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What is the IP's?

03-20-2005, 08:00 PM
bakri

Registered: 04-19-2001
Total Posts: 185

مكتبة الفساد

من اقوالهم






What is the IP's?

    The Internet Protocol (IP) is the method or protocol by which data is sent from one computer to another on the Internet. Each computer (known as a host) on the Internet has at least one IP address that uniquely identifies it from all other computers on the Internet. When you send or receive data (for example, an e-mail note or a Web page), the message gets divided into little chunks called packets. Each of these packets contains both the sender's Internet address and the receiver's address. Any packet is sent first to a gateway computer that understands a small part of the Internet. The gateway computer reads the destination address and forwards the packet to an adjacent gateway that in turn reads the destination address and so forth across the Internet until one gateway recognizes the packet as belonging to a computer within its immediate neighborhood or domain. That gateway then forwards the packet directly to the computer whose address is specified.
    Because a message is divided into a number of packets, each packet can, if necessary, be sent by a different route across the Internet. Packets can arrive in a different order than the order they were sent in. The Internet Protocol just delivers them. It's up to another protocol, the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) to put them back in the right order.

    IP is a connectionless protocol, which means that there is no continuing connection between the end points that are communicating. Each packet that travels through the Internet is treated as an independent unit of data without any relation to any other unit of data. (The reason the packets do get put in the right order is because of TCP, the connection-oriented protocol that keeps track of the packet sequence in a message.) In the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) communication model, IP is in layer 3, the Networking Layer.

    The most widely used version of IP today is Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4). However, IP Version 6 (IPv6) is also beginning to be supported. IPv6 provides for much longer addresses and therefore for the possibility of many more Internet users. IPv6 includes the capabilities of IPv4 and any server that can support IPv6 packets can also support IPv4 packages
                  

Arabic Forum

05-09-2005, 06:57 AM
hamid hajer
<ahamid hajer
Registered: 08-12-2003
Total Posts: 1508






Re: What is the IP's? (Re: bakri)

    hi, bro
    cisco networking(ccna) predifine like this ..



    The Internet was developed to provide a communication network that could function in wartime. Although the Internet has evolved from the original plan, it is still based on the TCP/IP protocol suite. The design of TCP/IP is ideal for the decentralized and robust Internet. Many common protocols were designed based on the four-layer TCP/IP model.

    It is useful to know both the TCP/IP and OSI network models. Each model uses its own structure to explain how a network works. However, there is much overlap between the two models. A system administrator should be familiar with both models to understand how a network functions.

    Any device on the Internet that wants to communicate with other Internet devices must have a unique identifier. The identifier is known as the IP address because routers use a Layer 3 protocol called the IP protocol to find the best route to that device. The current version of IP is IPv4. This was designed before there was a large demand for addresses. Explosive growth of the Internet has threatened to deplete the supply of IP addresses. Subnets, Network Address Translation (NAT), and private addresses are used to extend the supply of IP addresses. IPv6 improves on IPv4 and provides a much larger address space. Administrators can use IPv6 to integrate or eliminate the methods used to work with IPv4.

    In addition to the physical MAC address, each computer needs a unique IP address to be part of the Internet. This is also called the logical address. There are several ways to assign an IP address to a device. Some devices always have a static address. Others have a temporary address assigned to them each time they connect to the network. When a dynamically assigned IP address is needed, a device can obtain it several ways.

    For efficient routing to occur between devices, issues such as duplicate IP addresses must be resolved.


                  

Arabic Forum

05-09-2005, 07:05 AM
hamid hajer
<ahamid hajer
Registered: 08-12-2003
Total Posts: 1508






Re: What is the IP's? (Re: hamid hajer)


    therefore ;

    This page discusses the history and the future of TCP/IP:

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) created the TCP/IP reference model because it wanted a network that could survive any conditions. To illustrate further, imagine a world, crossed by multiple cable runs, wires, microwaves, optical fibers, and satellite links. Then imagine a need for data to be transmitted without regard for the condition of any particular node or network. The U.S. DoD required reliable data transmission to any destination on the network under any circumstances. The creation of the TCP/IP model helped to solve this difficult design problem. The TCP/IP model has since become the standard on which the Internet is based.

    Think about the layers of the TCP/IP model layers in relation to the original intent of the Internet. This will help reduce confusion. The four layers of the TCP/IP model are the application layer, transport layer, Internet layer, and network access layer. Some of the layers in the TCP/IP model have the same name as layers in the OSI model. It is critical not to confuse the layer functions of the two models because the layers include different functions in each model. The present version of TCP/IP was standardized in September of 1981.


                  

Arabic Forum

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