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Articles and Analysies «Š’›Õ… «Šŕ—»Ū… Last Updated: Oct 27, 2009 - 9:33:43 PM

Why ICC should not Issue Arrest Warrant on Al-Bashir By James Okuk
Sudaneseonline.com

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Why ICC should not Issue Arrest Warrant on Al-Bashir

By James Okuk

With this article of mine, I would like to shed light for ďPeace before Justice.Ē I will do this in opposition and rejection of the hasty proposals of the International Criminal Court (ICC)  Prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, for issuance of an International Arrest Warrant against the sitting president of the Sudan; a possible legal precedent whose repercussions could lead to more evils than good. The ICC Prosecutor has tried his political best and media publicity to abort the opportunity of peace in the Sudan by indicting the Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan Armed Forces and criminalizing him in favour of Darfuris rebel movements and developed countries that are against the government of the Sudan . This Argentinean judge seems to ignore the fact that the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) shall be defended jointly and fully by both the NCP and the SPLM against any possible ill-motive on Sudan stability. The world shall not accept to endanger or sacrifice the CPA because of the crisis in Darfur ; it is not prudent at all to solve one problem in the expense of a set solution. Thus, Ocampo may get disappointed and pressured to resign his post for having miscalculated his investigations and subjecting the ICC to become the casualty of his imprudence and impatience.

Up to now the Ocampoís proposal is being studied by the three women judges (Akua Kuenyehia from Ghana , Sylvia Steiner from Brazil and Anita Usacka from Latvia ) in the Pre-trial Chamber I of the ICC compound in The Hague . These women are very tough and competent, not only in legal procedures, but also in jurisprudence and promotion of women well-being. They may shame Ocampo by throwing his application (against the sitting head of the largest African State ) into a dust bin, and tell him to open a new indubitable investigation de novo (if he insists not to forget about it). These tough ladies know that Ocampo has aimed too high and may fail very low sooner or later.

These ladies judges have been scrutinizing seriously the application against H.E. Mr. Al-Bashir; weighing many possibilities in accordance with the dictates of legal wisdom that balances the interests of the victims of the alleged crimes with the reaction of the indicted victimizers. From their professional experience and concern for the wellbeing of the people of the Sudan (especially the women), these ICC judges will know which path to choose from the following options:

1)       Pursuing Peace and Justice at the same time is too heavy and risky to be managed piecemeal in a country that is still characterized by fresh and bitter war memories Ė both values may be lost at the same time if mismanaged with incompetence.

2)       Prioritizing Justice to Peace is dangerous and elusive for the pursuit of socio-political reconciliation and harmony; and

3)       Delaying Justice for the sake of Peace is the safer way for managing the differences gradually (step by step) especially when the sovereignty and immunity are still dressed on the indicted individual. Though the option of peace-first-justice-next is a tortoise move yet it is a sure race for a lasting victory.

These wise ladies may opt for the third option because they understand that any hasty and impatient application of justice will be useless if it destroys peace in the Sudan and the region. They may tell the Prosecutor to go to hell with his charges and leave the Sudanese president alone in his efforts to oversee the stability in all parts of the Sudan within the spirit of SPLM-NCP partnership, and with the help of the UN and AU peacekeeping missions and other friendly bilateral observers. These women judges are also strong gender activists. For instance, Kuenyehia (who is also the presiding judge of the chamber) has written extensively on gender law and rights of women in Africa . She provided consultancy services to the World Health Organization (WHO) on ďWomenís Health and ViolenceĒ in 1998. Also she presented a strong paper titled ďGender Challenges of the Rome StatuteĒ at Nottingham University in 2004. The other two judges, Steiner and Usacka, have also written on topics of violence against women.

All these woman judges understand that if total chaos broke out in Darfur and in other parts of the Sudan as a result of Ocampoís disturbance of the current tranquility in the country, it will be the Sudanese women who shall suffer most. The angry supporters of Mr. Al-Bashir (after expelling the UN and AU forces from the country) may find a lawless environment to rape the females (male shall not be raped because Sudanese hate homosexuality) and leave so many of them as widows who are burdened with care of the orphans and the wounded. The International Community shall only repeat their famous say (as they are used to) after things have fallen apart in the Sudan : ďwe are so sorry for what happened and we hope this will never be repeated again in the history of humankind.Ē There is undeniable evidence that so many atrocities have been committed repeatedly right in the face of the International Community, especially when they failed to work together in coordination with the government of the country of their mission.

