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Articles and Analysies Last Updated: Oct 27, 2009 - 9:33:43 PM

THE SOUTH IS EMPTY by Tharwat Gassim
Sudaneseonline.com

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THE SOUTH IS EMPTY

 

Tharwat Gassim      [email protected]

 

Introduction

 

         Human resource development is the foundation to ,  and objective of , any development plan ,  for any country. Education,   both academic and vocational training , is the key to any human   resource development plan. In short , there is no development without education. Education is an essential parameter in indicating the level of development of any country.   Investiments in education are investments in the bright future and welfare of any society.

        

                 The situation today in   South   Sudan , with respect to the availability of sufficient numbers of educated and vocationally-trained personell , as well as indigenous businessmen and merchants ,   is indeed alarming.The problem is even compounded by the scarcity of indigenous  humans in the South . Yes, there is indeed a scarcity of human beings in the South, although the South is far from being an unhospitable desert.

       

                 The South seems to be empty and is further emptying by the passage of time. There is a massive human drain out of the South, in particular towards the North. The exodus of Southerners moving from the South to the North is many , many folds more than the returnees to the South . More troubling, the North-bound   exodus is composed of young , productive and competitive  men and women . While the returnees are mostly old men and women , who are returning to die in their respective villages.  

 

                  In the following paragraphs , an attempt is made to summarize and highlight this problem in South   Sudan .

 

Professionals

 

           During the civil   war in the South, from the early eighties to the signature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement   ( CPA ) in   January 2005 , institutions of higher education in the South ceased to exist. Students went to the North or outside Sudan   to study for their college and university education. The University of Juba , which should cater ,  in principle , for Southerners, was located in Khartoum rather than in Juba . Upon finishing their university education , Southerners tended to stay on , either in the North or outside Sudan , and seek suitable jobs therein .None , if any, returned back to South Sudan . With time , which extended over two decades , the South was systematically and consistently drained of its educated professionals .

                   

                                Of course, the civil war played   a major role in this unfortunate and dramatic situation.

 

                      When the CPA was signed in January 2005, and the Government of South Sudan ( GOSS ) was established , there was a lack of educated and trained   personnel to run the civil   administration in the South. Hence you find the unique phenomenon of an illiterate Minister or an illiterate Army General, which you do not find in any other country in the world. Please roll over in your head the notion that a Minister, in charge of a huge ministry  or an Army General , commanding divisions of armed troops , cannot read and   write in any language.  Moreover, the fighters of the Sudan Popular   Liberation Army  ( SPLA ) , who took arms against the federal   Khartoum Government for the last two decades or more , and who were for the most part un - or semi - educated , rightly   and logically assumed responsibility   and occupied  important Government postions in the liberated South , to the exclusion of other more educated Southerners, albeit relatively very few ,  who opted to stay on in the South ,  and not join the SPLA in its jungle warfare. This has created havoc in the civil administration in the South.

 

                         One manifestation of this dramatic situation is the rampant corruption in the GOSS civil administration. One example to highlight this corruption is the recent episode where a Minsiter in the GOSS confidently and   unobtrusively  added more than 400 false names to the paysheet of his Ministry .He  daringly pocketed  himself the salaries of these imaginary employees.Other examples abound. These unfortunate corruption cases   are the direct result of the absence of qualified, educated and well trained personnel in the different disciplines   who should have ensured the  strict and proper implementation of the routine administrative ,  and control  office procedures   and regulations.In the absence of such educated and trained administration personnel, there was chaos in the civil administration . And everybody catered for himself and helped himself to the public pie. It is indeed everybody for himself the Deluge is coming.

 

        It is indeed sad to state that the South is currently   dangerously empty of educated and well trained personnel ( doctors, engineers, teachers, judges, accountants, clerks   etc ) who would be expected to run the civil   administration of the GOSS  , in a smooth , efficient and effective manner.

 

Technicians

 

           The South is suffering from an acute shortage, even downright absence of , technicians in every possible discipline . There are no trained mechanics, no electricians, no plumbers, no carpenters   who would be expected to service the new Administration in the South.The booming   services sector is also devoid of any trained Southerners.In the many hotels which have mushroomed in Juba during the past few years since the signature of the CPA, almost all the hotels service personnel are foreigners ; from Ethiopia, Eriteria and East Africa. The cooks, the waiters ,the electricians ,   the plumbers , even the cleaning staff in the Juba hotels are invariably foreign.

