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Articles and Analysies «Š’›Õ… «Šŕ—»Ū… Last Updated: Oct 27, 2009 - 9:33:43 PM

Racism Masquerading As Arab-Islamic Nationalism By Charles Deng
Sudaneseonline.com

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Racism Masquerading As Arab-Islamic Nationalism

By Charles Deng

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 Dr. Abdullah Ali Ibrahim has never been a friend of the South, the Sudan Peopleís Liberation Movement (SPLM), nor its leader, our fallen hero, Dr. John Garang de Mabior. In a recent article in the electronic Sudanile.com, despite some timid praises of the SPLM meeting in Rumbek, he asserted that he never strategically differed with the SPLM on the need of restructuring the ďOld SudanĒ. Indeed, I was surprised about Dr. Abdullahís sudden change of heart. Was it for real, or a change of tact? Although I read frequently for Dr. Abdulla because of his intellect and concise language, Dr. Abdulla has invariably been critical of the SPLM as well as ďal-junubienĒóthe favorite term Dr. Abdullah is fond of when referring to the Sudanese from the South.

 

As usual, Dr. Abdullah did not forget to squarely lay blame at the doorstep of the SPLM for the failure of the third democratic period. In that regard, Dr. Abdullah said that Pagan Amoum, the new secretary-general of the SPLM, congratulation of the Sudanese people on the occasion of the 21st Anniversary of the April Uprising in 1985, rekindled his old problems with the SPLM.  According to Dr. Abdullah, Amoumís assertion that the Uprising was aborted by the second man in the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)óGeneral Swar-el-Dahabótaking power, thereby preventing the people of the Sudan from consummating or realizing democracy, is an argument he, Dr. Abdullah, never bought. He further asserted that Amoum blamed the Transitional Military Council (TMC) and every one for the failure of the third democratic period, except his Movement (meaning SPLM).

 

To be fair to the man, Dr. Abdullah has not been alone in this crusade, but he has been in the company of an important segment of the Arab-Islamic elite such as Dr. Khalid al-Mubark, Dr. Mohammed Ibrahim al-Shush and many others. The common thread that ties this troika is their basic thesis that al-junubi (southerner) does not possess cognitive faculties, and must be shown the way by their self appointed big brother, the same attitude of the White Boers of South Africa, before Mandela. This racist attitude leads the troika to the obvious hostility to the SPLM and its leader, their constant and relentless demonization of the SPLM and its fallen hero, Dr. John Garang de Mabior; and conversely, the troika tacit support of the theocratic fascist National Islamic Front (NIF) junta coup of June 30, 1989, as representing the Arab-Islamic Sudan versus the New Sudan.

 

Despite the fact that it has been the bloodiest and reactionary coup Sudan has ever had in its modern history, Dr. Abdullah first initial reaction to the al-Turabi/al-Bashirís coup was cooperative and supportive. Consequently, Dr. Abdullah has not been able to explain to the satisfaction of his former northern colleagues and admirers on the left as to the real reasons behind his initial support of this theocratic Islamic junta.  For southerners, Dr. Abdullahís supportive stand vis-ŗ-vis the fascist junta could be explained by three factors: first, his obvious unconcealed hostility to the Southern spirit of resistanceóled by the SPLM and Dr. John Garangóto the efforts of the Arab-Islamic North imposition of Arabism and Islamism on the African South; second, which is a corollary of he first, the war agenda that was palpable in the Islamic junta early statements; and third, that war agenda necessitated the abrogation of the only peace plan that all the Sudan people and its political forces had opted for, except the NIF of Dr. Hassan al-Turabi and the Arab-Islamic elite segment referred  to above.

 

This support for the theocratic NIF government is still as plain as the nose on oneís face in the referred to article. Dr. Abdullah could not therefore conclude his article, without attempting to write the last chapter in the history of Sudan and laying blame at the doorstep of the SPLM and Dr. John Garang. True to his colors, Dr. Abdullah attempts to find an explanation in the failure of third democracy in the recent history of the Sudan, oblivious of the fact that he was not the only witness of that period. Any high school kid of that time knows perfectly well what obtained in the Sudan between 1985-1989. Any attempt to distort or change the facts of that period by whomsoever to suit his/her idiosyncrasies is bound to fail, however that attempt is eloquently expressed.

