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Masters of War The Role of Elites in Sudan

01-27-2014, 10:24 AM
سيف اليزل سعد عمر
<aسيف اليزل سعد عمر
Registered: 01-11-2013
Total Posts: 7803

مكتبة الفساد

من اقوالهم
(مكتبة مفتوحة للتحديث)





Masters of War The Role of Elites in Sudan

    Next week my friend Johan Brosché from Uppsala University will defend his thesis: Master of War, The Role of Elites in Sudan’s Communal Conflicts

    An interessting reading. If you want to have a pdf copy please send an email to me

    saifalyazal hotmail.com
                  

Arabic Forum

01-27-2014, 10:26 AM
سيف اليزل سعد عمر
<aسيف اليزل سعد عمر
Registered: 01-11-2013
Total Posts: 7803






Re: Masters of War The Role of Elites in Sudan (Re: سيف اليزل سعد عمر)

    Quote: Abstract
    Brosché, J. 2014. Masters of War. The Role of Elites in Sudan’s Communal Conflicts.
    Report / Department of Peace and Conflict Research 102. 195 pp. Uppsala: Department of
    Peace and Conflict Research. ISBN 978-91-506-2381-9.
    Why do communal conflicts turn violent in some regions but not in others? Communal conflicts
    pose a severe threat to human security and kill thousands of people each year, but our
    understanding of this phenomenon is still limited. In particular, we lack knowledge about why
    some of these conflicts become violent while others are resolved peacefully. This study addresses
    this knowledge gap and has a novel approach by addressing subnational variations
    that are unexplained by previous research. The theoretical framework combines insights from
    three different perspectives focusing on the role of the state, elite interactions, and conditions
    for cooperation over common resources. Empirically, the research question is investigated by
    combining within- and between-region analyses of three Sudanese regions: Darfur, Eastern
    Sudan, and Greater Upper Nile. Despite sharing several similar characteristics, communal
    conflicts have killed thousands in Darfur and Greater Upper Nile but only a few dozen in
    Eastern Sudan. The empirical analysis builds on extensive material collected during fieldwork.
    This study generates several conclusions about the importance of government conduct and
    how state behavior contributes to the prevalence of violent communal conflicts. It finds that
    when governments act in a biased manner – favoring certain communities over others – interactions
    between central and local elites as well as among local elites are disrupted. Unconstructive
    elite interactions, in turn, have negative effects on three mechanisms that are crucial
    for communal cooperation. First, when the regime is biased, communal affiliation, rather than
    the severity and context of a violation, determines the sanctions that are imposed on the perpetrators.
    Second, government bias leads to unclear boundaries, which contribute to violent
    communal conflicts by creating disarray and by shifting power balances between the communities.
    Third, regime partiality distances rules from local conditions and restricts the influence
    of local actors who have an understanding of local circumstances. The study also reveals why
    a regime acts with partiality in some areas but not in others. The answer to this question is
    found in the complex interplay between the threats and opportunities that a region presents to
    the regime. Taken together, the findings have important implications for the prevention and
    management of communal conflict.
    Keywords: communal conflicts, causes of conflict, conflict prevention, conflict resolution,
    government bias, elites, common-pool resources, sanctions, boundaries, local rules, Sudan,
    South Sudan, Darfur, Eastern Sudan, Greater Upper Nile
                  

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