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DARFUR Korma: yet more attacks on civilians civilians
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Aug 1, 2006 - 9:33:00 PM

DARFUR

Korma: yet more attacks on civilians

 


Between 4 and 8 July 2006, some 72 people were killed, 103 injured and 39 women raped in targeted attacks against civilians in the Korma region, 70 km north west of al-Fasher, the capital of North Darfur.

 

This time, the attackers were members of the Minni Minawi faction of the armed political group the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), reportedly supported by the Sudan armed forces and the Janjawid.

 

The African Union force was not able to protect civilians.

The attacks were spread over five days, although the killings took place mostly on 5 and 6 July. Villages around Korma town were the first to be hit – they included the villages of Dalil, Hillat Hashab, Oste, Umm Kitaira, Diker, Talbonj, Magdum and Jafafil. One pupil was killed at a school in Dalil while ten other school pupils and a teacher were shot dead as they tried to escape. Seven women were killed in the assaults. Two people were abducted, one of them identified as Basha Adam Abaker from the village of Hillat Goz. Large numbers of livestock and possessions were looted. According to eyewitnesses, the villagers were not armed. Their attackers said they were being punished for opposing the Darfur Peace Agreement.

Korma town now lies practically emptied of its population. Most of the inhabitants of the region fled to camps for displaced people around al-Fasher, about 70 km away. Some of those on foot took four days to make the journey. The UN, which has investigated the attacks, estimates that some 8,000 civilians were forcibly displaced that week, as a result of these attacks and other fighting in North Darfur.

The Korma attacks show that, two years after the first UN Security Council resolution in July 2004 on Darfur and two months after the signing of the Darfur Peace Agreement in May 2006, grave violations of international humanitarian and human rights law continue unabated in Darfur. These include unlawful killings, acts of torture, including rape, and abductions of civilians, and looting of civilian property.

The Korma attacks are also significant because:

·         The attackers were members of the SLA faction led by Minni Minawi, known as SLA (MM), who were reportedly supported by the Sudan armed forces and the Janjawid travelling in more than 20 armed vehicles. Some of the vehicles were said to come from al-Fasher, the government-controlled capital of North Darfur state. The SLA (MM) faction is a signatory, with the Sudan government, to the Darfur Peace Agreement of May 2006. In recent weeks the SLA (MM) has attacked the bases, such as the Korma area, in North Darfur of other SLA factions (Abdel Wahed and Group of 19) that have refused to sign the agreement. Those against the agreement argue that it does not give enough guarantees for the disarmament of government militia and does not adequately address compensation for victims of human rights violations.

·         The ferocity of the killing and looting have led local people to call the SLA (MM) attackers “Janjawid 2” after the notorious government-funded Janjawid militia who have killed, raped and driven from their homes some two million people in Darfur in the past three years.

·         The African Union peacekeeping force in al-Fasher (African Union Mission in Sudan, AMIS) has not only been unable to protect civilians in Korma, but has yet to investigate the killings.  Civilians reported the attacks to AMIS on 5 July, but the SLA (MM) reportedly opposed AMIS going to Korma. Only an AMIS outpost in Tawila went to Korma but it has not issued its findings. Those who signed the Darfur Peace Agreement refuse to include in the Ceasefire Commission the parties who have not signed, further hampering AMIS’ work. Because of its failure to protect civilians in Darfur, many of the local inhabitants have lost faith in AMIS.

 

Act now!

Civilians in Darfur need effective protection NOW. They, the African Union and the Darfur armed opposition groups are all calling for a transfer of peacekeeping responsibilities to the UN, a call that the Sudanese President continues to reject.

 

Amnesty International is calling on the Sudanese government and the SLA (MM) faction to:

     Publicly commit to cease all attacks on civilians and respect international humanitarian and human rights law at all times.

     Take immediate action to bring to justice the perpetrators of attacks on civilians in Korma and anywhere in Darfur.

 

Amnesty International is calling on the Sudanese government to:

     Agree to the rapid deployment of a UN force with a mandate to effectively protect civilians from attacks in Darfur

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amnesty International is calling on the international community to:

     Rapidly deploy a UN peacekeeping force with a robust mandate to effectively protect civilians from attacks in Darfur.

     Reinforce AMIS immediately, including with experts in human rights and civil affairs, to restore relations with the people of Darfur and to provide civilians with effective protection from attacks.

     Publicly condemn the perpetrators of attacks on civilians in Korma and anywhere in Darfur.