Also it is known in the law studies that the judges give verdicts on the already committed and proven crimes. They do not give their judgment on the Ďwould-be-committedí or doubtful crimes. For example, the law does not condemn conclusively a person for an intended murder if he/she did not go out to kill and leave somebody or some people dead beyond reasonable doubt. In other words, the law does not regard somebody who has been threatened with death as a dead person. That is why the deterrence aspect of the law has been falsified not to be justice at all; it is only a threat and pressure on the individuals or communities who may intent to do criminal acts but have not done it yet. The deterrence does not work for the accused or the convicted criminals who are courageous and mindless of the bad consequences or accountability for their heinous acts. This deterrent aspect of the international law is what the USA , France and UK is trying to use as a pressure tool on the NCP regime of the Sudan . This may imply that the ICC no longer looks like an institution of Justice but a ĎPolitical Toolí used by world powers against weak developing countries, especially in Africa (like the Sudan).

Ocampo and his Franco-Anglo-American friends have failed to grasp that the NCP cadres work best under the pressure because this unite them to move quickly and turn every stone to their side. For example, up to now their security agents work very closely with the American CIA. The NCP got onto the pyramid of decision-making in the Sudan through a crisis. The internal war, the bilateral sanctions and international threats have given these military Islamic juntas more strength than weakness. If the world wants to neutralize the NCP and distance them from power in the Sudan , it should do this by trapping them into a peaceful and liberal environment rather than pushing them into a tide corner of justice where they are very professional in jumping out like ďcornered cats.Ē Even if Ocampoís application goes through in the ICC Pre-trial Chamber, the NCP cadres will reduce the issued arrest warrant into a dead letter because no country will risk to tie the bell of international justice on the neck of the big dangerous cat of the Sudan. Al-Bashir will continue to be Al-Bashir with Chine and Russia defending him from his backyard. Nothing is going to happen apart from media noises and political statements.

Ocampo seems to have miscalculated his political pressure on the top official of the government of the Sudan , thinking that he is doing the right thing to stop the American defined controversial genocide in Darfur . If Ocampoís claim of genocide is a past act (of killing 350,000) rather than present activity or future intent, then he should go ahead to indict not only President Al-Bashir but also whoever was a President of the Sudan or leader of a rebel movement during the time of war in the South. Whoever was a C-in-C of an organized armed force who killed the same number of people or more in other parts of the Sudan should be accounted for the same statistics of dead bodies. History records that the war in the South cost 2,000,000 or more lives until 2005. Should Sadiq El Mahadi be indicted for his share in these killings when he was in the same office before Al-Bashirís group overthrew him militarily? Or are the lives of these two millions dead southerners valueless because they are not favorites Zaghawa, Fur or Masalit ethnic groups of Ocampoís concern?

If the sitting president of the Sudan is criminalized by the ICC at this moment when the Sudanese and the international community is searching for a peaceful settlement of Darfur crisis, then it will be illogical to tell Al-Bashir to resolve the problem of this region of the Sudan. A criminal is not expected to be a peace-maker because he is supposed to be locked up behind criminal bars. Therefore, criminalizing Al-Bashir while he is still in power is like telling him not to be a peace-maker. If the UN is really built fundamentally on the value of ďpeace in the world,Ē then it should stand with somebody who turns out to be a peace-maker even if he was a warmonger. The steps that have been taken by Al-Bashir so far in the path of peace-making in the Sudan are good and should be enhanced further until Darfur is back to its dignity.

