Title: National Intelligence and Security Service-NISS
Author: Sudanese Online Wikipedia
Date: 11-05-2015, 00:31 AM
00:31 AM Nov, 05 2015
Sudanese Online Wikipedia-الخرطوم-السودان
My Library at SudaneseOnline
National Intelligence and Security Service
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
National Intelligence and Security Service
Seal of the National Intelligence and Security Service.svg
Jurisdiction Federal Government of The Sudan
Headquarters Khartoum, Sudan
Annual budget Classified
Muhammad al-Atta Fadl al-Mula, Director
The National Intelligence and Security Service (Arabic: جهاز الأمن والمخابرات الوطني السوداني, Jihaaz Al Amn Al Watani Wal Mukhaabaraat) is the intelligence service of the federal government of Sudan. The NISS is an incredibly powerful body, and has been granted extensive powers by the National Security Acts of 1999 and 2010.
It is widely accepted that in addition to its domestic operations, the NISS has operations and agents throughout the Middle East, North Africa and Western Europe. The secretive organisation's most well known operation is its massive intelligence network in Iraq, which it was able to build by recruiting foreign fighters passing through Khartoum on their way to Iraq.
In 1995, the NISS captured and detained Osama Bin Laden, before releasing him in 1996 after the United States declined to take him.
From 2004 to 2009 the NISS was led by Salah Gosh. Since 2009 it has been led by Muhammad al-Atta Fadl al-Mula.
The NISS also operates the Rapid Support Forces.
Sudan, Intelligence and Security
Due to its role with connection to the international war on terrorism, Sudan has much greater importance in the realm of intelligence and security than do most nations of Africa's interior. Though it harbored al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden from 1991 to 1996, Sudan in 2001 became an unlikely ally of the United States in its efforts against Islamist terrorists.
The two principal intelligence agencies of the Sudanese government are Al Amn al-Dakhili and Al Amn al-Khariji, the bureaus of internal and external security respectively. Security issues in Sudan have, for the most part, sprung from internal issues, particularly a civil war with roots going back to the 1950s. The vast nation, Africa's largest geographically, is sharply divided culturally into northern and southern regions. The north, which the government controls, is Arabic and Islamic, whereas the south is sub-Saharan African and non-Muslim (either Christian or traditionalist). The opposition Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) controlled much of southern Sudan by the end of the twentieth century.
The Sudanese government has been notorious for its human rights violations, including the continuation of the black African slave trade in the 1990s. Its imposition of strict Muslim law on the south in 1983 sparked a civil war that claimed more than 1.5 million lives over the next 15 years. Meanwhile, the government in Khartoum provided safe haven to bin Laden, who had been exiled from his native Saudi Arabia. U.S. and Saudi pressure forced the Sudanese to eject bin Laden in 1996.
After the al-Qaeda attacks on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, the U.S. military struck back at targets in Afghanistan and Sudan, whose Shifa Pharmaceutical Plant was reportedly making chemical weapons. In 2001, the Financial Times revealed that two months before the bombings, Sudanese external security bureau chief Gutbi al-Mahdi approached the regional head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and offered to share intelligence on al-Qaeda. Suspicious of Khartoum, the administration of President William J. Clinton declined the offer.
The inauguration of President George W. Bush in 2001 signaled a change in U.S.-Sudanese relations. Even before the September 11 terrorist attacks, Sudanese intelligence had begun providing Washington with information on suspected terrorists who had resided in the country during the period 1991–96. Soon after the attacks, a senior State Department official told the Washington Post that Khartoum had made an "implicit" offer for the use of its military bases to strike against al-Qaeda. In March 2002, Sudanese authorities captured and imprisoned Anas Al-Liby, a senior al-Qaeda militant.
The Khartoum government made a peace deal with the SPLA in July 2002, and the two sides began work toward a ceasefire agreement.
