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Articles and Analysies Last Updated: Oct 27, 2009 - 9:33:43 PM

President Salva Kiir's Abuse of power and Rule by whim. By: Joseph Aban Adyieng
Sudaneseonline.com

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President Salva Kiir's Abuse of power and Rule by whim.

 

 By: Joseph Aban Adyieng

 

JUNE 30; In the recently held SPLM Convention in Juba, General Salva Kiir was unanimously elected the Chairman of the SPLM. It is general knowledge that that convention was rocked by many internal squabbles of different sorts: factional, personal ambitions, conspiracies, power struggle, etc. For any leader of such desperate views and positions to succeed, he must try his utmost to be seen as fair and a father to all, so to speak. He must listen to all the different shades of opinions in the party and avoid being dragged to represent or stand for one of them.

This message was sent to Salva in many ways by many so influential people. Unfortunately, Salva has chosen to cocoon himself in a small unrepresentative and exclusive clique rather than be the leader of all. This behavior is reflected in many of the actions he has taken before and after the Convention. All this meant that the Convention has not changed anything in his attitude in choosing to work with a small group in the party to the exclusion of the vast majority.

What took place in Malakal yesterday is the most glaring example not only of that bias but more damagingly the emptiness of the slogans we shout very much about, such as democracy, sharing power and standing for the marginalized.

As a background, the Upper Nile State Legislative Assembly cast a vote of no-confidence in its Speaker, Dr Charles Yor Odhok (from the Shilluk tribe), last January. The procedures followed in that exercise were in conformity with the State Constitution and the Rules of Conduct of the Business of the Assembly. Both the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) and the Council of States in Khartoum sent fact-finding teams to Malakal to find out whether the procedures followed in the removal of the Speaker were proper.

Each of the two teams sent by the two organs of Government rendered separate reports to their principals which concluded that indeed the procedures were correct and the necessary conditions for such a move were satisfied. The Assembly members elected one of them, Mr Banruach Oluch Akoltong (from the Burun tribes), as their new Speaker.

For any fair exercise, the Assembly should have continued to carry on with its business as usual. But, this was not to be. Some influential quarters within the SPLM, especially the Secretary-General, were not happy with this democratic exercise and since they have got the ear of the President of GOSS, the Assembly was closed and members were threatened with dismissals if they didnt change their minds and accept Dr Charles once more as their Speaker!!  

The members were resolute in their decision and were not cowed down by the threat. Other methods of intimidation did not work it seems. Finally for the group to have its way, it was the credibility of the President of GOSS and Chairman of the SPLM that was thrown into question. He willingly obliged.

The President of GOSS flew into Malakal on Saturday the 28th of June. He held meetings in the State Secretariat of the SPLM with the State Secretariat and the other SPLM officials that went there from Khartoum and Juba. The issue was what to do with the Upper Nile State Assembly. Interestingly, SPLM members of the State Assembly were excluded from the discussion.

In the morning of Sunday the 29th, a day of rest in Southern Sudan, the Upper Nile State Assembly was convened and the decisions of the President of GOSS were read to the astounded and flabbergasted members of the State Assembly. The President of GOSS has cancelled their decision to elect Banruach as the Speaker and has appointed a new Speaker in the person of Mr Santino Ajang Aban.

Also, he has dismissed the former Deputy Speaker, Bol Andrew Wieu (from Dinka tribe) from non-SPLM Southern Sudan political parties, and appointed a new Deputy Speaker in the person of Ms Martha Nyamal (from the Nuer tribe) from the SPLM.

This decision raises a number of constitutional, legal and procedural issues the President of GOSS cannot afford to ignore.


First and foremost, the measures lack any legal and constitutional backing. The Constitutions of Southern Sudan and the Upper Nile State provide very clearly that it is the State Assembly that elects its Speaker, not the President of GOSS to impose one. This is a violation of these constitutions and a glaring abuse of power. As a matter of fact, the GOSS has no direct connection with the State Assemblies.

What kind of example in the practice of democracy does Salva Kiir want to show the Southerners if he himself does not respect the constitutions written and passed in Juba? Why didnt he call for a meeting of the State Assembly members and discuss with them his proposal rather than impose it on them? Will they respect such a Speaker?

Secondly, it is the first time in the history of parliamentary practice that a Speaker is elected in absentia. Mr Santino Ajang is not in Malakal and is said to be undergoing medical treatment elsewhere. He is constantly sick let alone the fact that he has humble qualifications; all of which render him unfit for such a sensitive position. His only qualification is that he is the son of the Secretary-Generals maternal uncle. This makes nonsense of the SPLMs claims for justice and fairness which are in practice replaced by favoritism and nepotism.

