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مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السودانية

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05-07-2007, 10:18 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السودانية

    مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك الإسلامية السودانية

    إنني كباحث في مجال الاستثمار الإسلامي شاركت كمتحدث في بعض المؤتمرات الدولية المتعلقة بهذا المجال رغم أن السودان يعتبر من الدول الرائدة في مجال البنوك الإسلامية منذ زمن طويل قبل الإنقاذ وفي عهد الإنقاذ تم تحويل النظام المصرفي في السودان إلي نظام مصرفي إسلامي 100% الأنة للأسف الشديد أن التجربة السودانية هذه تجدها غير موثقة تماما أو تكاد لا تذكر أو تجد اثر مكتوب عنها.
    فالباحث ألان يجد فقط التجربة الماليزية أو جنوب شرق آسيا والتجربة الخليجية. لقد قابلت في أخر مؤتمر شاركت فيه في لندن بعض كبار المسئولين في بنك السودان وسألتهم أين هي التجربة السودانية ؟ قالوا حقيقة في نقص وتقصير كبير في هذا المجال وان الحكومة السودانية كونت لجنة قبل سنتين للتوثيق لتجربة البنوك الإسلامية السودانية

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 06-04-2008, 03:51 AM)

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05-07-2007, 10:25 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    شاركت كمتحدث عن الصعوبات التي تواحهة نمو الاستثمار الاسلامي عالميا في مؤتمر الاستمثار الاسلامي العالمي الذي عقد لندن 25-27 يونيو2007

    I participated as Speaker at the intentional conference "Islamic Finance & Investment World 2007 Europe" held at the Royal Garden Hotel London –UK June 25-27, 2007.my speech "PowerPoint presentation followed by question and answer from the Audience". My presentation Topics:

    Challenges facing Islamic finance - growth and acceptance in the global economy

    · Can the market continue to support the current level of growth?

    · Has the proliferation of Islamic banks resulted in a situation of too many providers?

    · Is consolidation inevitable and how will it occur?

    · To what extent is the continued development of Islamic finance linked to the price of oil? Is this situation will continue?

    photo from the conference



    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 06-04-2008, 03:41 AM)

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05-07-2007, 10:35 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    Challenges Facing
    the Global Acceptance & Growth of Islamic Finance:
    By: Elwaleed M Ahmed, Legal Consultant, Head of Foreign Affair Department Kuwaiti Lawyer Firm, Al-Jabriya –Kuwait. LL.M Degree "Master of Laws" From Temple University School of Law-Philadelphia-PA USA.
    Can the market continue to support the current level of growth?-1
    • Islamic banking & finance isn't just for conservative or radical Muslims. It's mainstream business. Thus, Islamic financial institution has broadened its appeal well beyond the confines of faithful Muslims.
    • There are many reasons behind the rapid growth of the Islamic Finance in double digit in recent years and Islamic Finance will continue booming for the near future, these are some factors behind the Islamic finance growth:
    • Repatriation of Arab money in the wake of the aftermath of terrorist attacks on US on Sept 11, 2001. Many Arab investors withdrew their money for US and the West in general and reinvest their fortune in the region and they favor Islamic investment
    • Since the Cold-War era, there has been a massive Islamic movement within the Islamic countries and the minorities Muslims communities around the globe. This movement has demanded that the Islamic law governs all aspects of their life from political, economic and daily life according to the Islamic principle.
    • The global Increase in the oil price and the vast liquidity in the oil exporting countries in recent years, that attract a lot of bankers and borrowers who are prepared to adhere to the Islamic restrictions on the use of capital
    • Islamic banking in the Middle East is growing and becoming important in mobilizing local and regional saving, as well as providing an important source of capital. Thus, the Islamic finance industry is a phenomenon that has generated considerable interest in the financial world in recent years. Specifically the GCC region
    • With so much business potential and high liquidity in Gulf countries, coupled with a rising demand for Islamic banking instruments from a growing Muslim population in European countries, it is understandable that many Western banks are gearing up to take advantage of opportunities and to provide tailor-made services to new cliente.
    • For Islamic market to exist in the proper manner, it must have all the relevant products that help the growth and expansion of the Islamic finance market. Hence, considering the fact that bond issuance and trading are important means of investment in the modern economic system. Thus, the Islamic financial system also needs to include, at the early stage, the development of Islamic capital market to provide an alternative source of financing, as well as to create broader and more diverse Islamic financial instruments for investors.
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05-07-2007, 11:02 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    كذلك شاركت في مؤتمرالتمويل وصنادبق راس المال الاسلامي العالمي الذي اقيم في البحرين مايو 2007
    I participated as speaker-discussion leader at the 3rd Annual World : Islamic Funds & Capital Markets Conference, held in the Kingdom of Bahrain on the 26th to 28th of May 2007 Sponsored by Bahrain Central Bank and Organized by MEGA "Middle East Global Advisor"
    صور من مؤتمر البحرين


    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 05-07-2007, 11:40 AM)
    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 06-04-2008, 03:43 AM)

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05-07-2007, 11:37 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    مواصلة لندن presentation
    • Therefore, the Islamic finance industry has to develop various Sukuk "Sharia-compliant structures" in order to provide investment opportunities and to meet the financing needs of businesses and investors who want to comply with the Islamic Sharia principle
    I: The Need for Global
    Standardizations & Harmonization
    Of Sharia's Board Decision-1:
    • Sharia board at individual banks actually defines what is and is not Islamic banking
    • In the absence of a universally accepted central religious authority because of the lack of uniformity in religious principle applied in Islamic countries that will lead to identical financial transaction will be interpreted differently from one sharia board to anther and that will lead to uncertainty about what is the acceptable way to do business in Islamic banking and finance systems, which in turn will complicate the assessment of risk for both the financial institution and its customer
    • The way Shari`a advisory boards of Islamic financial institutions function remains a source of confusion.
    • Even though, sharia is certainly dynamic and like all jurisprudence, open to level of interpretation but lack the center level of standardization of sharia board's ruling and that is one of the challenges facing the global acceptance & growth of the Islamic finance.
    • The different of interpretations of Sharia laws, which lead to the inability of one Islamic bank to copy another Islamic Bank's products.
    • There is a need for setting up Sharia board at global and central banks level, so as Expedite and perhaps assist in developing some standard guidelines for conducting Islamic financial transaction.
    • Furthermore, there is a need for conformity or similarity to extend possible in concept and application among Sharia supervisory boards of Islamic financial institutions to avoid contradiction and inconsistency between Fatwa “Sharia Board’s Ruling” and the application by these institutions with the a view to activate the role of sharia supervisory boards of Islamic financial institution.
    • Moreover, there is a need for mutual recognition of financial standards and products across jurisdictions. The progressive harmonization of Sharia, in this respect, needs to be viewed as a driver towards greater international financial integration.
    • On the other hand, the national and regional oversight and regulation will be necessary to guard against the potential for improper practices which could cast doubt on the credibility of all participants. :
    • Therefore, Sharia scholars from around the world should contribute towards greater understanding and international convergence and such a convergence and harmonization can only happen with greater engagement among the regulators, practitioners and scholars in Islamic finance in the international community.
    • Therefore, there is a necessity of the existence of unified Sharia board in the national and international levels by forming a uniform council representing different Islamic schools of thought so as to decide what types of financial services are conforming to the Islamic law, to define cohesive rule and to expedite the process of introducing new product.
    • Other sharia scholar argues that there should be Sharia counseling: independent Companies offering consultation on sharia matters instead of having sharia board in each financial institution.
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05-07-2007, 11:42 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    صور من مؤتمر البحرين
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05-07-2007, 11:45 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    مواصلة لندن presentation
    II: The shortage of Human Capital Specifically
    Sharia Scholars and its
    Negative Effect on Islamic Finance Growth:-1
    • With the rapid growth in the Islamic finance industry the demand of experience and qualified Islamic banking and finance experts and specifically financially expert sharia scholars continue to exceed the supply.
    • As consequence, sharia scholars are over stretch because the sharia scholar not only have to be expert in Islamic law But also, they need to know about economics, banking and investments procedure in addition to the well knowledge of English language.
    • Therefore, presently there are very few well-known sharia scholars working at the same time as sharia advisory board member in many Islamic financial institutions around the globe.
    • Thus, they will not have enough time to be devoted to products innovation, monitoring and auditing of Islamic financial institutions activities.
    To solve the shortfall in the supply of qualified and experience Islamic banking specialist and financially qualified sharia scholars who are needed to drive innovation and growth in the industries.
    • There must be collective effort between Islamic financial institutions and education institutions in designing educational and training programs that will supply future qualified Islamic finance personnel to Fulfill the human capitals need in the Islamic finance sector.
    III: The need for Transparency,
    Disclosure & Standardization of Accounting Procedure-1:
    • There is a need to develop uniform accounting and reporting structures among Islamic financial institutions. Because the absence of accounting (and auditing) standards pertinent to Islamic banks and the uncertainty in accounting principles involves revenue realization, disclosures of accounting information, accounting bases, valuation, revenue and expense matching, among others lead to the results of Islamic banking schemes may not be adequately defined, particularly profit and loss shares attributed to depositors.
    • Disclosure requirements need to be comprehensive and more frequent to inform investors of investment techniques so as they can make decisions based on their risk preferences
    • Maintaining clear transparency and insuring adequate disclosure of financing mechanisms are important steps toward building the necessary foundation for Islamic finance.
    • There is a necessity for unified accounting and regulatory standard body to govern the Islamic banking and finance nationally and globally:
    • For an Islamic financial institution to succeed it needs to establish universally accepted accounting, auditing and regulatory standard in order to achieve global acceptability and continue its rapid expansion.
    • There is need for all Islamic financial institution to unite its effort so as to standardize financial statement and disclosure requirement across the whole Islamic industries.
    • Islamic financial institution needs to recognize the responsibilities of regulators to apply national supervisory principle to all Islamic financial institutions especially the effective liquidity management, the definition of a deposit and the standardization of accounting and disclosure.
    • For Islamic banking to continue grow it must overcome the lack of a thorough comprehensive and consistent a counting standard and the lack of the effective regulation
    • There is a need for unified Islamic accounting standard covering areas such as the presentation of financial statement and disclosure in the Islamic financial institutions.
    • Thus, the Islamic accounting standard must seek to comply with international accounting standard.
    V: The Need for Secondary Market
    For Islamic Financial Institution to Handle Their Liquidity-1:
    • One of the major challenges to Islamic financial institutions remains how to handle their liquidity, because those banks have been more successful in attracting deposit than in identifying funding opportunities.
    • Liquidity has always been the most critical issue for Islamic financial institutions, because there are only small secondary markets that exist to enable the Islamic financial institutions to manage their liquidity, because the Islamic banks asset generally not saleable in any secondary market.
    • The establishment of genuine inter-bank markets would be a significant step towards providing Islamic financial institutions with the ability to maintain an adequate liquidity without holding excessive amount of very short-term asset
    • There is a need to establish international Islamic financial market “IIFM” to facilitate the development of the international Islamic money market and to harmonize the standard regulation and the practices in the Islamic financial industry.
    VI: Islamic Financial Institutions Need
    To Enhance Their Risk Management Techniques
    • Financial institutions that are providing Islamic products are facing the challenge of understanding the associated risks and design as well as developing a strong risk management framework.
    • Islamic financial institutions need also to identify where and when their risks are arising for each of their financial instruments
    • Islamic bank will be require employing the most modern risk management techniques, improving audit systems and enhance international standards of transparency regulation and supervision.
    VII: Islamic Financial Institution Should
    Avoid Short-Term Management Transaction:
    • Potential risk facing Islamic finance is that it may drift into services that are designed for the rich only, such as Tawarruq and other short-term management.
    • These tools practically serve only the rich; they don't look into the developmental aspect.
    • In most cases, these instruments are used for liquidity management, rather than project finance and consumer financing, which are essentially developmental.
    • Traditionally Islamic investment opportunities have been low-risk and short-term ventures and a lack of tradable financial instruments have restricted investment opportunity. Therefore, there is need for Islamic financial institution to focus more on project financial transaction and consumer transaction.
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05-07-2007, 11:47 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    صور من مؤتمر البحرين
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05-07-2007, 12:00 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    مواصلة لندن presentation الجزء الاخير عسي ولعل يستفيد منها البعض
    VIII: Challenges facing the Sukuk issuance:
    • Sukuk are actually an extremely difficult instrument to structure because it requires extensive and costly legal and religious advice and lot of different skill sets and resources to make it work. Therefore, corporate and banks shied away from such structures because of the legal risks and also the potential costs of pioneering such instruments.
    • Moreover, since sukuk trading sizes tend to range in the millions of dollars, they are out of reach for all but the wealthiest Muslim investors. In addition, anyone who buys into a sukuk typically buys it and holds it. Moreover, difficulties in defining rates of return on these sukuk instruments have also constrained the development of money and inter-bank market.
    Conclusion-1:
    • Islamic financial institutions will not only be assessed by their Sharia aspects, but also by other factors including their effectiveness and efficiency, their resilience and their ability to evolve and reinvent to meet the challenges of the continuously changing demands as we advance forward.
    • The need to expand the Islamic financial institutions services to accommodate the Islamic communities' needs will continue to grow rapidly in the near future.
    • There is a need for collective efforts from the bankers, economists and the Islamic legal scholars to develop financial solution that meets the religious requirement to the Muslim’s communities.
    • The Islamic financial community must accept that their institutions have to be regulated and supervised to meet the international standard. Ultimately their ability to grow and compete will depend on international acceptance of the regulatory regime.
    • There is need for universally accepted principal governing Islamic financial dealing, before the system can be accepted internationally, because the weakness of the Islamic financial market has also resulted from the lack of the common Islamic accounting and legal framework governing the Islamic financial market.
    • Since the Islamic law does not require the banks to be Islamic banks or all its resources to be Halal “permitted” then the conventional institution could have subsidiaries offer Islamic finance to Muslim and non-Muslim alike as an alternative to the interest-finance..
    • Such efforts are needed to meet the needs of an ever-growing Muslims communities trying to live their lives according to their beliefs..
    • Furthermore, some of the features of shari’a-compliant investing may also hold an appeal for Western investors. Islamic funds and investors screen out companies to exclude those that take part in activities that are not considered to be shari’a-compliant. In addition, companies that are overleveraged or that rely too heavily on accounts receivable are screened out.
    • These filters may serve a broader purpose of excluding firms that may present particular risk.
    • These practices may also be attractive to many non-Muslim investors who are not only interested in the risk/reward relationship of their investment, but who are also concerned with issues of accountability and social responsibility
    • Islamic products must compete with conventional products, if they are to penetrate non-Islamic markets. They can't exist only because of faith.
    • the development of an active and vibrant sukuk market is of fundamental importance to the continuing development and growth of the Islamic Finance industry.
    • Even though, sovereign, institutional and corporate issues are now common, there is still much more scope for innovation in the use of sukuk to expand the Islamic capital market. Moreover, building confidence in sukuk markets as a new industry is fundamental for the development of Islamic finance. Therefore, it is essential to regulate and modernize the systems, which determine the operations of these sukuk products.

