
  Sudanese Links
  Discussion Board
 
  2006 News Archives
 
  2006 Articles Archives
  2006 Press R.Archives
 
  2005 News Archives
 
  2005 Articles Archives
  2005 Press R.Archives
  PC&Internet Forum
  Poll System
  Tell A Friend
  Upload Your Picture
  Contact Us


Search

Articles and Analysies «Š’›Õ… «Šŕ—»Ū… Last Updated: Dec 20, 2009 - 3:34:53 PM

New Lighting Technology for South Sudan by Ater Amogpai-Finland, Helsinki
Sudaneseonline.com

Email this article
 Printer friendly page

New Lighting Technology for South Sudan

 

A completely south Sudanese people are in darkness after Sunset in which kerosene and diesel lamps and biomass replace sun light. Kerosene and diesel fuels and biomass have effect on human health and they are cause of lung cancer, asthma and sight dieses. Until date, the source of electricity generation in the south Sudan is diesel-fueled generators. These generators are not locally manufactured, lack of spare parts and maintenance and fuel keep the costs of these generators higher. Power outage amongst these generators is a common feature, this in another word means that these generators are loaded and the power is not sufficient for those who are connected. In Juba , there are only five generators in operation with total power of (5MW), Malakal (2MW) and Wau (2MW). As headquarter of the government of south Sudan (GOSS) and growing economic, the population and demand for electricity are in a rapid rate in Juba . However, still electricity sector is characterized with frequent power outages and poor infrastructures.  

 

Electricity in south Sudan is mainly limited in Juba , Malakal and Wau in which government buildings are the dominant. I visited Juba in December 2008 and what drawn my intention was the noise caused by operating individual diesel generators in the markets, hotels, hospitals, homes and in the offices when power went off. At least Juba needs 40 MW, Malakal and Wau need 15 MW and 10 MW respectively to meet the need for electricity demand, senior engineer in Juba power station told me. Many projects are undergoing to improve the electricity situation in south Sudan . As an example, Egyptian government granted four diesel generators to four south Sudanese towns namely Wau, Rumbek, Yambio, and Bor. I met two Finnish engineers in Juba power station they were as well installing two power stations in Juba . All these projects if completed will improve electricity situation in these towns in a near future.

 

Unfortunately, still most people of south Sudan are without electricity, they depend on biomass in the form of wood, agricultural residues and cattle dung for cooking and heating. Diesel and kerosene fuels and biomass are used for lighting in the households. All these sources of energy produced smoke, created indoor air pollution inside homes, and caused many health problems to their users. Incandescent lamp is the main modern light source in the households of south Sudan . This lamp is an inefficient source of lighting that was invented by Thomas Edison in the eighteenth century, is now been phasing out in the western countries. Currently, fluorescent lamp is a very efficient light source and consumes less energy compared with incandescent lamp. Since these light sources are brought from far industries countries, their prices are expensive for the south Sudanese people.

 

New lighting technology such as light emitting diode (LED) is now been developed in the industries countries for homes lighting. The main advantages of LED are its long lifetime, consume less wattage, and can fit in every environment. This light source combined with solar energy technology such as photovoltaic (PV) could provide a very efficient lighting technology for those who are without electricity in the south Sudan . However, this lighting technology is not known in the south Sudan thus the first task is to give some background information about its benefits and advantages. Another problem is its cost and it may be very expensive for the people of south Sudan where there is no manufacturer for it.

 

South Sudan has the highest potential of small-scale hydropower in Sudan and it can be used to generate electricity. Since there is oil in the south Sudan , liquid petroleum gas (LPG) can be used for cooking and lighting in homes. Sun shines in south Sudan for about 8 hours per day hence solar energy technology can be used to replace small individual diesel generators. Some benefits of solar energy technology are makes no noise, easy to install and needs no fuel. However, the initial and running costs are the main barriers of solar energy technology for south Sudan where there is no market for it.

 

Since creature, no development took place in the south Sudan therefore it could be interesting that it may introduces a new technology that is now been developed in Europe and America or in China and India . In the field of electricity and lighting, south Sudan could use very clean sources of energy to produced electricity. Hydro and solar energy are locally available and they can be utilized using new available technology. Lighting technology such as LED and fluorescent lamps can be use as light sources in the households of south Sudan . Thus, south Sudan had met the environmental requirements for an efficient and zero energy home and it could be a good example in the region. Not all these are possible without government and educational institutions as well as individual concerns persons interfering accompanied with good governing and serious policy toward development.