So far it is known that the CPA is only owned by the political parties and people who believe in its value. It is not every Sudanese or every foreigner who is in love with this document. The JEM, the SLM, the Communist, the Umma Party, the Popular Congress, and the etc, do not feel good about the existence of the CPA and are ready to spoil it if they get a chance to enter the Gordon Palace in Khartoum by any means (including the ICC criminology means). It is known that the CPA almost collapsed after the news of the unexpected departure of the unforgettable Dr. John Garang from the mortal world when he boarded the evil Ugandan Presidential Chopper, which took him to the immortal realm of no-return, leaving his scattered burnt body to be put in state casket covered with SPLM Flag of Honor (the flag of Sudan was thrown away later) and laid to rest in his mausoleum near Southern Sudan Parliament in Juba. The whole world had to run up and down to get the Lioness Rebecca Nyadeng, and use her courage of Ďno-tears-for-death-of-my-husbandí to convince the mourners that they should get calm and refrain from returning to war and chaos because their beloved hero is still alive in the CPA. Not only this, but the Lioness said clearly that she will not mourn nor avenge for the loss as long as the CPA remains alive and kicking. Indeed, the people got calmed and allowed Dr. Garang to be alive up to now through the CPA whose 4th Anniversary has been celebrated in Malakal in the presence of H.E. Al-Bashir and H.E. Salva Kiir on 9th January, 2009. The Garangís case is a lively lesson which should not be repeated so easily in the form of the current case of the ICC Prosecutor with Mr. President Al-Bashir. We donít want again any burnings and killings in Khartoum or any part of the Sudan as a result of the ICC action on the sitting President of the Sudan.

Just to calculate the cost of justice without putting due consideration to peace: What has the previous ďRegime ChangesĒ brought to Sudan apart from more chaos and suffering of the innocent people? What liberation has the USA and UK justice brought to Iraq after hanging Saddam Hussein to death? What is known up to now from their acts is that these developed countries have provoked terrorism in the World (the current tactic of which is shoe throwing at hated presidents like George W. Bush) and are unable to control it. Their Technology of Intelligence and Hard Ware of War has been defeated by the cleverest Osama Bin Laden. The unjust Iraq during the time of Saddam Husseinís Regime is far better and peaceful than the invaded Iraq under Bushís administration. They eliminated Hussein into the land of the dead in the name of double standard justice, and spoiled the peace of Iraqis by setting Iraq to fire of chaos. God forbids the recurrent of this situation in the Sudan ; given the history that the Islamist terrorist, Bin Laden and others have been close friends of the NCP regime and have trained many Sudanese terrorists who could replicate the current Iraq in the Sudan if an attempt is made to arrest and prosecute their favourite President Al-Bashir!

James Okuk is a concerned Southerner and a PhD student in University of Nairobi . He can be reached at [email protected]

 