Topics related to the subject or the author
Security arrests Sudan opposition in KhartoumTribalism a challenge for Sudan army: military chiefSudan security summons journalist over IS reportOpposition criticises method of detention in SudanOn the anniversary of protests massacres, the international community must take a strong stand on iSubmission to the Universal Periodic Review of Sudan 2016Voices for Sudan Condemns the Arrest and Planned Deportation of El DoudSudanese journalist arrested in Saudi Arabia, faces deportationMore Sudanese Baath Party members detained in KhartoumACJPS and Human Rights Watch - Sudan: Wave of Opposition ArrestsSudanese Baath Party head held incommunicadoPastors not allowed to leave SudanSudan: Update on Yasir Mirghani Abdalrahman and Nasreen Ali Mustafa from Amnesty InternationalSudan’s authorities allow 4 suspended newspapers to resume their publicationTWO SOUTH SUDAN PASTORS RISK DEATH PENALTYSudan’s security prevents the opposition from flying to Paris to attend EU parliament hearing 150, 000 South Sudanese refugees arrive to SudanWe solve "Abyei" crisis in accordance with the agreements with Khartoum: South SudanThe Transparency International’s team plans to visit SudanThe coming period will witness more freedoms: Sudan’s Information MinisterKi-moon welcomes release of two Russians abducted in Sudan’s Darfur Two Russians kidnapped in Sudan's Darfur have freed: Russia's foreign ministrySouth Sudan’s rebels seize control of key oilfields in the country’s northContacts with the armed groups to join the peace process: the head of Darfur AuthoritySudanese tribal chief stresses that the social reconciliation is necessary to end Darfur’s conflictAmnesty International appeals Sudan’s Security to free all detaineesEnding of suspension of 4 newspapers next week: Sudan’s Information MinisterSudan Journalists Union convene a panel discussion with security and media professionals Sudan’s security says it will lift the suspension on 4 newspapers Sudanese Journalists protest against confiscation of 10 newspapers Sudanese journalists Union (SJU) rejects confiscating of 10 newspapers Sudan’s ruling party describes EU and US stances on the elections as “unjustifiable” Sudan’s president warns South Sudan to disarm the rebels or face repercussionsSudan security stresses that the current year will be the last one for the insurgency Sudan: Urgent Action on Adil Ibrahiem Bakheit from Amnesty InternationalSudan’s security targets press and political opponents during the elections period:Amnesty InternKhartoum receives nationals from (36) States evacuated from YemenNearly 8 million children in Sudan to be vaccinated against measlesSudanese human rights defender detained on baseless charges and others at risk after armed raid on Sudanese security confiscates copies of Al-Youm al-Tali newspaperUrgent safety concern for activist Sandra Kodouda kidnapped in SudanDetentions, civil society closures, media restrictions on eve of Sudan elections Sudan lacks conduc190 foreign organizations demand to monitor the elections: Sudan’s electoral body Sudanese security agents beat up lawyers in KhartoumSudan govt. not serious about National Dialogue: rebel leaderSecurity agents thwart anti-election forum in Port SudanSISSA to meet in Khartoum to discuss the economic sanctions effects on the security in AfricaNote by the Sudanese opposition organizations in the DiasporaSudan detainee El Agar needs eye surgerySudan’s Profs demand justice for slain studentThe Secretary-General Remarks at the opening session of the Commission on the Status of WomenFreedoms severely curtailed in Sudan in 2014: AmnestySudan becomes major weapons producerSecurity detains anti-dam activist in northern SudanSudan’s opposition leading figure accuses the government of spreading violenceAfter harrowing journey, Sudanese asylum seeker freed from Israeli detention centerChina announces that it will continue to support South Sudan peace processThree die in militia attacks in South and North DarfurSudan and Kuwait negotiate help Zain repatriate $280 million worth of Sudanese poundsDarfur displaced invite US Deputy Secretary of State to visit their campsSudan election campaign to start amid opposition boycottAbu Dhabi Fund grants Sudan $ 90 million loan to complete dams African Commission requested to intervene in Abu Eisa, Madani trialEmirati-Sudanese coordination to contain situation in LibyaChurch fights confiscation, closure in Sudan’s capitalAfrican Commission should call on Sudan to