Title: South Sudan: Obstacles to a lasting peace
Author: BBC News
Date: 08-15-2015, 03:47 PM
04:47 PM Aug, 15 2015
Sudanese Online BBC News- My Library at SudaneseOnline
15 August 2015
andnbsp; http://www.bbc.com/news/world/africaAfrica Peace proposals call for South Sudanese troops, seen here marching in Juba, to withdraw from the capital
A year-and-a-half of peace processes have not stopped South Sudan's collapse.
Soldiers slaughter young boys, women are raped and millions have fled as ceasefires are ignored and the fighting continues.
An expanded mediation team from the regional body Igad and several other interested nations, known as Igad Plus, insists a permanent peace deal must be signed by 17 August.
But with time running out, the distance between the two sides appears to be wide. "The gap is too big," one rebel official told me.
Here are five of the main obstacles to a lasting peace in South Sudan:
1. The two main rivals
The key question.
andnbsp;http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12107760President Salva Kiir andnbsp;and rebel leader andnbsp;http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-25402865Riek Machar andnbsp;have in the past committed to stopping the fighting, only for both sides to break their word and launch offensives.
Do the leaders realise or care how much the people are suffering? Are both sides prepared to make the necessary compromises to end the war?
Will a tougher stance from the US and regional leaders make a difference? What about the growing
It's clear that many South Sudanese have grown frustrated with the inability of the leaders to make peace. Pressure is mounting though: President Obama and others have warned of tough measures if the 17 August deadline is missed, and South Sudan's churches have called on Mr Kiir and Mr Machar to sign the latest peace proposal.
The Igad Plus peace proposal has been widely disseminated, in an effort to get some sort of momentum behind it.
However, even before these negotiations began the government and the rebels expressed reservations.
President Kiir rejects the proposal to give the rebels de facto control of three states
The government doesn't like the idea of a neutral third force controlling an otherwise demilitarised capital, Juba, and rejects the plan to give the rebels de facto control of the three states most affected by conflict (which contain the lucrative oilfields).
The rebels want a dominant share in the national government, and a federal system.
South Sudanese civil society groups have also criticised the proposal for putting too much emphasis on power-sharing among the elite, rather than insisting on accountability and justice, or resolving underlying issues that caused the conflict.
The key is to see the Igad Plus proposal as a basis for negotiations, rather than a final document. Under regional and international pressure, some sort of peace agreement is possible.
At the moment, the government and the rebels are arguing over power-sharing arrangements, essentially fine-tuning a return to the status quo ante.
But if the root causes of the conflict aren't resolved, it is difficult to see it bringing lasting peace.
3. South Sudan's neighbours
Over the past 18 months, South Sudan's neighbours have taken a leading role in mediating between the warring parties.
Yet this has been compromised by their own involvement in the conflict.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-25759650Uganda intervened militarily
andnbsp;in support of President Kiir, to the frustration of the rebels. Sudan is allegedly providing logistics, weapons and bases to Mr Machar's army. Two generals have recently split from Mr Machar's rebel group
Other countries are not implicated militarily in South Sudan, but have important economic interests there (Kenya) or wish to drive the mediation process (Ethiopia).
A satisfactory peace deal will mean finding agreement among all of South Sudan's divided neighbours.
4. Rebel unity
Mr Machar's rebel group was always an uneasy coalition of civilian militias and military units that defected from the national army, the SPLA.
The split announced this week by well-known generals including
andnbsp;http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-25447527Peter Gadet andnbsp;and Gathoth Gatkuoth was no surprise: the men had been sidelined, in part because of their opposition to Mr Machar's apparent willingness to consider a power-sharing deal.
There had always been concern about whether Mr Machar could bring all his movement with him. Now we are about to find out.
Two key questions here: do the generals have enough support on the ground to constitute a powerful military force of their own?
And will they receive the external military support they will need to flourish?
Many South Sudanese have known little but war and some, like this man, have lost their homes
This would be most likely to come from Sudan, as Gen Gadet has fought for Khartoum several times in the past.
Another possibility is that hardliners in both Mr Kiir's and Mr Machar's camp could use the split as an excuse not to sign a peace deal.
5. Deepening ethnic animosity
Millions of South Sudanese have known hardly anything but war.
At the time of the united Sudan, the first north-south civil war lasted from 1955-1971, and the second was even longer (1983-2005).
After South Sudan's
andnbsp;http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14091114independence andnbsp;in 2011, it wasn't long before this new civil conflict erupted - in December 2013.
Tragically, war is part of life for many. South Sudan is a
andnbsp;http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-29762263militarised society, where the military men run politics.
Those in command often have ethnic power bases, bringing an ethnic dimension to most conflicts.
There is no dominant culture in South Sudan. The Dinkas and the Nuers are the largest of more than 60 ethnic groups, each with its own language and traditional beliefs, alongside Christianity and Islam.
The current war has deepened animosity between the Nuer and the Dinka, the country's two biggest ethnic groups.