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  • False Accusation against Dr.Riek Machar, A true Nationalist Leader in South Sudan By: PeterT.Nguanok
  • Tabanís acquittal an example of double standard treatment of SPLM members Atem Mabior
  • Sudanese Responses To: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • American Responses: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • Community Land: A Critical Socio-Economic Factor To Temper With In Southern Sudan By James Okuk
  • Breaking a Taboo: Mr Nur and his SLM Office in Israel By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • China refutes accusation on arms sales to Sudan
  • SPLM 2nd Convention: A Hard Test in Democratic Transformation *By James Okuk
  • The 60 Currents by Hamza M Babbikr
  • The unauthorized profile of the Eastern-Sudan Frontís Chairman 2-3 By Mohamed Ibrahim
  • The Justice & Equality Movement (JEM)/ Religion and the State By: Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • "USA TDOAY": Obama And My Son: Mohammad Ali Salih: Washington, DC, USA
  • CPA Adjustment and Quest for Southern Sudan Development *By James Okuk
  • Dear Cde Pagan Amoum Okiech by Aleu Ayieny Aleu
  • April 2008 General Population Census: Will I be Counted a Southerner? *By James Okuk
  • NUBA ASSOCIATION IN FRANCE:Condolence on death of Bishop Philip Abbass by Dr Ahmed Osman Tyia Kaffi
  • The Trembling Tip of the Nose!/Faisal Ali Suliman Addabi/lawyer/Doha/Qatar
  • An open letter to Hassan Abdullah Turabi By: Brian Adeba,
  • The big lie by Ismail Abdallah M.
  • JEMís Vision for a New Sudan by Dr El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • Reframing the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett
  • Confederation for Southern Sudan a Betrayal to Self-determination By James Okuk
  • President Kiir should admit his failure and resign gracefully by Jor Deng
  • Kiir must be indicted for war crimes BY Atem Mabior
  • Kiir shows his real colours By Atem Mabior
  • Will UN Envoy Eliason Do His Homework on Darfur? By Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • SALVA KIIR BETRAYS THE SOUTHERN CAUSE by Atem Mabior
  • Critical Analysis on the paper presented by Presidential Advisor, Mr Bona Malwal under the title ĎThe Future of the CPA under the Current Political Crises`.
  • Sudan needs reality check By Hassan Ibrahim
  • The Hypocrisy of NCP Supporters on Darfur By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Polemics of Politics of Transitions in Sudan By John G Nyuot Yoh*
  • SPLM: A Party that Deserves Building not Ruining By James Okuk
  • The Paradox of Political Transformation by SPLM Standards. By; Baraj Ayuen
  • Fanatic Islamic Iran & Exploitive Transnational Capitalism are the Most harmful Sources of insecurity in the World
  • A PRAYER IN EACH CORNER by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • Movement erosion Bneha .... Conflict adults ousts Emin Tela t by Shol Goba
  • Northern Sudanese and Bashirís Call for Jihad Time for Southerners to Think Aloud Lily A. Akol
  • Sudanese & American Friends March for Peace and Reconciliation By Jimmy Mulla
  • The Dilemma of The SPLM: Is it justified? By: Ngino Nikako
  • The 4th General Congress of the Justice & Equality Movement (JEM) By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • If Sudan Want Peace it has to Prepare for War? * By James Okuk
  • Yet Another Africans Challenge: Liability No. 21 the IQ By Dr. Mohamed N. Bushara*
  • When will Darfur mediators learn (2) By Suliman A Giddo*
  • Bravo to Mr. Salva Kiir for Rejecting the US Proposal By James Okuk Solomon
  • Female Circumcision Negligence and Abuse By Dr. Amal Ahmed Elbasheir.
  • U.S Should Upgrade the SPLA if it is willing to Help Southern Sudan *By James Okuk Solomon
  • Where Sudan Is Booming By Alexis Okeowo
  • When Will Darfur Mediators Learn? By Suliman A. Giddo*
  • Mob Emotions Is Anti-Democratic Transformation By James Okuk Solomon
  • Check with Improper Balance: SPLM Risky Politics of Partnership By James Okuk Solomon
  • Another way to break Abie deadlock by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • The SPLM & Protecting the CPA: Guarding Against the Cynical Obstructionism of NCP Parek Maduot
  • Do Ministers belong to the Party or to the Government? *By James Okuk
  • Habib Bank v Central Bank of Sudan Ismat Abdel Gadir - LL.B
  • DRIVING FAST TO EXPLODE IN THE ABYSS! By Comarde Edward Lino
  • Shilluk Communities vs Shilluk International Congress (SIC) By: Kimo Ajing Aba
  • FASTING RAMADAN IN A MONASTERY: Mohammad Ali Salih
  • It is Darfur Again and the Misery Goes On By E. Ablorh-Odjidja
  • SLM request to delay Libya talks by Tag Elkhazin,
  • THE HONOURABLE WISE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD/Ali Mahmoud Hassanein