release prominent activists facing stiff penalties in naSudan security agents confiscate print runs of 14 newspapersFAO teams up with the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rangelands and provides about USD 1 millSudanese press massacred in KhartoumSudan’s journalists protest against confiscation of (14) papers Sudan seizes print runs of 13 newspapers: watchdogSudan’s security confiscates more than (10) newspapers Sudan’s Communist Party condemns NCP accusationsSudan: Abu Eisa unbroken by detention, Madani hospitalised tooSudan: Detained opposition leader hospitalisedThirst in North Darfur’s Shangil Tobaya campsSudanese Journalists Union rejects confiscation of the newspapersSudan is holding Abu Eisa, Madani hostage: lawyerSudan’s Ministry of Culture orders the closure of the Sudanese Writer’s UnionPrint-run of Akhir Lahza seized in Sudan’s capitalSudanese El Midan gagged for 10th timeNCF to launch campaign against Sudan’s April electionsZuma finalizes an agreement for co-operation in a number of fields with Sudan 10th anniversary of The Massacre marked in Port SudanSudan’s El Midan daily gagged by security againSudan authorities working on arrest warrants against El Mahdi and MinawiSudan’s Security Services raid and order closure of Mahmoud Mohamed Taha Cultural CentreSudan in grip of gangsters: lawyerNo justification for delay of trial of Abu Eisa, Madani: Sudan lawyerMemo to Sudan’s Justice Minister to release the head of the opposition Sudan’s opposition party says no direction to freeze its political activity Political parties, civil society sign Sudan Appeal in OmdurmanNew charges against Sudanese Communist Party’s newspaperSudanese and Arab activists call to release of Sudanese political prisoners Sudan security summons El Midan's editor-in-chiefSudan security files complaint against Umma PartyArab campaign for release of detainees in Sudan, El Mahdi chargedSudan’s detained opposition figure stresses that he will strengthen relationship with the rebelSudan’s security announces end of the insurgency this year Sudan’s opposition reject plea for release of detained leadersSudan's Democratic Unionist Party welcomes the constitutional amendmentsSudan’s two opposition parties sing an agreement in Cairo Sudan's Parliament approves constitutional amendments strengthen the security's powers Another El Midan print-run confiscated by Sudan’s securitySudan’s President says that the opposition documents written by (CIA) and (Mossad)Large RSF militia force arrives at Kutum, North DarfurSudan’s opposition leader detained transferred to the hospitalSudan’s Bar Association visits the opposition detainees Security raids NGO in Sudan’s capital, detains journalistMilitia reinforced, bombing in East Jebel Marra, North DarfurKhartoum’s threat to enter our territory is a declaration of war: South Sudan says JEM denies South Sudan’s support of Sudanese rebelsThree killed by herders, militiamen in DarfurSudan’s opposition blames the ruling party for the national dialogue failure Statement by the UK Legal Advisor to the UK Mission to the UN to the Security Council Briefing on SU.N Human Rights Office urges Sudan’s government to release the opposition detainees Sudan warns some countries, in particular South Sudan, of harboring the rebel groupsSudan’s security summons the mosques imams over their call for killing al-TurabiSudan: Arrest of the President of the Sudan Human Rights Monitor (SHRM)Sudan’s opposition demands immediate release of its leader and all political prisonersSudanese president travels to Ethiopia Sudan’s Security arrests two opposition figures Sudan ruling party calls al-Mahdi to return to the country and join the national dialogueSudan’s Security seizes the largest criminal network that forges official documents Sudan’s PM calls for amendment of the law to control e- journalism4 charged with crimes against the state for printing and distribution of Communist Party Statement (6,000) foreigners residing in the country illegally: Sudan’s interior ministry Relations between Khartoum and Tripoli is moving in the right direction: Sudan’s Foreign Minister sSudanese journalist’s family appeals to Parliament for his releaseSudan’s security services releases a Chinese worker abducted in West Kordofan SUDAN UNIT of OXFORD Conference on th November Programme Sudan dissident confirms authenticity of leaked security documentSouth Kordofan activists detained for demanding water, electricityEl Intibaha story about students fabricated: Darfur