The picture is even more complicated than this: for example, many Bul Nuer (a Nuer sub-group) have fought for the government against the largely Nuer rebels, creating tensions within the Nuer.
In South Sudanese society, the culture of revenge is also prominent - a worrying ingredient in a conflict in which tens of thousands have been killed.
All these factors will be difficult to resolve, even if a peace deal is signed.
Nevertheless, the country has strong traditions of peace-making and reconciliation, often through the chiefs or the church.
Their best efforts will be needed if a lasting peace is to be achieved.
Topics related to the subject or the author South Sudan Rebel Leader Warns of Peace Talks Failure 08-14-15, 03:47 PM, Voice of America UN weighs imposing sanctions on six senior commanders from South Sudan 06-27-15, 03:01 PM, SudaneseOnline News UNHCR and partners alarmed at the upsurge in the number of South Sudanese fleeing into Sudan 06-24-15, 11:42 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Statement No. (22) The SPLM and the repercussions of the war in the republic of South Sudan 06-24-15, 11:40 AM, تلفون كوكو ابو جلحة 250,000 South Sudanese children face starvation due to the conflicts: UN 06-17-15, 04:38 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan’s rebel’s leader discusses the issues of peace with UN official 06-15-15, 03:05 AM, SudaneseOnline News THE BEJA CONGRESS APPEALS TO THE SOUTH AFRICAN HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION 06-14-15, 05:26 AM, مؤتمر البجا The President of the Assembly calls on States Parties to fulfill their obligations to execute the A 06-14-15, 05:24 AM, ICC Public Affairs Unit Press release on SPLM (USA) elections 05-31-15, 05:42 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release UN extends the mandate of the UNIMIS in South Sudan through the end of November 05-29-15, 11:30 PM, SudaneseOnline News 40% of South Sudan’s population will face food shortage over the next couple of months: UN warns 05-28-15, 00:55 AM, SudaneseOnline News Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on South Sudan 05-21-15, 04:22 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release The renewed fighting in S.Sudan’s Unity State is a serious breach of the Cessation of Hostilities A 05-11-15, 06:07 PM, SudaneseOnline News MSF and ICRC pull out their staff from South Sudan’s Unity State due to the heavy fighting 05-10-15, 04:59 PM, SudaneseOnline News Military activities in South Sudan’s Unity state forced up to 100,000 people from their homes: UN 05-09-15, 03:56 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan's government and rebels fail to make compromises: U.S. Kerry 05-05-15, 03:42 PM, SudaneseOnline News If South Sudan's leaders do not show willingness to peace talks they have to face consequences: UN 05-01-15, 03:40 PM, SudaneseOnline News EU expresses its strong dissatisfaction with the deadly war in South Sudan 04-26-15, 04:49 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudanese opposition leader says his home surrounded by security personnel 04-24-15, 05:26 PM, SudaneseOnline News Nearly 8 million children in Sudan to be vaccinated against measles 04-24-15, 02:34 PM, Radio Dabanga Sudan demands UN to condemn the rebel SPLM-N attacks in South Kordofan 04-24-15, 02:30 PM, SudaneseOnline News We will not recognize the elections’ results: Sudan’s opposition 04-20-15, 04:57 PM, SudaneseOnline News The AUEOM Preliminary Report on the Sudan General Elections 04-17-15, 06:57 PM, SudaneseOnline News Press Statement of the African Union Election Observation Mission to Sudan 04-17-15, 06:54 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Sudan used cluster bombs in South Kordofan: HRW 04-17-15, 02:51 PM, Radio Dabanga One-third of Sudanese people vote in the elections: AU 04-17-15, 02:49 PM, SudaneseOnline News Sudan’s participation in Saudi-led coalition in Yemen is invaluable: Saudi Ambassador 04-15-15, 05:05 PM, SudaneseOnline News AU announces stability of Sudan's elections 04-15-15, 05:03 PM, SudaneseOnline News Our aim is to help Sudan to conduct credible elections: IGAD says 04-12-15, 04:26 PM, SudaneseOnline News African Union sends 50-member delegation to observe Sudan’s elections 04-10-15, 04:30 PM, SudaneseOnline News Rebels led by Machar announces that the killed 38 government soldiers in Jonglei and Unity states. 