 

It is vitally important that we soberly sit back and critically examine the events of that period.  What obtained during that period is the fact that the Democratic Alliance for National Salvation (DANS) celebrated a hollow victory on April 6, 1985, while allowing the Numeiriís 15 generals, headed by Swar el-Dahab, and the Muslim brother prime minister, al-Gizouli Dafalla, steal the peopleís Uprising. In other words, the DANS celebrated and left the central decision-making power in the hands of Nimeiriís successors. In addition, the DANS had no agenda, and if it ever had, the priorities in that agenda were upside down. Hence, the peopleís Uprising was higgledy-piggledy led. For instance, the first attempt by the DANS to repeal the infamous September Lawsóthe main legacy of Nimeiri and his partners from the Muslim Brotherhoodómet with stiff resistance from the TMC, the traditional sectarian parties, and the prime minister, al-Gizouli Daffalla, a Muslim Brotherhoodís cadre. The SPLM pointed out this contradiction in its first statement about the peopleís Uprising.

 

Despite its misgivings about the April Uprising, the SPLM did not delay in engaging in dialogue with DANS that wrongly assumed they were the main forces after the demise of the Nimeiri regime. This dialogue with DANS resulted in the Koka-Dam Declaration and Ambo Workshop recommendations. The Koka-Dam Declaration and Ambo recommendations were about the necessity of a national constitutional conference, which would rally all the Sudan political forces, including the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF), in search for viable and just solution of the issue of war and the acute national crisis. The constitutional conference was basically an idea of the SPLM, embodied in its Manifesto of 1983. Koka-Dam also called, among other things, for the postponement of the scheduled elections that were to be held in April 1986, until the constitutional conference was held so all the Sudan political forces enter the elections under a clear political agenda and constitutional arrangements.

 

Because of the Northern traditinonal sectarian parties greed for power and the myopic vision of the DANS, the demand of the SPLM to postpone the elections was rejected off hand. The reason being that if the elections were postponed the military would get addicted to power. Hence, in April 1986, elections were only held in the northern constituencies, excluding most of the southern constituencies for reasons of security, producing half legitimate parliamentóthe same mistake that the same traditional Northern political parties and the October Uprising forces committed in 1965. There were no specific demands SPLM asked the DANS to perform, as Dr. Abdulla would want his readers to believe.  An honest and credible historian would find no blame with the SPLM, unless Dr. Abdulla wanted the SPLM to settle for the status quo ante and give up the armed struggle and return to the failed Jallaba Old Sudan.

 

Nevertheless, our fallen hero, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, met in Addis Ababa with new Ďoldí prime minister, al-Saddig al-Mahdi, for a nine-hour-marathon deliberation in which all the issues in contention were thrashed out. The meeting left the declaration of that agreement or understanding to the prime minister to declare on his arrival back to Khartoum. Al-Saddig did not intend to reach any agreement with Dr. John Garang. At his arrival back in Khartoum, al-Saddig began the idle talk that the representatives of his Umma party that concluded the Koka-Dam Declaration were not authorized, and that major parties such as the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and the National Islamic Front did not participate. In fact, the oscillation of al-Saddig was the product of his undeclared support of the September Laws and the objection of the party of his brother-in-law, Dr. Hasan al-Turabi, to Koka-Dam, as sell out to the SPLM.

 

In 1988, the SPLM decided to approach the DUP, the junior partner in al-Saddig coalition government, to negotiate a bilateral agreement with view of bringing them on board into the Koka-Dam Declaration. The dialogue resulted into the historic al-Mirghani-Garang agreement. However, the senior partner in the coalition government, Umma, opposed the DUP/SPLM Sudan peace agreement, and actually voted it down in the Constituent Assembly on December 21, 1988, using the votes of the NIFís members of the Assembly. As such, the Assembly vote embarrassed the DUP and forced it to quit the coalition. This forced SAF to step in with its famous memorandum in February 1989, compelling al-Saddig to dissolve his partnership with his brother-in-law and called for a government of national unity and accept the al-Mirghani-Garang agreement as the basis for peace.