lawyersAnother Umma Party member barred from leaving SudanSouth Sudan: Flawed Security Bill Headed for VotePrint run of Sudan’s El Ahram El Yowm confiscatedSudan's opposition unimpressed by Al Bashir speechSudan Democracy First Group condemns wave of arbitrary arrests in SudanSudan must stop attacks on civilians in Blue Nile state and guarantee safety of detaineesSudan security confiscates copies of two newspapersChristians harassed in Sudan: Council of ChurchesSudan Workers Union supports Darfur teachers’ strikeSudanese Congress Party pressured to apologise for criticism of militiaDr Maryam El Sadig El Mahdi released by Sudanese securityPress Release Arab Coalition for Sudan and the Arab Network for Media Crisis Inaugurate the (90) daSudan: Those behind unlawful killings and torture of protesters must be brought to justice Sudan Ministry denies Ebola case in West DarfurSudan militia recruit more than 3,000 minors in South KordofanWest Kordofan El Fula court refuses case of El SheikhUmma Party protesters hand memo to Sudan securityEU: deeply concerned about the ongoing detention and condition of opposition party membersPolice violence and mass arrests in Omdurman following reported gang-rape of Nuba woman by police oSudanese Congress Party: list of detainees and closure thier Office in Alnuhud by NISSSudan Tortures Youth DetaineesNCP military convoy destroyed at mount kaleed in Blue NileSudan: End Arbitrary Detention of Activists Investigate Allegations of Torture, AbuseDarfur 2014: Time to Reframe the NarrativeSudan’s Human Rights Crisis: Submission to the UN Human Rights CommitteeA National Dialogue, or a National (Congress Party) Monologue؟After one month of his release, NISS re-arrests Sudanese activist Mohamed Salah Mohamed Umma Party leader charged by Sudan security, SPLM-N warns for new militia recruitsSudanese authorities must release pregnant Christian woman and review conviction for apostasy and aSudan’s Political Parties Affairs Council bans Republican Party amidst calls for national dialogueSudanese journalists speak-out on World Press Freedom DayBrothers former Sudan Presidential Adviser charged with murderNon-food relief to be distributed among North Darfur's displacedNo justice for Sudan protest killings: Human Rights WatchSudan: No Justice for Protest Killings Release Detainees and Punish Abusive ForcesSudanese protest detention of activists in KhartoumUK condemns Sudan: 'Sexual violence in Darfur almost doubled'Darfur Bar Association monitoring release of political prisonersOpposition sceptical as Sudan security announces release of political detainees'Sudan security agents block political forum': opposition partySudan security confiscates print runs of three newspapersSudan Human Rights and Humanitarian Bulletin for the period 01 to 15 March 2014Sudan Human Rights and Humanitarian Bulletin for February 2014Activists and human rights defenders arrested in wake of University of Khartoum demonstrationsFamily of Activist Mohamed Salah Calls for his ReleaseStatement by the family of the Sudanese activist Mohamed Salah MohamedFree Detained Human Rights Lawyers and Youth ActivistsA list of detanees in Sudan after the killing of Ali AbakerSudan Human Rights Monitor, August - November 2013Darfur: Three Intense Weeks of Deadly Violence and Destruction1 person dead and 7 critically injured after Sudanese forces open fire on Uni.of Khartoum studentsDarfuri Student Killed at Khartoum UniversitySudan: Student shot dead and more than 100 arrested at Khartoum protestSudan judiciary protects press freedom; authorities censorUpdate: Censorship surge in Sudan by security services continues and extends to pro-government newsPublication of Constitutional Proetction of Human Rights in SudanIssues No. 6 and 7 of the Sudan Human Rights and Humanitarian Bulletin covering the periods 01 to 1Her Majesty and walking on edge of the abyss Report: Hussein SaadSudan Human Rights and Humanitarian Bulletin Issue No 4 01 – 15 DecemFears for the safety of Sudanese youth movement leader denied medical 3rd Issue of the Sudan Human Rights and Humanitarian Bulletin for the URGENT ACTION CALL FOR THE IMMEDIATE RELEASE OF DETAINED UNIVERSITY STSudan and South Sudan’s Joint Security Committee holds its meeting in Letter from African Centre for Justice and Peace StudiesHuman Rights Situation in Sudan: Amnesty International’s joint writtenRenewal and strengthening of the special procedure mandate on the situSudanese Columnists Banned From Writing After Criticising Muslim Broth