03-27-15, 03:44 PM, SudaneseOnline News U.S. calls on South Sudanese parties to resume peace talks 03-25-15, 09:27 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan Rebel Group Releases Child Soldiers 03-23-15, 08:29 PM, wall street online journal Nine medical students were born in UK and studied medicine in Sudan 03-23-15, 08:20 PM, SudaneseOnline News Missing British-Sudanese medics had humanitarian motives 03-23-15, 08:13 PM, BBC News Nine British medics enter Isis stronghold to work in hospitals 03-22-15, 01:15 AM, theguardian South Sudan Factions Recruit Thousands of Child Soldiers 03-21-15, 04:40 PM, Voice of America South Sudan warlord offers abducted boys sit exams - UN envoy 03-20-15, 05:49 PM, Reuters Population Under Pressure in South Sudan Opposition Territory 03-20-15, 04:26 PM, Voice of America China supplies South Sudan with weapons to protect its oil fields 03-20-15, 04:18 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan rebels say civil war will go on 03-20-15, 02:21 PM, AFP Agence France Presse Thousands gather at Salva Kiir rally in South Sudan 03-20-15, 00:11 AM, Aljazeera news AFRICAN FUEL DEMAND KEEPS GROWING DESPITE ADVERSE CONDITIONS SAYS CITAC AFRICA REPORT 03-18-15, 11:27 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release U.S. warns lack of accountability hampers South Sudan peace bid 03-18-15, 08:04 PM, Reuters South Sudan: 130 rebels said to be killed in fresh fighting 03-17-15, 10:46 PM, Associated Press South Sudanese army announces killing of 130 rebels 03-17-15, 10:34 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan rebels confirm heavy fighting in north 03-17-15, 10:29 PM, AFP Agence France Presse SPLM-N leadership: Sudan Deserves a New Peace 03-15-15, 09:27 PM, الحركه الشعبيه لتحرير السودان شمال Specialist shortage sees cancer rise in Sudan 03-13-15, 05:22 PM, Radio Dabanga South Sudan’s government says it does not want ‘Troika’ countries to be included in the peace talks 03-13-15, 05:20 PM, SudaneseOnline News Sudan denies movement of extremists from Darfur to Libya 03-09-15, 04:58 PM, Radio Dabanga The Secretary-General Remarks at the opening session of the Commission on the Status of Women 03-09-15, 04:50 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release US condemns lack of "political leadership" to resolve South Sudan's war 03-07-15, 06:08 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan:76 organizations call for publication of AU Inquiry Report as deadline for peace passe 03-06-15, 11:20 PM, SudaneseOnline News Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on the South Sudan Peace Proce 03-04-15, 04:48 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Uganda denies massing troops along Sudan border 03-03-15, 11:44 PM, Reuters Sudan can solve the crisis in Juba: South Sudan’s Parliament says 03-03-15, 05:33 PM, SudaneseOnline News China sees no "logic" behind US-drafted resolution on South Sudan 02-28-15, 04:19 PM, SudaneseOnline News President of Sudan offers release of political detainees 02-28-15, 04:15 PM, Radio Dabanga Russian helicopter hit by anti-aircraft fire when it crashed in South Sudan: UN 02-28-15, 04:12 PM, SudaneseOnline News 16,000 Ugandan deploy on the Sudan-South Sudan borders 02-27-15, 03:36 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan must establish a transitional government of national unity 02-26-15, 04:43 AM, SudaneseOnline News Egypt funds first of several dams in South Sudan 02-26-15, 04:27 AM, Daily News Egypt US presents UN draft resolution on imposing sanctions in South Sudan 02-25-15, 06:55 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan rivals open 'final' peace talks 02-24-15, 10:37 PM, AFP Agence France Presse China announces that it will continue to support South Sudan peace process 02-24-15, 05:04 PM, SudaneseOnline News Three die in militia attacks in South and North Darfur 02-24-15, 05:03 PM, Radio Dabanga Sudan and Kuwait negotiate help Zain repatriate $280 million worth of Sudanese pounds 02-24-15, 05:02 PM, SudaneseOnline News Darfur displaced invite US Deputy Secretary of State to visit their camps 02-24-15, 05:00 PM, Radio Dabanga Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia receive offers for Nile dam studies 02-23-15, 06:35 PM, Ahram Online Offers from firms to conduct technical studies on the Ethiopian dam 02-23-15, 06:32 PM, SudaneseOnline News Mass deportation starts at new dam sites in eastern Sudan 02-23-15, 06:32 PM, Radio Dabanga Kidnapping of (89) boys older than 12 in South Sudan: UNICEF 02-21-15, 05:06 PM, SudaneseOnline News Darfur rebels kill soldiers in central Jebel