Thirdly, the decision is an abuse of the concept of power-sharing both within the SPLM and outside it. Power-sharing is one of the most important issues we fought the North hard to concede in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). If we accuse the North of hegemony, why would we accept it from the SPLM in the South?

Outside the SPLM, it was agreed in Upper Nile State that the position of the Deputy Speaker, the fourth highest ranking in the State, was to go to the Southern political parties other than the SPLM. This was in the spirit that the SPLM should share power in the South with its brothers in the same way it is sharing it with the National Congress Party (NCP) in the Northern States and in the Government of National Unity (GONU). The President of GOSS decision to take away that position and give it to the SPLM shattered that masterpiece in goodwill and cementing Southern unity initiated by Upper Nile State.  How does the SPLM expect the Southerners to follow it if it is monopolizing power?

Inside the SPLM in Upper Nile State, the Assembly members have decided that the only way to stop the bickering within the party there and in order to bring about its unity within the Assembly and beyond was to elect the Speaker from a smaller tribe. The three bigger tribes, Shilluk, Dinka and Nuer, have been central in the acute differences within the party in Upper Nile State.

The Speakership of Dr Charles Yor proved to be disastrous in a number of ways. Although he was holding the seat in the name of the Shilluk tribe, he was not their choice nor was he the choice of his party, the SPLM. He was a rebel candidate sponsored by the Secretary-General (by then the Supervisor of the Southern Sector) and won on forging alliances with non-SPLM members. His conduct of the Assembly business, to put it mildly, left a lot to be desired. This is how he stepped on the toes of many in the Assembly accelerating his downfall as stated earlier. Santino Ajang was the only Shilluk in the Assembly (both SPLM and non-SPLM members) to stand with Dr Charles Yor in the vote of no-confidence.

Herein lies the biggest error of judgment in the decision of the Chairman of the SPLM and President of GOSS to impose him as the Speaker. By so doing, he has just sided with the Secretary-General in his scheming.  It is obvious that the Chairman of the SPLM did not draw the right lessons from the Upper Nile State SPLM Conference. He has chosen to forgo the whole party in the State in lieu of satisfying the ego of a man who lacks any popular base.

There were some influential voices which were from the beginning unhappy with the election of Mr Banruach and made their opinions known in some quarters. They could not fathom how somebody from a minority tribe, however qualified he may be, could hold such a high office as the Speaker of the Assembly. They argued that the Assembly Speaker must be a Shilluk not to disturb the tribal balance in the State Government!! Is the cluster of tribes known as the Burun not part of Upper Nile? If they were, should they not be part of the balance? Or are they condemned to perpetual marginalization? And if we condone marginalization amid our ranks, why are we vociferous about being against the marginalization on the national level?

The lessons to be drawn from this sad episode are at least three: the SPLM is not yet ready to share power among its own constituent communities and with other Southern Sudan political parties; Salva Kiir has succumbed to the influence and will of a small and exclusive group within the party; and more seriously he has chosen to continue ruling by whims ignoring the constitutions of Southern Sudan and of the States. It is too easy to abuse power, but it is much easier to lose that power especially when it is the people who will finally have the say.  This is a commonsense many a leader choose to ignore at the height of their glory.

Joseph Aban Adyieng

[email protected]

 