 

                     Let me seize this opportunity to remind you that a room in a three star hotel which would cost around USD 40 per day in Washington D.C , would cost around USD 400 per day in Juba . Notwithstanding, all hotels are fully booked . You have to beg for a room at USD 400 per day, if your good fortune sends you to Juba .

 

                           You go the market and you are surprised to find that even   the barbers are foreign. The internet cafes are managed by Ethiopians. If you want to spend a merry evening dancing the night away in Juba nightclubs drinking Ugandan beer and South African wine  , you will find   many young beautiful Ethiopian girls who are eager to keep you company.But at what a price ?? Where are the indigenous local girls ? Nowhere to be found, not even in the black market ?

 

                   The foreign companies which are doing business in the South are self- dependent as far as maintenance and technical staff is concerned. Normally such maintenance staff is found in the local market. Foreign companies do not need to bring along with them their supporting technical staff. Because such staff would be a lot more expensive to bring from the companies home countries as compared to the those available in the host country. But in the case of the South, there are no maintenance and technical staff to be found.Hence the need for such companies to come loaded with plumbers, electricians, mechanics and what have you.

               

                   You will be surprised to note that there is not a single technical vocational training institute in the whole of South Sudan.The Federal Government in the North tried a policy of positive discrimination in availing unqualified and failed   Southerners places at the Khartoum Vocational Training Institute . But upon finishing their training courses, such technicians invariably opt to remain in Khartoum , rather than go back to the South.They claim that there are no jobs for them to go back   to in the South.

                

                    Technical and vocational  training is the backbone of any viable economy. The machine of any Government ,worth its name, depends on the availability of trained medium- level technicians.The GOSS  cannot expect to continue to function in a smooth manner   without such personnel. Any   self-respecting Government cannot accept that , when a car of a Minister breaks down, an Ethiopian mechanic comes along to fix it. A Minister should be ashamed to be served in any Juba hotel by an Eriterian waiter. A Minister should be upset to find that all the maintenance and supporting   staff ( including cleaning staff ) of   a South  African company   involved in building a road in the South ; all such staff are   foreign and does not include a single Southerner.

                  

                      The GOSS should give first priority to the establishment of technical and vocational training institutes in the South. The GOSS should ask potential donors to concentrate on the provision of turn-key vocational training institutes, a package complete with and  including   instructers , training workshops , instruments and   manuals . Such vocational training institutes should be established as soon as possible, in Juba , Wau and Malakal as well as in other cities in the South. Otherwise , the South is doomed to continue to be a failed entity in the true sense of the word.The recent Japanese   grant for the establishment of a national Teacher Training Institute in Juba is a step   in the right direction.

 

                 It is indeed shockingly sad to note the complete lack of adequately trained medium-level technicians in the different disciplines in South Sudan . This situation should be corrected , and as soon as possible, if the South is to thrive as a viable entity.

 

Businessmen

 

            The import/export field is exclusively controlled and managed by foreigners, namely Ugandan and Somali nationals. You will find no indigenous local Southerners in this field. Even the merchants who are selling retail   goods in the main markets , for example in the Kongi Kongi Popular Market in Juba , are for the main part Ugandan or Somali. The Southern merchants, albeit very small in number to start with ,   are closing shop. They cannot compete with the richer and more resourceful Ugandan and Somali merchants.As for the merchants from the North of Sudan ( the so-called galaba ) , most of them had left after the infamous   incidents following the late Garang untimely  death.And the remaining galabas   (   albeit , a rare species in the South of the CPA ) are preparing to leave for good ,  following the recent Abeii incidents.

 

                The room will thus be free for the Ugandan and Somali merchants.The latter are also penetrating the hinterland as well as the small shops (canteens ) in the low-income areas   of cities and towns.

 

      It is mind-boggling  how foreigners are slowly controlling all business and  trade ( whole-sale and retail ) in the South to the exclusion of local indigenous merchants and businessmen.

 

  Other Humans

 

                If you drive from one population centre to the next in the South, you are bound to pass through empty roads fringed with tall trees and equatorial plants. You drive for hours without a trace of a human being. Your companion explains that during the civil war, the local population had fled to the hinterland . The roads were unsafe.You take this explanation with a pinch of salt . But three years had passed since the signature of the CPA , so why they did not move back from the hinterland to more business-promising areas adjacent to  the roads ?