 

The author is a Sudanese based in Finland . He is a PhD student and researcher at Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Electronics Engineering. He can be reach at [email protected]


© Copyright by SudaneseOnline.com


Please feel free to send us your Articles , Analysies news and press releases to [email protected]

Top of Page



This report does not necessarily reflect the views of Sudanese Online.com

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Articles and Analysies
  • Political Divorce a lesson for both the Sudan and the rest of Africa.By: Justin Ambago Ramba
  • China has been silent about the war in Darfur in order to reap the benefits from Sudanese oil and the sale of Chinese weapons to the Sudanese government by Jaafar Mirmar
  • Sleeping with the Devil:When the US goes the wrong way in Sudan by Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim -Washington, DC
  • South Sudan is never too young for an independent state By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Making Justice is a Political pinyana in south Sudan. By: Daniel Abushery Daniel
  • A letter to UN Secretary General by Dr. Mohamed Ali Mustafa
  • Kiir Promises Clean Water while the Food continues to come from Uganda. By: Justin Ambago Ramba
  • Why Egypt Threatens the Africans over their own Water By Izzadine Abdul Rasoul
  • Let the Debate Boil Down to the ReferendumÖ Not a Dead Unity!! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • No Negotiation with Al-Bashir Government even if the venue is in white House By: Abdellatif Abdelrahman
  • NCP: End this Ignoble Episode By Usman Ibn Foda-CRID, Abuja
  • Idriss Deby, The Ultimate Hater of South Sudanese! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • To Salva Kiir: Donít Fuel Athorís Rebellion By Dr. James Okuk
  • Why NCP blackmails the AU, UN Forces in Darfur?By : Abdellatif Abdelrahman.
  • A Tougher Obama is needed to secure a Peaceful Divorce in Sudan. By: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Lam Akolís Flunkies Are His Worst Enemies!! By Luk Kuth Dak:
  • Dr. Josephine Laguís case exposes the nasty face of tribal politics in south Sudan. By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Should Padang-Dinka community continue silent over Jongeli incident? By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Why Dr. Lam Akol Shouldnít Be The Minister Of Foreign Affairs!! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • The Not Inevitable War in Sudan: Goss vs. NPC By: Dr. Mohamed N Bushara
  • Agarís snub on south Sudanís independence must cease. By: Justin Ambago Ramba.
  • Scandalous Pipes Market Disaster or the Ponzi scheme in El-Fasher By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Is American policy over Sudan invidious? By Izzadine Abdul Rasoul
  • An Independent South Sudan Is Vital to USA!! By Luk Kuth Dak
  • Letís SPLM Political Bureau be answerable to all current messes in the South By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • How bitter the injustice suffered, south Sudan must still come first. By: Justin Ambago Ramba.
  • Panaruu-Dinka historical, political naivety and leniency towards the SPLM by Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Western Equatoria: The will to resist and succeed. By: Justin Ambago Ramba.
  • Sudan Elections 2010: Defective beyond repair! By Arman Muhammad Ahmad
  • A Unified Sudanese Currency II by Abdel - Halim Anwar Mohamed Ahmed Mahgoub
  • voting in election is hallmark of demcracy by Siddik, Nadir Hashim
  • The Rigged Elections Boxes Should Be Disqualified By Dr. James Okuk
  • General election of Sudan By Aru Mayan:
  • Nasir Declaration was a well calculated move to destroy the Nuer tribe by Simon R. Gatluak,
  • the manifesto of the Sudanese Emancipation United Movement (SEUM) by Aguer Rual
  • When confusion steps in, then only a genuine change can help. By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Letís your vote not throttle the CPA By Atok Dan
  • Watch out; is your transport fee to your voting centre available? By Atok Dan Baguoot
  • Delaying the Election is not a Good Option by Nhial K. Wicleek lives in Canada.
  • Are Independent candidates still SPLM members? I doubt BY: Isaiah Abraham, JUBA
  • The SPLM Party Is The Answer: By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • Dose general Scott Gration Understand get lost? by Hatim Elmedani*
  • SPLM Tactics of Scaring Away Voters in Southern Sudan By Dr. James Okuk
  • Civil liberty must precede the civil divorce. By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Seeking Justices for the Rape Victims of Terekeka.By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Will the National Election in Sudan takes place? By Federico Vuni
  • Southerners have better reasons to vote for H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit By: Gieth A. Dauson
  • Dr. Lam Akol SPLM-DC candidate reveals early defeat in Sudan April elections By Magdelina John
  • National Interest first By Kenjok D, Bentiu
  • Kiir declares the Central Equatoria State votes as insignificant! By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Go to Hague! by Hatim El-Medani
  • Vote for Salva, Vote for Change, is it a Joke? Nhial K. Wicleek lives in Canada
  • President Kiir and VP Machar campaign rally in Bor, Jonglei is historic BY: Mawut Guarak , NEW YORK , USA
  • Watch out SPLA/M by Dr. Mawien Akot is a family physician in Wynyard, Canada.
  • Rushing or NOT, the CPA ends in 2011, IGAD reiterates! By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • Medical Registrars threatening to go on strike over pay increase by By Federico Vuni
  • Your vote may land us into trouble! By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • The Future Of South Sudan Will Be Brighter Than Others Think! By: Luk Kuth Dak.
  • Opinion Poll on nominees for South Sudan Government by Shean Ashang
  • GOSS Corruption: Minister Awut Deng stops recruitment of diplomats BY: David Joseph Lomoro, JUBAs
  • Lam Akol set to meet his Waterloo By Majok Nikodemo Arou
  • Stop the Humanitarian Blockade of Jebel Marra, Darfur BY Dr. Anne Bartlett
  • Who is best leader for South Sudan after April? By DJames Okuk
  • Southerners have Perfected Political Hypocrisy and are becoming vendors.By: Justin Ambago Ramba, MD.
  • (JEM) has not intended to keep the Fellow Combatants out of the Darfur Peace Process By Mahmoud A. Suleiman