    Has the proliferation of Islamic banks resulted in a situation of too many providers?
    • The demand for Islamic finance products and services exceeds the supply globally. Therefore, there is a need for more Islamic finance institutions with more capitals and qualified personnel to handle the demand for the Islamic finance services and to facilitate innovation of new Islamic financial products

    Is consolidation inevitable and how will it occur?
    • Islamic finance institution needs to consolidate and to form bigger and more powerful institution so to be able to produce more competitive Islamic financial products. There is a need for consolidation of those small institutions to form regional and global institution that will be able to compete in the international market.

    To what extent is the continued development of Islamic finance linked to the price of oil? Is this situation
    • Islamic finance growth co-sided with the increase of the oil price. Thus, the increase in Muslim wealth consider factor of the rapid devolvement of Islamic finance but as long as the industries growth and become more competitive that will lead to more growth and stability in the industries even if the oil price decrease that will not effect the growth of the Islamic finance. Thus, Chances are that Islamic finance will survive, and even grow, because it provides a national identity for the millions of Muslims around the globe.
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07-07-2007, 08:32 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

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07-07-2007, 06:58 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    مقال عن الصكوك باعتبارها القطاع الاكثر نموا في الاستثمار الاسلامي تشر في:
    I published article about Sukuk "Islamic Bond" the Fastest Sector in Islamic Finance in
    International online Islamic Finance publication (volume 4 issues 27 July 6th 2007(www.islamicfinancenews.com.
    الجزء الاول
    Sukuk "Islamic Bonds"
    The Fastest Growing Sector in Islamic Finance:
    its Unique Feature & the Challenges Facing its Growth
    By: Elwaleed M. Ahmed, Legal Consultant, Head of Foreign Affair Department, Kuwaiti Lawyer Law Firm, Al-Jabria – Kuwait. E-mail: [email protected]

    For an Islamic market to exist in the proper manner, it must have all of the relevant products that assist the growth and expansion of the Islamic finance market. Hence, considering the fact that bond issuance and trading are important means of investment in the modern economic system. Thus, the Islamic financial system also needs to include, at the early stage, the development of Islamic capital markets to provide an alternative source of financing, as well as to create broader and more diverse Islamic financial instruments for investors.
    Therefore, the Islamic finance industry has developed various Sukuk (i.e. "Sharia-compliant structures") in order to provide investment opportunities and to meet the financing needs of businesses and investors who want to comply with the Islamic Sharia principle.
    Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) defines Sukuk as 'certificates of equal value representing undivided shares in tangible assets, usufruct and services...or the asset of particular projects or special investment activity'. Accordingly, Sukuk are asset-backed, Sharia-compliant trust certificates and tradable financial instruments which reflect the value of a particular asset or assets. Sukuk are financing vehicles which comply with Sharia law. In order for Sukuk to be Sharia-compliant, the Sukuk holder must have a proprietary interest in the assets which are being financed. Moreover, Holding a Sukuk confers a beneficial interest to the holder - in terms of holding a proportional ownership of the underlying asset - as well as the income that it generates. Therefore, a Sukuk needs to be backed by a specific, tangible asset throughout its entire tenure. Moreover, the Islamic sukuk is a new source of funding for vital infrastructure projects and a way to keep funds working for the benefit of the local economy.
    Furthermore, the Sukuk, or Islamic bond, has established itself as one profitable product that holds great potential in the Islamic finance market. Therefore, the market for Sukuk is growing and their attraction as alternative to conventional methods of saving and investment has an appeal to a growing investor base. Hence, Sukuk issuances represent a new development in global capital market; it is one of the fastest growing sectors in Islamic finance.
    In this article I will explain the requirements for sukuk formation, Sukuk's unique feature, and how more sukuk issuance is necessary for the sukuk's secondary markets to flourish. Moreover, I will highlight the comparison between the Islamic sukuk and the conventional bond. Finally, I will briefly describe the basic Sukuk instruments in Islamic finance and the challenges facing global Sukuk issuance.

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 08-07-2007, 06:03 PM)

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08-07-2007, 08:31 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الثاتي
    Sukuk Formation

    The primary condition for issuance of Islamic Sukuk is the existence of underlying tangible assets on the balance sheet of the issuing entity. The identification of sufficient underlying tangible assets, either in ownership or in a master lease, is the most important step before the issue of the Sukuk certificate. Furthermore, Sukuk may be issued both on existing as well as specific assets that may become available at a future date. Thus, a properly made Sukuk limits the debt to the value of the underlying assets.
    Although, sharia compliance requires a company to limit its debt to no more than 35 per cent of total assets, restricting excessive leverage and interest income is capped at 10 per cent. Thus, any assets can be transferred into sukuk, with the condition that at least 51 percent of the underpinning assets must be leased-back as 'real assets', not debt instruments.
    Moreover, the assets that will be converted into Sukuk must be obtained from acceptable Islamic deals, meaning not investing in any transactions against the Islamic Sharia principles. Accordingly, Sukuk, or trust certificates, are issued by the issuer to the Sukuk holders, who thereby acquire a proprietary interest in the assets of the issuer. Then the issuer, acting as trustee, collects such income and distributes it to the Sukuk holders in accordance with their proportional interest in the assets. Hence, the returns on Sukuk certificate are tied with the income generated through the underlying asset in the transaction.
    Sukuk's unique feature
    The issuance of sukuk is a significant mechanism for raising money in the capital markets. Unlike other Islamic banking vehicles, Sukuk have unique characteristics and offer significant benefits. For example, they are tradable in secondary markets because they are backed by real assets, they are assessed for quality by international rating agencies (as are all other conventional financial instruments before their issuance), and they provide regular periodic income streams during the investment period with easy and efficient settlement and a possibility of capital appreciation.
    Moreover, Sukuk are becoming more popular, both because they provide the means to raise government finance through sovereign issues, and as a way for companies to obtain funding through the offer of corporate Sukuk. Thus, the importance of Sukuk lies in its ability to transfer assets into liquidity without the need to go into long legal complications for the investor. In addition, Sukuk can transform an asset’s future cash flow into present cash flow and may be issued on existing as well as specific assets that may become available at a future date. Hence, infrastructure is a perfect use of Sukuk because you are raising funds for a specific project – and the assets that you create can generate 'return' to pay Sukuk holders.
    Furthermore, Sukuk offers an attractive yield because repayments are not dependent on cash flows of the borrowing company but from a future IPO of strategic government sovereign issues or from corporate Sukuk. Therefore, it is the Sukuk's unique structure, with IPO rights, that captured the capital market's attention.
    Another interesting feature of the Sukuk that it not just guaranteed wider global investors audience but also provides, in most instances, lower prices to issuers and is considered a source of cash flow and finance for the originator.
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08-07-2007, 05:50 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    تواصل الجزء الثالث: لقد نشرة مقال لة علاقة بنفس موضوع الصكوك في
    July 8 2007 KUWAIT Arab Time English newspaper
    Features, challenges facing growth of Islamic bonds; Sukuk: unique driver of Islamic finance:
    http://www.arabtimesonline.com/client/pagesdetails.asp?nid=2544&ccid=12#
    Secondary market
    Even though the Sukuk market is developing rapidly, it remains primarily a market where holders keep Sukuk to maturity and most of the Sukuk that have been issued are held by large institutions so that the assets are unavailable for the average private investor. Therefore, active trading is constrained due to the limited number of issuances and the fact that most investors hold on to these certificates owing to a lack of alternative instruments in this asset class. On the other hand, many experts believe that the Sukuk secondary market will become reality only when corporate Sukuk issuances are increased in global markets.
    Until recent years, there have not been sufficient Sukuk transactions in the market to create an appropriately diversified asset portfolio for a secondary market to exit. For a Sukuk secondary market to flourish there must be a widespread Sukuk issuance that could lay the groundwork for the emergence of Islamic capital markets. Thus, a critical mass of Sukuk issuances is needed. Some experts estimate that this critical mass is about $400 billion worth of issuances, amounting to some 270 individual issuances worldwide. Another factor that will lead to Sukuk secondary market growth has to be the move away from sovereign to corporate Sukuk as either a way to raise
    Capital or to refinance conventional debt.
    There is also a need for Islamic borrowers to list their deals outside their home jurisdictions; this will makes secondary trade easier from a regulatory point of view for foreign investors. The consequences of widespread Sukuk issuance and cross-border Sukuk sales will be greater harmonization in the way that Sukuk are structured and laying the groundwork for the emergence of Sukuk secondary markets.
    Comparison
    Sukuk are similar to asset-backed conventional bonds, but instead of a fixed annual interest rate, payouts to investors over the life of the bond are derived from leases, profits or sales of tangible assets such as property, equipment or a joint-venture business.
    Contrary to the position in case of a conventional bond which is a contractual debt obligation entitling the holder to receive interest and principles on specified dates, a Sukuk holder is entitled both to share in the revenues generated by the Sukuk assets and to share in the proceeds of the realization of the Sukuk assets. On the other hand, Sukuk holders are also under an obligation to maintain the asset and to bear losses. In contrast, the holders of conventional bonds do not have these obligations and are only entitled to receive interest.
    Like conventional bonds, Sukuk certificates can be negotiated and traded freely in the market. But the tradability of Sukuk certificates is strictly contingent upon the nature of the underlying asset during the term of Sukuk, since the sale and purchase of debt is not permissible under Islamic Sharia. In addition, Sukuk investors have an implicit right of information on the use of their funds and the nature and performance of underlying assets, which is not usually the case in conventional bonds. This can serve to give the investors peace of mind with the guarantee that their funds are being used for the intended purpose. Moreover, the fact that Sukuk are asset-backed gives investors reasonable assurance that they will be able to retrieve a major part of their investment if the issuer defaults (Sukuk investors have an undivided share in the ownership of the Sukuk assets).