 

                 The fact of the matter is that the Southerners who had fled the South ,   in large numbers   during the civil war, to North Sudan , to   East Africa , to Ethiopia and overseas .These southerners are yet to return home. They are still in the refugee camps in East Africa and Ethiopia . In the outskirts of   almost each and every village in North   Sudan , you will find a small colony of Southerners leading a marginal life. Khartoum alone houses more than two million Southerners , by a most conservative estimate. All these Southerners will not return to the South in the foreseeable future , due to   lack of jobs and housing in the South.

 

                       The South is indeed lamentably empty. A vast and rich region without human beings to develop it and make use of its rich natural resources. This is indeed a formidable problem for the   GOSS to contend with.

       

                        Therefore, the GOSS should put the cart behind the horse and start , first and foremost , by arranging for the displaced Southerners, refugees   and others to return to their   respective homes. This is a Hereculean task indeed but a job to be accomplished come what may.

 

Ramifications

 

               The SPLM and its sympathizers in the South   , who are often more SPLM than the SPLM itself, control everything in the South through the GOSS and their security organizations.They control the use of funds, the media , the armed forces and all other couvert   means of influencing the public opinion in the South. The overwhelming majority of the Southerners who are currently in the South are docile and are not politically orientated. They are not competitive and do not have any   aspirations nor grand dreams. Otherwise , they would not have stayed on through the miserable and dangerous nightmares of the civil war. They would have migrated in pursuit of a better life, like the millions of their other   fellow citizens who are more resourceful and intuitive. The Southerners who are  still in the South ,   are only interested in existing through their day, tomorrow is another day and another problem.

 

              According to the CPA, a plebiscite   should be organized by 2011 for the Southerners to decide whether to cede from the Republic of Sudan or to continue as an integral part of it.    Since :

 

-         the SPLM and its cohorts effectively   control the public opinion in the South as indicated above,

-          the SPLM cadres are massively in favour of separation, mainly to maximize their personal benefits and gains.      

-         there are  many illiterate and short-sighted            ( without strategic visions ) decision-makers within the upper ranks of the SPLM ,  who tend to look under their noses.

 

              Yes, in view of  the above  considerations, you can well assume that the result of the 2011 plebiscite is a foregone conclusion. 95% for separation , if not more.

 

                   As a matter of fact , the name of the new entity is now being openly discussed. Many advocate to follow the example of the Congo . There are  two independent , sovereign states   , one is   the Republic of Congo   (   RC ) or commonly known as   Congo- Brazzaville. The second is the Democratic Republic of Congo ( DRC) or commonly known as Congo-Kinshasa. In the case of Sudan , there will similarly be two independent sovereign states    : The Republic of Sudan ( RS ) or Sudan- Khartoum and the Democratic Republic of Sudan ( DRS ) or Sudan-Juba.

 

Conclusion

                   

                    In view of the above, someone may wish to start tolling the bells in Khartoum ? or rather the Nihas ?