 

Please send your appeals to:

     Lieutenant-General Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir

President and Commander-in-Chief of Armed Forces

President's Palace

PO Box 281

Khartoum

SUDAN

Fax: + 249 183 776603 / 777583

Salutation: Your Excellency

     Minni Arcou Minawi

President of the SLA (MM)

Satellite phone: +88 21621523864

(This phone works from a satellite so please send a brief text message giving your name and country and saying: “No more Korma – stop attacks on civilians” or similar)

     Your government’s Minister of Foreign Affairs as a member of the United Nations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

More information on the human rights situation in Darfur can be obtained at

http://www.amnesty.org/sudan

 

Amnesty International, Peter Benenson House, 1 Easton Street, London WC1X 0DW, United Kingdom

AI Index: AFR 54/026/2006, 31 July 2006, PUBLIC

The victims of Korma have a name

The men, women and children killed in the Korma region of Darfur between 4 and 8 July 2006 include the following 71 individuals, 11 of them school students and all male except the seven women identified below:

1

Abdal Samad Ahmed Mohamed

school pupil

Dalil

2

Adam Mohamed Adam

school pupil

Dalil

3

Musa Abdalla Musa

school pupil

Dalil

4

Mohamed Osman

 

Dalil

5

Addoma Adam Abdallah

 

Dalil

6

Abdo Musa Abdal Samad

 

Dalil

7

Abdallah Abdalrahman

 

Dalil

8

Adal Hakam Siddiq Mohamed

 

Dalil

9

Mubarak Mohamed Ismail

 

Dalil

10

Abdalla Ahmed Mohamed

 

Dalil

11

Salah Adam Hasan

 

Dalil

12

Abbakar Ahmed Mohamed

 

Dalil

13

Mohamed Mustafa

 

Dalil

14

Daggash Hamid Fadel

 

Dalil

15

Isa Abdalla Abbakar

school pupil

Dalil

16

Abdelrahman Omer Baraka

 

Dalil

17

Al-Hadi Mohammed al-Zein

 

Dalil

18

Adam Abdel Rahman

 

Dalil

19

Mohamed Abaker Omer

 

Dalil

20

Osman Saleh Ibrahim

 

Dalil

21

Ismail Omar Mohamed Baraka

 

Dalil

22

Mudawi Adam Ali

school pupil

Dalil

23

Abdu Abdel Rahman Hamid

 

Dalil

24

Idris Adam

school pupil

Dalil

25

Abdallah Mohamed Omar Baraka

 

Dekair

26

Hamid Ishaq

school pupil

Hillat Hashab

27

Ishaq Adam Haroun

 

Hillat Hashab

28

Mohamed Ahmed

 

Hillat Hashab

29

Abdalla Osman

school pupil

Hillat Hashab

30

Mohamed Suleiman Bakr

 

Jadida

31

Adam Fadel Hamid

school pupil

Jafafil

32

Adam Khalil Hamid

 

Jafafil

33

Alfadil Ibrahim Mahmoud

school pupil

Oste

34

Ali Mohamed Ahmed

school pupil

Oste

35

Al-Fadul Adam Terab

 

Talbonj

36

Ismail Abdalla Mohamed

school pupil

 

37

Khadija Abaker Musa

woman

 

38

Maryama Hassan Omar

woman

 

39

Hawa Mohamed Ali

woman

 

40

Fatima Abaker Ishaq

woman

 

41

Khadija Mohamed Ahmad

woman

 

42

Kaltoum Adam Ahmad

woman

 

43

Khadija Mohamed Al

woman

 

44

Hafiz Mohamed Husain

 

 

45

Adam Mohamed Ismail

 

 

46

Mohamed Abakar Mohamed

 

 

47

Ahmed Mohamed Hasan

 

 

48

Adam Osman Ibrahim.

 

 

49

Adam Osman

 

 

50

Ayub Abakar Mohamed

 

 

51

Abdalla Karan

 

 

52

Sharif Harun

 

 

53

Alfadil Yaqub Terab

 

 

54

Nureddin Mohamed Ahmed

 

 

55

Abdel Aziz Abakar Jzuli

 

 

56

Mohamed Abdel Rahman Annair

 

 

57

Direg Adam Tibin

 

 

58

Salah Adam Tibin

 

 

59

Alhadi Abu Tutu

 

 

60

Mhajoub Mohamed Abbakar

 

 

61

Abdalrahman Omer

 

 

62

Adduma Adam Tibin

 

 

63

Attaib Adam Ahmed Iraygat

 

 

64

Mohamed Abdalla Adam

 

 

65

Assadiq

 

 

66

Adam Abu Zud

 

 

67

Abu Bakar Ibrahim Haroun

 

 

68

Ibrahim Annur Abdalla

 

 

69

Younis Omer Abakar

 

 

70

Abaker Ahmad Mohamed

 

 

71

Abu Bakar Ibrahim Mohamed

 

 

 

Amnesty International, Peter Benenson House, 1 Easton Street, London WC1X 0DW, United Kingdom

AI Index: AFR 54/026/2006, 31 July 2006, PUBLIC



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