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 08-07-2007, 06:23 PM)

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08-07-2007, 06:32 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    صورة من لقاء مع مراسل وكالة رويتر للانباء في البحرين اثتاء مؤتمر العالمي لصناديق الاستثمار الاسلامي الذي اقيم في فندق الخليج بالمنامة البحرين
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08-07-2007, 10:30 PM

Adam Omer
<aAdam Omer
تاريخ التسجيل: 14-03-2007
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    اخى الوليد سلامات قالو ليك كونو لجنة من سنتين لكن اكيد مافى من يتابع عمل اللجنةودا شئ طبيعى فى دولة التوجة الحضارى
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09-07-2007, 03:34 AM

bayan
<abayan
تاريخ التسجيل: 13-06-2003
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Adam Omer)

    الاخ الكريم وليد
    سعدت جدا بنشاطك..
    هناك بروف هو اول من كتب عن البنوك الاسلامية في السبعينات
    الا وهو دكتور حسن الامين..
    وهو يسمى بابي البنوك الاسلامية في السودان....
    كان يدرس في الجامعة الاسلامية العالمية بماليزيا...
    والان في السودان... اتمنى ان تتصل به وتسجل تجربته..
    ومعرفته...فللرجل حياة زاخرة في مجالات البنوك الاسلامية..
    وقدم كثير من البحوث..
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09-07-2007, 09:05 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: bayan)

    للإخوة الذين لهم تجارب عملية ومعرفة بتجربة البنوك الإسلامية في السودان وبعيدا عن السياسة نتمنى أن تفيدونا
    الملاحظ أنة مع بداية عهد الإنقاذ و أسلمت النظام المصرفي في السودان أن كثير من الأسماء المعروفة في الساحة السودانية من تجار ورجال أعمال و مزارعين كبار في القضارف وغيرها لجئوا لتمويل أنشطتهم الاقتصادية عن طريق البنوك الإسلامية ولكن للأسف الكثير منهم أعلن إفلاسه و طلعوا out of Business
    علما بان الأصل في كل عمليات التمويل الإسلامي هو المشاركة في الربح والخسارة بين البنك والعميل وهذا هو الفرق بين البنوك الإسلامية و التقليدية ولكن فيما يبدوا أن البنوك الإسلامية في السودان تشارك في الربح فقط.
    وكذلك الكثير من معوقات انتشار التمويل الإسلامي عالميا ألان نجد أن التجربة السودانية لها خبرة عملية في التغلب وإيجاد الحلول لمعظمها ولكنها غير موثقة أو مكتوبة لكي يستفيد منها الآخرين رغم أن السودان له خبراء في هذا المجال يتمتعون بالمؤهلات العلمية والخبرات العملية ولكن علي الدولة والمؤسسات المالية الإسلامية في السودان تشجيع النشر والتوثيق في هذا المجال خاصة وان السودان مقبل علي طفرة في مجال الاستثمار بعد تحقيق السلام أنشاء الله.
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09-07-2007, 09:36 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: bayan)

    الدكتورة بيان شكرا لكي الحقيقة السودان بة الكثير من الاعلام البارزة عالميا في مجال الاسنثمار والبنوك الاسلامية ولكن نتمني ان يري العالم مساهماتهم خاصة وان هذا المجال يعتبر مجال جديد و متطوير في الوقت الراهن مع ارتفاعاسعار النفط عالميا والصحوة الاسلامية التي اجتاحت المجتمعات الاسلامية
    Quote: [الاخ الكريم وليد
    سعدت جدا بنشاطك..
    هناك بروف هو اول من كتب عن البنوك الاسلامية في السبعينات
    الا وهو دكتور حسن الامين..
    وهو يسمى بابي البنوك الاسلامية في السودان....
    كان يدرس في الجامعة الاسلامية العالمية بماليزيا...
    والان في السودان... اتمنى ان تتصل به وتسجل تجربته..
    ومعرفته...فللرجل حياة زاخرة في مجالات البنوك الاسلامية..
    وقدم كثير من البحوث..
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09-07-2007, 09:23 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Adam Omer)

    الاخ ادم عمر شكرا علي المرور ونتمني ان نري جهودهذة اللجنة قريبا رغم ان اي شئ كونت لة لجنة اذا ما وجد المتابعة الحثيثة ما حيري النور
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05-06-2008, 05:33 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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    تحياتي لكل المتابعين
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28-06-2008, 03:48 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ..
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03-08-2008, 03:54 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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    ,,
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29-08-2008, 08:33 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ,,
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04-12-2008, 04:34 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ,,
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05-01-2009, 07:00 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ,,
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25-03-2009, 08:32 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    up
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06-04-2008, 03:41 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ,,
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06-07-2008, 01:39 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ,,
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03-08-2008, 09:18 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ,,
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25-02-2009, 06:44 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    ,,
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09-07-2007, 10:02 AM

Mahathir
<aMahathir
تاريخ التسجيل: 09-03-2003
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    thank u mr. alwaleed....good reading indeed ....what about the future of islamic hedging ? and how can hedging be adapted into the islamic framework?
    what is the difference between the islamic financial instruments and products (malaysian model ) and Bahrain concept? ...
    i notice there is some sort of revolt towards the way Malaysia adapt instruments and products from conventional way into the islamic concept ....is the malaysian model really islamic?
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09-07-2007, 11:09 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Mahathir)

    Dear Mr. Mahtir, thank you for stopping by.

    Hedge fund will be one of the growing sectors in Islamic finance now many Hedge fund under developing especially in UK, thus hedge fund expansion will be connected with the development of sukuk's secondery market which is under development too.

    About Malaysian sharia scholar interpretation to Islamic finance instruments (Sukuk) is more relax and consider liberal than the GCC region. The different interpretation of what is really Islamic finance is one of the challenges facing Islamic finance growth because investor form one jurisdiction will not invest in other jurisdiction. Therefore, this problem must be resolved in order for Islamic finance to sustain its growth globally.

    الأخ مهاتير شكرا علي مداخلتك موضوع Hedge fund في مرحلة تطور ألان هنالك الكثير من المحاولات ألان هنالك صناديق استثمار خاصة بصكوك الاستثمار الإسلامي والاستثمار في شركات غير إسلامية ولكن لا تتعامل مثلا في الخمر أو غيرها من الممنوعات فهنالك العديد من صناديق الاستثمار الإسلامية ... Dow Jones Islamic fund توجد بة الشركات التي يجوز الاستثمار فيها التي إجازتها اللجان الشرعية