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  • Justice must be alive in Sudan if peace is genuine? By Mawien D Kuol
  • Sudans Bor county leaders disagree on town ownership by Philip Thon Aleu
  • Sudan and the popular uprising By Arman Muhammad Ahmad
  • Why politics must now also become personal on Darfur and China by Anne Bartlett
  • The Joke of the Poorly Ambitious Sudanese by Ali Bashir
  • The World Bank and NGOs in Southern Sudan: Keeping Poverty For Expatriate Benefit *By James Okuk
  • Kiir: Saying and doing differently by Malual Maker, South Sudan
  • Besides tribalism political favouritism a grave concern in New Sudan By Koang Tut Jing
  • South Sudan Democratic Forum in Canada informs the Goss to be mindful and permits the equality to any one (from South Sudan).By Ker Biel Ruey
  • English, the Crazy Language by Ali Al-Bashir- Jeddah.
  • El-Tom and Mr Nur Israel Taboo Loose lips sinck ships by Hatim El Madani
  • Our Parliament in Juba paid for doing nothing! by David Char Akau, South Sudan
  • AFRICAN FOOTBALL TOURNAMENT by Ali Bashir Al-Shafie
  • Sudan's Economic Development Increases Despite Sanctions By Sabina Castelfranco
  • THE SOUTH IS EMPTY by Tharwat Gassim
  • Sudans Defence Minster: How Racist Can He Be? By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • BETWEEN GENUINE DEMOCRACY AND THE CLEPTOCRACY OF THE RULING GROUP by Arman Muhammed Ahmad
  • False Accusation against Dr.Riek Machar, A true Nationalist Leader in South Sudan By: PeterT.Nguanok
  • Tabans acquittal an example of double standard treatment of SPLM members Atem Mabior
  • Sudanese Responses To: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • American Responses: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • Community Land: A Critical Socio-Economic Factor To Temper With In Southern Sudan By James Okuk
  • Breaking a Taboo: Mr Nur and his SLM Office in Israel By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • China refutes accusation on arms sales to Sudan
  • SPLM 2nd Convention: A Hard Test in Democratic Transformation *By James Okuk
  • The 60 Currents by Hamza M Babbikr
  • The unauthorized profile of the Eastern-Sudan Fronts Chairman 2-3 By Mohamed Ibrahim
  • The Justice & Equality Movement (JEM)/ Religion and the State By: Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • "USA TDOAY": Obama And My Son: Mohammad Ali Salih: Washington, DC, USA
  • CPA Adjustment and Quest for Southern Sudan Development *By James Okuk
  • Dear Cde Pagan Amoum Okiech by Aleu Ayieny Aleu
  • April 2008 General Population Census: Will I be Counted a Southerner? *By James Okuk
  • NUBA ASSOCIATION IN FRANCE:Condolence on death of Bishop Philip Abbass by Dr Ahmed Osman Tyia Kaffi
  • The Trembling Tip of the Nose!/Faisal Ali Suliman Addabi/lawyer/Doha/Qatar
  • An open letter to Hassan Abdullah Turabi By: Brian Adeba,
  • The big lie by Ismail Abdallah M.
  • JEMs Vision for a New Sudan by Dr El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • Reframing the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett
  • Confederation for Southern Sudan a Betrayal to Self-determination By James Okuk
  • President Kiir should admit his failure and resign gracefully by Jor Deng
  • Kiir must be indicted for war crimes BY Atem Mabior
  • Kiir shows his real colours By Atem Mabior
  • Will UN Envoy Eliason Do His Homework on Darfur? By Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • SALVA KIIR BETRAYS THE SOUTHERN CAUSE by Atem Mabior
  • Critical Analysis on the paper presented by Presidential Advisor, Mr Bona Malwal under the title The Future of the CPA under the Current Political Crises`.
  • Sudan needs reality check By Hassan Ibrahim
  • The Hypocrisy of NCP Supporters on Darfur By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Polemics of Politics of Transitions in Sudan By John G Nyuot Yoh*
  • SPLM: A Party that Deserves Building not Ruining By James Okuk
  • The Paradox of Political Transformation by SPLM Standards. By; Baraj Ayuen
  • Fanatic Islamic Iran & Exploitive Transnational Capitalism are the Most harmful Sources of insecurity in the World
  • A PRAYER IN EACH CORNER by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • Movement erosion Bneha .... Conflict adults ousts Emin Tela t by Shol Goba
  • Northern Sudanese and Bashirs Call for Jihad Time for Southerners to Think Aloud Lily A. Akol
  • Sudanese & American Friends March for Peace and Reconciliation By Jimmy Mulla
  • The Dilemma of The SPLM: Is it justified? By: Ngino Nikako
  • The 4th General Congress of the Justice & Equality Movement (JEM) By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • If Sudan Want Peace it has to Prepare for War? * By James Okuk
  • Yet Another Africans Challenge: Liability No. 21 the IQ By Dr. Mohamed N. Bushara*
  • When will Darfur mediators learn (2) By Suliman A Giddo*
  • Bravo to Mr. Salva Kiir for Rejecting the US Proposal By James Okuk Solomon
  • Female Circumcision Negligence and Abuse By Dr. Amal Ahmed Elbasheir.
  • U.S Should Upgrade the SPLA if it is willing to Help Southern Sudan *By James Okuk Solomon
  • Where Sudan Is Booming By Alexis Okeowo