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  • Northern Sudanese and Bashirs Call for Jihad Time for Southerners to Think Aloud Lily A. Akol
  • Sudanese & American Friends March for Peace and Reconciliation By Jimmy Mulla
  • The Dilemma of The SPLM: Is it justified? By: Ngino Nikako
  • The 4th General Congress of the Justice & Equality Movement (JEM) By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • If Sudan Want Peace it has to Prepare for War? * By James Okuk
  • Yet Another Africans Challenge: Liability No. 21 the IQ By Dr. Mohamed N. Bushara*
  • When will Darfur mediators learn (2) By Suliman A Giddo*
  • Bravo to Mr. Salva Kiir for Rejecting the US Proposal By James Okuk Solomon
  • Female Circumcision Negligence and Abuse By Dr. Amal Ahmed Elbasheir.
  • U.S Should Upgrade the SPLA if it is willing to Help Southern Sudan *By James Okuk Solomon
  • Where Sudan Is Booming By Alexis Okeowo
  • When Will Darfur Mediators Learn? By Suliman A. Giddo*
  • Mob Emotions Is Anti-Democratic Transformation By James Okuk Solomon
  • Check with Improper Balance: SPLM Risky Politics of Partnership By James Okuk Solomon
  • Another way to break Abie deadlock by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • The SPLM & Protecting the CPA: Guarding Against the Cynical Obstructionism of NCP Parek Maduot
  • Do Ministers belong to the Party or to the Government? *By James Okuk
  • Habib Bank v Central Bank of Sudan Ismat Abdel Gadir - LL.B
  • DRIVING FAST TO EXPLODE IN THE ABYSS! By Comarde Edward Lino
  • Shilluk Communities vs Shilluk International Congress (SIC) By: Kimo Ajing Aba
  • FASTING RAMADAN IN A MONASTERY: Mohammad Ali Salih
  • It is Darfur Again and the Misery Goes On By E. Ablorh-Odjidja
  • SLM request to delay Libya talks by Tag Elkhazin,
  • THE HONOURABLE WISE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD/Ali Mahmoud Hassanein
  • Will the united Sudan remain attractive for all under the NCP regime?! By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • The Value of Peace in Sudan: From Ki-Moon to International Wisemen By James Okuk Solomon
  • South Sudan Egyptians relations / John Lawrence Morbe Joseph
  • Will the Failed Abuja Diplomacy Be Repeated in Libya? By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Why a reality check is needed on Darfur by Anne Bartlett
  • United, Cairo's poor and poorer get heard
  • A Message from Ajik (Ajang) Union in North American To: Commander and Comrade Daniel Kodi by Fadul H.Haimad
  • What Happened To Gen. Kiir First Vice Presidency Position? / by Isaiah Abraham
  • Eritrea in the Sudan's president's office, By: Mohamed Osman Ibrahim
  • UN Ban Ki-Moon and his Drought Thesis of Darfur Conflict By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • UN Secretary General: Mission Impossible By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Old Habits Die Hard: The National Congress Party is Back to Its Outmoded TacticsBy: Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Greatest Marginalization of All Time/Isam Siddig
  • Darfur: A Little Less Talk, A Little More Action by Anne Bartlett
  • Muslims eye America by MOHAMMAD ALI SALIH
  • General Elections in Sudan by the Year 2009: A Fact or a Fiction?/By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Alsalkeen Charitable Organization General Secretary. /By Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Cons and Cues About The Sudanese Forthcoming General Election/Isaiah Abraham
  • Animals rights are also rights/Isaiah Abraham
  • SPLM Official Counters the Recent Remarks of the NCP Official over Abyie and Darfour Translated by MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • The Arab Congregation and the Ideology of Genocide in Darfur, Sudan By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom, Ph.D.
  • Catholics Led to Hell/Written by Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • Keep away from Darfour, Mustafa Osman Ismail, warns the SPLM Translated by Majok Nikodemo Arou
  • Abyei Protocol. by Mayen. D. Ater
  • Darfur Actors and the absence of Road Maps By Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman
  • Judiciary Reshuffle Ineptly Calculated by Daniel Deng Monyde
  • Stop the Genocide and give the security then peace will come/Hamed Mohamedain Omer
  • THE AMERICANS AND ME (2): ISLAM Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, Asharq Alawsat
  • Unwanted in Israel By Sherine Tadros at the Egyptian-Israeli border
  • ISSUES that Rose From the Sudanese Ambassador Press Conference By Jwothab Amum Ajak
  • Al Bashir Slams on Campaigners against Sudan, Reviews Political Developments By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Was Dr. John Garang Assassinated?/Daniel Deng Monyde,
  • What had happened in Darfur?/Mahmoud E. Yousif
  • Abie conflict The Inferno of Nivasha or the Paradise of Peace by Dr. S.M.Eldebailo
  • TEXT- Conclusions of AU-UN, Sudan on the Hybrid Operations
  • Alfashir is nearer than Kampala: JEM/NRF Commends New SPLM Stance on Darfur/By: Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
  • COMSARY by SALMAN OMER MAHMOUD
  • Sudan: The Politics of Naming - Genocide, Civil War, Insurgency/Prof. Mahmood Mamdani
  • US to Sanction Dr. Khalil Ibrahim! A Statement/Gammali Hasan Galal Eldin
  • Can Darfur Survive the CPA?/Abdullahi El-Tom and Mahmoud Abbaker Suleiman
  • GOD OR AMERICA: WHO IS FIRST? 8 DIFFERENT OPINIONS/Mohammad Ali Salih, Washington, Asharq Alawsat