    الاختلاف بين التجربة الماليزية وما هو مطبق في منطقة الخليج يرجع إلي الاختلاف في تفسير اللجان الشرعية لما هي المعاملات المطابقة للشريعة الإسلامية فالماليزيين ينتهجون منهجا أكثر تحررا في تفسيرهم للمعاملات المطابقة للشريعة و منطقة الخليج أكثر تحفظا في هذا الخصوص
    لهذا أن عملية اختلاف التفسير ما هو إسلامي تعتبر من المعوقات التي يجب تجاوزها لكي ينمو الاقتصاد الإسلامي لان ذلك يمنع المستثمرين مثلا من منطقة الخليج للاستثمار في ماليزيا هنالك جهود حثيثة لتوحيد الفتاوى في خصوص المعاملات الإسلامية تقودها منظمة المراجعة الشرعية للمؤسسات الإسلامية الني مقرها البحرين Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI)
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09-07-2007, 03:54 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء الرابع:
    Basic Sukuk Instruments in Islamic Finance
    A Sukuk transaction can be structured in a number of different ways, depending upon the type of underlying assets and the specific financing needs of the issuing entity. The transaction may be based upon any one of the permissible Islamic financing transactions. The following are the basic Sukuk instruments in Islamic finance:
    Mudaraba (Profit/Loss-Sharing) investment partnership: The contract is between a financier and an entrepreneur or investment manager, where risks and rewards are shared. Both individuals receive an agreed share in the case of profits. In the event of incurring a loss, the financier bears any loss of capital while the entrepreneur loses his time and effort.
    Murabaha (Cost Plus) purchase and resale: Instead of lending out money, the capital provider purchases the desired commodity (for which the loan would have been taken out) from a third party and resells at a predetermined higher price to the capital user. By paying this higher price over installments, the capital user has effectively obtained credit without paying interest.
    Musharaka (Joint Venture): An equity financing arrangement widely regarded as the purest form of Islamic financing, where partners contribute capital to a project and share its risks and rewards. Profits can be divided up in any agreed ratio, while losses must be in proportion to the capital invested.
    Ijara (Islamic lease agreement): Instead of lending money and earning interest, Ijara allows the bank to earn profits by charging rentals on the asset leased to the customer. Moreover, an Ijara contract is where the financier buys and leases equipment or other assets to the business owner for a fee or more often called rental income. The duration of the lease as well as the fee must be set in advance and mutually agreed. Sometimes there are two contracts involved in this concept.
    The first contract, Ijara contract (leasing/renting) and the second contract, Bai' contract (purchase) are undertaken one after the other. For example, in a car financing facility, a customer enters into the first contract and leases the car from the owner (bank) at an agreed rental over a specific period.
    When the leasing period expires, the second contract comes into effect, which enables the customer to purchase the car at an agreed price. Moreover, Islamic leasing creates a great potential for securitization, because lease finance is easier to practice as it involves less documentation and takes less time to conclude a deal. Unlike lending, it does not need collateral and no thorough enquiries into the creditworthiness of the lessee (this is due to the physical presence of a tangible asset, the subject of the lease).
    Istisna (Pre-delivery financing and leasing): an instrument used to finance long-term projects. It is a contractual agreement for manufacturing goods and commodities, allowing cash payment in advance and future delivery or a future payment, and future delivery. Often used for financing the manufacture or construction of houses, plants, projects, and building of bridges, roads, and highways.
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09-07-2007, 05:58 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الخامس
    Challenges facing the Sukuk issuance market
    Like all financial instruments, Sukuk are also subject to a number of risks. The rapid growth of Islamic finance globally has given rise to many structural challenges facing the industry. The lack of standardization is hindering liquidity. It prevents investors from knowing what risk they are assuming when they invest and increases the costs associated with sukuk issuance.
    Moreover, the Sharia Board in the Middle East and elsewhere that approves Islamic Sukuk for sale to Muslims hold slightly different interpretations about what is acceptable, making Islamic investors nervous about buying bonds from outside their jurisdiction.
    Sukuk are actually extremely difficult instruments to structure because they require extensive and costly legal and religious advice and a lot of different skill sets and resources to make it work. Therefore, corporations and banks shy away from such structures because of the legal risks and also the potential costs of pioneering such instruments.
    Moreover, since Sukuk trading sizes tend to range in the millions of dollars, they are out of reach for all but the wealthiest Muslim investors. In addition, anyone who buys into a Sukuk typically buys it and holds it. Moreover, difficulties in defining rates of return on these instruments have also constrained the development of money and inter-bank market
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09-07-2007, 07:03 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء السادس والاخير من مقال الصكوك الاسلامية المنشور في جريدة July 8, 2007 ِArab times -kuwait
    Conclusion
    If they are to penetrate non-Islamic markets, Islamic products must compete with conventional products. Islamic products cannot exist only because of faith. Thus, efforts should be intensified to develop new financial products that embody the virtues of Islamic banking. This would evolve Islamic financial instruments into distinct, innovative and cutting-edge products. Thus, the development of an active and vibrant Sukuk market is of fundamental importance to the continuing development and growth of the Islamic finance industry. Even though sovereign, institutional, and corporate issues are now common, there is much scope for innovation in the use of Sukuk to expand the Islamic capital market. As building confidence in the Sukuk market is fundamental for the development of Islamic finance, it is essential to regulate and modernize the systems that determine the operations of Sukuk products.
    Another consideration is that Islamic financial services and products are generally well suited to meet the demands of the modern world in terms of rules, regulations and systems. Adopting common policies on certain financial instruments and best practices for their supervision and accounting are critical for future market and industry development in the context of global competitiveness. Thus, there will be continued strong growth in the Sukuk market as there is increasing standardization of Sukuk documents in the marketplace which will drive costs of issuing Sukuk down.
    A sound, well-functioning Islamic financial system can pave the way for regional financial integration. It can also contribute to regional economic and social development by financing economic infrastructure and creating job opportunities.
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10-07-2007, 06:34 AM

Mohamed Eltigani Adam
<aMohamed Eltigani Adam
تاريخ التسجيل: 01-03-2007
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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    سلام من philly ياابو زاهر عمل جميل ومجهود جبار نتمي لك التوفيق

    مع تحياتي
    محمد
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10-07-2007, 10:48 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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    شكرا لك ود التجاني (ابو نبيل) ربنا يوفق الجميع تحياتي الي الجميع في فيلي
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10-07-2007, 06:15 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    مقال عن الدور الحيوي للجان الرقابة الشرعية في المؤسسات المالية الإسلامية في تطوير منتجات استثمار متطابقة مع الشريعة الإسلامية وكذلك المعوقات التي تواجهه عمل هذه اللجان الشرعية في عملية الرقابة علي البنوك و مؤسسات الاستثمار الإسلامي و ذلك من نقص حاد في الكادر البشري لان من يعملون في هذه اللجان الشرعية بالإضافة لإلمامهم التام بقواعد الشريعة الإسلامية يجب أن يكونوا علي دراية بأسس الاقتصاد والاستثمار وعمل البنوك و القانون بالإضافة لإلمامهم باللغة الانجليزية لانة تقريبا كل صفقات الصكوك في الوقت الراهن ذات طابع دولي وكل المستندات بالغة الانجليزية و من المعوقات أيضا اختلاف المذاهب الإسلامية . لهذا فان هنالك نقص حاد في الكوادر مؤهلة للقيام بكل واجبات لجان الرقابة الشرعية وهذه تعتبر واحدة من معوقات نمو الاقتصاد الإسلامي هنالك القليل جدا من الأسماء المعروفة ألان خاصة في منطقة الخليج تجدهم يعملون في أكثر من ثلاثين مؤسسة مالية أسلامية حول العالم تقريبا في نفس الوقت مما يجعلهم غير قادرين علي توفير الوقت الكافي خاصة لمهمة تطوير وابتكار أساليب مالية جديدة تكون مطابقة للشريعة الإسلامية.
    هذا المقال عن دور اللجان الشرعية في المؤسسات المالية الإسلامية
    Sharia Advisory Board's Vital Role
    In the Rapid Devolvement of ever complex
    Islamic Financial Products and Instruments
    By: Elwaleed M Ahmed
    الجزء الاول:
    Sharia law is open to interpretation and religious boards frequently hold different views on key sharia issues. Furthermore, Islamic jurisdiction is not bound by precedent and legal opinions may deviate from previous decisions made by other sharia scholars Thus, sharia board has considerable discretion in the interpretation of Islamic law and may choose any other school of thought to inform their decision-making process.
    Even though, sharia is certainly dynamic and like all jurisprudence, opens to level of interpretation but lack the center level of standardization of Sharia board’s ruling and that is one of the challenges facing the global acceptance & growth of the Islamic finance. Because, there is no consistent ruling of Islamic law on the religious compliance of the eligibility of certain assets and transactions structures to sharia law.
    Thus, Sharia boards from different Islamic financial institutions may have different interpretations and advise differently because, in Islam, there is no generally accepted codification of the jurisprudence and that will lead to uncertainty and confusion.
    In this article I will mention the basic principle of the Islamic finance, define the role of sharia board's in the Islamic financial institution and the absence of standardize sharia board’s ruling on the national and international level lead to negative effect on the growth and acceptance of the global Islamic finance. Furthermore, I will high-light the necessity of the existence of unified Sharia board in the national and international levels and I will state my recommendation about how sharia board should function to achieve the harmonization and configuration among sharia board ruling in the global level and to develop new Islamic finance instruments

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 10-07-2007, 06:20 PM)

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11-07-2007, 08:25 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    The Basic Principle of the Islamic Finance: -
    In order for sharia board to approve any of the Islamic financial institution's activity it must be in full conformity to the following Islamic finance principle: -
    1: Prohibitions Against Charging Interest (Riba):
    One of the basic components of the sharia that affect economics is the prohibitions against charging interest or riba. Because, according to sharia, money is not a commodity which can be traded nor does it have value over time if it is not used. Interest is therefore considered to be unearned income and unjust.
    2: Investors Sharing in the Profits and Losses:
    The fundamental principle in Islamic investment is that no one wishing to earn a return on money has any rights to retain the initial sum intact. Accordingly, since interest income is not permissible under sharia, any return on invested money should be earned from the profits of an investment. The Muslim investor or lender therefore becomes a partner in the investment rather than a lender, sharing in its profits and losses in proportion to the amount of capital and effort he contributes to it. In Islamic finance, there is no guarantee of a fixed return or a profit. The investor’s share in the profits is the reward for his effort and the risk which he bears. Thus, all wealth creation in Islamic investment should result from a partnership between the investor and the user of capital in which rewards and risks are shared.
    3: Investments must be in Ethical Sectors & Sharia Approved Activities: Sharia requires that investments must be in ethical sectors and prohibits Investments in gambling or investing in businesses which purchase alcohol, pornography or pork products, since these are against Islamic law.
    4: Prohibition of Speculation and Uncertainty in A contract (Gharar):
    Uncertainty "Gharar" is a sophisticated concept that covers certain types of uncertainty or contingency in a contract. Therefore, Sharia prohibits speculation and gambling. For example, futures, options, and swap contracts are not generally permissible because the return from such investments relies on the occurrence of events which may or may not take place and are therefore uncertain. Thus, an Islamic contract must be concluded by both parties with full knowledge of all the terms. Any type of transaction where the subject matter, the price or both are not determined and fixed in advance by the parties will not be permitted under Islamic law.
    Conclusion: Islamic law does not object to payment for the use of an asset, and the earnings of profits or returns from assets are encouraged as long as both lender and borrower share the investment risk together. Profits must not be guaranteed based on assumption, and can only accrue if the investment itself yields income. Hence, Islamic finance literally outlaws capital-based investment gains without entrepreneurial risk. Moreover, building upon these basic Islamic investment principles and contractual forms, Islamic financial institutions should develop a wide range of products and investment structures to meet the demands of increasingly wealthy Islamic investors.
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11-07-2007, 05:27 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الثالث
    The Absence of Standardize Sharia board’s Ruling on the National and International level lead to Negative Effect :-
    1: Uncertainty and Confusion
    The absence of a universally accepted central religious authority because of the lack of uniformity in religious principle applied in Islamic countries. Inconsequence, Since Sharia board at individual banks actually defines what is and is not Islamic banking. Therefore, transaction will be interpreted differently and that will lead to identical financial transaction will be interpreted differently from one Sharia board to another and that will lead to uncertainty about what is the acceptable way to do business in Islamic banking and finance systems, which in turn will complicate the assessment of risk for both the financial institution and its customer. Therefore, the way Sharia advisory boards of Islamic financial institutions function remains a source of confusion.
    2: The Inability of one Islamic financial institution to Copy another Islamic financial institution's Products.
    The difference of interpretations of Sharia laws, which lead to the inability of one Islamic bank to copy another Islamic bank’s products and this, will effect the growth and integration of Islamic finance in the national and international level
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12-07-2007, 10:09 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الرابع