 

Dr. al-Turabiís NIF, which had formed a coalition with Umma after the DUPís withdrawal from government at the end of December 1988, was infuriated by al-Saddigís acceptance of the DUP/SPLM agreement, as the basis for peace. Following the resignation of the NIF from the government and its refusal to join in a government of national unity, talk of military coup filled the air. As Garang put it in 1994: ďIn fact, by 1989, the traditional Jellaba system of Old Sudan became untenable and could only maintain itself by resorting to its most extreme form.Ē  That is why the evil fascist NIF of al-Turabi and Omar al-Bashir staged a coup on June 30, 1989 to preserve the Old Sudan and declared Jihad on the SPLA and the people of the South.  All the Sudanese, except Dr. Abdullah, know the rest of the story.

 

It is clear therefore that it is the indecisiveness of al-Saddig al-Mahdi, the weaknesses of the forces of moderation in the rank of the Arab-Islamic elite and the fascist NIF lust for power that cost the Sudan the treasured democracy and progress.

 

 

Dr. Abdullahís claim that he has never strategically differed with the SPLM is a whitewash and the SPLM and our colleague, the SPLM secretary-general, Pagan Amoum, should not buy it. As to the promise of Dr. Garang before his death to meet the Arab-Islamic segment represented by the Dr. Abdullah, which opposed SPLM and Dr. Garang, this is another poisoned chalice that should only be accepted when Dr. Abdulla and his group have shown some tangible good faith in the viability and the necessity of such dialogue.

 

I hope Dr. Abdullah has been carefully reading the political scene in the Sudan. The issue of unity of Sudan or its disintegration is not something that can be left to unseen power of God or to some clever craftiness Abdullah may be contemplating. It is my view that if the democratic secular forces, although non-existent at this moment, win the 2008 elections, the unity of the Sudan stands a chance in 2011. This scenario means that Sudanese politics would be devoid of religious, cultural and racial domination to an extend that southerners would not feel as second-class citizens in their own country. If the theocratic forces such as the Umma Party, the NIF (two branches), or the combination of both, win in 2008, then bye-bye the Sudan we all know.

 

In this last scenario, southern Sudanese will remember the words of its fallen hero and I quote: ďI, Cdr. Dr. John Garang de Mabior, is delivering this message again and again, please pay close attention for you to understand it very clearly: I and those who joined me in the bush and fought for more than twenty years, have brought you the CPA in a golden plate. Our mission is accomplished. It is now your turn, especially those who did not have a chance to experience bush life. When time comes to vote at the referendum, it is your golden choice to determine your fate. Would you like to vote to be second-class citizens in your own country? It is absolutely your choiceĒ (Rumbek, the 22nd SPLM/A Anniversary, May 16, 2005).

 

 

 

 

 