  • It would be Unwise to think that a United Sudan Properly Functions within the Main Frameworks of the Phenomenon of Eastern African Development./Urban T. Kir
  • Darfur Crisis: Mediation Failure (2)/Ahmed M. Mohamedain
  • Government of Sudan and Darfur crisis/Musa Yakub Daoud
  • President Bush "Hurts" for Darfur Darfur Is Safer than US Urban Cities/Ali Baghdadi
  • Our Vision on the prospect of peace to end the Darfur tragedy/By Dr. M.A.Suleiman
  • Lies, Damned Lies and the Darfur Crisis by Anne Bartlett is a Director of the Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development
  • International Media Ignore Sudanese Voices /AfricaFocus (Washington, DC)
  • Sudanese cyber rally forces website to remove controversial ad by Wasil Ali
  • why war in abyaii by bakhit mohd humaidan
  • Al Salikeen Earmarks 1.2 Billion Pounds for Service Schemes by Al Sammani Awadallah
  • A CALL TO ALL THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN/By James Ogilo Agor Agokwech-Rochester, MN USA
  • Will the Quartet Summit Contradict with the UN, AU Role in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadallah
  • Sudan Vision Carries Out a Survey on Pros and Cons of Humanitarian Aid in Sudan By: Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Al Khatim Adlans legacy of wisdom and vision/ahmed elzobier
  • WHEN THEY BEG FOR UNITY by Mack Awer Riak
  • The Genocide Glitterati by Anne Bartlett
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue Will Not be Held Hostage by Hostile Armed Factions", Says Dr. Omar Adam
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains/by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum/Nour Tawir
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba_Mountains Democratic Forum by Samie A Djudo
  • RIFT KAKUMA HITS BY VALLEY FEVER. By;Mabior Mayom Mayom
  • How Dr. Garang wanted Abyei to be? (1) /By Akol Miyen Kuol
  • A brighter future for the Nuba Mountains by Nuba Mountains Democratic Forum
  • The Doomsday Cult/Ahmed Sam, human rights activist.
  • China must emulate AU wisdom in Sudan by Simon Roughneen for ISN
  • An article introducing our country Sudan by Maha esmeal ahmed esmeal
  • It is a time for all Peace forces to take action By : Matur Aciek
  • Kiir stood to his pledge of no reverse gear/ BY MAJOK NIKODEMO AROU
  • IT IS TIME FOR THE SPLA TO ESTABLISH ITS OWN AIR FORCE/Maker Costa
  • Unwitting Party to Genocide By Stephen Rademaker
  • SPLA, STANDS STRONG AND PROUD!/By Hakim Makuer Gol
  • January 9th- a Day of Peace and Full Independence/By Dr. Mawien Akot
  • Muslim cadet clear on identity/YVETTE CABRERA
  • 2008 General Elections: What Are The Scenarios Awaiting Us?/Maker Costa-Syracuse New York
  • s NCP is planning to rig elections at census level/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Criticism to the Global War Against International Terrorism, (G-WAIT) by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Swindles of Modern Liberal Democracy by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • Peaceful Conflict Resolution & the War on Terror The cases of Sudan and Iraq by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Jinjaweed Leader By : kuku kadia
  • UA-GSC Sudan Resolution Passes/By Marie Y. Thibault
  • All About Darfur: Is Sudan in a culture of war? By Virginie Wembey
  • AU Recommends Six Month Extension for its Mission By: Al Sammani Awadallah / IOL
  • No South/North border and ABC: CPA is dead.By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Darfur destruction is Sudans al-Bashirs Shame/By Sabrino Majok Majok*
  • Relationship Between Economic Mismanagement & Social Instability by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter
  • Fake Modern Religions Are Fighting Faith by Tarig M. M. K. Anter
  • The Ideological Structure of The Conservative Professional Nationalist Party & System by Eng. Tarig M.M.K. Anter,
  • 'Lost Boys of Sudan' By: Kristin Boyd , Staff Writer
  • Sudan's al-Bashir and Palace are imperfect Match By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Frank Wolf: Divest from Sudan By U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf (R-10)
  • Sudanese Native Relates Horrors of His Childhood/By Konstantin Shishkin
  • General Congress of JEM Asserts Creation of a political Party/Professor Mahmoud Abakar Sulaiman
  • Darfur-Darfur Dialogue and the Litany of AU Deceit in Darfur/Dr. Abdullahi Osman El-Tom
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  • Reign of Corruption and political stagnation By Andrew Bak
  • Current American Planning Strategies vs. Planning Strategies of the 50s/By: Adil Bala (PhD)*
  • Free Will, JEM Peace Wing Sign Political and Military Protocol By Al-Sammani Awadallah
  • Only Favourable Humanitarian and Security Conditions are Needed in Darfur By: Al Sammani Awadalla
  • A call to Abolish Sharia Law in South Sudan: GOSS must take a Lead
  • Race and colour consciousness art or is it ... Religions? Hatim Elmadani
  • Who are Landless People in Sudan? Mack Awer -Cairo
  • Darfur: Diplomacy and its Discontents by Anne Bartlett
  • Why Egypt won't press Sudan: the Nile By Dan Murphy | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
  • Pathological Delusions by Ahmed Elzobier
  • NIF is determined to kill CPA By Sabrino Majok Majok
  • Darfur - Solution Must Come From Africans By Mohammed Eisa Ismail
  • The responsibility to protect Darfur By William G. O'Neill
  • Sudanese go tech savvy By Cheryl Lecesse
  • Sorrow in Sudan By Vivian Ho