Marra 02-21-15, 04:23 PM, Radio Dabanga Darfur authority stresses that improvement of U.S-Sudanese relations will bring peace 02-21-15, 04:22 PM, SudaneseOnline News Central Darfur's displaced without shelter after fire 02-21-15, 04:21 PM, Radio Dabanga Sudan’s president addresses the Speakers of Parliaments of IGAD 02-21-15, 04:19 PM, SudaneseOnline News UNAMID prepares for a safe exit from Sudan’s Darfur 02-20-15, 03:18 PM, SudaneseOnline News Sudanese hospital medics strike over non-payment 02-20-15, 03:16 PM, Radio Dabanga Sudan’s Vice President warns the young of extremism and terrorism 02-20-15, 03:08 PM, SudaneseOnline News Brig. Gen. John Mabieh vowed to take Malakal town by 9th March this year 02-19-15, 04:38 PM, Weirial Puok Baluang South Sudan Rebel Spokesman Defects 02-19-15, 00:43 AM, Voice of America South Sudan Warns Media Not to Publish Rebel Interviews 02-17-15, 05:29 PM, Voice of America South Sudan Leader Seeks Extension of Mandate 02-16-15, 04:58 PM, Voice of America Political delegation in Tabit scares residents 02-14-15, 04:16 PM, Radio Dabanga IGAD's Inter-Parliamentary Union convenes its meeting in Khartoum 02-14-15, 04:12 PM, SudaneseOnline News Sudan investigates rape of girl in Darfur by UNAMID officer: Source 02-13-15, 04:49 PM, SudaneseOnline News 38,600 displaced in Darfur in a month: OCHA 02-13-15, 02:54 PM, Radio Dabanga Sudan security detains man at North Darfur market 02-13-15, 02:48 PM, Radio Dabanga Statement of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Fatou Bensouda, on the Internation 02-12-15, 04:17 PM, ICC Public Affairs Unit Seven Investment Programme Areas Under the Sudanese National Agricultural Investment Plan (NAIP) Id 02-12-15, 04:15 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release South Sudan’s rebel’s fighters bombard government positions 02-10-15, 05:58 PM, SudaneseOnline News Activists oppose Sudanese govt. officials visit to USA 02-07-15, 06:41 PM, Radio Dabanga US, UK and Norway calls South Sudanese factions to reach a final peace agreement 02-07-15, 06:38 PM, SudaneseOnline News US Secretary of State is pressing for a UN vote creating an arms embargo on South Sudan 02-06-15, 04:24 PM, SudaneseOnline News Another South Sudan Newspaper Ordered to Close 02-04-15, 05:58 PM, Voice of America Thirst in North Darfur’s Shangil Tobaya camps 02-04-15, 05:51 PM, Radio Dabanga 400 JEM faction combatants to merge with Sudan army 02-02-15, 05:36 PM, Radio Dabanga More bombs fall on Golo, Central Darfur 02-02-15, 04:43 PM, Radio Dabanga Sudanese court renews detention of opposition leader 02-02-15, 04:41 PM, SudaneseOnline News Sudanese El Midan gagged for 10th time 02-02-15, 04:40 PM, Radio Dabanga USAID, BRAC Launch Project to Reach Out-of-School Children in South Sudan 01-30-15, 06:29 PM, SudaneseOnline News Africa Union Peace and Security Council stands in the way of Justice in South Sudan 01-30-15, 06:27 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Former Sudan Lost Boy Becomes Chess Master in NYC 01-30-15, 05:46 PM, Voice of America 3,000 child soldiers will be released from an armed group in South Sudan 01-27-15, 06:30 PM, SudaneseOnline News Warring factions of South Sudan sign an agreement to reunify SPLM 01-23-15, 03:58 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan’s Warring Factions Sign Peace Deal 01-23-15, 03:17 PM, wall street online journal Machar is expected to meet Kiir to ink the latest in a string of agreements 01-21-15, 06:27 PM, SudaneseOnline News Latjor community Association in Kakuma Join SPLM-IO and Denounce Juba Government 01-20-15, 03:59 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Re: Sudanese-Chinese talks convened today in Khartoum 01-30-15, 03:56 AM, بكرى ابوبكر China Mediates Peace Talks on South Sudan 01-13-15, 04:48 PM, Voice of America IGAD’s Summit on South Sudan in Addis Ababa this month 01-10-15, 04:22 PM, SudaneseOnline News UN says (353) civilians killed in South Sudan in April 01-09-15, 04:20 PM, SudaneseOnline News New Fighting Rocks South Sudan Oil States 01-06-15, 05:29 PM, Voice of America South Sudan Rebels Accuse Army of Killing Civilians 12-30-14, 03:58 PM, Voice of America South Sudan Approves $517M for 2015 Vote 12-27-14, 02:52 PM, Voice of America Khartoum’s threat to enter our territory is a declaration of war: South Sudan says 12-20-14, 04:30 PM, SudaneseOnline News UN says that South Sudanese rebels killed, raped civilians during an attack in October 12-20-14, 04:26 PM, SudaneseOnline News UN: South