How to Minimize the influence of Khartoum Inhabitants in General Election
By: Tarig Anter.
That the vast majority of the Sudanese people support the idea of decreasing the influence of citizens of Khartoum in any general election and not to impose the leverages representing the interests of the center upon the rest of the country. That is because they know the extent of injustice and corruption in Khartoum and they are aware that Khartoum has no legal and moral powers to have an advantage over the rest of Sudan and to impoverish and weaken the Sudanese nation.
If the Sudanese people work smartly to formulate and implement just and responsive federal political system using indirect parliamentary elections system (instead of the current direct presidential system) then powers can come home to the regions and the rural areas; allowing them to receive their fair entitlements to participation and development. This could also put limits to the excessive and unjustified influence of dishonest regimes
in Khartoum and the privileges of their cronies at any time.
Therefore, equitable political system must include the following rules:
Holders of public service and national state institutions jobs have no voting powers on all levels; due to the conflict between common national interests versus their personal and job interests.
Adopt the Nile River and Blue Nile River and White Nile River, together with Bahr-Al-Arab, as geographical boundaries between three federal regions, which are:
Kush Region covers the states east of the River Nile and east Blue Nile as far as Khartoum North.
B- Region of the Sudan including the states west of the Nile River; west of the White Nile River and north of Bahr-Al-Arab, as far as Omdurman.
C- Niyal Region covers the states between the Blue Nile River and White Nile River, and south Bahr-Al-Arab, as far as Khartoum South.
3 - Consider Khartoum (triangle) as a compound administrative unit and not as a political unit of a state of its own.
4 - Sudanese already living in each state are the only ones who have the power to nominate and select their parliament and senate office.
5 - Elected members of states parliaments in each of the three regions are the ones who have the power to nominate and elect their regional parliament.
6 - Elected states senators in each of the three regions are the ones who have the power to pass the nomination and election of their regional Senate.
7 - Elected members of state Parliament are the ones who have the power to nominate and elect the state governor.
8 - Elected state senators are the ones who have the power to pass the nomination and election of their state governor.
9 - Members of the regional parliament are ones who have the power to the nominate and elect the regional governor and ministers of State in the region.
10 - Regional senators are the ones who have the power to pass the nomination and election of the regional governor and regional ministers of State.
11 - Members of the three regional parliaments are the ones who have the power to nominate and elect the federal parliament of the Nile Federal States.
12 - Senators in the three regional senates are the ones who have the power to nominate and elect the Federal Senate of the Nile Federal State.
13 - Equal number of seats for all States in the regional parliament and in the regional Senate, regardless of population of each state.
14 - Equal number of seats for all three regions in the federal parliament and in the Federal Senate of the state of Nile Federal States.
15 - Members of the Federal Parliament of the State of Nile Federal States are the ones who have the power to nominate and elect the state president and appoint non-executive ministers of state.
16 - Federal Senators of the State of the Nile federal states are the ones who have the power to pass nomination and election of the Federal State President and his government executive ministers; and the appointment of non-executive ministers of state.
17 - The electoral structure shall be as follows:
The citizen in any state
The State Parliament + The State Senate
The Regional Parliament + The State Governor + The Regional Senate
The Federal Parliament + The Regional Governor + The Federal Senate
Non-executive Ministers + The President
(who appoints his executive Ministers)