    The Need for Standardization of the Sharia Board's Ruling:-
    There is a need for setting up Sharia board at global and central banks level, so as
    expedite and perhaps assist in developing some standard guidelines for conducting
    Islamic financial transaction. Furthermore, there is a need for conformity or similarity to extend possible in concept and application among Sharia supervisory boards of Islamic financial institutions to avoid contradiction and inconsistency between Fatwa “Sharia Board’s Ruling” and the application by these institutions with the a view to activate the role of sharia supervisory boards of Islamic financial institution.
    Moreover, there is a need for mutual recognition of financial standards and products across jurisdictions. The progressive harmonization of Sharia, in this respect, needs to be viewed as a driver towards greater international financial integration. On the other hand, the national and regional oversight and regulation will be necessary to guard against the potential for improper practices which could cast doubt on the credibility of all participants. Therefore, Sharia scholars from around the world should contribute towards greater understanding and international convergence and such a convergence and harmonization can only happen with greater engagement among the regulators, practitioners and scholars in Islamic finance in the international community.
    Therefore, there is a necessity of the existence of unified Sharia board in the national and international levels by forming a uniform council representing different Islamic schools of thought so as to decide what types of financial services are conforming to the Islamic law, to define cohesive rule and to expedite the process of introducing new product.
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12-07-2007, 11:56 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الي القاء الاسبوع القادم انشاءاللة مزيدا من Isalmic Finance Issues
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14-07-2007, 09:24 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الخامس
    Necessary Steps for Promoting Global Standardization for Islamic Finance Instrument's Standards:-
    1: The Adoption of (AAOIFI) Standard:
    The Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) has taken a lead by preparing Sharia standards which a number of government authorities and central banks in certain countries have circulated these standards and obliged other financial institutions to comply with them by recognized these standards in their regulatory framework. That is why any party wishing to incorporate or set up an Islamic financial institution should be required to conform to these standards in order to avoid confusion, misunderstanding, and ambiguity, and to seek clarity and sound business activities. Thus, the adoption of these standards in other countries will pave the way not only for Sharia compliance but also product innovation.
    2: There should be cooperation and collaboration among major Islamic Financial institutions in the Global level and Central Banks in Islamic Countries to adopt common standard:
    There should be cooperation and collaboration among major Islamic financial regulatory bodies such as Islamic Financial Services Board, The Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) and central banks in Islamic countries in developing international standards that can be universally applied. Moreover, there should be a collective effort with great international collaboration so as to contribute towards strengthening the fabric of Islamic finance.

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 14-07-2007, 10:55 AM)

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14-07-2007, 10:57 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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14-07-2007, 11:33 AM

محمد فرح
<aمحمد فرح
تاريخ التسجيل: 14-09-2006
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    شكراً أخ الوليد على هذه المجهودات الجباره

    مؤونة عام من الود
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14-07-2007, 04:11 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
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    الاخ محمد فرح لك من الشكر اجزلة
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14-07-2007, 06:57 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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    الجزء السادس
    Different Opinion of Sharia Board's Ruling Will Bring More Innovation and Give Room for Variation in Islamic Finance Instruments:
    On the other hand, some sharia scholars argue that Islamic finance is traditionally flexible. Flexibility is one of its major strengths. It means there can be a broad variety of products tailored to suit the client’s needs and there is a need to provide Islamic remedies without compromising Sharia principles. Thus, the different opinion between sharia board and other is good, because they bring more innovation and give room for variation in products that is essential in dynamic markets like the financial markets. Furthermore, there should be Sharia counseling: independent Companies offering consultation on sharia matters instead of having sharia board in each financial institution.
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15-07-2007, 07:58 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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15-07-2007, 10:47 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
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    الجزء السابع
    Sharia boards; In the Islamic financial institutions Its Functions and roles:-
    1: As Advisory to the Islamic Financial Institution:
    Sharia Board, consisting of an Islamic scholar, who acts as advisory council to the official of the Islamic financial institutions with regard to the conformity of the Islamic financial institution' activities to Islamic law.
    Thus, the sharia boards should review proposed financial transactions to confirm it to Islamic principle. Furthermore, Sharia Board shall also advise on the procedures for rectification of any error and purification of any gains which may be earned by it from sources that are later determined to be not compliant with the principles of Islamic Sharia.
    On the other hand, Sharia board resolutions should be binding upon the financial institution's management. Therefore, Islamic financial institutions' managements are obligated to follow the decision made by their Sharia Boards when the product proposed or during the operational process.
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15-07-2007, 04:15 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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15-07-2007, 06:58 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الثامن
    2: Sharia Boards Should Provide Continued Supervision and Auditing to the Islamic Financial Institutions Transactional Procedures:
    Sharia boards should provide continued supervision and permanent checking of contracts, transactions, and procedures carried by the Islamic financial institutions. Thus, Sharia Boards auditing of the operations of the Islamic financial institutions is very important to ensure that the actual practice complies with the requirements of Sharia. Furthermore, the sharia board as a whole should provides guidance and oversight through periodic assessment of the Islamic financial institutions' program activities.
    On the other hand, the financial institutional management should refer back to the Sharia board whenever there is a deviation to ensure that no inadvertent breach of Sharia or the compliance certificate has occurred. Therefore, sharia board should certify every product to ensure strict adherence to the principles of Sharia.
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16-07-2007, 08:15 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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16-07-2007, 11:04 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء التاسع
    3: The Sharia Board should Supervise and Actively Participate in the Creation of Innovative Sharia-Compliant Investment and Financing Products and Services:
    The Sharia Board should actively participate in developing and overseeing the financial institutions products. Thus, the Sharia advisory board works closely with the bankers and lawyers to structure instruments so that they meet Sharia and commercial requirements. Moreover, Sharia boards should be in continuous dialogue with economists and bankers to assess the feasibility of new proposals and assisting in project development and execution of new financial products in compliance with Sharia principles. Furthermore, sharia boards in its investigatory role should endeavours to answer the question whether or not proposals for new transactions or products conform to the Sharia, and offers constructive and creative recommendations. Therefore, the Sharia Boards essential role is to supervise the development and creation of innovative Sharia-compliant investment and financing products and services in collaboration with economists and bankers in the Islamic financial institutions.
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16-07-2007, 04:25 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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17-07-2007, 08:50 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء العاشر
    Conclusion:
    Sharia Supervisory Board plays a vital role in guiding, supervising the implementation and compliance of Islamic Sharia principles in all Islamic financial institutions activities. Thus, the religious boards have both supervisory and consultative functions.
    Recommendation on How to Improve Sharia Board's Function
    In Innovating and Developing New Product
    And Achieving Global Standardization for Islamic Finance Instruments:-
    1: The Sharia Boards need continue Training about Economics, Investments and Legal Issues Related to the Investment & Product Innovation:
    There is a strong need for training for sharia board staff about economic and legal issues related to Islamic investment. The lack of knowledge about modern economic and legal issues puts a serious constraint on the ability of Sharia scholars to issue well-informed rulings on financial products and investments activities. Thus the training should include the discussion of these issues in meetings/workshops attended by both Sharia scholars and financial experts and experienced Bankers. Therefore, Sharia board's staff should have knowledge about the financial environment and its operation.
    On the other hand, sharia scholars should educate the existing bankers and practitioners about Sharia principle, so they can easily understand and implement the sharia principle and the board's ruling in their daily operations in a manner, which is explained to them by the Sharia scholars.
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17-07-2007, 04:32 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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17-07-2007, 06:49 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الحادي عشر
    2: The need for specialized sharia board
    Rather than maintain one Sharia Supervisory Board in the Islamic financial institutions for all of its activity, the Islamic financial institutions should form specialized Sharia scholars as a separate Sharia Board for each of its projects. This way, Sharia scholars are convened with more efficiency to work on projects best suited to the particular areas of their expertise. This process will ensure that the right scholars, in the right numbers so as to develop, certify and supervise the financial products and services endorsed by the Islamic financial institutions.
    3: The Sharia Board should be Independent from the Financial Institutions:
    The Sharia board members should be independent from the Islamic finance institution and not an employee; they should be independent and free to give opinions on proposed contracts and transaction. Just like the independent auditing firms to insure transparency and efficiency in their auditing and supervising of the financial institution transaction and activities.
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18-07-2007, 08:38 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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18-07-2007, 09:58 AM

أحمد العطا


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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    أخي الوليد

    لك مني كل الود و الاحترام

    و اشكرك جزيل الشكر على هذا الفيض الهائل من المعلومات و التي تشكل بالنسبة للعاملين في حقل المصرفية الاسلامية قيمةً مضافة اتمنى ان يستفيدوا منها داعين الله أن تكون في ميزان حسناتك ، و كم أسعدني ان يخرج من بيننا شخص في خبرتك و معرفتك في وقت اصبحت فيه المصرفية الاسلامية تعاني من نقص حاد في الخبرات و الاشخاص المؤهلين خاصةً منطقة الشرق الاوسط مقارنة بدولة مثل ماليزيا، و بقدر فرحتي بك و بمجهودك كان حزني على عدم توثيق الارث الذي خلفه اساتذة اجلاء في مجال البنوك في بلد تعتبر رائدة في مجال المصرفية الاسلامية ، وشهد لهم الغريب و بخل عليهم القريب .

    و أكرر شكري لك و اتمنى منك ان تواصل مجهودك المقدر حتى تعم الفائدة على جميع العاملين في مجال المصارف( فائدة دي طبعاً ناس البنوك الاسلامية بخافوا منها هاهاها ).