Sudan rebels committed atrocities 12-20-14, 03:54 PM, Aljazeera news SPLM Youth League Chapter in Egypt had successfully concluded the commemoration of 15-Dec-2013 12-16-14, 11:49 PM, Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut UNSC warns of considering all measures against those impeding the peace process in South Sudan 12-16-14, 05:27 PM, SudaneseOnline News Musa Hilal’s Council forms Jebel Amer Administration, calls for intifada in Sudan 12-16-14, 03:37 PM, Radio Dabanga South Sudan Conflict Enters Second Year 12-16-14, 03:35 PM, Voice of America US Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan arrives at Cairo to discuss many issues 12-14-14, 02:43 PM, SudaneseOnline News BNFA community Nuer Executive office Sudan Khartoum Statement 10-19-14, 08:55 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Rwanda Genocide Courts Hold Lessons for South Sudan 10-15-14, 10:31 PM, Voice of America US Urges UN Sanctions in South Sudan 10-10-14, 03:36 PM, Associated Press NUER YOUTH UNION WARNS AGAINST PRESIDENT KIIR TO LEAD THE INTERIM GOVERNMENT 10-05-14, 03:58 PM, Weirial Gatyiel Kiir: Unwavering Effort to End South Sudan War 09-29-14, 03:33 PM, Voice of America Scores Killed in South Sudan Fighting as Peace Talks Resume 09-23-14, 05:22 PM, Voice of America Press release on SPLM delegation's visit to China 09-21-14, 06:43 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release South Sudan's foreign workers policy rattles investors 09-20-14, 05:05 PM, BBC News S. Sudan President Seeks Meeting with Sudan’s Leader 09-15-14, 06:07 PM, Voice of America South Sudan Journalist Detained for Weeks Without Charge 09-11-14, 05:57 PM, Voice of America China Deploys Troops in South Sudan to Defend Oil Fields, Workers 09-11-14, 03:36 PM, wall street online journal Airdrops Aim to Ease South Sudan Suffering 09-09-14, 03:38 PM, wall street online journal Open Letter To Dinka Community in Australia 09-05-14, 03:46 AM, Gordon Buay Explanatory note about the precentage of the power-sharing in South Sudan 09-04-14, 07:37 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release RIEK MACHAR WILL LOSE ONE EYE 09-02-14, 11:42 PM, Gordon Buay United Nations Helicopter Crash in South Sudan Kills Three 08-27-14, 00:31 AM, wall street online journal South Sudan rivals sign new ceasefire deal 08-27-14, 00:18 AM, Aljazeera news UN Helicopter Shot Down in South Sudan 08-27-14, 00:14 AM, Associated Press Peter Gatdet Shot Down UNMISS Helicopter in Unity State 08-26-14, 04:02 PM, Gordon Buay Mabior Garang de Mabior Arrested For Attempting to Assassinate President Kiir 08-25-14, 10:03 PM, Gordon Buay To South Sudan’s woes, add famine — 50,000 kids at risk of death 08-25-14, 02:46 AM, The Washington Post Renegade Peter Gatdet impounded UN Helicopter carrying IGAD Monitors 08-25-14, 02:38 AM, Gordon Buay South Sudan rebels accept presence of Ugandan troops to keep peace 08-22-14, 04:18 PM, Reuters South Sudan President Fires John Garang's Widow 08-21-14, 04:53 PM, Voice of America South Sudan Ex-VP Rejects President Kiir’s Offer to End Conflict 08-21-14, 03:42 PM, Voice of America Nuer Youth Association:NYSAE Press Statement-3 - Strategies to Win the Struggle 08-20-14, 10:53 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Audio tapes of Riek Machar’s coup plots would be released to the public 08-17-14, 01:55 AM, Gordon Buay SPLA FORCES REPULSED REBELS’ OFFENSIVE IN UNITY STATE 08-15-14, 03:59 PM, Gordon Buay Powerful White Army Leaders and Gen. Tuach Nyaw Declared Peace with the Government of South Sudan 08-15-14, 04:35 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Rebel Commander Split From Riek Machar’s Movement 08-12-14, 05:44 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Gal Lel Ngundeng Met President Salva Kiir in Washington DC, US 08-11-14, 04:27 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release HUNDREDS OF SOUTH SUDANESE CONVERGE IN WASHINGTON, D.C TO RECEIVE PRESIDENT KIIR 08-05-14, 05:50 AM, Gordon Buay SPLA ARMY RECEIVED NEW WEAPONS TO DEFEND THE CONSTITUTION 08-01-14, 01:15 PM, Gordon Buay SPLA CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF SPENT NIGHT IN NASIR 07-26-14, 09:30 AM, Gordon Buay South Sudan Musician (Dina Maruach) went to Africa for Visiting Dr. Riek Machar on June 30 – July 0 07-25-14, 00:16 AM, SudaneseOnline News SPLA REPULSED REBELS’ ATTACK IN AYOD 07-22-14, 10:07 AM, Gordon Buay SPLA Completed Mopping-up Operation Near Nasir Town 07-21-14, 05:43 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release