  • When Will Darfur Mediators Learn? By Suliman A. Giddo*
  • Mob Emotions Is Anti-Democratic Transformation By James Okuk Solomon
  • Check with Improper Balance: SPLM Risky Politics of Partnership By James Okuk Solomon
  • Another way to break Abie deadlock by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • The SPLM & Protecting the CPA: Guarding Against the Cynical Obstructionism of NCP Parek Maduot
  • Do Ministers belong to the Party or to the Government? *By James Okuk
  • Habib Bank v Central Bank of Sudan Ismat Abdel Gadir - LL.B
  • DRIVING FAST TO EXPLODE IN THE ABYSS! By Comarde Edward Lino
  • Shilluk Communities vs Shilluk International Congress (SIC) By: Kimo Ajing Aba
  • FASTING RAMADAN IN A MONASTERY: Mohammad Ali Salih
  • It is Darfur Again and the Misery Goes On By E. Ablorh-Odjidja
  • SLM request to delay Libya talks by Tag Elkhazin,
  • THE HONOURABLE WISE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD/Ali Mahmoud Hassanein
  • Will the united Sudan remain attractive for all under the NCP regime?! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Value of Peace in Sudan: From Ki-Moon to International Wisemen By James Okuk Solomon
  • South Sudan Egyptians relations / John Lawrence Morbe Joseph
  • Will the Failed Abuja Diplomacy Be Repeated in Libya? By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Why a reality check is needed on Darfur by Anne Bartlett
  • United, Cairo's poor and poorer get heard
  • A Message from Ajik (Ajang) Union in North American To: Commander and Comrade Daniel Kodi by Fadul H.Haimad
  • What Happened To Gen. Kiir First Vice Presidency Position? / by Isaiah Abraham
  • Eritrea in the Sudan's president's office, By: Mohamed Osman Ibrahim
  • UN Ban Ki-Moon and his Drought Thesis of Darfur Conflict By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • UN Secretary General: Mission Impossible By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Old Habits Die Hard: The National Congress Party is Back to Its Outmoded TacticsBy: Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Greatest Marginalization of All Time/Isam Siddig
  • Darfur: A Little Less Talk, A Little More Action by Anne Bartlett
  • Muslims eye America by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • General Elections in Sudan by the Year 2009: A Fact or a Fiction?/By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Alsalkeen Charitable Organization General Secretary. /By Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Cons and Cues About The Sudanese Forthcoming General Election/Isaiah Abraham
  • Animals rights are also rights/Isaiah Abraham
  • SPLM Official Counters the Recent Remarks of the NCP Official over Abyie and Darfour Translated by MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • The Arab Congregation and the Ideology of Genocide in Darfur, Sudan By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • Catholics Led to Hell/Written by Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • Keep away from Darfour, Mustafa Osman Ismail, warns the SPLM Translated by Majok Nikodemo Arou
  • Abyei Protocol. by Mayen. D. Ater
  • Darfur Actors and the absence of Road Maps By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Judiciary Reshuffle Ineptly Calculated by Daniel Deng Monyde
  • Stop the Genocide and give the security then peace will come/Hamed Mohamedain Omer
  • THE AMERICANS AND ME (2): ISLAM Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, Asharq Alawsat
  • Unwanted in Israel By Sherine Tadros at the Egyptian-Israeli border
  • ISSUES that Rose From the Sudanese Ambassador Press Conference By Jwothab Amum Ajak
  • Al Bashir Slams on Campaigners against Sudan, Reviews Political Developments By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Was Dr. John Garang Assassinated?/Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • What had happened in Darfur?/Mahmoud E. Yousif
  • Abie conflict The Inferno of Nivasha or the Paradise of Peace by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • TEXT- Conclusions of AU-UN, Sudan on the Hybrid Operations
  • Alfashir is nearer than Kampala: JEM/NRF Commends New SPLM Stance on Darfur/By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • COMSARY by SALMAN OMER MAHMOUD
  • Sudan: The Politics of Naming - Genocide, Civil War, Insurgency/Prof. Mahmood Mamdani
  • US to Sanction Dr. Khalil Ibrahim! A Statement/Gammali Hasan Galal Eldin
  • Can Darfur Survive the CPA?/Abdullahi El-Tom and Mahmoud Abbaker Suleiman
  • GOD OR AMERICA: WHO IS FIRST? 8 DIFFERENT OPINIONS/Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, Asharq Alawsat
  • It would be Unwise to think that a United Sudan Properly Functions within the Main Frameworks of the Phenomenon of Eastern African Development./Urban T. Kir
  • Darfur Crisis: Mediation Failure (2)/Ahmed M. Mohamedain
  • Government of Sudan and Darfur crisis/Musa Yakub Daoud
  • President Bush "Hurts" for Darfur Darfur Is Safer than US Urban Cities/Ali Baghdadi
  • Our Vision on the prospect of peace to end the Darfur tragedy/By Dr. M.A.Suleiman
  • Lies, Damned Lies and the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett is a Director of the Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development