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  • Sudanís Defence Minster: How Racist Can He Be? By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • BETWEEN GENUINE DEMOCRACY AND THE CLEPTOCRACY OF THE RULING GROUP by Arman Muhammed Ahmad
  • False Accusation against Dr.Riek Machar, A true Nationalist Leader in South Sudan By: PeterT.Nguanok
  • Tabanís acquittal an example of double standard treatment of SPLM members Atem Mabior
  • Sudanese Responses To: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • American Responses: "Obama And My Son": Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, DC, USA
  • Community Land: A Critical Socio-Economic Factor To Temper With In Southern Sudan By James Okuk
  • Breaking a Taboo: Mr Nur and his SLM Office in Israel By Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • China refutes accusation on arms sales to Sudan
  • SPLM 2nd Convention: A Hard Test in Democratic Transformation *By James Okuk
  • The 60 Currents by Hamza M Babbikr
  • The unauthorized profile of the Eastern-Sudan Frontís Chairman 2-3 By Mohamed Ibrahim
  • The Justice & Equality Movement (JEM)/ Religion and the State By: Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • "USA TDOAY": Obama And My Son: Mohammad Ali Salih: Washington, DC, USA
  • CPA Adjustment and Quest for Southern Sudan Development *By James Okuk
  • Dear Cde Pagan Amoum Okiech by Aleu Ayieny Aleu
  • April 2008 General Population Census: Will I be Counted a Southerner? *By James Okuk
  • NUBA ASSOCIATION IN FRANCE:Condolence on death of Bishop Philip Abbass by Dr Ahmed Osman Tyia Kaffi
  • The Trembling Tip of the Nose!/Faisal Ali Suliman Addabi/lawyer/Doha/Qatar
  • An open letter to Hassan Abdullah Turabi By: Brian Adeba,
  • The big lie by Ismail Abdallah M.
  • JEMís Vision for a New Sudan by Dr El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • Reframing the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett
  • Confederation for Southern Sudan a Betrayal to Self-determination By James Okuk
  • President Kiir should admit his failure and resign gracefully by Jor Deng
  • Kiir must be indicted for war crimes BY Atem Mabior
  • Kiir shows his real colours By Atem Mabior
  • Will UN Envoy Eliason Do His Homework on Darfur? By Dr. El-tahir Adam El-faki
  • SALVA KIIR BETRAYS THE SOUTHERN CAUSE by Atem Mabior
  • Critical Analysis on the paper presented by Presidential Advisor, Mr Bona Malwal under the title ĎThe Future of the CPA under the Current Political Crises`.
  • Sudan needs reality check By Hassan Ibrahim
  • The Hypocrisy of NCP Supporters on Darfur By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Polemics of Politics of Transitions in Sudan By John G Nyuot Yoh*
  • SPLM: A Party that Deserves Building not Ruining By James Okuk
  • The Paradox of Political Transformation by SPLM Standards. By; Baraj Ayuen
  • Fanatic Islamic Iran & Exploitive Transnational Capitalism are the Most harmful Sources of insecurity in the World
  • A PRAYER IN EACH CORNER by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • Movement erosion Bneha .... Conflict adults ousts Emin Tela t by Shol Goba
  • Northern Sudanese and Bashirís Call for Jihad Time for Southerners to Think Aloud Lily A. Akol
  • Sudanese & American Friends March for Peace and Reconciliation By Jimmy Mulla
  • The Dilemma of The SPLM: Is it justified? By: Ngino Nikako
  • The 4th General Congress of the Justice & Equality Movement (JEM) By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • If Sudan Want Peace it has to Prepare for War? * By James Okuk
  • Yet Another Africans Challenge: Liability No. 21 the IQ By Dr. Mohamed N. Bushara*
  • When will Darfur mediators learn (2) By Suliman A Giddo*
  • Bravo to Mr. Salva Kiir for Rejecting the US Proposal By James Okuk Solomon
  • Female Circumcision Negligence and Abuse By Dr. Amal Ahmed Elbasheir.
  • U.S Should Upgrade the SPLA if it is willing to Help Southern Sudan *By James Okuk Solomon
  • Where Sudan Is Booming By Alexis Okeowo
  • When Will Darfur Mediators Learn? By Suliman A. Giddo*
  • Mob Emotions Is Anti-Democratic Transformation By James Okuk Solomon
  • Check with Improper Balance: SPLM Risky Politics of Partnership By James Okuk Solomon
  • Another way to break Abie deadlock by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • The SPLM & Protecting the CPA: Guarding Against the Cynical Obstructionism of NCP Parek Maduot
  • Do Ministers belong to the Party or to the Government? *By James Okuk
  • Habib Bank v Central Bank of Sudan Ismat Abdel Gadir - LL.B
  • DRIVING FAST TO EXPLODE IN THE ABYSS! By Comarde Edward Lino
  • Shilluk Communities vs Shilluk International Congress (SIC) By: Kimo Ajing Aba
  • FASTING RAMADAN IN A MONASTERY: Mohammad Ali Salih
  • It is Darfur Again and the Misery Goes On By E. Ablorh-Odjidja