  • Will the united Sudan remain attractive for all under the NCP regime?! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Value of Peace in Sudan: From Ki-Moon to International Wisemen By James Okuk Solomon
  • South Sudan Egyptians relations / John Lawrence Morbe Joseph
  • Will the Failed Abuja Diplomacy Be Repeated in Libya? By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Why a reality check is needed on Darfur by Anne Bartlett
  • United, Cairo's poor and poorer get heard
  • A Message from Ajik (Ajang) Union in North American To: Commander and Comrade Daniel Kodi by Fadul H.Haimad
  • What Happened To Gen. Kiir First Vice Presidency Position? / by Isaiah Abraham
  • Eritrea in the Sudan's president's office, By: Mohamed Osman Ibrahim
  • UN Ban Ki-Moon and his Drought Thesis of Darfur Conflict By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • UN Secretary General: Mission Impossible By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Old Habits Die Hard: The National Congress Party is Back to Its Outmoded TacticsóBy: Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Greatest Marginalization of All Time/Isam Siddig
  • Darfur: A Little Less Talk, A Little More Action by Anne Bartlett
  • Muslims eye America by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • General Elections in Sudan by the Year 2009: A Fact or a Fiction?/By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Alsalkeen Charitable Organization General Secretary. /By Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Cons and Cues About The Sudanese Forthcoming General Election/Isaiah Abraham
  • Animalís rights are also rights/Isaiah Abraham
  • SPLM Official Counters the Recent Remarks of the NCP Official over Abyie and Darfour Translated by MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • The Arab Congregation and the Ideology of Genocide in Darfur, Sudan By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • Catholics Led to Hell/Written by Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • Keep away from Darfour, Mustafa Osman Ismail, warns the SPLM Translated by Majok Nikodemo Arou
  • Abyei Protocol. by Mayen. D. Ater
  • Darfur Actors and the absence of Road Maps By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Judiciary Reshuffle Ineptly Calculated by Daniel Deng Monyde
  • Stop the Genocide and give the security then peace will come/Hamed Mohamedain Omer
  • THE AMERICANS AND ME (2): ISLAM Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, ďAsharq Alawsat
  • Unwanted in Israel By Sherine Tadros at the Egyptian-Israeli border
  • ISSUES that Rose From the Sudanese Ambassador Press Conference By Jwothab Amum Ajak
  • Al Bashir Slams on Campaigners against Sudan, Reviews Political Developments By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Was Dr. John Garang Assassinated?/Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • What had happened in Darfur?/Mahmoud E. Yousif
  • Abie conflict The Inferno of Nivasha or the Paradise of Peace by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • TEXT- Conclusions of AU-UN, Sudan on the Hybrid Operations
  • Alfashir is nearer than Kampala: JEM/NRF Commends New SPLM Stance on Darfur/By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • COMSARY by SALMAN OMER MAHMOUD
  • Sudan: The Politics of Naming - Genocide, Civil War, Insurgency/Prof. Mahmood Mamdani
  • US to Sanction Dr. Khalil Ibrahim! A Statement/Gammali Hasan Galal Eldin
  • Can Darfur Survive the CPA?/Abdullahi El-Tom and Mahmoud Abbaker Suleiman
  • GOD OR AMERICA: WHO IS FIRST? 8 DIFFERENT OPINIONS/Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, ďAsharq AlawsatĒ
  • It would be Unwise to think that a United Sudan Properly Functions within the Main Frameworks of the Phenomenon of Eastern African Development./Urban T. Kir
  • Darfur Crisis: Mediation Failure (2)/Ahmed M. Mohamedain
  • Government of Sudan and Darfur crisis/Musa Yakub Daoud
  • President Bush "Hurts" for Darfur Darfur Is Safer than US Urban Cities/Ali Baghdadi
  • Our Vision on the prospect of peace to end the Darfur tragedy/By Dr. M.A.Suleiman
  • Lies, Damned Lies and the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett is a Director of the Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development
  • International Media Ignore Sudanese Voices /AfricaFocus (Washington, DC)
  • Sudanese cyber rally forces website to remove controversial ad by Wasil Ali
  • why war in abyaii by bakhit mohd humaidan
  • Al Salikeen Earmarks 1.2 Billion Pounds for Service Schemes by Al Sammani Awadallah
  • A CALL TO ALL THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN/By James Ogilo Agor Agokwech-Rochester, MN USA