    لك ودي
    أبو آسيا
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18-07-2007, 10:51 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: أحمد العطا)

    شكرا جزيلا لك الاخ احمد العطا ابو اسيا ونتمني ان نري مساهماتك ايضا لكي تعم الفائدة

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 18-07-2007, 10:54 AM)

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18-07-2007, 03:47 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    ........
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18-07-2007, 06:40 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الثاني عشر
    4: Sharia Board should Work closely with the Bankers & Lawyers so as to develop new Islamic Financial Instruments:
    Sharia boards should be in continuous dialogue with economists, bankers and lawyers to develop new financial products in compliance with Sharia principles. For Sharia boards To reduce the gap with the business world there is a vital need for active and continued participation from sharia boards with banking practitioners with regard to the innovation and developing of new Islamic financial product.
    5: The sharia scholars are over Stretched:
    The sharia scholars need to devote time and effort to devising more Sharia-compliant transactional procedures. There is a need for training to more new sharia scholar so they can have more time engaging with economic and investment practitioner to develop new Islamic financial products. Because, now there is a shortage of well- trained sharia scholar as a result there are only few well-known Sharia scholar working as sharia advisor for many financial institutions at the same time. Therefore, they will not be able to devote enough time and effort for new products' innovation.
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19-07-2007, 08:25 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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19-07-2007, 11:39 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء الثالث عشر والاخير في هذا المقال الي ان نلتقي في مقال جديد عن الاستثمار الاسلامي نتمني ان نكون قد ساهمنا ولو بالقليل في هذا المجال الحيوي والهام في عالم المال و الاستثمار في عصر العولمة
    6: The Co-operation between the Financial Institutions Management and Sharia Board:
    An Islamic financial institution is required to establish operating procedures to ensure that no form of investment or business activity is undertaken that has not been approved in advance by the religious board. Moreover, the management is required to periodically report and certify to the sharia board that the actual investments and business activities undertaken by the institution confirm to forms previously approved by the religious board.
    7: The Best Way for Sharia Boards to Do its Work?
    For active participation from the Sharia boards in overseeing of the activities of the Islamic financial institutions there should be:
    1:In-house Sharia officers or advisers who will make an early inspection into the financial products. They will check on whether the concepts of the products are fully implemented according to Sharia. They will also ensure that the process flow of the products is in line with Sharia.
    2: All standard contracts should be reviewed thoroughly where a need to discuss them with lawyers may arise to determine that all the crucial Sharia requirements can be fitted in the standard contracts and at the same time abide by sharia board ruling. Thus, the determination, alertness and Sharia qualification of an internal Sharia officer is a vital factor in ensuring the clean operations of the Islamic financial institutions
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21-07-2007, 09:40 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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21-07-2007, 05:06 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    بما أن كثير من الإخوة القراء متابعين ما أكتبة بخصوص موضوع الاستثمار الإسلامي سوف أضيف بعض
    المقتطفات من بحث أكاديمي عن الاستثمار الإسلامي كتبته إثناء دراستي لقد قمت بخزف الهوامش citation لتسهيل نشرة

    ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE:
    ITS OPERATION AND THE NECESSITY FOR
    ITS ACCOMMODATION IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY

    The recent phenomenon of Islamic banking and financial institutions
    started in Egypt in the 1960s. These banks, which neither charged nor paid interest,
    functioned essentially as a saving investment institution rather than commercial
    banks, by engaging in trade and industry, directly or in partnership with others, and
    shared the profit and loss with their customers and depositors. These banks systems
    functioned under the mandates of “shari’a,” Islamic law that prohibits usury and interest
    Thus Islamic finance is based on the principle of profit and loss sharing
    Since then there have been growing demands from Muslims everywhere to have
    their finance managed according to Islamic laws. Therefore, in the 1970s, Islamic
    financial institutions really took off, due at least in part to the new oil wealth in the gulf
    Since then, “Islamic banking in the Middle East is growing and becoming important in
    mobilizing local and regional saving, as well as providing an important source of
    capital.”
    Contributing to the growth of Islamic banking in the Middle East was the
    establishment of the Islamic Development Bank by the “Islamic Organization
    Conference” in the early 1970s. The Islamic Development Bank serves as a “World
    Bank” for Muslim countries, with the aim to facilitate the expansion of the Islamic
    banking and financial institutions in the Muslim countries and world wide. As a result,
    the annual growth of the Islamic financial institutions has been an estimated almost 15%
    worldwide over the last decades. To understand the principle on which the Islamic
    banking and finance is based, It is essential to have some an overview of the Islamic law
    and its sources and jurisprudence.
    Therefore, to assess the importance of the Islamic banking and
    finance in meeting the Muslims community financial need, this article will explain how
    the Islamic banking and finance works and the justification of the prohibition of “Riba”
    interest in the Islamic law. Moreover, it will explain how the major allowed types of
    Islamic financial services work and recommend the best way for Islamic financial
    institutions to improve and get acceptance globally by nationally and globally unified
    sharia board. Sharia board decides what type of finance is expected in the Islamic law
    and recommends the unified accounting and regulatory standard body to
    govern the Islamic banking and finance operation in national and global basis. The paper
    also recommends the establishment of liquidity markets to handle the operation of the
    Islamic banking and financial institutions. Moreover, the paper will recommend how to
    accommodate the Islamic banking and finance systems in a global economy, especially in the non-Islamic countries so as to meets the need of the growing Islamic communities.
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22-07-2007, 09:51 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    ....
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22-07-2007, 04:06 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الثاني
    In Part I, the paper will purpose that to understand the justification of the Islamic
    prohibition of Riba: “Interest” and how the Islamic banking and finance works some
    knowledge about Islamic law, its sources and jurisprudence is necessary. Therefore,
    include the sources and jurisprudence of the Islamic law: "Figh," such as “Qur’an:”
    which is the God “Allah's” word and instruction to his Prophet Mohamed (peace upon
    him.) “Sunna:” the prophet’s words and deeds Ijtihad: "Refer to the formulation of the
    law by the individual's struggle for proper understanding," Ijm'a: " Consensus of opinion
    and Quiyas: " analogical-deduction." And finally, Madahib: "the different schools of
    Islamic law Jurisprudence" approach to the issues of Islamic Finance and the prohibitions
    of the “Riba” Interest. Part II, includes the types and definition of Riba: the Islamic
    jurisprudence divine Riba in two types: “Riba Al-fadil” and Riba: “Al’ Nasia.” The paper
    will offer the justification of the prohibition of Riba in the Islamic law and how the
    financial affairs are addressed in the Islamic law. Furthermore, the paper will explain
    how the Islamic faith is a way of life as well as a religion. Muslims whenever they have
    been they always have to adhered to the Islamic principle.

    Part III, will include how the Islamic banking and financial institutions operate
    and will describe the most common types of the permissible Islamic financial methods,
    and how they work and the justification of accepting interest according to the principle of
    loss and profit sharing. The expected types of Islamic finance include, Mudraba: “Trust
    Financing,” Igra wa-igtin: “Lease/hire-purchase,” Murabaha: “Cost-plus Financing,”
    Musharaka: “Venture Capital,” Bai’salam Transaction. Further types include:
    “Manazile scheme:” Islamic mortgage housing, property finance a Istisna contract: “is a
    contract to manufacture,” Bai’ bi thamin ajil: “sale by deferred payment,” Al-wadiah:
    “non-fund transaction” and Qurde-Hasan: “ Benevolent financing.”
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23-07-2007, 08:08 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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23-07-2007, 07:02 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الثالث
    Part IV, will include a comparison between the Islamic banking and finance
    systems and the conventional banking systems: "Western banks" and the major criticism
    of the Islamic banking and finance.
    Part V, the final section of this paper will include recommendations.
    (I): How to improve the operation and effectiveness of the Islamic banking and finance
    system by :
    A: The necessity of the existence of the unified Sharia board in the national and global
    based so as to unify the decision on what are permissible types of Islamic financial
    globally.
    B: The necessity of the unified accounting and regulatory standard body to govern the
    Islamic banking and finance nationally and globally. For the Islamic financial institution
    to succeed and to achieve global acceptability and continue its rapid expansion it needs to
    establish universally accepted accounting, auditing and regulatory standard.
    C: One of the major challenges to Islamic financial institutions remains how to
    handle their liquidity. Therefore, there is a necessity of the establishment of liquidity
    markets to handle the operation of the Islamic banking and financial institutions.
    (II): How to accommodate the Islamic banking and finance systems in global
    economy especially in the non-Islamic countries so as to meets the need of the
    growing Islamic communities including:
    A: Since the Islamic law did not require the banks to be Islamic bank or all its
    resources to be Halal “permitted,” then the conventional institution can have subsidiaries
    offer Islamic finance to Muslim and non Muslim alike as an alternative to the interest-
    finance. Therefore, there is a possibility of establishing Islamic financial institution in the
    US as a subsidiary for the conventional banks.
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24-07-2007, 04:31 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الرابع
    B: The possibilities of opening non- banking Islamic financial Institution dealing
    mainly in providing the basic Islamic financial services in the non – Islamic countries.
    Part I: The Source and Jurisprudence of the Islamic law: “Figh:”
    The science of Figh is directed no less toward understanding and analyzing the
    deeds and sayings of the prophet Mohamed (Peace upon him), as toward the written
    word of the God’s ‘Allah’ Mandates, and to find and collect the different norms of
    Islamic law.
    In order to understand the justification of the Islamic prohibition of “Riba”
    interest and how the Islamic banking and finance works you have to have some
    knowledge about Islamic law its sources and jurisprudence what follows are some
    illustration:
    A: Qur’ an: “the holy book of the Islamic faith,” The Qur’an is understood by
    Muslims to be the infallible words of God “Allah” and contain instruction in both
    religious and daily aspects of life. Thus the Qur’an consists of the revelation made by
    God “Allah” to the prophet Mohamed (Peace upon him) and lays down the fundamentals
    of the Islamic faith including beliefs and all aspects of the Islamic way of life.
    Therefore, the scholars have treated the holy Qur’an as a text that contain the general
    principle by which all matter should be regulated. And where the meaning of the holy
    Qur’an was imprecise they sought clarification from the “Sunna Hadeath.”
    B: Sunna: “Tradition of Prophet Mohamed” (Peace upon him). Because God
    “Allah” was “revealed to the prophet Mohamed, his actions and sayings were and are
    believed to be the best possible interpretation to God’s commandments contained in the
    Qur’an.” Thus Sunna is the teaching of the Islamic principle by the prophet
    “Mohamed,” recorded only after having been deemed valid by religious scholars in
    decades after the death of the prophet “Mohamed.”
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25-07-2007, 09:32 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ......
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25-07-2007, 05:47 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء الخامس
    C: Ijtihad: refers to formulations of the law reached via the individual’s struggle
    for proper understanding, using reason and judgement to determine a course of action in
    keeping with the spirit of the holy Qur’an and Sunna. Thus, Ijtihad “means the
    independent interpretation of law by one who has learned to solve a situation that is new
    or for which there is no precedent or authority or pronouncement in other sources of
    Figh.” Ijtihad was based on the linguistic and religious knowledge and was conducted
    piously and in good faith. The “Mujtahid,” the one who conducted the Ijtihad, didn’t
    have to fear retribution from God “Allah.”
    D: Ijm’a: “ consensus of opinion,” is the informed consensus of the community
    of scholars, and was established not for matter of faith or fundamental observances,
    which were agreed upon, but on the application of the shari’a law to world’s affair.
    E: Qiyas: “ Analogical deduction” or analogy from established law mean that by
    comparing two things one may be evaluated in the light of the other.
    F: Madahib: refers to “schools of thoughts in the Islamic law.” There are two
    major schools of law in the Islamic jurisprudence: “Shia” and “Sunna.”
    I: Shia, which has various sub –section is predominate in Iran Iraq, India and
    many of the Gulf states. There are considerable doctrinal differences between Shia and
    Sunni in terms of who is permitted to interpret the Islamic law. The shia believe the
    living religious scholar, known as “Mujtahids, have an equal right to interpret the divine
    law as the eminent jurist of the past and their judgement replaces the Sunni source of deduction by analogy, Qiyas.
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25-07-2007, 09:33 PM

هاشم نوريت
<aهاشم نوريت
تاريخ التسجيل: 23-03-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 13621

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الوليد
    دبايوا
    انت انسان رائع جدا وفى الحقيقة استمتعت بهذا البوست الجامعة واتمنى ان تقبلنى عضوا دائما فيه.........
    قد قراءت اول اسهاماتك هنا وسابدا بالسؤال الاول ..
    Quote: Repatriation of Arab money in the wake of the aftermath of terrorist attacks on US on Sept 11, 2001. Many Arab investors withdrew their money for US and the West in general and reinvest their fortune in the region and they favor Islamic investment