  • SLM request to delay Libya talks by Tag Elkhazin,
  • THE HONOURABLE WISE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD/Ali Mahmoud Hassanein
  • Will the united Sudan remain attractive for all under the NCP regime?! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Value of Peace in Sudan: From Ki-Moon to International Wisemen By James Okuk Solomon
  • South Sudan Egyptians relations / John Lawrence Morbe Joseph
  • Will the Failed Abuja Diplomacy Be Repeated in Libya? By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Why a reality check is needed on Darfur by Anne Bartlett
  • United, Cairo's poor and poorer get heard
  • A Message from Ajik (Ajang) Union in North American To: Commander and Comrade Daniel Kodi by Fadul H.Haimad
  • What Happened To Gen. Kiir First Vice Presidency Position? / by Isaiah Abraham
  • Eritrea in the Sudan's president's office, By: Mohamed Osman Ibrahim
  • UN Ban Ki-Moon and his Drought Thesis of Darfur Conflict By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • UN Secretary General: Mission Impossible By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Old Habits Die Hard: The National Congress Party is Back to Its Outmoded TacticsóBy: Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Greatest Marginalization of All Time/Isam Siddig
  • Darfur: A Little Less Talk, A Little More Action by Anne Bartlett
  • Muslims eye America by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • General Elections in Sudan by the Year 2009: A Fact or a Fiction?/By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Alsalkeen Charitable Organization General Secretary. /By Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Cons and Cues About The Sudanese Forthcoming General Election/Isaiah Abraham
  • Animalís rights are also rights/Isaiah Abraham
  • SPLM Official Counters the Recent Remarks of the NCP Official over Abyie and Darfour Translated by MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • The Arab Congregation and the Ideology of Genocide in Darfur, Sudan By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • Catholics Led to Hell/Written by Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • Keep away from Darfour, Mustafa Osman Ismail, warns the SPLM Translated by Majok Nikodemo Arou
  • Abyei Protocol. by Mayen. D. Ater
  • Darfur Actors and the absence of Road Maps By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Judiciary Reshuffle Ineptly Calculated by Daniel Deng Monyde
  • Stop the Genocide and give the security then peace will come/Hamed Mohamedain Omer
  • THE AMERICANS AND ME (2): ISLAM Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, ďAsharq Alawsat
  • Unwanted in Israel By Sherine Tadros at the Egyptian-Israeli border
  • ISSUES that Rose From the Sudanese Ambassador Press Conference By Jwothab Amum Ajak
  • Al Bashir Slams on Campaigners against Sudan, Reviews Political Developments By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Was Dr. John Garang Assassinated?/Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • What had happened in Darfur?/Mahmoud E. Yousif
  • Abie conflict The Inferno of Nivasha or the Paradise of Peace by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • TEXT- Conclusions of AU-UN, Sudan on the Hybrid Operations
  • Alfashir is nearer than Kampala: JEM/NRF Commends New SPLM Stance on Darfur/By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • COMSARY by SALMAN OMER MAHMOUD
  • Sudan: The Politics of Naming - Genocide, Civil War, Insurgency/Prof. Mahmood Mamdani
  • US to Sanction Dr. Khalil Ibrahim! A Statement/Gammali Hasan Galal Eldin
  • Can Darfur Survive the CPA?/Abdullahi El-Tom and Mahmoud Abbaker Suleiman
  • GOD OR AMERICA: WHO IS FIRST? 8 DIFFERENT OPINIONS/Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, ďAsharq AlawsatĒ
  • It would be Unwise to think that a United Sudan Properly Functions within the Main Frameworks of the Phenomenon of Eastern African Development./Urban T. Kir
  • Darfur Crisis: Mediation Failure (2)/Ahmed M. Mohamedain
  • Government of Sudan and Darfur crisis/Musa Yakub Daoud
  • President Bush "Hurts" for Darfur Darfur Is Safer than US Urban Cities/Ali Baghdadi
  • Our Vision on the prospect of peace to end the Darfur tragedy/By Dr. M.A.Suleiman
  • Lies, Damned Lies and the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett is a Director of the Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development
  • International Media Ignore Sudanese Voices /AfricaFocus (Washington, DC)
  • Sudanese cyber rally forces website to remove controversial ad by Wasil Ali
  • why war in abyaii by bakhit mohd humaidan
  • Al Salikeen Earmarks 1.2 Billion Pounds for Service Schemes by Al Sammani Awadallah
  • A CALL TO ALL THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN/By James Ogilo Agor Agokwech-Rochester, MN USA