THE REBELS ARE CLEARED OUT OF NASIR TOWN 07-20-14, 12:54 PM, Gordon Buay UN: South Sudan arms embargo crucial after massive Chinese weapons transfer 07-17-14, 11:54 PM, Amnesty International Renegade Gen. Garhoth Gatkuoth narrowly escaped being captured 07-17-14, 12:03 PM, Gordon Buay South Sudan: Independence Day marred by ongoing war crimes and looming famine 07-08-14, 03:37 PM, SudaneseOnline News Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial Did Not Embezzle Public Funds: A Response to Rebels’ Negative Propaganda 06-14-14, 04:44 AM, Gordon Buay The Nuer In Australia Warmly Welcomed Former SPLA Chief-of-General-Staff 06-04-14, 06:31 AM, Gordon Buay The Family of Nuer Prophet Ngundeng Congratulates Pagan Amum and his colleagues For Rejecting Riek 05-30-14, 07:16 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release ULANG AND NASIR COMMISSIONERS STARTED RESTORING GOVERNMENT SERVICES 05-27-14, 04:22 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release South Sudan: New interactive conflict map highlights urgent need to protect civilians 05-16-14, 05:03 PM, Amnesty International South Sudan Army, Rebels Swap Accusations over New Truce Violations 05-15-14, 06:27 PM, Voice of America South Sudan ceasefire crumbles as battles rage in Upper Nile 05-15-14, 04:26 PM, Times of Oman ULANG CHIEFS MET WITH SPLA COMMANDER 05-13-14, 11:07 PM, Gordon Buay The U.S. Government Should Deploy Special Forces to Arrest Peter Gatdet 05-12-14, 00:44 AM, Gordon Buay New Amnesty International report - Nowhere Safe: Civilians Under Attack in South Sudan 05-11-14, 08:24 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release South Sudan frontlines report calm 05-11-14, 04:22 PM, sbs WARLORD PETER GATDET VIOLATED THE CEASEFIRE 05-11-14, 04:16 PM, Gordon Buay Warlord Peter Gatdet Chased out of Guit County in Unity State 05-09-14, 04:52 PM, Gordon Buay U.S. Planning To Impose Sanctions On Both Sides Of South Sudan Conflict: Sources 05-06-14, 08:16 PM, Huffington Post Fierce fight in S. Sudan oil town; rebels counter 05-06-14, 08:10 PM, The Washington Post Eleven Rebel Politicians arrested in Ethiopia 05-06-14, 05:44 PM, Gordon Buay South Sudanese army captures key rebel base 05-05-14, 08:50 PM, Aljazeera news Political researcher from root cause conflict between indigenous tribes in south Sudan 05-05-14, 03:36 PM, Ruach Wal Yat SPLA IS STILL IN CONTROL OF BENTIU AND NASIR 05-05-14, 03:27 PM, Gordon Buay SPLA CAPTURED NASIR 05-04-14, 06:51 PM, Gordon Buay South Sudan Facing Genocide Risk Amid Personal Power Struggle, U.N. Officials Warn 05-04-14, 05:11 PM, Huffington Post SPLA FORCES AND THEIR ALLIES CAPTURED LONGICHUK COUNTY OF UPPER NILE STATE 05-03-14, 08:20 PM, Gordon Buay John Kerry warns of South Sudan genocide 05-03-14, 05:39 PM, BBC News AU Commission Hopeful on Resolving South Sudan’s Crisis 05-01-14, 07:02 PM, Voice of America US: S. Sudan killings show unbelievable cruelty 05-01-14, 06:57 PM, The Washington Post Full Account of the debate at Commons on South Sudan 04-30-14, 10:43 PM, SudaneseOnline News UN Criticizes S. Sudan Leaders Over Famine Response 04-30-14, 07:15 PM, Voice of America South Sudan sides recruit 9,000 children to fight 04-30-14, 04:19 PM, BBC News Group Petitions AU to Mediate South Sudan Negotiations 04-29-14, 03:06 PM, Voice of America South Sudan and rebels to resume peace talks 04-29-14, 03:03 PM, Aljazeera news South Sudan frees leaders accused of plotting coup 04-26-14, 05:09 PM, BBC News Darfur committee to register Bentiu victims, South Sudan 04-26-14, 05:00 PM, Radio Dabanga UN Security Council Press Statement on South Sudan - New York, 24 April 2014 04-24-14, 05:45 PM, SudaneseOnline Press Release South Sudan president fires army chief, top generals 04-24-14, 04:19 PM, news24 Sudanese in South Sudan commemorate victims of Bentiu massacre 04-24-14, 04:05 PM, Radio Dabanga South Sudan President Salva Kiir sacks army chief 04-24-14, 04:02 PM, BBC News South Sudan: Ethnic Killings Spiraling UN Security Council Should Impose Sanctions, Boost Civilian 04-24-14, 03:22 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Death toll 406; condemnation rises in massacre of Darfuris in Bentiu 04-22-14, 05:54 PM, Radio Dabanga Hundreds of dead bodies found in South Sudan town Al Jazeera report 04-22-14, 05:46 PM, SudaneseOnline News Rebels Slaughter Hundreds Of Civilians In South Sudan: UN 04-22-14, 05:33 PM, Huffington Post Riek Machar's rebels Did NOT Capture Mayom 04-21-14, 08:12 