    الحديث عن الاموال العربية المستثمرة فى البورصات الامريكية يدخلنا فى تضارب ارقام حيث لم اقراء رقما ثابتا اوقل تقريبيا ولكن كل التكهنات قبل الحادى عشرة كانت بين 800 مليار الى ترليون والله اعلم ولكن فى ذات المرات سمعت تهديدا امريكا مبطا عندما حاول بعض العرب سحب اموالهم من امريكا لاعادة استثمارها فى الشرق الاوسط حتى ان السعودية وقتها عندما حاولت سحب بعد ودائعها اصابحها بعض من الغضب الامريكى..
    الان سؤالى هو كم تقدر الاموال العربية بعد الحادى عشر فى امريكا اعنى المستثمرة هنالك؟
    وبعد المرور على بقية مساهماتك سوف تتوالى الاسئلة فقط للتزود بالمعرفة......
    لك التحية
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26-07-2007, 09:34 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: هاشم نوريت)

    الأخ هاشم شكرا و ألف مرحبا بك مشاركة في هذا النقاش عن البنوك الإسلامية والاستثمار الإسلامي الصكوك

    حقيقة بعد أحداث الحادي عشر من سبتمبر لقد قامت حملة عشواء عمليات غسيل الأموال وتمويل الإرهاب خاصة علي الأموال العربية فوضعت ضغوطات من أمريكا علي الدول العربية لوضع ضوابط ومتابعة دقيقة للتبرعات وطرق استثمار الأموال العربية بحجة تجفيف منابع التمويل للإرهاب الدولي.
    لهذا فقد خشي الكثير من المستثمرين العرب كأفراد وشركات من استثمار أموالهم في أمريكا خصوصا لان الخزان الأمريكية كل فترة وأخري مصدرة لاحه بأسماء مستثمرين في أمريكا وتقوم بتجميد أموالهم المستثمرة في أمريكا لهذا خشي الكثير من أن تشملهم قرارات التجميد هذه.
    لهذا لاجأوا الاستثمار أموالهم في المنطقة ومع تنامي النزعة الدينية الإسلامية في العالم عامة وارتفاع أسعار البترول عالميا هذا وفر سيولة كثيرة في منطقة الخليج مما أدي للنمو المتسارع لقطاع الاستثمار الإسلامي.

    أما الدول العربية كدول فأنها خاضعة تماما لأمريكا تبيع لهم البترول وتشتري منهم الأسلحة والمعدات العسكرية الاخري بأموال البترول هذه بل تتباري في الخضوع والانصياع لأمريكا باعتبارها القطب الأوحد في النظام العالمي الجديد.

    لهذا أن البريطانيين فطنوا لهذا الموقف ويسعون لجعل لندن المركز المالي العالمي للاستثمارات الإسلامية فقاموا بخطوات عملية في هذا المجال بتغيرهم لقوانين كثيرة لتسهيل عمل البنوك الإسلامية فقاموا مثلا مؤخر بتغير قوانين الضرائب لكي تعامل الصكوك الإسلامية مثل معاملة مثيلاتها سندات الاستثمار في البنوك التقليدية و سمحوا للعديد من البنوك الإسلامية لكي تفتح فروع لها تتعامل وفقا للشريعة الإسلامية في بريطانيا هذا كله يقع ضمن التنافس بين لندن ونيويورك كمركز مالي عالمي.
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26-07-2007, 11:31 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء الخامس
    II: Sunni, The majority of Muslims follow Sunni school of thoughts. Sunni legal
    doctrine has four main schools of thoughts, each with its own system of theory and
    application of law. However, they all recognize the legitimacy of all the others. In Sunni
    the four schools of thoughts are Hanafi “Rationalist,” Malki “Traditionalist,” Hunbali
    “Fundamentalist” and the Shafii “Moderate.” Furthermore, these four schools of law
    give different emphasis to the source of law, but all are anonymous in requiring that
    Islamic law be God “ Allah,” is not man's creation and the holy Qur’an and Sunna are
    fully binding. The other sources of authorities are in one way or another justified by
    reference to these two basic laws. These schools of jurisprudence differ in their
    interpretation of the importance of the Ijtihad, the component of the Ijtihad and Ijma’a,
    and the importance of how certain individuals can interpret almost all-religious issue.
    Individuals are given much freedom in choosing the particular of the law they wish to
    follow.
    Part II: The Types and Definition of “Riba” the Justification of its Prohibition in the Islamic Law and How the Financial Affair Addressed in Islamic Law:
    (I): The definition of the “Riba” in Islamic law:
    Riba is defined as any increase over the nominal value of the sum lent.
    Moreover, according to the Qur’an, “Riba” is neither a sale nor voluntary charitable act,
    “it is an equitable exchange destructive to and out of place in fair economic
    order.” Thus, he definition of Riba as usury includes interest and other forms of profit or
    gain that are not earned from work efforts. “Islamic law prohibits any profiting from
    supply of capital without any personal engagement or exposure to financial risk.”
    Therefore, Riba prohibits any predetermined fixed positive return to the
    loan as a reward for the delay. Also, considered Riba is any ‘excess to exchange of two
    or more commodities of the same type taking place in the spot market. “This prohibition
    aims to ensure that no legal trick or device will be used as back-door to Riba, associated
    with deferred transaction.” Furthermore, the purchase of the government bonds and
    firm securities with fixed rate of return are considered Riba and hence prohibited.

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 26-07-2007, 11:36 AM)

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28-07-2007, 08:22 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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28-07-2007, 04:03 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء السادس
    (II): Islamic Jurisprudence Divides Riba into Two Types:
    A: Riba Al-fadl: “excess on exchange” defined as Riba arising out of barter or
    sale. Riba Al-fadl involves an exchange of unequal quantities and qualities of the same
    commodity simultaneously.
    B: Riba Al-nasia: “excess on loan” defined as Riba arising out of money
    exchanges “Loan.” “Riba Al-nasia involves the non- simultaneous exchange of equal
    qualities and quantities of the same commodity.”
    (III): The justification of why the Islamic law prohibits the Riba:
    The prohibitions of Riba in Islam seek to prevent usurious condition in exchange
    and loan, because “the Islam’s economic ideal is one of legal fairness, of mercy, and
    leniency in times of hardship.” By prohibiting certain classes of interest in either trade
    or loan, Islam seeks to correct the usurious practice which is a desirable result, because
    Riba is a raise from an unequal unfair exchange, namely an increase over the principle a
    mount lent or the quantity traded.

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 28-07-2007, 06:34 PM)

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28-07-2007, 07:10 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزءء السابع
    Thus, Riba is prohibited because “it is a contract that contains certainty, while
    real life is not certain.” Riba is an unearned profit without expected normal business
    risk. Moreover, “the practice of Riba enrich the class of money lenders and usurers who
    accumulate wealth by impoverishing those who are forced to borrow money or
    commodities from them for mere consumption, basic necessities, or for limited
    production purposes.” Such lenders do so by charging interest or making uneven trades in
    their favor. Furthermore, Riba was an unearned income in the sense that the owner of
    the capital who loaned his capital for an increment without contributing any productive
    activities, collects profits that are considered illegitimate, because they didn’t give any
    equivalent recompense return or counter value “Iwad” to other party.
    The prohibition of Riba extends to any and all forms of interest and there is no
    difference between interest bearing funds for purposes of consumption or
    investment. Furthermore, interest as a predetermined cost of production can contribute
    to unemployment and those interest charges can exacerbate business cycles and cause
    international monetary crises. Because “interest involves a transfer of property without
    counter value those who live on interest have little incentive to work and where
    lenders are richer than borrowers interest result in increasing inequality and social
    frictions.”
    Thus, the Islamic text does not distinguish between borrower and lender, and
    supports the idea that the prohibition’s purpose is not redistribution of wealth but to
    the assurance of fair economic exchange while allowing return of capital profit and
    services charges. It is contrary to Islamic law to make money out of money and that
    wealth should accumulate from trade and ownership of real asset.
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29-07-2007, 08:48 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ,,,,,,,,
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29-07-2007, 04:22 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء الثامن

    The reasoning that justifies the prohibition of the Riba is rooted in four
    different verses in the holy Qur’an. The first of these verses emphasizes that interest
    deprives wealth of God blessing. The second condemns it, “placing interest in
    juxtaposition with the wrongful appropriation of property belonging to others.” The third
    verses enjoins Muslims to stay clear of interest for the sake of their own welfare. Finally,
    the fourth “establishes a clear distinction between interest and trade, urging Muslims first
    to take only the principle sum and second to forgo even this sum if the borrower is unable
    to repay.” Moreover, Prophet Mohamed (peace up on him) condemns, the one who
    takes the Riba, the one who pays it, and the one who writes the agreement for it and the
    one who witness to the agreement.
    Riba is prohibited in holy Qur’an: Chapter II verse 275 from holy Qur’an state:
    Those who devour [riba]
    Will not stand except
    As stand one whom
    The Evil one by his touch
    Hath driven to madness
    That is because they say:
    “[Sale] is like usury [(riba)].”
    But Allah hath permitted [Sale]
    And forbidden [riba].

    And the Qur’an further warns:
    O ye who believe!
    Fear Allah, and give up
    What remain of your demand
    For [Riba], if ye are
    Indeed believers.
    If ye do it not,
    Take notice of war
    From Allah and his Messenger:
    But if ye turn back,
    Ye shall have
    Your capital sums.
    Deal not unjustly,
    And ye shall not
    Be dealt with unjustly
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29-07-2007, 06:54 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    ,,,,,,
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30-07-2007, 08:41 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء التاسع
    (IV): How Financial Affairs are addressed in Islamic law:
    Under most schools of Islamic law an Islamic financial system would comply
    with at a minimum the following principle: (1): the prohibition of Riba. (2): Risk –
    sharing. (3): Prohibition of speculative behavior. (4): Sanctity of contract. (5): Activity
    that conforms to Sharia. Because man is an agent, not an original owner, he is not a free
    agent in his exploitation of resources and must use methods and means within a frame
    work given to him in the satisfaction of his economic means. And the guiding principle of
    economic activity is the over all good of the society and nature. Moreover, individual
    man being part of the over all fabric, must be given consideration for his wellbeing. Also,
    “equitable reward must be given to man according to his effort, to all people according to
    their efforts, and from all according to their abilities.”
    Therefore, Islam permits the development of wealth, but through socially
    conscious means. Successful enterprises that earn a profit are laudable, but the
    practitioner must not forget that Islamic principles direct that financial resources should
    be utilized for bettering the condition and well being of other. Furthermore, while Islam
    permits the individual’s rights to seek his economic well being, Islam makes a clear
    distinction between the “Halal:” what is lawful and “Haram:” what is forbidden in
    pursuit of such economic activity. In broad terms, Islam forbids all forms of economic
    activity, which are morally or socially, injurious.
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30-07-2007, 03:58 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    ,,,,,
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30-07-2007, 05:19 PM

Abdulgadir Dongos
<aAbdulgadir Dongos
تاريخ التسجيل: 09-02-2005
مجموع المشاركات: 2598

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    +





    أستاذ الوليد، تحية طيبة.