  • Will the Quartet Summit Contradict with the UN, AU Role in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Sudan Vision Carries Out a Survey on Pros and Cons of Humanitarian Aid in Sudan By: Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Al Khatim Adlanís legacy of wisdom and vision/ahmed elzobier
  • WHEN THEY BEG FOR UNITY by Mack Awer Riak
  • The Genocide Glitterati by Anne Bartlett
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue Will Not be Held Hostage by Hostile Armed Factions", Says Dr. Omar Adam
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains/by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum/Nour Tawir
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba_Mountains Democratic Forum by Samie A Djudo
  • RIFT KAKUMA HITS BY VALLEY FEVER. By;Mabior Mayom Mayom
  • How Dr. Garang wanted Abyei to be? (1) /By Akol Miyen Kuol
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum
  • The Doomsday Cult/Ahmed Sam, human rights activist.
  • China must emulate AU wisdom in Sudan by Simon Roughneen for ISN
  • An article introducing our country Sudan by Maha esmeal ahmed esmeal
  • It is a time for all Peace forces to take action By : Matur Aciek
  • Kiir stood to his pledge of no reverse gear/ BY MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • IT IS TIME FOR THE SPLA TO ESTABLISH ITS OWN AIR FORCE/Maker Costa
  • Unwitting Party to Genocide By Stephen Rademaker
  • SPLA, STANDS STRONG AND PROUD!/By Hakim Makuer Gol
  • January 9th- a Day of Peace and Full Independence/By Dr. Mawien Akot
  • Muslim cadet clear on identity/YVETTE CABRERA
  • 2008 General Elections: What Are The Scenarios Awaiting Us?/Maker Costa-Syracuse New York
  • ís NCP is planning to rig elections at census level/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Criticism to the Global War Against International Terrorism, (G-WAIT) by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Swindles of Modern Liberal Democracy by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • Peaceful Conflict Resolution & the War on Terror The cases of Sudan and Iraq by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Jinjaweed Leader By : kuku kadia
  • UA-GSC Sudan Resolution Passes/By Marie Y. Thibault
  • All About Darfur: Is Sudan in a culture of war? By Virginie Wembey
  • AU Recommends Six Month Extension for its Mission By: Al Sammani Awadallah / IOL
  • No South/North border and ABC: CPA is dead.By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Darfur destruction is Sudanís al-Bashirís Shame/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Relationship Between Economic Mismanagement & Social Instability by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter
  • Fake Modern Religions Are Fighting Faith by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Ideological Structure of The Conservative Professional Nationalist Party & System by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter,
  • 'Lost Boys of Sudan' By: Kristin Boyd , Staff Writer
  • Sudan's al-Bashir and Palace are imperfect Match By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Frank Wolf: Divest from Sudan By U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf (R-10)
  • Sudanese Native Relates Horrors of His Childhood/By Konstantin Shishkin
  • General Congress of JEM Asserts Creation of a political Party/Professor Mahmoud Abakar Sulaiman
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue and the Litany of AU Deceit in Darfur/Dr. Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • Ō«—›ś—° “ŖŪ „Õ„Ō ’«ŠÕ (»«Š«šŐŠŪ“Ū…)° ›Ū Ő—ŪŌ… "”š  »Ū —”»Ū—Ř  «Ū„“" ›Ū śŠ«Ū… ›Šś—ŪŌ« «Š«„Ū—ŖŪ…
  • Reign of Corruption and political stagnation By Andrew Bak
  • Current American Planning Strategies vs. Planning Strategies of the 50sí/By: Adil Bala (PhD)*
  • Free Will, JEM Peace Wing Sign Political and Military Protocol By Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Only Favourable Humanitarian and Security Conditions are Needed in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadalla
  • A call to Abolish Shaíria Law in South Sudan: GOSS must take a Lead
  • Race and colour consciousness art or is it ... Religions? Hatim Elmadani
  • Who are Landless People in Sudan? Mack Awer -Cairo
  • Darfur: Diplomacy and its Discontents by Anne Bartlett
  • Why Egypt won't press Sudan: the Nile By Dan Murphy | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
  • Pathological Delusions by Ahmed Elzobier
  • NIF is determined to kill CPA By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Darfur - Solution Must Come From Africans By Mohammed Eisa Ismail
  • The responsibility to protect Darfur By William G. O'Neill
  • Sudanese go tech savvy By Cheryl Lecesse
  • Sorrow in Sudan By Vivian Ho