PM, Gordon Buay South Sudan Urges Sudan to Stop Attacks By Armed Groups 04-21-14, 04:14 PM, Voice of America South Sudan conflict: Bentiu 'ethnic slaughter' condemned 04-21-14, 04:07 PM, BBC News South Sudan army battles rebels in worsening war 04-20-14, 07:44 PM, news24 Over 100 killed in S Sudan cattle raid 04-20-14, 07:32 PM, news24 South Sudan cattle raid 'claims dozens of lives' 04-20-14, 04:22 PM, BBC News At least 58 killed in attack on U.N. base in South Sudan 04-18-14, 03:32 PM, Al Arabiya News South Sudan conflict: Attack on UN base 'kills dozens' 04-18-14, 03:27 PM, BBC News Hundreds feared dead as rebels overrun Bentiu, South Sudan 04-17-14, 09:50 PM, Radio Dabanga South Sudan on brink of famine: UN chief 04-17-14, 09:48 PM, Aljazeera news South Sudan Opposition Says it Has Seized Bentiu - Again 04-16-14, 07:59 PM, Voice of America South Sudanese flood into Ethiopia 04-16-14, 07:51 PM, news24 S Sudan rebel leader vows to take key oil fields 04-15-14, 05:24 PM, news24 South Sudan rebels order oil shutdown, battle over town 04-15-14, 05:11 PM, Times of Oman South Sudan conflict: Pro-Machar forces 'seize' Bentiu 04-15-14, 03:41 PM, BBC News Riek Machar’s rebels attacked an outpost on Sunday in violation of Cessation of Hostilities 04-14-14, 04:06 PM, Gordon Buay Gen. Gordon Buay:Gabriel Changson and Makuac Teny arrested in Gambella 04-12-14, 08:22 PM, Gordon Buay US Sanctions Don't Worry South Sudan Government, Rebels 04-11-14, 05:57 PM, Voice of America Egyptian 'suspicions' behind Ethiopia dam crisis: Sudan FM 04-10-14, 09:26 PM, TurkishPress South Sudan Accuses Khartoum of Attacks on Oil Region 04-09-14, 05:01 PM, wall street online journal South Sudan conflict: MSF accuses UN of 'indifference' 04-09-14, 03:28 PM, BBC News Fleeing civil war, South Sudanese say national unity is a distant goal 04-08-14, 07:24 PM, Aljazeera news India’s ONGC shows interests to expand oil investments in Sudan 04-07-14, 07:35 PM, SudaneseOnline News US authorises South Sudan conflict sanctions 04-05-14, 05:52 PM, BBC News As S.Sudan conflict deepens, a generation loses hope 04-05-14, 04:11 PM, AFP Agence France Presse Statement by the Press Secretary on South Sudan 04-04-14, 03:30 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan Will Starve Without Help, U.N. Warns 04-03-14, 07:16 PM, The Washington Post S Sudan on verge of Africa's worst famine 04-03-14, 05:32 PM, news24 One million forced from homes in South Sudan 03-30-14, 06:54 PM, sbs Over a million flee South Sudan conflict, U.N. says 03-29-14, 04:01 PM, Al Arabiya News UN: One million displaced by S Sudan conflict 03-29-14, 03:56 PM, Aljazeera news No Evidence Ties 4 South Sudan Politicians to 'Coup' Bid, Court Told 03-27-14, 04:30 PM, Voice of America South Sudan's frontline nuns 03-27-14, 04:26 PM, Aljazeera news US to give extra $83m in aid to South Sudan 03-26-14, 03:32 PM, Aljazeera news South Sudan rebels, government claim oil town as talks delayed 03-23-14, 07:42 PM, Reuters Lifesaving S Sudan aid stalled at checkpoints 03-23-14, 07:16 PM, Aljazeera news Prosecution Claims Four South Sudanese Plotted to Topple Kiir 03-23-14, 07:11 PM, Voice of America South Sudan Troops Recapture Malakal From Rebels 03-20-14, 05:34 PM, wall street online journal UN: Thousands killed and abused in S Sudan 03-19-14, 05:47 PM, Aljazeera news E. African Leaders to Decide Details on S. Sudan Stabilization Force 03-13-14, 02:51 AM, Voice of America South Sudan backs Egypt bid for African Union reinstatement 03-11-14, 09:48 PM, SudaneseOnline News Girl, 17, reveals how she fled civil war in South Sudan 03-11-14, 09:44 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan protest against UN over arms cache 03-11-14, 02:58 AM, BBC News Wounded South Sudan Rebels Fear Hospital 03-08-14, 05:49 AM, SudaneseOnline News Peace appeal from South Sudanese Australians 03-08-14, 05:43 AM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudanese refugees forced to flee to Darfur 03-08-14, 05:40 AM, SudaneseOnline News Fighting breaks out in South Sudan army barracks 03-05-14, 10:12 PM, THE TIMES OF INDIA Gunfire Erupts in South Sudan Capital as Troops Mutiny Over Pay -- Update 03-05-14, 10:02 PM, wall street online journal South Sudan soldiers die in 'pay battle' at army HQ 03-05-14, 09:26 PM, BBC News East African states mull stabilization force for South Sudan 03-04-14, 08:34 PM, Reuters US Lawmaker to Obama: Phone Kiir on South Sudan Crisis 03-04-14, 08:30 PM, Voice of America South Sudan says oil production