  • Will the Quartet Summit Contradict with the UN, AU Role in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Sudan Vision Carries Out a Survey on Pros and Cons of Humanitarian Aid in Sudan By: Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Al Khatim Adlanís legacy of wisdom and vision/ahmed elzobier
  • WHEN THEY BEG FOR UNITY by Mack Awer Riak
  • The Genocide Glitterati by Anne Bartlett
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue Will Not be Held Hostage by Hostile Armed Factions", Says Dr. Omar Adam
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains/by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum/Nour Tawir
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba_Mountains Democratic Forum by Samie A Djudo
  • RIFT KAKUMA HITS BY VALLEY FEVER. By;Mabior Mayom Mayom
  • How Dr. Garang wanted Abyei to be? (1) /By Akol Miyen Kuol
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum
  • The Doomsday Cult/Ahmed Sam, human rights activist.
  • China must emulate AU wisdom in Sudan by Simon Roughneen for ISN
  • An article introducing our country Sudan by Maha esmeal ahmed esmeal
  • It is a time for all Peace forces to take action By : Matur Aciek
  • Kiir stood to his pledge of no reverse gear/ BY MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • IT IS TIME FOR THE SPLA TO ESTABLISH ITS OWN AIR FORCE/Maker Costa
  • Unwitting Party to Genocide By Stephen Rademaker
  • SPLA, STANDS STRONG AND PROUD!/By Hakim Makuer Gol
  • January 9th- a Day of Peace and Full Independence/By Dr. Mawien Akot
  • Muslim cadet clear on identity/YVETTE CABRERA
  • 2008 General Elections: What Are The Scenarios Awaiting Us?/Maker Costa-Syracuse New York
  • ís NCP is planning to rig elections at census level/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Criticism to the Global War Against International Terrorism, (G-WAIT) by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Swindles of Modern Liberal Democracy by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • Peaceful Conflict Resolution & the War on Terror The cases of Sudan and Iraq by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Jinjaweed Leader By : kuku kadia
  • UA-GSC Sudan Resolution Passes/By Marie Y. Thibault
  • All About Darfur: Is Sudan in a culture of war? By Virginie Wembey
  • AU Recommends Six Month Extension for its Mission By: Al Sammani Awadallah / IOL
  • No South/North border and ABC: CPA is dead.By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Darfur destruction is Sudanís al-Bashirís Shame/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Relationship Between Economic Mismanagement & Social Instability by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter
  • Fake Modern Religions Are Fighting Faith by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Ideological Structure of The Conservative Professional Nationalist Party & System by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter,
  • 'Lost Boys of Sudan' By: Kristin Boyd , Staff Writer
  • Sudan's al-Bashir and Palace are imperfect Match By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Frank Wolf: Divest from Sudan By U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf (R-10)
  • Sudanese Native Relates Horrors of His Childhood/By Konstantin Shishkin
  • General Congress of JEM Asserts Creation of a political Party/Professor Mahmoud Abakar Sulaiman
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue and the Litany of AU Deceit in Darfur/Dr. Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • Ō«—›ś—° “ŖŪ „Õ„Ō ’«ŠÕ (»«Š«šŐŠŪ“Ū…)° ›Ū Ő—ŪŌ… "”š  »Ū —”»Ū—Ř  «Ū„“" ›Ū śŠ«Ū… ›Šś—ŪŌ« «Š«„Ū—ŖŪ…
  • Reign of Corruption and political stagnation By Andrew Bak
  • Current American Planning Strategies vs. Planning Strategies of the 50sí/By: Adil Bala (PhD)*
  • Free Will, JEM Peace Wing Sign Political and Military Protocol By Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Only Favourable Humanitarian and Security Conditions are Needed in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadalla
  • A call to Abolish Shaíria Law in South Sudan: GOSS must take a Lead
  • Race and colour consciousness art or is it ... Religions? Hatim Elmadani
  • Who are Landless People in Sudan? Mack Awer -Cairo
  • Darfur: Diplomacy and its Discontents by Anne Bartlett
  • Why Egypt won't press Sudan: the Nile By Dan Murphy | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
  • Pathological Delusions by Ahmed Elzobier
  • NIF is determined to kill CPA By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Darfur - Solution Must Come From Africans By Mohammed Eisa Ismail
  • The responsibility to protect Darfur By William G. O'Neill
  • Sudanese go tech savvy By Cheryl Lecesse
  • Sorrow in Sudan By Vivian Ho