  • International Media Ignore Sudanese Voices /AfricaFocus (Washington, DC)
  • Sudanese cyber rally forces website to remove controversial ad by Wasil Ali
  • why war in abyaii by bakhit mohd humaidan
  • Al Salikeen Earmarks 1.2 Billion Pounds for Service Schemes by Al Sammani Awadallah
  • A CALL TO ALL THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN/By James Ogilo Agor Agokwech-Rochester, MN USA
  • Will the Quartet Summit Contradict with the UN, AU Role in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Sudan Vision Carries Out a Survey on Pros and Cons of Humanitarian Aid in Sudan By: Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Al Khatim Adlans legacy of wisdom and vision/ahmed elzobier
  • WHEN THEY BEG FOR UNITY by Mack Awer Riak
  • The Genocide Glitterati by Anne Bartlett
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue Will Not be Held Hostage by Hostile Armed Factions", Says Dr. Omar Adam
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains/by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum/Nour Tawir
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba_Mountains Democratic Forum by Samie A Djudo
  • RIFT KAKUMA HITS BY VALLEY FEVER. By;Mabior Mayom Mayom
  • How Dr. Garang wanted Abyei to be? (1) /By Akol Miyen Kuol
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum
  • The Doomsday Cult/Ahmed Sam, human rights activist.
  • China must emulate AU wisdom in Sudan by Simon Roughneen for ISN
  • An article introducing our country Sudan by Maha esmeal ahmed esmeal
  • It is a time for all Peace forces to take action By : Matur Aciek
  • Kiir stood to his pledge of no reverse gear/ BY MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • IT IS TIME FOR THE SPLA TO ESTABLISH ITS OWN AIR FORCE/Maker Costa
  • Unwitting Party to Genocide By Stephen Rademaker
  • SPLA, STANDS STRONG AND PROUD!/By Hakim Makuer Gol
  • January 9th- a Day of Peace and Full Independence/By Dr. Mawien Akot
  • Muslim cadet clear on identity/YVETTE CABRERA
  • 2008 General Elections: What Are The Scenarios Awaiting Us?/Maker Costa-Syracuse New York
  • s NCP is planning to rig elections at census level/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Criticism to the Global War Against International Terrorism, (G-WAIT) by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Swindles of Modern Liberal Democracy by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • Peaceful Conflict Resolution & the War on Terror The cases of Sudan and Iraq by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Jinjaweed Leader By : kuku kadia
  • UA-GSC Sudan Resolution Passes/By Marie Y. Thibault
  • All About Darfur: Is Sudan in a culture of war? By Virginie Wembey
  • AU Recommends Six Month Extension for its Mission By: Al Sammani Awadallah / IOL
  • No South/North border and ABC: CPA is dead.By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Darfur destruction is Sudans al-Bashirs Shame/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Relationship Between Economic Mismanagement & Social Instability by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter
  • Fake Modern Religions Are Fighting Faith by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Ideological Structure of The Conservative Professional Nationalist Party & System by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter,
  • 'Lost Boys of Sudan' By: Kristin Boyd , Staff Writer
  • Sudan's al-Bashir and Palace are imperfect Match By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Frank Wolf: Divest from Sudan By U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf (R-10)
  • Sudanese Native Relates Horrors of His Childhood/By Konstantin Shishkin
  • General Congress of JEM Asserts Creation of a political Party/Professor Mahmoud Abakar Sulaiman
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue and the Litany of AU Deceit in Darfur/Dr. Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • ѡ () " "
  • Reign of Corruption and political stagnation By Andrew Bak
  • Current American Planning Strategies vs. Planning Strategies of the 50s/By: Adil Bala (PhD)*
  • Free Will, JEM Peace Wing Sign Political and Military Protocol By Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Only Favourable Humanitarian and Security Conditions are Needed in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadalla
  • A call to Abolish Sharia Law in South Sudan: GOSS must take a Lead
  • Race and colour consciousness art or is it ... Religions? Hatim Elmadani
  • Who are Landless People in Sudan? Mack Awer -Cairo
  • Darfur: Diplomacy and its Discontents by Anne Bartlett
  • Why Egypt won't press Sudan: the Nile By Dan Murphy | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
  • Pathological Delusions by Ahmed Elzobier
  • NIF is determined to kill CPA By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Darfur - Solution Must Come From Africans By Mohammed Eisa Ismail
  • The responsibility to protect Darfur By William G. O'Neill
  • Sudanese go tech savvy By Cheryl Lecesse
  • Sorrow in Sudan By Vivian Ho