down 29% 03-04-14, 03:22 AM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan violence leaves donors disillusioned 03-01-14, 05:41 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan: Patients Shot Dead in Hospital Beds 02-27-14, 05:30 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan: War Crimes by Both Sides 02-27-14, 05:19 PM, SudaneseOnline News Nuer Community in Egypt Condemns the Killing of Nuer in South Sudan; Says it Was a Calculated Move 02-20-14, 03:10 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release President Salva Kiir accuses UN workers in his country of siding with 01-23-14, 04:38 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan refugee John Mac Acuik killed on mercy mission in homeland 01-23-14, 05:20 AM, SudaneseOnline News UN voices concern over abuses in Malakal 01-23-14, 05:16 AM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan crisis: Rebel-held town of Bor destroyed 01-21-14, 07:44 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan soldiers 'try to force entry into UN base sheltering civil 01-21-14, 07:37 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan President Salva Kiir hits out at UN Souht Sudan's Presiden 01-21-14, 07:32 PM, BBC News Sudan Sees Key Role in Breaking South Sudan Conflict Stalemate 01-21-14, 07:19 PM, Voice of America Yoweri Museveni: Uganda troops fighting South Sudan rebels 01-20-14, 05:56 AM, SudaneseOnline News Report documents ethnic killings as Uganda joins South Sudan fight 01-20-14, 05:46 AM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan civil war still no deterrent to Chinese firms 01-20-14, 05:41 AM, SudaneseOnline News Key South Sudan town of Bor recaptured from rebels 01-20-14, 05:32 AM, SudaneseOnline News The Capital Upper Nile State is already retaken back by Ruach Wal Yat 01-14-14, 06:26 AM, Ruach Wal Yat Bodies litter South Sudan oil town; peace talks resume 01-14-14, 05:10 AM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan crisis: US envoy meets rebel leader Machar 01-13-14, 03:54 PM, BBC News S. Sudan’s Displaced: Running from Violence, Longing for Peace 01-13-14, 03:47 PM, Voice of America Thousands Remain Displaced as South Sudan Talks Stall 01-13-14, 03:43 PM, SudaneseOnline News SPLA FORCES ARE CHASING MAJ. GEN. JAMES KOANG TO THE WHITE NILE 01-10-14, 06:10 PM, SudaneseOnline News Statement by National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice on South Sudan 01-10-14, 03:35 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release Uganda Lawmakers Demand Answers about Troops in South Sudan 01-02-14, 05:26 PM, Voice of America South Sudan fighting continues ahead of Ethiopia talks 01-02-14, 05:22 PM, BBC South Sudanese rebels arrive in Addis Ababa for ceasefire talks 01-01-14, 05:34 PM, Reuters South Sudan's Warring Factions Agree On Ceasefire, Regional Block Says 12-31-13, 05:06 PM, SudaneseOnline News South Sudan’s Army Says Oil Heartland Is Safe From Rebellion 12-31-13, 05:01 PM, SudaneseOnline News Uganda Warns South Sudan Rebel Leader 12-31-13, 04:58 PM, SudaneseOnline News African Union threatens S Sudan sanctions 12-31-13, 04:55 PM, SudaneseOnline News The Nuer Community of North America Calls upon China, Russia and Iran 12-30-13, 09:52 PM, sudaneseonline Civilians Trying to Flee South Sudan Violence Are Caught Between Two S 12-30-13, 09:49 PM, The New York Times Uganda Deploys Troops to South Sudan Amid Unrest 12-30-13, 09:41 PM, Associated Press South Sudan: UN peacekeeping force must protect civilians in peril 12-25-13, 02:05 AM, SudaneseOnline News Former SSLA Gave Maj. Gen. James Koang Three Days to Return To The Gov 12-23-13, 04:27 AM, SudaneseOnline Press Release South Sudan leaders must prevent 'disturbing' spread of violence 12-22-13, 01:51 AM, sudaneseonline Massacre of Nuer civilians at The Hands of President Kiir’s Dinka mili 12-22-13, 01:49 AM, sudaneseonline Former South Sudan Official wants to be Ruling Party’s Presidential Ca 11-27-13, 06:53 AM, Voice of America Former South Sudan Official wants to be Ruling Party’s Presidential Ca 11-27-13, 06:52 AM, Voice of America Former South Sudan Official wants to be Ruling Party’s Presidential Ca 11-27-13, 06:51 AM, Voice of America South Sudan opposition leader returns from exile 11-02-13, 06:29 PM, AFP Agence France Presse Kiir committed to resolving dispute with Sudan through dialogue 09-03-13, 07:27 PM, SudanTribune Responding to Rice Claims: Foreign Ministry Affirms that Rebel moveme 09-02-13, 05:00 PM, SudaneseOnline News