    ما هو الأستثمار الأسلامي؟
    وما وجه الخلاف بينه والأستثمار الغير اسلامي؟

    ما الذي يميز البنوك الأسلامية السودانية عن
    سائر البنوك الأخري؟

    شكرا.






    دنقس.
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30-07-2007, 07:00 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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    الجزء العاشر
    Part III: Operation of Islamic banking and financial institutions and the types and justification of the allowed Islamic finance:
    (I): Operation of the Islamic banking and financial institutions:
    On the surface, Islamic banking systems differ greatly from all Western banking
    systems. Imagine being able to borrow money without paying interest and having the
    financial institutions assume half the risk; this is a common transaction in the rapidly
    growing world of Islamic banking.
    All Islamic banks or financial institutions have a religious supervisory board
    (RSB), consisting of an Islamic scholar, who acts as advisory council to the official of the
    Islamic institutions. The “RSB” is set up as permanent institutions located and financed
    by the Islamic financial institution “IFI”. The “SRB” oversees the Islamic financial
    institution activities according to Islamic law and publishes its opinion in the
    Islamic financial institutions annual reports. Thus, the business section of the Islamic
    banks works in connection with the supervisory board of religious “SBR” to review
    proposed financial transactions to conform to Islamic principle.
    The fundamental principle underlying the Sharia approach to finance is that
    no one wishing to earn a return on money has any rights to retain the initial sum intact; in
    order to earn profit in Islamic finance, it is necessary to take risk. Moreover, the
    foundation of the Islamic banking is asset management. Although, Islamic finance rests
    on two main principles: (1): the main financed asset must exist. (2): “the financier must
    bear the risk associated with this asset for some period of time, and that what will justify
    a rate of return on the basis of this risk exposure.”
    Investment agencies in the Islamic financial systems work according to a contract,
    in which an agent invests funds on behalf of the principal in exchange for a fixed wage or
    share in profit. “The principal owns the invested fund, therefore is entitled to the profit
    of the investment and liable for its losses, while the agent is entitled to a fixed wage if the
    agency stipulates that.”
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31-07-2007, 06:38 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الاخ عبدالقادر دنقس شكرا علي المرور



    وسوف ارد لاحقا علي اسئلتك القيمة هذة انشاء اللة
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01-08-2007, 09:22 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء الحادي عشر
    Furthermore, Islamic-banking systems are based on sales agreements; “Islamic
    bank sells you the money, making a profit on that sale. On the other hand, the depositors
    in the Islamic banking systems do not earn any return on their deposit while those
    holding ‘investment accounts’ earn a shared of the profit and exposed to potential
    losses.” In project finance, Islamic banks will lend against the title of a key parts of given project. Technically it is not a loan, but a purchase and sale agreement. Moreover,
    the Islamic bank can pursue sale by order such as “Salam and Istisna” financing, and
    then can buy the non- existent goods at a discount such as “ the salam and Istisan price”
    and sell the goods later on delivery at retail price.
    (II): The Types and Justification of the Allowed Islamic Finance:
    The basic role of all Islamic finance is that there must be profit and loss sharing
    between the financier and the entrepreneur to justify the interest collected from any
    financing operation under Islamic law. Therefore, there has to be some kind of risk
    sharing to justify any Islamic finance. Here are some types of the most accepted methods
    of Islamic finance:
    A: For the Islamic financial institution to succeed in obtaining profit they
    concentrate in some specific types of finance, which is easy for them to control the
    operation of the financed services so as to minimize the risk of losses. What follows is
    the most Frequently used type of Islamic finance:
    1:Mudraba: “Trust Financing” is financing transaction equivalent to
    “venture capitalism.” It allows the entrepreneur with a business plan to make use of
    investor’s capital. Therefore, “Mudraba, in turn is a profit sharing agreement between
    two parties in which one provides the finance and the other provides entrepreneurial and
    management skill. The profit in this finance is divided on a pre-determined ratio and the
    loss borne by the provider of the capital.” In contrast, the bank can’t require any
    guarantee such as security or collateral to secure his capital against any loss in the
    transaction. But “if there is any negligence or mismanagement or any action beyond those
    originally provided for in the contract from the entrepreneur, the entrepreneur will be
    responsible for the financial loss and may be obligated to reimburse the financier.” This

    financial transaction is permitted because of the risk sharing involved: the investor risks
    loss of his capital while the entrepreneur risks his time and effort.
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01-08-2007, 04:41 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ,,,,,,,,,,,
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02-08-2007, 08:33 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    الجزء الثاني عشر

    : Murabaha: “Cost-plus financing” is one of the most familiar and commonly
    used finance transactions, mostly in trade and commodity finance. “This finance
    transaction involves the purchase of goods by the bank as requested by its client.
    Therefore, it is a sale contract between the bank and its client for sale of goods for price
    that include profit margin for both parties.” The bank should have the custody of the
    goods before signing the sales contract with the client and the bank also should not seek
    any collateral that may make the client committed in any way towards the bank. “The
    bank in Murabaha bears the risk during the period between the purchasing of the goods
    and reselling of it to the customer,” also by the risk of allowing the client to refuse to
    accept the goods procured on their behalf by the bank. Thus those risks are what justify
    this transaction.
    3: Igra wa-igtin: “Lease/hire-purchase.” In this transaction if the client requests
    “the banks to purchase the equipment or goods and resell them to him, the bank will be
    the owner of these items and the client pay a fixed amount for its use.” “If the client is
    committed to purchase the equipment from the bank at the end of the rental period, the
    price is determined in advance and thus the installment payment would include both the
    rental price and the purchase fee of the equipment.” The fund on these financials is
    secure, because in order to obtain the fund the investor must offer collateral.
    Furthermore, the bank in this finance transaction bears the risk throughout the life of the
    lease contract. Therefore, the bank takes the owner obligation and that will justify its
    return in accordance with Islamic law.
    4: Musharaka: “Venture Capital” “is an equity participation arrangement and
    equivalent to a partnership arrangement. In this finance arrangement all partners share in
    finance and management, and the profits are distributed according to pre-agreement ratio,
    but losses are shared on the basis of equity participant.” “This a true partnership where
    investor and the agent have a joint profit and loss –sharing and decision making.”
    Furthermore, this involves active participation from both the financial institutions
    and its client since all of them depend on the revenue sharing in the form of the
    percentage of the net profit rather than the interest. And this will encourage close scrutiny
    and assessment of the viability and the implementation of the their investment. On the
    other hand since the client also contributes capital and becomes partner, he will be eager
    for the success of the investment.
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22-08-2007, 01:53 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
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22-08-2007, 03:14 AM

malamih

تاريخ التسجيل: 28-01-2003
مجموع المشاركات: 2781

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    Dear Al waleed

    first.. thanx for your indepth about the topic
    i will be back for a big time comment in the islamic banking system in sudan covering the period from 1983 to 1993

    t cos i have alot of comments abouthis system .. i don't agree with the most practice took place over the sudan banking system which is being changed to the negative developing for the last 20 years !! also i believe the most of the practices in islamic system was historiclly practiced before al islam appearied specially the share of profit and al mudaraba.. will be back for more comments

    once again thank you for the topic.

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22-08-2007, 03:33 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: malamih)

    شكرا malamih
    نتمني ان مشاركاتك عن التجربة السودانية في البنوك الاسلامية قريبا
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22-08-2007, 07:10 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)


    الصعوبات التي تواجهة نمو وتطورالاستثمار الاسلامي في الولايات المتحدة الامريكية وبريطانيا

    First part:-

    The Essential Legal Regulation Reform
    For Islamic Finance's Accommodation and Growth in UK & US:

    By: El Waleed M. Ahmed, Legal Consultant, Head of Foreign Affair Department, Kuwaiti Lawyer Firm (Yaqoub Al-Munayae & Aisha Al-Shaiji Law Firm), Al-Jabriya –Kuwait.
    Islamic Finance in US:
    Islamic banking products are available in the US, but the officials there have not been as aggressive in promoting the concept as their counterparts in UK. Even Although the US remains for many Islamic investors an important market because of its depth and diversity.
    Furthermore, Middle Eastern investors flush with oil profits are looking for new places to invest, and American Muslims are looking to invest in a way that does not conflict with their faith. Therefore, the US remains an attractive market to invest in. As most of the investors in the, Middle East, particularly in the GCC, are US dollar based, by investing in the US, GCC investors can avoid currency risk.

    Difficulties facing Islamic Finance in the US;

    But the US still remains relatively closed to Islamic financial institutions and some of the challenges to conduct Islamic financial transactions in the USA relate to familiarity and understanding of Islamic finance itself, and the US regulatory framework such as offering a profit-and-loss sharing deposit is a particularly difficult proposition under US legal framework, which takes the certainty of deposit principal as a given. But in Islamic banking Profit-and-loss sharing deposits are typically structured so that the bank has something akin to a joint investment with the depositor, with returns based on a portion of the profits earned and not on a set rate, so if the bank loses money, so does the account holder. Anther difficulty facing Islamic banking in US the set of restrictions placed on the range of permissible investments that commercial banks may hold. To ensure that banks do not assume unnecessary risk, their investments are generally limited to fixed-income, interest-bearing securities, which are prohibited by the sharia. In addition, commercial banks in US generally must meet numerous disclosure requirements in order to comply with regulatory policy such as the "Truth in Lending Act". These requirements typically mandate advance disclosure of APR 'Interest rate" and other terms that do not fit the principles on which Islamic finance is structured.
    Moreover, In the US, there is a complex system of financial services regulation, which divides responsibility for supervision among a number of federal and state agencies. In addition, one of the main challenges facing U.S. and Western regulators is to accommodate the free exercise of religion and still carry the secular mandate of fostering safe and sound practices in the banks that they supervise.
    Furthermore, there is difficulty for Muslim consumers in obtaining sharia-compliant insurance presents another hurdle to the accessibility of Islamic finance in Western markets. Because the financial institution require property insurance and private mortgage insurance to be held on the securitized mortgages they purchase. This requirement forces customers of Islamic financial institutions to purchase traditional insurance for these mortgages which is against sharia principle. Also, many Americans remain hostile to Islamic finance in the wake of September 11 2001, thus many Americans tend to assume that Islamic finance means terrorist finance

    (عدل بواسطة Elwaleed M. Ahmed on 22-08-2007, 07:17 PM)

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26-09-2008, 08:26 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    --
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21-01-2009, 00:54 AM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ,,
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12-05-2009, 06:11 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ,,
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09-10-2008, 04:58 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    كل سنو وانتم طيبين
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04-11-2008, 10:00 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ,,
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25-05-2009, 11:23 PM

Elwaleed M. Ahmed
<aElwaleed M. Ahmed
تاريخ التسجيل: 26-11-2004
مجموع المشاركات: 1029

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Re: مشاركاتي كمتحدث في مؤتمرات دولية عن الاستثمار الإسلامي وملاحظة عدم توثيق تجربة البنوك السود (Re: Elwaleed M. Ahmed)

    ,,
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